Collection Items

  • Web Page
    How to View Maps - Railroad Maps, 1828-1900 - Digital Collections Maps and other large images are presented as GIF or JPEG files and require no special viewers, unless you choose to download and view maps offline. For off-line viewing, you can download a possible four formats: GIF Format thumbnail JPEG format JPEG2000 format TIFF format You may require special software to view the downloaded JPEG2000 format. The following are some of the programs that ...
  • Web Page
    Rights and Access - Railroad Maps, 1828-1900 - Digital Collections The maps in the Map Collections materials were either published prior to 1922, produced by the United States government, or both (see catalogue records that accompany each map for information regarding date of publication and source). The Library of Congress is providing access to these materials for educational and research purposes and is not aware of any U.S. copyright protection (see Title 17 of ...
  • Article
    Browse Maps by Region - Railroad Maps, 1828-1900 - Digital Collections The regions of the United States are geographic areas which include multiple states. The groupings are from standard language used by libraries and reflect the groupings used in the classification system for maps. The maps linked here represent large sections of the United States and the region names are searchable in this interface.
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    Region I Map - Railroad Maps, 1828-1900 - Digital Collections The regions of the United States are geographic areas which include multiple states. The groupings are from standard language used by libraries and reflect the groupings used in the classification system for maps. The maps linked here represent large sections of the United States and the region names are searchable in this interface.
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    Region II Map - Railroad Maps, 1828-1900 - Digital Collections The regions of the United States are geographic areas which include multiple states. The groupings are from standard language used by libraries and reflect the groupings used in the classification system for maps. The maps linked here represent large sections of the United States and the region names are searchable in this interface.
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    Region III Map - Railroad Maps, 1828-1900 - Digital Collections The regions of the United States are geographic areas which include multiple states. The groupings are from standard language used by libraries and reflect the groupings used in the classification system for maps. The maps linked here represent large sections of the United States and the region names are searchable in this interface.
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    Region IV Map - Railroad Maps, 1828-1900 - Digital Collections The regions of the United States are geographic areas which include multiple states. The groupings are from standard language used by libraries and reflect the groupings used in the classification system for maps. The maps linked here represent large sections of the United States and the region names are searchable in this interface.
  • Article
    Region V Map - Railroad Maps, 1828-1900 - Digital Collections The regions of the United States are geographic areas which include multiple states. The groupings are from standard language used by libraries and reflect the groupings used in the classification system for maps. The maps linked here represent large sections of the United States and the region names are searchable in this interface.
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    Early Twentieth Century - Railroad Maps, 1828-1900 - Digital Collections Not all the commercial mapping ventures of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries represented large and diversified operations. Several interesting manuscript maps of the mid-western states portray routes of the
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    Land Grants - Railroad Maps, 1828-1900 - Digital Collections The second half of the nineteenth century was the era of railroad land grants. Between 1850 and 1872 extensive cessions of public lands were made to states and to railroad companies to promote railroad construction.[18] Usually the companies received from the federal government, in twenty- or fifty-mile strips, alternate sections of public land for each mile of track that was built. Responsibility for surveying ...
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    Map Publishing Firms - Railroad Maps, 1828-1900 - Digital Collections Perhaps 30 percent of the commercially produced railroad maps were published by the New York City publishing house established by Joseph Hutchins Colton in 1831. This firm was known the world over for the quality, quantity, and variety of its publications, including maps, atlases, and school geographies.[19] Henry Varnum Poor, in the introduction to his History of the Railroads and Canals of the United ...
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    Mapmaking and Printing - Railroad Maps, 1828-1900 - Digital Collections Technological advances in papermaking and printing which permitted quick and inexpensive reproduction of maps greatly benefited railroad cartography. Before the introduction of these new techniques early in the nineteenth century, maps were laboriously engraved, in reverse, usually on copper plates, and printed on hand presses. Although the results were excellent, this slow and costly process could not keep pace with the demand for railroad ...
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    Notes - Railroad Maps, 1828-1900 - Digital Collections Henry Varnum Poor, Manual of the Railroads of the United States for 1870-71 (New York: H.V. & H.W. Poor, 1870), p. xxviii. James A. Ward, J. Edgar Thomson: Master of the Pennsylvania (Westport: Greenwood Press, 1980), p. 11. Daniel J. Boorstin, The Americans: The Democratic Experience (New York: Random House, 1965), p. 18. Thurman W. Van Metre, Transportation in the United States (Brooklyn: Foundation ...
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    The Beginnings of American Railroads and Mapping - Railroad Maps, 1828-1900 - Digital Collections Railways were introduced in England in the seventeenth century as a way to reduce friction in moving heavily loaded wheeled vehicles. The first North American
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    The Growth of Mapping - Railroad Maps, 1828-1900 - Digital Collections The wealth of data derived from the Pacific surveys stimulated cartographic activities. The data used in compiling twenty-two large individual maps published with the thirteen handsomely illustrated volumes of the Pacific Railroad Surveys,[15]for example, was the basic source material for Lt. Gouverneur Kemble Warren's
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    The Transcontinental Railroad - Railroad Maps, 1828-1900 - Digital Collections The possibility of railroads connecting the Atlantic and Pacific coasts was discussed in the Congress even before the treaty with England which settled the question of the Oregon boundary in 1846.[8] Chief promoter of a transcontinental railroad was Asa Whitney, a New York merchant active in the China trade who was obsessed with the idea of a railroad to the Pacific. In January 1845 ...