Collection Items

  • Web Page
    Digitizing the Collection - Home Sweet Home: Life in Nineteenth-Century Ohio - Digital Collections This Web presentation is based on the sound recording Where Home Is: Life in Nineteenth-Century Cincinnati, released in 1977 by New World Records (www.newworldrecords.org External). Recordings were augmented by adding digitized sheet music and illustrative images. In addition, the original liner notes for the recording, by Kathryn Kish Sklar and Jon Newsom, were adapted and augmented to introduce each section of this presentation. Paper...
  • Web Page
    Related Resources - Home Sweet Home: Life in Nineteenth-Century Ohio - Digital Collections Library of Congress Related Materials and Collections Essay: Life in 19th Century Cincinnati by Kathryn Kish Sklar, for more information on how the music in this collection reflects Cincinnati’s history. Essay: Understanding the Music by Jon Newsom, for more information about the musical selections in this presentation. Digital Collection: The African-American Experience in Ohio, 1850-1920 (Selections from the Ohio Historical Society) for a more...
  • Web Page
    Rights and Access - Home Sweet Home: Life in Nineteenth-Century Ohio - Digital Collections Home Sweet Home: Life in Nineteenth-Century Ohio is made available on this Web site with permission from New World Records, Recorded Anthology of American Music, Inc., 16 Penn Plaza #835, New York, NY 10001-1820, www.newworldrecords.org External. The Library of Congress provides access to these materials for educational and research purposes and makes no warranty with regard to their use for other purposes. The written...
  • Article
    Family Life - Home Sweet Home: Life in Nineteenth-Century Ohio - Digital Collections Just moved. Original by H. Mosler; chromo-lithographed & published by A. & C. Kaufmann, 1870. Family life in nineteenth-century Cincinnati was fundamentally different from traditional family life in the eighteenth century. Eighteenth-century families assumed a natural hierarchy and continuity between generations. A typical family would depend on the labor of sons and daughters to contribute sufficiently to the family's economy to provide a beginning...
    • Date: 1800
  • Article
    Minstrel Songs - Home Sweet Home: Life in Nineteenth-Century Ohio - Digital Collections Primrose & West's Big Minstrels. Strobridge Lith. Co., c1896. Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress. Blackface minstrelsy, which derived its name from the white performers who blackened their faces with burnt cork, was a form of entertainment that reached its peak in the mid-nineteenth century. Using caricatures of African Americans in song, dance, tall tales, and stand-up comedy, minstrelsy was immensely popular with...
    • Date: 1800
  • Article
    Parlor Music - Home Sweet Home: Life in Nineteenth-Century Ohio - Digital Collections [Power of music]. James Queen, artist, c1872. Print and Photographs Division, Library of Congress. Throughout the nineteenth century, Americans took great delight in making music together by performing in instrumental and vocal ensembles, and by attending musical soirees, sing-alongs, and other interactive musical events. Families entertained themselves in the home by making music together. In Ohio, as elsewhere, parlor music -- that genre of...
    • Date: 1800
  • Article
    Religion - Home Sweet Home: Life in Nineteenth-Century Ohio - Digital Collections Watch meeting. Color chromolithograph. J. Latham & Company, c1878. Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress. Changes in religious life paralleled the changes in family life. Between 1776 and 1820 American religion changed from a hierarchically-run to a participant-run activity with revivals and competition among denominations. The Puritans' inscrutable, angry God was replaced by a loving, comforting Jesus. The sacred songs of the time...
    • Date: 1800
  • Article
    Rural Values - Home Sweet Home: Life in Nineteenth-Century Ohio - Digital Collections Farmers nooning, from the original picture in the possession of Iona Sturges Esqr. Painted by W.S. Mount ; engraved by Alfred Jones ; printed by J. Dalton. 1843. Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress. Songs sung in mid-nineteenth-century parlors often endorsed agrarian values and promoted emigration to the West. Indeed, before the Civil War, both North and South had been predominantly rural. The...
    • Date: 1800
  • Article
    Singing Schools - Home Sweet Home: Life in Nineteenth-Century Ohio - Digital Collections Cecil giving Felix the music lesson. Pen and ink drawing by Alice Barber Stephens [1888?]. Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress. The singing school was a common fixture in many American communities during the nineteenth century. In the singing school, rudimentary musical sight reading and the mechanics of singing were taught by a 'singing master.' These schools often became popular places for communities...
    • Date: 1800
  • Article
    Temperance - Home Sweet Home: Life in Nineteenth-Century Ohio - Digital Collections The fruits of temperance. Currier & Ives, 1848. Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress. Temperance songs appeared regularly in all types of nineteenth-century popular songbooks. Supporters of the temperance movement believed poor health, poverty, crime and general moral degradation were the direct results of alcohol consumption. Temperance songs, poems and hymns often painted sensational and even dire scenarios of negligent, alcoholic fathers causing...
    • Date: 1800
  • Biography
    George Frederick Root, 1820-1895 Biography. Biography. In 1858, Root's elder brother, Ebenezer Root, and C. M. Cady founded the music publishing firm of Root & Cady in Chicago. In 1860 Root became a partner and selected and edited works for publication. Passionate about music education, from 1863 to 1872 Root contributed songs and articles to Root & Cady's own periodical, The Song Messenger of the Northwest. The firm...
  • Biography
    Philip Paul Bliss, 1838-1876 Biography. Biography. Bliss enjoyed a reputation as an able basso profundo soloist and chorister. With evangelists D.L. Moody and Daniel Whittle, Bliss toured the country for a time singing and even preaching. By the 1870s Bliss began to devote a great deal of energy to the composition of sacred music. Some of his earliest songs were set to music by his friend George F....
  • Biography
    Augustus Dameron Fillmore, 1823-1870 Biography. Biography. Fillmore first came to Cincinnati to study medicine, but turned to the ministry of the Christian Disciple Church. His talents as a singer and composer served him well in his evangelistic vocation. He published his first book, The Christian Psalmist, in 1847 at the age of 24. This hymnal was enormously popular, going through 18 editions and selling more than 500,000 copies....
  • Biography
    Henry Russell, 1812-1900 Biography. Biography. Among the many causes he championed through his art was emigration. (Other causes he supported included the elimination of racial intolerance, improving the sad plight of those confined to mental institutions, and the abolition of slavery.) When he returned home to England in the 1840s, he evoked in some of his songs rather fanciful visions of the New World. He even produced...
  • Biography
    James R. Murray, 1841-1905 Biography. Biography. Born in Andover, Massachusetts, on March 7, 1841, James R. Murray studied at the Musical Institute in North Reading under renowned music teachers such as Lowell Mason and George Root. Murray enlisted as an Army musician during the Civil War and began to write songs then. After the war, he worked as a piano teacher before accepting work at the Root &...
  • Biography
    William C. Peters, 1805-1866 Biography. Biography. In 1851 he wrote of the inherent artistic talents of Cincinnatians: "Several ladies have lately left Cincinnati for Italy, for the purposes of studying vocal music under some celebrated singing master. If they do as well in music as their celebrated townsman [American neoclassical sculptor Hiram Powers] has done in sculpture, the musical talent of Cincinnati will yet astonish the world."