Leonard Bernstein, 1918-1990
Biography. Leonard Bernstein's engagement with, and contributions to, the musical culture of his time was as remarkable for its breadth of perspective as for its depth of commitment. His contributions as a composer, conductor, teacher and writer – all performed with seemingly limitless energy, enthusiasm and insight – earned for Bernstein the notoriety of being, during his lifetime, the most public figure in the...
Aaron Copland, 1900-1990
Biography. Most people know that Aaron Copland was a composer and that his name is synonymous with works such as Appalachian Spring, Fanfare for the Common Man, and the "Hoedown" from Rodeo. What they perhaps do not realize is that Copland's influence on American music extended far beyond the compositional realm. In addition to his creative output as a composer, Copland was also a...
Arthur Farwell (1872-1952)
Biography. Although Arthur Farwell did not intend to pursue a professional career in music, he became one of America's most influential composers, with over 100 compositions to his name. He is best known for his works based on Native American themes; however, he also used cowboy tunes, African-American spirituals, and Spanish-Californian melodies as the basis of his compositions. Initially, his musical style reflected a...
James Reese Europe, 1881-1919
Biography. Biography. Eubie Blake said of James Reese Europe, "He was our benefactor and inspiration. Even more, he was the Martin Luther King of music." Europe earned this praise by being an unflagging innovator not only in his compositions and orchestrations, but in his organizational ability and leadership. One of America's greatest musicians, he progressed from strength to strength but was pointlessly cut down...
Will Marion Cook (1869-1944)
Biography. Biography. Biography. One of the most important figures in pre-jazz African-American music, Will Marion Cook is also one of its better known personalities. As a composer, conductor, performer, teacher, and producer, he had his hand in nearly every aspect of the black music of his time and worked with nearly every other important musician in his fields. Uncompromising and difficult to work with,...
Printed by J. Chalmers & Co. - Peacock, Francis
Folk Singers, Social Reform, and the Red Scare
The Works Progress Administration era recordings and subsequent recordings of artists such as Leadbelly and Woody Guthrie singing folk music helped to raise the awareness of the songs of rural Americans, Appalachians, African Americans, and various ethnic groups among urban and affluent Americans. These particularly influenced young people, who learned to sing these songs themselves, giving rise to the folk song revival. Though much...
French American Song
The songs and music of French Americans are tied to a complex history, which resulted in a diaspora of French-speaking people in several regions of what is now the United States. The story is further complicated through contact among French-speaking people of different histories, as well as subsequent contact with settlers from other countries and their descendants.
Printable Timeline - The Library of Congress Celebrates the Songs of America - Digital Collections
1759 Songs of America Francis Hopkinson (1737-1791) sets to music Doctor Parnell's 'My Days Have Been So Wondrous Free' – America's earliest surviving secular composition. Culture Voltaire (1694-1778) writes his satirical masterpiece Candide My days have been so wondrous free [manuscript] 1760 In the News George III becomes King of England. 1761 Songs of America 'Young Johnny,' sung by Winifred Bundy. Recorded by Helene...
Spirituals - The Library of Congress Celebrates the Songs of America - Digital Collections
A spiritual is a type of religious folksong that is most closely associated with the enslavement of African people in the American South. The songs proliferated in the last few decades of the eighteenth century leading up to the abolishment of legalized slavery in the 1860s. The African American spiritual (also called the Negro Spiritual) constitutes one of the largest and most significant forms...
Swedish American Song
Sweden established the colony of New Sweden along the Delaware River in1638, in present day Delaware, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania. The colony included ethnically Finnish settlers as well as Swedish settlers because parts of present day Finland were then part of Sweden. The colony was seized by the Dutch in 1655 and incorporated into Dutch New Netherland, but the settlers remained. A consequence of...
King Kamehameha I (1758-1819) unified the Hawaiian Islands in 1809. One of the King's goals was to abolish the "kapu system" of forbidden acts, a set of religious laws that restricted many aspects of life and government. Although the King continued to practice and support the traditional religion, this period of change paved the way for Christian conversion with the arrival of American protestant...
Assistant for A. Dodworth's pupils
Book. print | 48 p. diagrs. 10 cm. | Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as facsimile page images and full text. (Additional Physical Form). Print (Form). Electronic Resource (Form). Remote (Form). The word useful is here used with a full sense 0047 48 of its meaning and importance, for we sincerely believe that “our Good Father in Heaven” has given...
Nesbitt & Co., Printers - Dodworth, Allen
David Diamond interviewed by Ellen Taaffe Zwilich at Carnegie Hall on October 15, 1995.
David Diamond speaks with Ellen Taaffe Zwilich about his life and career as a composer. videorecording | 1 videorecording ; 2 hrs, 51 min. | Recorded on October 15, 1995. (Date). Recorded at the Carnegie Hall, New York City. (Venue). Transcribed by John D. Spilker. Transcription edited by Robin Rausch and James L. Wolf. (General). Courtesy of the Carnegie Hall Institute (Copyright Notice). Videorecording...
Diamond, David - Zwilich, Ellen Taaffe
Ellen Taaffe Zwilich Interviewed by Ara Guzelimian at Carnegie Hall on April 16, 1999.
Ellen Taaffe Zwilich speaks with Ara Guzelimian about her life and career as a composer. videorecording | 1 videorecording ; 2 hrs., 54 min. | Recorded on April 16, 1999. (Date). Recorded at Carnegie Hall, New York City. (Venue). Transcribed by Denise Von Glahn. Edited by Pedro Gonzlez and James L. Wolf. (General). Courtesy of Carnegie Hall (Copyright Notice). Videorecording (Form). This has been...
Zwilich, Ellen Taaffe - Guzelimian, Ara
Portuguese American Song
Portuguese fado musicians Duarte Tavares and Olivete Maria Poulart perform at the IV Seasons Restaurant, Lowell, Massachusetts, November 14, 1987. Lowell Folklife Project Collection. Photo by John Lueders-Booth.
Pierre Boulez interviewed by Ellen Taaffe Zwilich at Carnegie Hall on May 7, 1999.
Pierre Boulez speaks with Ellen Taaffe Zwilich about his life and career as a composer. videorecording | 1 videorecording ; 2 hrs., 22 min. | Recorded on May 7, 1999. (Date). Recorded at Carnegie Hall, New York City. (Venue). Transcribed by Matthew McAllister. Edited by James L. Wolf. (General). Courtesy of Carnegie Hall (Copyright Notice). Videorecording (Form). This has been a presentation of the...
Boulez, Pierre - Zwilich, Ellen Taaffe
Ned Rorem interviewed by Ellen Taaffe Zwilich at Carnegie Hall on May 8, 1996.
Ned Rorem speaks with Ellen Taaffe Zwilich about his life and career as a composer. videorecording | 1 videorecording ; 2 hrs., 42. min. | Recorded on May 8, 1996. (Date). Recorded at Carnegie Hall, New York City. (Venue). Transcribed by Jason P. Hobratschk. Edited by Pedro Gonzalez and James L. Wolf. (General). Courtesy of Carnegie Hall (Copyright Notice). Videorecording (Form). This has been...
Irish American Song
Irish immigrants constitute one of the most expansive immigrant communities in the United States. The largest Irish American communities are to be found in New York, Boston, Chicago, Philadelphia and San Francisco, with many more Irish Americans living in other urban centers across the country.