Collection Items

  • Article
    Family Life - Home Sweet Home: Life in Nineteenth-Century Ohio Just moved. Original by H. Mosler; chromo-lithographed & published by A. & C. Kaufmann, 1870. Family life in nineteenth-century Cincinnati was fundamentally different from traditional family life in the eighteenth century. Eighteenth-century families assumed a natural hierarchy and continuity between generations. A typical family would depend on the labor of sons and daughters to contribute sufficiently to the family's economy to provide a beginning...
    • Date: 1800
  • Article
    Minstrel Songs - Home Sweet Home: Life in Nineteenth-Century Ohio Primrose & West's Big Minstrels. Strobridge Lith. Co., c1896. Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress. Blackface minstrelsy, which derived its name from the white performers who blackened their faces with burnt cork, was a form of entertainment that reached its peak in the mid-nineteenth century. Using caricatures of African Americans in song, dance, tall tales, and stand-up comedy, minstrelsy was immensely popular with...
    • Date: 1800
  • Article
    Parlor Music - Home Sweet Home: Life in Nineteenth-Century Ohio [Power of music]. James Queen, artist, c1872. Print and Photographs Division, Library of Congress. Throughout the nineteenth century, Americans took great delight in making music together by performing in instrumental and vocal ensembles, and by attending musical soirees, sing-alongs, and other interactive musical events. Families entertained themselves in the home by making music together. In Ohio, as elsewhere, parlor music -- that genre of...
    • Date: 1800
  • Article
    Religion - Home Sweet Home: Life in Nineteenth-Century Ohio Watch meeting. Color chromolithograph. J. Latham & Company, c1878. Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress. Changes in religious life paralleled the changes in family life. Between 1776 and 1820 American religion changed from a hierarchically-run to a participant-run activity with revivals and competition among denominations. The Puritans' inscrutable, angry God was replaced by a loving, comforting Jesus. The sacred songs of the time...
    • Date: 1800
  • Article
    Rural Values - Home Sweet Home: Life in Nineteenth-Century Ohio Farmers nooning, from the original picture in the possession of Iona Sturges Esqr. Painted by W.S. Mount ; engraved by Alfred Jones ; printed by J. Dalton. 1843. Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress. Songs sung in mid-nineteenth-century parlors often endorsed agrarian values and promoted emigration to the West. Indeed, before the Civil War, both North and South had been predominantly rural. The...
    • Date: 1800
  • Article
    Singing Schools - Home Sweet Home: Life in Nineteenth-Century Ohio Cecil giving Felix the music lesson. Pen and ink drawing by Alice Barber Stephens [1888?]. Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress. The singing school was a common fixture in many American communities during the nineteenth century. In the singing school, rudimentary musical sight reading and the mechanics of singing were taught by a 'singing master.' These schools often became popular places for communities...
    • Date: 1800
  • Article
    Temperance - Home Sweet Home: Life in Nineteenth-Century Ohio The fruits of temperance. Currier & Ives, 1848. Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress. Temperance songs appeared regularly in all types of nineteenth-century popular songbooks. Supporters of the temperance movement believed poor health, poverty, crime and general moral degradation were the direct results of alcohol consumption. Temperance songs, poems and hymns often painted sensational and even dire scenarios of negligent, alcoholic fathers causing...
    • Date: 1800
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    James Ramsey Murray (1841-1905) photograph | Murray, head and shoulders portrait Image scanned from page 208 of Biography of gospel song and hymn writers, by Jacob Henry Hall. Photograph (Form).
    • Contributor: Fleming H. Revell - Hall, J. H. (Jacob Henry)
    • Date: 1914
  • Biography
    George Frederick Root, 1820-1895 Biography. Biography. American composer and music educator George Frederick Root (1820-1895) was born in rural Massachusetts. An accomplished keyboardist, Root began his studies in 1841 with Lowell Mason, the founder of curricular music in American public schools, at Mason's Boston Academy of Music. Root moved to New York in the mid 1840s and introduced Mason's pedagogical methods at several institutions. In 1853, Root and...
  • Biography
    Philip Paul Bliss, 1838-1876 Biography. Biography. Born in Pennsylvania in 1838, composer and singer Philip Paul Bliss worked as a farmer and woodcutter until 1855. After attending a singing school and later the Normal Academy of Music in Geneseo, N.Y., he began teaching music and composing songs in the mid 1860s. It was during this period that Bliss met composer and music educator George F. Root, who encouraged...
  • Biography
    Augustus Dameron Fillmore, 1823-1870 Biography. Biography. Fillmore first came to Cincinnati to study medicine, but turned to the ministry of the Christian Disciple Church. His talents as a singer and composer served him well in his evangelistic vocation. He published his first book, The Christian Psalmist, in 1847 at the age of 24. This hymnal was enormously popular, going through 18 editions and selling more than 500,000 copies....
  • Biography
    Henry Russell, 1812-1900 Biography. Biography. Henry Russell, born in 1812 in Sheerness, England, was a noted composer, pianist and singer. He began performing at the early age of three, and later studied composition with Rossini and Bellini in Italy. Russell sailed to Canada to perform solo concerts in the mid 1830s, but the most fruitful part of his career was spent in the United States during the...
  • Biography
    James R. Murray, 1841-1905 Biography. Biography. Born in Andover, Massachusetts, on March 7, 1841, James R. Murray studied at the Musical Institute in North Reading under renowned music teachers such as Lowell Mason and George Root. Murray enlisted as an Army musician during the Civil War and began to write songs then. After the war, he worked as a piano teacher before accepting work at the Root &...
  • Biography
    William C. Peters, 1805-1866 Biography. Biography. William Cumming Peters was a composer, arranger, organist, and music publisher. Born in Devon, England in 1805, Peters emigrated to the United States from England around 1820. Peters opened the first piano and music store in Pittsburgh in the 1820s, and also worked there as a music teacher, clarinettist, organist and composer. Peters moved to Louisville in 1832 and started a music...
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Philip Paul Bliss (1838-1876) photograph | Bliss, head and shoulders portrait. Photograph (Form). Photograph (Form).
    • Contributor: Press of Eagle Printing and Binding Co. - Edgerton, W. Rowena
    • Date: 1907