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Collection Women of Protest: Photographs from the Records of the National Woman's Party

Related Resources

Library of Congress Resources



The Manuscript Division holds the records of the following leading suffrage organizations:

Among other suffrage-related collections in the Manuscript Division are the personal papers of the following:

The Library's Rare Book and Special Collections Division holds the personal library and scrapbooks of Susan B. Anthony as well as scrapbooks compiled by Matilda Gage, Ida Husted Harper, Elizabeth Smith Miller, Anne Fitzhugh Miller, and May Wright Sewall. It also maintains NAWSA's reference library containing pamphlets, serials, convention proceedings, and scrapbooks, some formerly owned by Alice Stone Blackwell, Julia Ward Howe, Mary A. Livermore, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and Lucy Stone.

Sheet music, motion pictures, photographs, posters, newspapers, books, pamphlets, and other materials may also be found throughout the Library's General Collections and in its other custodial divisions.

The Prints and Photographs Division holds a small collection of Visual Materials from the Records of the National Woman's Party. It consists of about 450 posters, postcards, printing plates, and photographs (primarily portraits), which were transferred from the Manuscript Division in 1986. A finding aid for this collection is available online from the Prints and Photographs Division. Digitized images of selected items may be found in the Prints and Photographs Online Catalog by searching on the call number or title. Additional images relating to the NWP sometimes appear in other Prints and Photographs Division collections, especially in the photo archives of news agencies and photographers, such as those of the National Photo Company, George Grantham Bain, and Harris & Ewing.

External Resources


  • The Gerritsen Collection: Women's History Online, 1543-1945. Chadwyk Healey. Online subscription database (available only at purchasing institutions) of the earlier microform set (17,556 microfiche and 241 reels) titled The Gerritsen Collection of Women's History (Glen Rock, NJ: Microfilming Corporation of America, 1975). Includes The Suffragist, Equal Rights, and other suffrage literature in digital format.

The selected sites listed below all relate in some way to women's history and suffrage in the United States. The sites were chosen for their educational content and broad accessibility. The Library of Congress neither endorses nor maintains these Internet sites. Users should direct any problems with these sites to the particular administrator or Webmaster responsible.

Other Resources


  • Adams, Colleen. Woman's Suffrage: A Primary Source History. New York: Rosen, 2003.
  • Baker, Jean H., ed. Votes for Women: The Struggle for Suffrage Revisited. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.
  • Bausum, Ann. With Courage and Cloth: Winning the Fight for a Woman's Right to Vote. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic, 2004.
  • Becker, Susan. The Origins of the Equal Rights Amendment: American Feminism between the Wars. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1981.
  • Bolden, Tonya, ed. 33 Things Every Girl Should Know About Women's History: From Suffragettes to Skirt Lengths to the ERA. New York: Crown, 2002.
  • Buhle, Mari Jo, and Paul Buhle. The Concise History of Woman Suffrage. Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1978.
  • Butler, Amy E. Two Paths to Equality: Alice Paul and Ethel M. Smith in the ERA Debate, 1921-1929. Albany, NY: State University of New York, 2002.
  • Cott, Nancy F. The Grounding of Modern Feminism. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1987.
  • DuBois, Ellen Carol. Feminism and Suffrage: The Emergence of an Independent Women's Movement in America, 1848-1969. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1978.
  • DuBois, Ellen Carol. Harriot Stanton Blatch and the Winning of Woman Suffrage. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1997.
  • DuBois, Ellen Carol. Woman Suffrage and Women's Rights. New York: New York University Press, 1998.
  • Dumbeck, Kristina. Leaders of Women's Suffrage. San Diego, CA: Lucent Books, 2001.
  • Finnegan, Margaret. Selling Suffrage: Consumer Culture and Votes for Women. New York: Columbia University Press, 1999.
  • Ford, Linda G. Iron-Jawed Angels: The Suffrage Militancy of the National Woman's Party, 1912-1920. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1991.
  • Friedl, Bettina, ed. On to Victory: Propaganda Plays of the Woman Suffrage Movement. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1987.
  • Gluck, Sherna Berger, ed. From Parlor to Prison: Five American Suffragists Talk about their Lives. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1985.
  • Gordon, Ann D., with Bettye Collier-Thomas, eds. African American Women and the Vote, 1837-1965. Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press, 1997.
  • Guernsey, JoAnn Bren. Voices of Feminism: Past, Present, and Future. Minneapolis, MN: Lerner, 1996.
  • Helmer, Diana Star. Women Suffragists. New York: Facts on File, 1998.
  • Irwin, Inez Haynes. The Story of the Woman's Party. New York: Harcourt, Brace, and Co., 1921. (New editions published as Up Hill With Banners Flying. Penobscott, ME: Traversity Press, 1964; The Story of Alice Paul and the National Woman's Party. Fairfax, VA: Denlinger's, 1977).
  • Lasky, Kathryn. A Time for Courage: The Suffragette Diary of Kathleen Bowen. New York: Scholastic, 2002. (fiction)
  • Lumsden, Linda J. Inez: The Life and Times of Inez Milholland. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 2004.
  • Lumsden, Linda J. Rampant Women: Suffragists and the Right of Assembly. Knoxville, TN: University of Tennessee Press, 1997.
  • Lunardini, Christine A. From Equal Suffrage to Equal Rights: Alice Paul and the National Woman's Party, 1910-1928. New York: New York University Press, 1986.
  • Marcus, Jane, ed. Suffrage and the Pankhursts. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1987. (British suffrage movement)
  • Meyers, Madeleine, ed. Forward into Light: The Struggle for Woman's Suffrage. Lowell, MA: Discovery Enterprises, 1994.
  • Raumm, Elizabeth. Alice Paul. Chicago, IL: Heinemann Library, 2004.
  • Sheppard, Alice. Cartooning for Suffrage. Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico Press, 1994.
  • Stevens, Doris. Jailed for Freedom. New York: Boni and Liveright, 1920. Revised and abridged reprint, Carol O'Hare, ed. Jailed for Freedom: American Women Win the Vote. Troutdale, OR: New Sage Press, 1995.
  • Sullivan, George. The Day the Women Got the Vote: A Photo History of the Women's Rights Movement. New York: Scholastic, 1994.
  • Tickner, Lisa. The Spectacle of Women: Imagery of the Suffrage Campaign, 1907-14. London: Chatto & Windus, 1987. (British suffrage movement)
  • Weatherford, Doris. A History of the American Suffragist Movement. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 1998.


  • Equal Rights. Weekly bulletin of the National Woman's Party. Washington, D.C., 1922-54. Available in microfilm.
  • The Suffragist. Publication of the Congressional Union for Woman Suffrage/National Woman's Party. 9 vols. Washington, D.C., 1913-21. Available in microfilm.


  • Haggerty, Donald L. National Woman's Party Papers: The Suffrage Years, 1913-1920. Sanford, NC.: Microfilming Corporation of America, 1981.
  • Pardo, Thomas C. National Woman's Party Papers, 1913-1974. Sanford, NC: Microfilming Corporation of America, 1979.


  • Burns, Ken, and Paul Barnes. Not for Ourselves Alone: The Story of Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony. A General Motors Mark of Excellence Presentation. PBS, 1999. Videocassette. ( External)
  • Knight, Elizabeth. Songs of the Suffragettes, Folkways Records FH 5281, 1958.
  • Pollak, Ruth. One Woman, One Vote. The American Experience. A Production of the Educational Film Center. Boston: PBS, 1995. Videocassette.
  • Von Garnier, Katja. Iron-Jawed Angels. HBO Films, 2003. Videocassette. and ( External)
  • Knight, Elizabeth. Songs of the Suffragettes. Folkways Records FH 5281, 1958.
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