Skip to main content

Collection Sigmund Freud Papers

Timeline

A chronology of the key events in the life of Sigmund Freud (1856-1939), the founder of psychoanalysis.

  • 1856, May 6

    Born Sigismund Schlomo Freud, Freiberg, Moravia

    1886 copy of Freud’s birth certificate. Sigmund Freud Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
  • 1860

    Moved with family to Vienna, Austria

    Photograph of the Freyung, Vienna, Austria, between 1860 and 1890. Prints & Photographs Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. LC-USZ62-103409
  • 1873

    Graduated summa cum laude, Leopoldstädter Kommunal-Real-und Obergymansium, Vienna, Austria

  • 1875

    Changed first name to Sigmund

  • 1876-1882

    Conducted research on the nervous system at Ernst Brücke's Institute of Physiology, Vienna, Austria

  • 1879-1880

    Fulfilled compulsory military service

  • 1881

    Doctor of medicine, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria

  • 1882

    Clinical assistant in Hermann Nothnagel's Department of Internal Medicine, General Hospital, Vienna, Austria

    Met and became engaged to Martha Bernays

    [Letter from Freud to Martha Bernays, 15 June 1882], written at the beginning of their courtship on his father’s stationery. He addresses her in English: “My sweet darling girl.”
  • 1883

    Worked in Theodor Meynert's psychiatric clinic, General Hospital, Vienna, Austria

  • 1884

    Joined Department of Nervous Diseases, General Hospital, Vienna, Austria

    Began studying the effects and potential medical uses of cocaine

    “Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Cocawirkung” [“Contribution to the Knowledge of Cocaine”], 1885, inscribed by Freud to Josef Breuer. Sigmund Freud Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
  • 1885

    Appointed lecturer in neuropathology, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria

    Received grant to study neuropathology with Jean-Martin Charcot in Paris, France

  • 1886

    Established private practice, Vienna, Austria

    Married Martha Bernays

  • 1887

    Began corresponding with Wilhelm Fliess

  • 1889

    Traveled to Nancy, France, to study Hippolyte Bernheim's hypnotic techniques

  • 1891

    Established residence and office at Bergasse 19, Vienna, Austria, where he would remain until 1938

    Announcement of new address, 1891. Sigmund Freud Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
  • 1892

    Treated "Elizabeth von R." (Ilona Weiss) in what Freud described as his first full length analysis of hysteria

  • 1895

    Published with Josef Breuer Studien über Hysterie [Studies in Hysteria] (Leipzig: F. Deuticke. 269 pp.)

  • 1896

    First used the term "psychoanalysis"

  • 1897

    Began self-analysis

  • 1899-1900

    Published Die Traumdeutung [The Interpretation of Dreams] (Leipzig: F. Deuticke. 371 pp.)

  • 1901

    Published Zur Psychopathologie des Alltagslebens [Psychology of Everyday Life] (Berlin: S. Karger. 80 pp.)

  • 1902

    Founded the Psychologische Mittwoch-Gesellschaft (renamed the Wiener Psychoanalytische Vereinigung in 1908)

    Appointed Professor Extraordinarius, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria

  • 1905

    Published "Bruchstück einer Hysterie-Analyse" ("Dora" case study), Monatsschrift für Psychiatrie und Neurologie, 18:285-310

    Published Der Witz und seine Beziehung zum Unbewussten [Jokes and Their Relation to the Unconscious] (Vienna: F. Deuticke. 205 pp.)

    Published Drei Abhandlungen zur Sexualtheorie [Three Contributions to the Sexual Theory] (Leipzig: F. Deuticke. 83 pp.)

  • 1908

    First International Congress of Psychoanalysis, Salzburg, Austria

    Formal group portrait at the third international congress, Weimar, Germany, 1911. Sigmund Freud Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
  • 1909

    Lectured on psychoanalysis at Clark University, Worcester, Mass.

    Published "Analyse der Phobie eines fünfjährigen Knaben" ("Little Hans" case study), Jahrbuch für psychoanalytische und psychopathologische Forschungen, 1:1-109

    Published "Bemerkungen über einen Fall von Zwangsneurose" ("Rat Man" case study), Jahrbuch für psychoanalytische und psychopathologische Forschungen, 1:357-421 

    Postcard sent by Freud to his family, 21 August 1909, depicting the George Washington. Freud sailed on the steamship ocean liner to the United States where he delivered a series of lectures at Clark University. Sigmund Freud Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
  • 1910

    Published über Psychoanalyse [The Origin and Development of Psychoanalysis] (Vienna: F. Deuticke. 62 pp.)

    Founding of the International Psychoanalytical Association

  • 1912

    Establishment of the "Committee," a group composed of Freud's closest associates including Karl Abraham, Sándor Ferenczi, Ernest Jones, Otto Rank, and Hanns Sachs who consulted regularly on issues relating to Freud and the psychoanalytic movement  

  • 1913

    Published Totem und Tabu: einige übereinstimmungen im Seeleben der Wilden und der Neurotiker [Totem and Taboo] (Leipzig: H. Heller. 149 pp.)

    Notes on totemism, 1913. Sigmund Freud Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
  • 1918

    Published "Aus der Geschichte einer infantilen Neurose" ("Wolf-Man"case study), Sammlung kleiner Schriften zur Neurosenlehre IV (Vienna: F. Deuticke.  139 pp.)

  • 1920

    Published Jenseits des Lustprinzips [Beyond the Pleasure Principle] (Vienna: Internationaler Psychoanalytischer Verlag. 60 pp.)

  • 1923

    Diagnosed with cancer of the jaw and palate  

    Published Das Ich und das Es [The Ego and the Id] (Vienna: Internationaler Psychoanalytischer Verlag. 77 pp.)

    First page of a draft of Das Ich und das Es. The diagonal lines crossing out passages were made by Freud to mark his progress in producing a fair copy from the draft. Sigmund Freud Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
  • 1930

    Awarded the Goethe Prize by the city of Frankfurt, Germany

    Published Das Unbehagen in der Kultur [Civilization and Its Discontents] (Vienna: Internationaler Psychoanalytischer Verlag. 136 pp.)

  • 1931

    Bronze plaque erected by the city of Příbor, Czechoslovakia (formerly Freiberg, Moravia) at Freud's birthplace

  • 1933

    Published with Albert Einstein Warum Krieg? [Why War?] (Paris: International Institute of Intellectual Cooperation. 61 pp.)

    Public burning of books by the Nazis on May 10 in Berlin, Germany; included were books by Freud.

    On May 11, 1933, in his “Kürzeste Chronik” [“Short Chronicle”], Freud notes the burning of his books in Berlin. Sigmund Freud Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
  • 1938

    Left Vienna, Austria, and settled in London, England

    Statement read over the British Broadcasting Corporation radio, 7 December 1938. Sigmund Freud Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
  • 1939

    Published Der Mann Moses und die monotheistische Religion [Moses and Monotheism] (Amsterdam: A. de Lange. 241 pp.)

    Unpublished ink sketch of Michelangelo’s Moses from an earlier work on Moses, “Der Moses des Michelangelo,” 1914. Freud chose a different sketch for the printed version. Sigmund Freud Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
  • 1939, Sept. 23

    Died, London, England

 Back to top