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Collection National Child Labor Committee Collection

Related Resources

In the Library of Congress

Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division (P&P)
101 Independence Avenue, S.E., Washington, DC 20540-4730

The Prints and Photographs Division holds other photographs made by Lewis Hine:

  • Photography (PH) Series - Photographs that Hine probably made for the NCLC but that the Library of Congress acquired from other sources. [example]
  • American National Red Cross Collection - Photos Hine made in the U.S. and abroad for the American Red Cross, are presently unprocessed and are available under the conditions outlined in the Access to Unprocessed Materials policy. Catalog records for some unprocessed items for which copy film negatives have been made are available in the online catalog. [retrieve items available online]
  • Farm Security Administration (FSA) Collection - The FSA collected some of Hine's photographs in the course of its documentary work. At least two items have been identified in the Farm Security Administration/Office of War Information file. [retrieve items available online]
  • New York World Telegram & Sun Newspaper Photograph Collection: At least one Hine photograph has been identified in this newspaper morgue. [retrieve items available online].

Library of Congress, Manuscript Division
101 Independence Avenue, S.E., Washington, DC 20540-4680

Houses the textual records of the National Child Labor Committee [ catalog record ]. A few duplicate photographs remain with the textual reports found in the NCLC Records. Information that places the photographs in the context of National Child Labor Committee investigations and activities can also be found in the NCLC records; in particular, Hine's reports include references to individual photographs by number [view a sample report].

In Other Institutions

NOTE: The Library of Congress does not maintain these Internet sites. Users should direct concerns about these links to their respective site administrators or webmasters.

The Index to American Photographic Collections (a database maintained by the International Museum of Photography at George Eastman House found at http://www.geh.org/gehdata.html External) lists more than 120 institutions that have reported holdings of Lewis Hine materials. Among the substantial collections are:

Maryland

Albin O. Kuhn Library & Gallery, Special Collections
University of Maryland, Baltimore County
Baltimore, MD
URL:
http://aok.lib.umbc.edu/specoll/index.php External
Photographs search sytem: http://aok.lib.umbc.edu/specoll/imcat.php External

Holds a set of Lewis Hine's National Child Labor Committee photographs purchased from the NCLC. The collection includes 5,000 captioned photographic prints--some bearing notations in the photographer's hand--as well as some corresponding original film negatives. Digitized images reproduced with the original caption cards are available online.

National Archives and Records Administration
Still Picture unit, National Archives and Records Administration
College Park, MD

URL: http://www.archives.gov/dc-metro/college-park/photographs-dc.html External
Search system: http://www.archives.gov/research/arc/

Holds:

  • Lewis Hine photographs for the National Child Labor Committee in its Children's Bureau records (RG 102).
  • photographs Hine made for the Work Projects Administration's National Research Project (RG 69)
  • photographs Hine made for the Tennessee Valley Authority (RG 142)
  • a few Hine photographs in the Records of the Office of Education (RG 12).

New York

Columbia University
Avery Library,
New York, NY
URL:
http://www.columbia.edu/cu/lweb/indiv/avery/ External
Online display: Empire State Building
http://www.columbia.edu/imaging/html/browsers/empire/empire-browser.html External

Has a collection of Hine's Empire State Building photographs in its Empire State Building archive.

International Museum of Photography at George Eastman House
Rochester, New York
URL:
http://www.eastmanhouse.org/ External
Photography Collections Online: http://www.geh.org/ External

Holds Lewis Hine's personal papers and photo collection, including nearly 4,000 negatives (most of them apparently not produced as part of Hine's work for the NCLC) and about 6,000 original and contact prints, from all stages of Hine's career.

New York Public Library
Miriam & Ira D. Wallach Division of Art, Photography Collection

URL:
Online displays - Hine work portraits:
Photographs concerning labor, housing and social conditions in the United States. External
Hine photos of construction of the Empire State Building:
Photographs of the Empire State Building under construction. External

Holds about 100 photographic prints relating to labor, housing and social conditions, ca. 1900-1937 and 47 photographs of the Empire State Building under construction, ca. 1931, in its Romana Javitz Collection. Also holds more than 400 photographs documenting social conditions, 1905-1939, transferred from the New York Public Library's U.S., Local History and Genealogy Division, and some smaller groups of Hine photographs.

New York Public Library
Irma and Paul Milstein Division of United States History, Local History and Genealogy
New York, NY

URL: http://www.nypl.org/milstein External

Holds about 250 photographs relating to immigrants, primarily at Ellis Island, as well as a selection of the child labor photographs.

New York Public Library
Archives
New York, NY
Finding aid:
http://digilib.nypl.org/dynaweb/ead/nypl/archrg10/ External

Includes photographs taken by Lewis Hine for the Child Welfare Exhibit of 1911 of children's activities in the New York Public Library branch libraries.

Selected Bibliography

Books and Periodicals

Relating to Lewis Hine

The following publications reproduce a number of Hine's photographs. Several also provide an introduction to Hine's life and work.

  • America & Lewis Hine: Photographs, 1904-1940. Foreword by Walter Rosenblum; biographical notes by Naomi Rosenblum; essay by Alan Trachtenberg; design by Marvin Israel. Millerton, N.Y.: Aperture Monographs, 1977. [LC call number: TR820.5.H56 1977 P&P]

    Published in connection with a major retrospective of Hine's work at the Brooklyn Museum, this work provides biographical information, a sampling of Hine's photos from all stages of his career, an extensive bibliography of books and articles featuring Hine's photos and discussing his work, and a synopsis of the holdings of several public collections of Hine photographs. Approximately one-fifth of the 109 photos (or close variants of them) can be found in P&P's National Child Labor Committee collection.
  • Curtis, Verna Posever and Stanley Mallach. Photography and Reform: Lewis Hine & the National Child Labor Committee. Milwaukee, Wisc.: Milwaukee Art Museum, 1984. [LC call number: HD6250.U3C87 1984]

    Reproducing Hine photographs held by the Milwaukee Art Museum, this work features two essays on Hine from the perspectives of social and art history. By focusing on Hine's work on behalf of child labor reform, they contextualize the images. At least 72 of the images included have been identified in P&P's National Child Labor Committee Collection.
  • Doherty, Jonathan L., ed. Women at Work: 153 Photographs by Lewis W. Hine. New York, N.Y.: Dover Publications, in association with George Eastman House (Rochester), 1981. [LC call number: TR820.5.H564 1981 P&P]

    Selected from the collections at the International Museum of Photography at George Eastman House (Rochester, NY), the images are divided by period (1907-1917 and 1920-1928) and show women engaged in various kinds of work (e.g., textile, food packing, artificial flower, printing, glass industries piecework, and sweatshop labor). Only a few of the earlier photographs have been identified in P&P collections.
  • Freedman, Russell. Immigrant Kids. New York, N.Y.: E.P. Dutton, 1980. [LC call number: HQ796.F7635 P&P]

    Intended for children, this book includes photos by Jacob Riis and Lewis Hine, illustrating text about the immigration experience from the perspective of those who came through Ellis Island and settled in urban areas, such as New York City. Approximately one-quarter of the 16 Lewis Hine photos can be found in P&P collections (the book also includes other photos from P&P collections).
  • Freedman, Russell. Kids at Work: Lewis Hine and the Crusade Against Child Labor. New York, N.Y.: Clarion Books, 1994. [LC call number: HD6250.U3F67 1994 P&P]

    Intended for children, this book gives information about Hine's life and photography, as well as providing contextual information about child labor, especially in textile industries, canneries, coal mines, street trades, and agriculture. Hine's later work is briefly covered. Approximately two-thirds of the 60 photographs can be found in P&P collections.
  • Gutman, Judith Mara. Lewis W. Hine and the American Social Conscience. New York, N.Y.: Walker and Company, 1967. [LC call number: TR140.H52G8]

    In addition to offering an overview of Hine's career, this work features discussions of Hine's camera technique, summaries of the nature and provenance of major Hine collections in U.S. institutions and galleries, and an extensive bibliography. At least 48 of the photographs from Hine's National Child Labor Committee work and American Red Cross work have been identified in P&P collections.
  • Gutman, Judith Mara. Lewis W. Hine, 1874-1940: Two Perspectives. London: Studio Vista, 1974. [LC call number: TR654.H66 1974]

    Includes Gutman's 1967 essay, "Lewis Hine and the American Social Conscience," and a later essay, "The Eyes of Lewis W. Hine," both of which reflect on the subject matter, style, composition, and significance of Hine's photographs, covering all stages of his career. Also included are a bibliography, a list of Hine exhibitions, and a list of public institutions holding collections of Hine's work. Approximately one-third of the 49 photographs can be found in P&P collections.
  • Kaplan, Daile. Lewis Hine in Europe: The Lost Photographs. New York, N.Y. :Abbeville Press, 1988. [LC call number: TR820.5.K36 1988]

    In addition to offering extensive biographical information about Hine, this work discusses Hine's work on behalf of the American Red Cross in Europe during and after World War I, setting it in the context of the progressive and pacifist movements. A bibliography and list of repositories holding collections relating to Hine is included. As of Jan. 1995, P&P's holdings of Lewis Hine photos taken for the American Red Cross are unprocessed, but at least 40 of the photos included can be printed from existing copy negatives.
  • Kaplan, Daile, ed. Photo Story: Selected Letters and Photographs of Lewis W. Hine. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1992. [LC call number: TR140.H52.A3 1992 P&P]

    Introductory material discusses Hine's development as a photographer in the context of the movement for progressive reform. The body of the work consists of selected letters by Lewis Hine to various correspondents, drawn from manuscript sources in several repositories, arranged by theme and date. Also included are biographical notes prepared by Hine in 1940, and a brief bibliography and collection listing. None of the 10 photographs reproduced in the volume have been identified in P&P collections.
  • Kemp, John R. Lewis Hine: Photographs of Child Labor in the New South. Jackson, Miss.: University Press of Mississippi, 1986. [LC call number: HD6250.U4A1334 1986]

    Reviews Hine's career and provides a detailed account of his documentation of child labor in the southern United States, drawing on manuscript materials in the National Child Labor Committee Records (LC Manuscript Division) and reprinting many of Hine's explanatory captions. While the 78 photos were reproduced from those in the Hine Collection at the University of Maryland, Baltimore County, nearly all of them can also be found in P&P's National Child Labor Committee Collection.
  • Nasaw, David. Children of the City: At Work and At Play. Garden City, N.Y.: Anchor Press/Doubleday, 1985. [LC call number: HQ792.U5N36 1985 P&P]

    A discussion of children's activities in American cities in the first decades of the twentieth century, this book features many photos from Hine's National Child Labor Committee work, focusing particularly on street trades (e.g., newspaper sellers, shoeshine boys, messenger boys) and recreational activities. Approximately 90% of the 68 photos (including some by photographers other than Hine) can be found in LC collections.
  • Panzer, Mary. Lewis Hine. London ; New York : Phaidon, 2002. [LC call number: TR820.5 .P273 2002]

    Not yet examined.
  • Winthrop, Elizabeth. "Through the Mill" Smithsonian, 37 (Sept. 2006), 19-20. Available online: http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history-archaeology/indelible-sep06.html External

    Recounts the author's efforts to trace the biography of one of the spinners Hine photographed in a Vermont cotton mill.
  • The journal, History of Photography, has published several articles on Hine, most recently in the October-December 1990 and Summer 1992 issues.

Relating to the National Child Labor Commitee:

  • Trattner, Walter I. Crusade for the Children: A History of The National Child Labor Committee and Child Labor Reform in America. Chicago: Quadrangle Books, 1970. [LC call number: HD6250.U3T7]

Web Sites

NOTE: The Library of Congress does not maintain these Internet sites. Users should direct concerns about these links to their respective site administrators or webmasters.

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