Skip to main content

Collection John J. Pershing Papers


A chronology of key events in the life and career of General John J. Pershing (1860-1948), army officer and author.

  • 1860, Sept. 13

    Born, Laclede County, Mo.

  • 1876-1880

    Taught, Mound School, Prairie Mound, Mo.

  • 1880

    A.B., State Normal School, Kirksville, Mo.

  • 1886

    Graduated, United States Military Academy, West Point, N.Y., as senior cadet captain, the highest honor conferred

  • 1886-1890

    Second lieutenant, 6th Cavalry; took part in New Mexico and Arizona Apache campaigns

  • 1890-1891

    Served in Sioux campaigns in South Dakota

  • 1891-1895

    Military instructor, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Neb.; promoted to first lieutenant

  • 1896

    In charge of roundup of Cree Indians who were deported to Canada

  • 1897-1898

    Instructor in tactics, United States Military Academy, West Point, N.Y.

  • 1898

    Served with 10th Cavalry, Santiago, Cuba; appointed chief officer of volunteers

  • 1898-1899

    Organized Bureau of Insular Affairs and was its chief until August 1899

  • 1899-1903

    Served in Philippine Islands

  • 1901

    Captain, 1st Cavalry; later transferred to 15th Cavalry in order to remain in Philippines

  • 1903-1904

    Resumed staff duty in Washington, D.C., and studied at Army War College

  • 1903-1906

    Member, general staff of the army

  • 1905

    Married Helen F. Warren (died 1915)

  • 1905-1906

    Military attaché, Tokyo, Japan; with Tamemoto Kuroki's army in Manchuria, Mar.-Sept. 1905

  • 1906

    Promoted from captain to brigadier general

  • 1906-1908

    Commander, Fort McKinley, Philippines

  • 1909-1913

    Governor, Moro Province, Philippines

  • 1913

    Took command of 8th Cavalry Brigade, Presidio, San Francisco, Calif.; ordered to El Paso, Tex.

  • 1915

    Death of wife and their three daughters when their home burned, Presidio, San Francisco, Calif.

  • 1916-1917

    Commanded troops sent to Mexico in pursuit of Pancho Villa

  • 1917-1919

    Commander-in-chief, American Expeditionary Forces

  • 1919

    Confirmed by Senate as general of the armies of the United States

  • 1921-1924

    Chief of staff, United States Army

  • 1931

    Published My Experiences in the World War. New York: Frederick A. Stokes Co.

  • 1948, July 15

    Died, Washington, D.C.

 Back to top