About this Collection
The Thai Elections Web Archive covers the general elections of 2011, 2014, and 2019.
These elections took place within the context of a highly polarized political scene, which pitted rural workers and the urban working class against royalists, ultra-nationalists and the urban middle class. This split in the politics of Thailand is epitomized by two protest groups: the “Red Shirts” also known as the United Front for Democracy Against Dictatorship (UDD) and the “Yellow Shirts,” formally known as the People's Alliance for Democracy (PAD). Both camps formed around the figure of Thaksin Shinawatra (Prime Minister from 2001-2006)—the “Red Shirts” in support of Mr. Thaksin’s pro-rural and working class policies, and the “Yellow Shirts” in opposition to Mr. Thaksin, accusing him of corruption, authoritarianism, and disloyalty to the monarchy. Following Mr. Thaksin’s ouster by a coup d’etat, Thailand experienced a series of crises—at times violent—related to the political contest between Thaksin’s supporters and detractors.
The elections of 2011 played out within the framework of this contest, with Mr. Thaksin’s sister, Yingluck Shinawatra, becoming Thailand’s first female prime minister.
The snap elections of 2014 were won by Miss Yingluck’s party, Pheu Thai, but boycotted by the opposition, and eventually overturned, by anti-government protests and the intervention of the Royal Thai Army, that installed the National Council for Peace and Order, and remained in charge until 2019, when general elections were once again called.
The 2019 elections were contested by multiple parties but dominated by Pheu Thai and the military associated Palang Pracharath. While Pheu Thai won the majority of constituencies, due to the re-written rules on appointment of the prime minister that included the vote of the Senate (an appointed body), the prime minister ultimately chosen was the general who had been in charge since 2014, Prayut Chan-O-Cha.
Staff from the Library of Congress Jakarta Office and the Asian Division in Washington, D.C. selected the websites and reviewed the archived results.
February 2011 to December 2011
December 2013 to September 2014
January 2019 to March 2019
Frequency of Collection: The majority of sites in the collection were targeted for capture weekly or monthly, with fewer targeted for capture once.
Languages: Collection material in Thai, with English.