Collection Items

  • Audio Recording
    Interview H0001: with Drakten [Tib. grags bstan], (India, October 1992) Part 1: Drakten [Tib. grags bstan] was a monk official in the traditional Tibetan government who discusses in detail the political events that occurred in Lhasa in the 1950s. In this interview, he discusses the situation that ensued when the main Chinese representative, Zhang Jingwu, came to Tibet and met with the two Sitsab. He talks about the requests the Chinese made and the...
    • Contributor: Goldstein, Melvyn - Drakten [Ti Grags Bstan] - Case Western Reserve University - Paljor Tsarong
    • Date: 1992
  • Audio Recording
    Interview H0006: with Surkhang Lhajam [Tib. zur khang lha lcam], (India, October 1992) Part 1: Surkhang Lhajam [Tib. zur khang lha lcam] is the wife of the famous Surkhang Sawangchemmo. In this interview, she discusses his political activities and her own role in the Women's Association in the 1950s. Part 2: Surkhang Lhajam [Tib. zur khang lha lcam] is the wife of the famous Surkhang Sawangchemmo. In this interview, she talks about her trip to China as...
    • Contributor: Goldstein, Melvyn - Surkhang Lhajam [Ti Zur Khang Lha Lcam] - Case Western Reserve University - Paljor Tsarong
    • Date: 1992
  • Audio Recording
    Interview H0007: with (Litang) Athar Norbu [tib. (li thang) a thar nor bu], (India, November 1992) Part 1: Ngawang Norbu [Tib. ngag dbang nor bu], also known as Litang Athar [Tib. li thang a thar], was a monk and trader in Bö. He was part of the first group of six Khambas taken from Kalimpong to Saipan in 1957 by the CIA for training. He was parachuted into Central Tibet in October 1957 to make contact for the Americans with...
    • Contributor: Goldstein, Melvyn - Case Western Reserve University - Paljor Tsarong - (Litang) Athar Norbu [Ti (LI Thang) a Thar nor Bu]
    • Date: 1992
  • Audio Recording
    Interview H0012: with Radrü Ngawang [Tib. dbra phrug ngag dbang], (India, November 1992) Part 1: Radrü Ngawang [Tib. dbra phrug ngag dbang] was a Litang (Khamba) monk who became a monastic manager/trader (Tib. Jiso) and then became one of the top military commanders in Chushigandru. In this interview, he discusses how he became the Jiso of the Litang monastery and the work he did. He also talks about the early years when the People's Liberation Army first...
    • Contributor: Goldstein, Melvyn - Case Western Reserve University - Paljor Tsarong - Radrü Ngawang [Ti Dbra Phrug Ngag Dbang]
    • Date: 1992
  • Audio Recording
    Interview H0013: with Lhatsun Labrang Chandzö [Tib. lha btsun bla brang phyag mdzod], (India, 5 October 1992) Part 1: Lhatsun Labrang Chandzö [Tib. lha btsun bla brang phyag mdzod] was a well-known and capable monk who worked as a manager/steward. In this interview, he talks about how the Chinese initially came to Tibet and about some of the early disputes over the Tibetan Army and flag. He also talks about working as the salt tax collector in Western Tibet and how...
    • Contributor: Goldstein, Melvyn - Lhatsun Labrang Chandzö [Ti Lha Btsun Bla Brang Phyag Mdzod - Case Western Reserve University - Paljor Tsarong
    • Date: 1992-10-05
  • Audio Recording
    Interview H0017: with Champa Yönden [Tib. byams pa yon tan], (India, 8 November 1993) Part 1: Champa Yönden [Tib. byams pa yon tan] was a monk official who had served as the district head [Tib. 'go ba] of Yangpajen [Tib. yangs pa can]. In this interview, he talks about the recruitment of monk soldiers and how the Dalai Lama was given political power, as well as about the early 1950s in Lhasa. He also discusses the first meeting...
    • Contributor: Goldstein, Melvyn - Champa Yönden [Ti Byams Pa Yon Tan] - Case Western Reserve University - Paljor Tsarong
    • Date: 1993-11-08
  • Audio Recording
    Interview H0018: with Laja Thubden Tempa [Tib. bla phyag thub bstan bstan pa], (India, May 1993) Part 1: Laja Thubden Tempa [Tib. bla phyag thub bstan bstan pa] worked in the Tibetan mint at Trapchi with Tsarong Dzasa, and later became a Khenjung and one of the heads of the Laja Office. In this interview, he discusses some of the major Tibetan political figures of the 1950s, as well as government operations at that time. He briefly discusses the old...
    • Contributor: Goldstein, Melvyn - Laja Thubden Tempa [Ti Bla Phyag Thub Bstan Bstan Pa] - Case Western Reserve University - Paljor Tsarong
    • Date: 1993
  • Audio Recording
    Interview H0020: with Namgyel Wangdu [Tib. rnam rgyal dbang 'dus], (India, 1993) Part 1: Namgyel Wangdu [Tib. rnam rgyal dbang 'dus] was a shengo in the Gyantse Regiment [Tib. nga dang dmag sgar] who was in Chamdo in 1950-51 and in Lhasa uprising in 1959. In this interview, he describes his time with the army in eastern Tibet in 1950-51 and the People's Party in Lhasa in 1952. Part 2: Namgyel Wangdu [Tib. rnam rgyal dbang...
    • Contributor: Goldstein, Melvyn - Case Western Reserve University - Paljor Tsarong - Namgyel Wangdu [Ti Rnam Rgyal Dbang 'dus]
    • Date: 1993
  • Audio Recording
    Interview H0021: with Lhautara Tsendrön [Tib. lha'u rta ra rtse mgron], (India, 1992) Part 1: Lhautara Tsendrön [Tib. lha'u rta ra rtse mgron] was a monk official in the Tibetan government. In this interview, he discusses his work as the head of Namru Dzong in 1950-1952 and also explains a very interesting dispute he and the local people had about transporting supplies to the Chinese Payroll Office in Nagchu, and how the Chinese had to back down....
    • Contributor: Goldstein, Melvyn - Case Western Reserve University - Paljor Tsarong - Lhautara Tsendrön [Ti Lha'u Rta Ra Rtse Mgron]
    • Date: 1992
  • Audio Recording
    Interview H0022: with Chime Gombo [Tib. 'chi med mgon po], (India, April 1993) Part 1: Chime Gombo [Tib. 'chi med mgon po] was a clerk in the Tseja Treasury Office and then became the dzongpön of Lhapsö [Tib. lha gsol] Dzong in Dakpo. In this interview, he discusses how in 1953 he went to Chamdo as the tax collector for the Tseja Office to collect the butter taxes. He also talks about his successful trading work bringing...
    • Contributor: Goldstein, Melvyn - Case Western Reserve University - Paljor Tsarong - Chime Gombo [Ti 'chi Med Mgon Po]
    • Date: 1993
  • Audio Recording
    Interview H0025: with Lhagyari Trichen, Namgyel Wangchuk [Tib. lha rgya ri khri chen rnam rgyal dbang phyug], (India, 13 October 1992) Part 1: Lhagyari Trichen [Tib. lha rgya ri khri chen] was the head of Lhagyari, one of the highest aristocratic families who claim descent from the early Tibetan Kings. In this interview, he discusses his life in 1950 as an official in Tibet. He discusses the 13th Dalai Lama and the structure of the Tibetan old society. He describes his life in Lhagyari and...
    • Contributor: Goldstein, Melvyn - Lhagyari Trichen, Namgyel Wangchunk [Ti Lha Rgya Ri Khri Chen Rnam Rgyal Dbang Phyug] - Case Western Reserve University - Paljor Tsarong
  • Audio Recording
    Interview H0026: with Gyedong Tsering [Tib. rgyas stong tshe ring], (India, 1993) Part 1: (Amdo) Gyedong Tsering [Tib. (A mdo) rgyas stong tshe ring] was a trader who was originally from Amdo. He was involved in the 2nd People's Association and with Jenkhentsisum in India. In this interview, he discusses the 1st People's Association of 1952 and the detention of the leaders of the 2nd People's Association in 1956. He explains how he travelled to India...
    • Contributor: Goldstein, Melvyn - Case Western Reserve University - Paljor Tsarong - Gyedong Tsering [Ti Rgyas Stong Tshe Ring]
    • Date: 1993
  • Audio Recording
    Interview H0027: with Pandenla Trijang Labrang [Tib. dpal ldan khri byang bla brang], (India, 1992) Part 1: Pandenla Trijang Labrang [Tib. dpal ldan khri byang bla brang] was a servant/attendant of the famous Trijang Rimpoche. In this interview, he first discusses his life as a student and later a servant. He talks in general about the arrival of the Chinese and the conflicts in Kham. He describes the Dalai Lama's trip to Yadong, Ngabö's work on the 17-Point Agreement,...
    • Contributor: Goldstein, Melvyn - Pandenla Trijang Labrang [Ti Dpal Ldan Khri Byang Bla Brang] - Case Western Reserve University - Paljor Tsarong
    • Date: 1992
  • Audio Recording
    Interview H0028: with Jabo [Tib. sbyar po ba]; Real name Tashi Wangdü [Tib. bkra shis dbang 'dus], (India, 1993) Part 1: Jabo [Tib. sbyar po ba], whose real name was Tashi Wangdü [Tib. bkra shis dbang 'dus], was a shengo [Tib. zhal ngo] in the Trapchi Regiment of the Tibetan Army. In this interview, he discusses how his household in the traditional society was required to provide a soldier as a corvée tax because it held arable land from the Tibetan government called...
    • Contributor: Goldstein, Melvyn - Real Name Tashi Wangdü [Ti Bkra Shis Dbang 'dus] - Case Western Reserve University - Paljor Tsarong - Jabo [Ti Sbyar Po Ba]
    • Date: 1993
  • Audio Recording
    Interview H0030: with Phu Gyagpa [Tib. bu rgyag pa], (India, 1991) Part 1: Phu Gyagpa [Tib. bu rgyag pa] was from a rich manager/trader family originally from the Chamdo area. In this interview, he first discusses his father's role as the acting Dzongpön (District head) of Lhari Dzong and how they settled in Metro Rinchenling managing an estate. He also describes the arrival of the People's Liberation Army and Chinese programs such as road building....
    • Contributor: Phu Gyagpa [Ti Bu Rgyag Pa] - Goldstein, Melvyn - Case Western Reserve University - Paljor Tsarong
    • Date: 1991
  • Audio Recording
    Interview H0031: with Dombor, Ngawang Rigdrol [Tib. gdong por, ngag dbang rigs grol], (India, 1991) Part 1: Ngawang Rigdrol [Tib. ngag dbang rigs grol] was a monk official who served as a tsendrön. He was from the Dombor monk household [Tib. shag tshang], and a relative of his had been a katsab. In this interview, Ngawang Rigdrol discusses some of the events that took place on March 10, 1959 when Kalön Liushar, Shasur and Surkhang were entering Norbulinga, and...
    • Contributor: Goldstein, Melvyn - Dombor, Ngawang Rigdrol [Ti Gdong Por, Ngag Dbang Rigs Grol] - Case Western Reserve University - Paljor Tsarong
    • Date: 1991
  • Audio Recording
    Interview H0036: with Changkhyim (Tregang), Thubden Tsempel [Tib. chang khyim (bkras khang), thub bstan tshe 'phel], (India, March 1992) Part 1: Changkhyim [Tib. chang khyim (bras khang)] was a monk official in the Tibetan government who was the brother of Tsipön Shakabpa (of JKTS) in Kalimpong. In this interview, Changkhyim describes his life in the old society as part of a monk-official household [Tib. shag tshang]. He talks about his work collecting taxes on commodities in Phari, his work in the Ritual Office...
    • Contributor: Goldstein, Melvyn - Case Western Reserve University - Paljor Tsarong - Changkhyim (Tregang), Thubden Tsempel [Ti Chang Khyim (Bkras Khang), Thub Bstan Tshe 'phel]
    • Date: 1992
  • Audio Recording
    Interview H0037: with Taklha, Phüntso Tashi [Tib. stag lha, phun tshogs bkra shis], (India, July 1992) Part 1: Taklha, Phüntso Tashi [Tib. stag lha, phun tshogs bkra shis] was an Amdowa who was the brother-in-law of the Dalai Lama and the Commander of the Bodyguard Regiment from 1954-59. In this interview, he discusses political talks in China and transportation issues, including Sursur Dzasa and Thubden Chömpel's trip to Delhi. He became a senampa and worked in the Foreign Office as...
    • Contributor: Goldstein, Melvyn - Case Western Reserve University - Paljor Tsarong - Taklha, Phüntso Tashi [Ti Stag Lha, Phun Tshogs Bkra Shis]
    • Date: 1992
  • Audio Recording
    Interview H0038: with Temba Söpa [Tib. bstan pa bzod pa], (India, 5 December 1993) Part 1: Temba Söpa [bstan pa bzod pa] was a monk official in the Tibetan government and was part of the monk household [Tib. shag tshang] of Kundeling Dzasa. He worked in the Standing Committee of the Legjö Legung of the Tibetan government and was part of an informal anti-Chinese organization. In this interview, he talks about working in the Standing Committee of the...
    • Contributor: Goldstein, Melvyn - Case Western Reserve University - Paljor Tsarong - Temba Söpa [Ti Bstan Pa Bzod Pa]
    • Date: 1993-12-05
  • Audio Recording
    Interview H0039: with Maya, Tsewang Gyurme [Tib. rma bya, tshe dbang 'gyur med], (India, 1991) Part 1: Maya was an aristocratic government official who was active in the anti-Chinese resistance. In this interview, Maya discusses the loss of the territories beyond the Yangtse River, the temporary treaty for that area, and the effect the losses had on the Tibetan border. He describes how the 17-Point Agreement began and the migration of Chinese into Tibet. He also discusses the role...
    • Contributor: Goldstein, Melvyn - Maya Tsewang Gyurme [Ti Rma Bya Tshe Dbang 'gyur Med] - Case Western Reserve University - Paljor Tsarong
    • Date: 1991
  • Audio Recording
    Interview H0041: with Kesang Dramdü (Kedram) [Tib. skal bzang dgra 'dul (skal dgram)], (India, 1992) Part 1: Kedram [Tib. skal dgram] was a famous gyagpön in the Trapchi Regiment. In this interview, he discusses working as a shengo in the Trapchi bodyguard soldiers for the Changji. He talks about the arrival of Taktse Rimpoche via the northern route and about detaining them. He discusses in detail his going to Tö on a Chinese-Tibetan road development inspection team. He talks...
    • Contributor: Goldstein, Melvyn - Case Western Reserve University - Paljor Tsarong - Kesang Dramdü (Kedram) [Ti Skal Bzang Dgra 'dul (Skal Dgram)]
    • Date: 1992
  • Audio Recording
    Interview H0042: with Seysey [Tib. gser gser], (India, June 1991) Part 1: Seysey [Tib. gser gser] is a Khamba who was a leader in Chushigandru. In this interview, he talks about Targye Gomba, his homeland, how Targye Gomba monastery was completely destroyed and about how they fought with the Guomindang troops with support from the Tibetan Government. He also talks about how the Khambas came up to Lhasa and started Chushigandru under the leadership...
    • Contributor: Seysey [Ti Gser Gser] - Goldstein, Melvyn - Case Western Reserve University - Paljor Tsarong
    • Date: 1991
  • Audio Recording
    Interview H0043: with Tsarong Rimshi, Dündül Namgyal [Tib. tsha rong rim bzhi, bdud 'dul rnam rgyal], (India, 1991) Part 1: Tsarong Rimshi [Tib. tsha rong rim bzhi], whose personal name was Dündül Namgyal [Tib. bdud 'dul rnam rgyal], was a well-known Western-educated Tibetan official from one of the richest and most important aristocratic families. He was the son of Tsarong Dzasa, the architect of the program of military and infrastructural modernization after the 13th Dalai Lama returned from exile in India in...
    • Contributor: Goldstein, Melvyn - Case Western Reserve University - Paljor Tsarong - Tsarong Rimshi, Dündül Namgyal [Ti Tsha Rong Rim Bzhi, Bdud 'dul Rnam Rgyal]
    • Date: 1991
  • Audio Recording
    Interview H0046: with Baba Aka [Tib. 'ba' pa a dga'], (India, 6 October 1992) Part 1: Baba Aka [Tib. 'ba' pa a dga'] is a Khamba from a well-off farming family in Targye Gomba in Ganzi. In this interview, he discusses how the Chinese dealt with the people of his village and how anti-Chinese sentiments increased and various resistance movements arose. Part 2: Baba Aka [Tib. 'ba' pa a dga'] is a Khamba from a well-off farming family...
    • Contributor: Goldstein, Melvyn - Baba Aka [Ti 'ba' Pa a Dga'] - Case Western Reserve University - Paljor Tsarong
    • Date: 1992-10-06
  • Audio Recording
    Interview H0047: with Gyedong Nyila [Tib. rgyas stong snying lags], (India, 23 January 1994) Part 1: Gyedong Nyila [Tib. rgyas stong snying lags] was the wife of Amdo Gyedong Tsering (H.0026). In this interview, she talks about her husband's involvement in the Second People's Association, including going on the association's welcome delegation to Dartsedo in 1955. [Note: Nyila was basically a term of address for the wives of traders, but was also used in a manner similar to...
    • Contributor: Goldstein, Melvyn - Gyedong Nyila [Ti Rgyas Stong Snying Lags] - Case Western Reserve University - Paljor Tsarong
    • Date: 1994-01-23