Collection Items

  • Web Page
    Related Resources Selected Annotated Bibliography General Beebe, Lucius, and Charles Clegg. San Francisco's Golden Era. Berkeley, CA: Howell-North Books, 1960. Excellent pictorial and graphic coverage of pre-1906 San Francisco. Cameron, Robert. Above San Francisco. San Francisco: Cameron and Company, 1986. One of a series, superb aerial coverage of San Francisco and the Bay Area, including "then and now" views. Dillon, Richard. San Francisco: Adventurers and Visionaries....
  • Web Page
    Rights and Access The contents of the Library of Congress Before and After the Great Earthquake and Fire: Early Films of San Francisco, 1897 to 1916 Collection are in the public domain and are free to use and reuse.
  • Article
    America at the Turn of the Century: A Look at the Historical Context The National Setting By 1900 the American nation had established itself as a world power. The West was won. The frontier -- the great fact of 300 years of American history -- was no more. The continent was settled from coast to coast. Apache war chief Geronimo had surrendered in 1886. Defeat of the Sioux at the battle of Wounded Knee in 1891 had...
    • Date: 1897
  • Article
    Early San Francisco The 1906 San Francisco earthquake and fire rivalled the Chicago fire of 1871 in the annals of urban disasters in America. Large conflagrations were common in cities of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, which were often crowded and lacked the sophisticated safety consciousness of today. However, the totality of destruction caused by these two disasters was extraordinary, comparable only to that of the...
    • Date: 1897
  • Article
    The Actuality Film The earliest popular venues for motion pictures were nickelodeons -- peep show parlors where machines played short film loops, or films on flip cards called mutoscopes, for individual viewers on demand. By the turn of the century, films were being shown in store-front theaters and traveling carnivals. Significantly, movies also began to be projected in vaudeville and burlesque theaters, sharing the bill with a...
    • Date: 1897
  • Article
    The Paper Print Film Collection at the Library of Congress Most of the films featured in the American Memory presentations are from the Paper Print Collection of the Library of Congress Motion Picture, Broadcasting, and Recorded Sound Division. Because the copyright law did not cover motion pictures until 1912, early film producers who desired protection for their work sent paper contact prints of their motion pictures to the U.S. Copyright Office at the Library...
    • Date: 1897