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Collection Women of Protest: Photographs from the Records of the National Woman's Party

1912 to 1914


  1. 1912


    Alice Paul appointed chairman of NAWSA's Congressional Committee at 1912 NAWSA convention.

  2. 1913

    Mar. 3

    Massive national suffrage parade, held in Washington, D.C., led by Inez Milholland Boissevain.

    Mar. 17

    Alice Paul heads suffrage delegation to President Woodrow Wilson.


    Paul founds Congressional Union for Woman Suffrage (CU).

    May 14

    Senate Committee on Woman Suffrage votes favorably on federal woman suffrage amendment, first favorable majority report in 23 years.


    CU branches established in various states.

    July 31

    After collecting suffrage petitions nationwide, automobile tours convene in Hyattsville, Maryland, and proceed to Washington, D.C. to present petitions to Congress.

    Nov. -

    Lucy Burns arrested for chalking meeting notices on Washington, D.C., sidewalk.

    Nov. 15 -

    First issue of The Suffragist published.

    Dec. 6 -

    NAWSA leadership urges Alice Paul and Lucy Burns to resign from CU; both refuse. NAWSA selects new Congressional Committee.

  3. 1914

    Feb. 12

    Alice Paul, Lucy Burns, and Dora Lewis meet with NAWSA in unsuccessful effort to resolve differences. NAWSA later votes against admitting CU as auxiliary member.

    Mar. 3

    CU participates in suffrage hearing before House Judiciary Committee.

    Mar. 19

    Senate votes for first time since 1887 on federal woman suffrage amendment. Bill defeated but reintroduced next day.

    May 2

    Suffrage parades and meetings held in nearly every state.

    May 9

    National suffrage demonstration in Washington, D.C.


    CU forms National Advisory Council to enlist support of nationally prominent and/or wealthy women.

    Sept. 14

    CU organizers leave Washington, D.C., to campaign against Democratic congressional candidates in states where women already enfranchised.