Collection Items

  • Book/Printed Material
    Through the Brazilian wilderness After failing to win a third term in the elections of 1912, former U.S. president Theodore Roosevelt planned a speaking trip to Argentina and Brazil and a cruise up the Amazon. The government of Brazil suggested that Roosevelt join the famous Brazilian explorer Cândido Rondon in an expedition down the recently discovered River of Doubt. Roosevelt accepted the invitation and, accompanied by his son...
    • Contributor: Roosevelt, Theodore
    • Date: 1914
    • Resource: - 516 pages

  • Book/Printed Material
    The Amazon and Madeira rivers; sketches and descriptions from the note-book of an explorer, Franz Keller was a German engineer who spent 17 years in Brazil. In 1867, Keller and his father were commissioned by the minister of public works in Rio de Janeiro to explore the Madeira River in order to determine the feasibility of building a railroad to circumvent rapids that made steamship navigation impossible on part of the river. This book, published some seven years...
    • Contributor: Keller, Franz
    • Date: 1875
    • Resource: - 268 pages

  • Map
    Brazil, Bolivia & Peru
    Brazil, Bolivia and Peru
    "This hand-colored map of the northern part of South America originally appeared in A New General Atlas Exhibiting The Five Great Divisions of the Globe, published by John Grigg (1792-1864) in Philadelphia in 1829. It shows the still somewhat vague demarcation of the borders between countries in the interior of the continent. Grigg's atlas was based on the work of Conrad Malte-Brun (1755-1826), a...
    • Contributor: Young, J. H. (James Hamilton) - Grigg & Elliot
    • Date: 1829
  • Map
    Map of Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay, and Uruguay ; Map of Chili. "S. Augustus Mitchell was born in Connecticut in 1790 and became a teacher. He found the materials available in early 19th-century America for teaching geography inadequate and, after moving to Philadelphia in 1829 or 1830, formed a company that soon was producing improved maps, atlases, tourist guides, and geography textbooks. Mitchell issued the first edition of his New Universal Atlas in 1846. His son,...
    • Contributor: Mitchell, S. Augustus (Samuel Augustus)
    • Date: 1871
  • Map
    Urbs Salvador. "This 1671 map of Salvador on the northeastern coast of Brazil is from the monumental work by the Dutch writer Arnoldus Montanus (1625-83), De Nieuwe en Onbekende Weereld: Of Beschryving van America en 't Zuid-land (The new and unknown world: Or description of America and the southland). Montanus was a Protestant minister and headmaster of the Latin School in the town of Schoonhoven. He...
    • Contributor: Montanus, Arnoldus
    • Date: 1671
  • Map
    Plano topografico que comprende las vertientes del Arroyo Ycabaqua, las del Rio Negro y la cresta que divide aguas al Yacuy y al Uruguay hasta la Sierra de los Tapes o Montegrande "This detailed Spanish map of a portion of the present-day state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil was prepared by Joseph Varela y Ulloa (1739-94), the commander of the Spanish party of the joint Spanish-Portuguese boundary commission that surveyed the Uruguay and Paraguay river basins between 1784 and 1788. The survey took place after the signing, in October 1777, of the first Treaty of...
    • Contributor: Varela Y Ulloa, José
    • Date: 1780
  • Book/Printed Material
    Die deutschen kolonisten im brasilianischen staate Espirito Santo. In May 1910, the Verein für Sozialpolitik (Association for Social Policy), an influential organization of German economists based in Berlin, decided to commission a series of studies on the colonization and settlement of tropical regions by Europeans, with the goal of determining whether and under what conditions such colonization was economically and socially sustainable. The studies were to assist in the development of the...
    • Contributor: Wagemann, Ernst
    • Date: 1915
    • Resource: - 189 pages

  • Map
    Karta izobrazhai︠u︡shchai︠a︡ proliv, otdeli︠a︡i︠u︡shchiĭ ostrov Svi︠a︡t. Ekateriny ot materago berega Brazilii s pokazaniem i︠a︡kornykh mest i s promerom do goroda Nostry Sin'ory del' Destero. 1804.
    Карта изображающая пролив, отделяющий остров Свят. Екатерины от матераго берега Бразилии с показанием якорных мест и с промером до города Ностры Синьоры дель Дестеро. 1804.
    [2] Iz izdanii︠a︡: Sobranie kart i risunkov, prinadlezhashchikh k puteshestvii︠u︡ flota kapitana 1-go ranga i Kavalera I︠U︡rii︠a︡ Lisi︠a︡nskogo na korable Neve. Pokazano: naselennye punkty zastroĭkoĭ, i︠a︡kornye mesta; promery glubin, podvodnye i nadvodnye kamni, kharakter dna, rel'ef shtrikhami. Ukazatel': kreposti, zavod, mesto zakhoda korabli︠a︡ Nadezhda (A-N). Vidy ostrovov. Original map at: National Library of Russia From the atlas "Собрание карт и рисунков, принадлежащих к Путешествию...
    • Contributor: Lisi︠a︡nskiĭ, I︠u︡ri
    • Date: 1812
  • Book/Printed Material
    Guidance for Would-be Homesteaders on How to Emigrate to Brazil (1932 Edition). This brochure was published by the Federation of Immigration Associations, which was supported by the Japanese government for the purpose of recruiting emigrants from Japan to other countries. It explains the conditions, preparations, and application process for emigration to Brazil. Japanese emigration to Brazil began in 1908, and reached its peak in 1926--35. Following the abolition of slavery in Brazil in 1888, the government...
    • Contributor: Federation of Immigration Associations
    • Date: 1932
    • Resource: - 5 pages

  • Book/Printed Material
    Prosperity of the West India Company.
    Wel-vaert van de West-Indische Compagnie
    This pamphlet of 1642 contains a number of proposals to increase the profits of the Dutch West India Company for the benefit of its shareholders. The company was established in 1621 under a charter granted by the States-General, the governing body of the United Provinces of the Netherlands. Similar to the Dutch East India Company, which was founded in 1602 to promote trade with...
    • Contributor: Candele, P. Le
    • Date: 1642
    • Resource: - 35 pages

  • Book/Printed Material
    True History and Description of a Country in America, whose Inhabitants are Savage, Naked, Very Godless and Cruel Man-Eaters.
    Waerachtige Historie en beschrijvinge eens Landts in America gheleghen, wiens inwoonders Wilt, Naect, seer godtloos ende wreede Menschen eeters zijn
    Hans Staden was born in Hesse, Germany, sometime between 1525 and 1528. He made his first voyage to Brazil in 1547-48, serving as a gunner on a Portuguese ship. In 1550 he joined a Spanish expedition to the La Plata River but was shipwrecked and eventually captured by Tupinamba Indians, who were known as cannibals who ate their captives. Staden managed by various means...
    • Contributor: Staden, Hans
    • Date: 1595
    • Resource: - 166 pages

  • Book/Printed Material
    The Special Features of Antarctic France, Otherwise Called America, and of Several Lands and Islands Discovered in Our Time.
    Les singvlaritez de la France Antarctiqve, avtrement nommée Amerique, & de plusieurs Terres & Isles decouuertes de nostre temps
    André Thevet (1516-92) was a Franciscan friar who traveled widely and, through his writings, helped to establish cosmographie-as geography was called at the time-as a science in 16th-century France. After making trips to Africa and the Middle East in the 1540s, he was appointed chaplain to the expedition of Nicolas Durand de Villegagnon, which set out from Le Havre in May 1555 to establish...
    • Contributor: Thevet, André
    • Date: 1558
    • Resource: - 361 pages

  • Book/Printed Material
    Guidance for Families on How to Emigrate to Brazil. In 1922 the Japanese Home Ministry proposed an array of measures to encourage emigration to São Paulo, Brazil in order to solve the problems of overpopulation and unemployment in Japan. These included the dissemination of information about emigration through subsidies to a private emigration company (assumed to be the Overseas Development Company, established in 1916); the provision of educational and sanitary facilities in overseas...
    • Contributor: Overseas Development Company Limited (Japan)
    • Date: 1926
    • Resource: - 5 pages

  • Map
    Brazil. This map of Brazil is a Tallis map, identifiable by the scrolling on the borders and the finely-drawn scenes inscribed on the map. John Tallis and Co. was a British mapmaking firm that operated from roughly 1835 to 1860. The map was drawn and engraved by cartographer John Rapkin. Tallis maps were known for their accurate designs and numerous place names and geographical details,...
    • Contributor: Lacey, W. - Rapkin, John - Winkles, H.
    • Date: 1851
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Map
    Brazil: According to New Surveys by Messrs. of the Royal Academy of Sciences, etc..
    Le Bresil : suivant les nouvelles observations de Messrs. de l'Academie Royale
    As seen in this map, much of Brazil was still uncharted territory in the early 18th century. The annotations about the rivers, native peoples, and mines of the interior provide limited information. The map was printed in Leiden by Pieter van der Aa (1659-1733), a Dutch publisher and bookseller who specialized in reissuing maps acquired from earlier mapmakers. Van der Aa's major work was...
    • Contributor: Aa, Pieter Van Der
    • Date: 1729
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Map
    The Course of the River of the Amazons, Based on the Account of Christopher d'Acugna.
    Le cours de la riviére des Amazones dressé sur la relation
    Nicolas Sanson (1600-67) is considered by many to be the founder of the French school of cartography. Originally from Abbeville, he was also known as Sanson d'Abbeville. He was trained as a military engineer but became a prolific cartographer who produced over 300 maps. Around 1643, he began publishing maps, working with publisher Pierre Mariette. This 1680 map of the Amazon most likely is...
    • Contributor: Sanson, Nicolas
    • Date: 1680
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Map
    Map Showing the Presumed Headwaters of the Das Velhas River and Part of the Captaincy of Minas Gerais.
    Mostrace neste mapa o julgado das cabeceiras do rio das Velhas e a parte da Capitania de Minas Gerais
    This late-18th century hand-drawn map shows the Das Velhas River, one of the tributaries of the São Francisco River in southern Brazil that flows into the Atlantic Ocean. Gold was discovered on its banks in 1698-99.
    • Contributor: Rocha, José Joaquim Da - Manuel, José
    • Date: 1796
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Map
    New Map of the Wonderful, Large and Rich Land of Guiana.
    Nieuwe caerte van het wonderbaer ende goudrycke Landt Guiana
    This hand-colored map of Guiana (present-day French Guyana, Suriname, and Guyana) is the work of Jodocus Hondius (1563-1612), the patriarch of one of the most famous Dutch mapmaking families. The map includes annotations in Dutch about the indigenous peoples of northern South America, along with fantastic illustrations of South American animals. The Amazon and Orinoco rivers are both well depicted on the map.
    • Contributor: Hondius, Jodocus
    • Date: 1598
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Map
    Map of the Bay of Rio de Janeiro.
    Plan de la Baye de Rio de Janeiro
    Jacques Bellin (1703-72) was a prolific cartographer attached to the French Marine Office. His sea atlases reflected the careful mapping of bays, seas, and harbors that characterized 18th-century French naval cartography. In 1764, he published Le Petit Atlas Maritime, a work in five volumes, containing 581 maps. This map, from the second volume of the atlas, shows the Bay of Rio de Janeiro and...
    • Contributor: Bellin, Jacques-Nicolas
    • Date: 1764
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Map
    Hand-Drawn Maps and Plans of Recife in Pernambuco, All Saints' Bay, and the Coast from Bahia to Gãmam....
    Desenho e plantas iluminadas do Recife de Pernambuco, da Bahia de Todos os Stos., da Costa do mâr e Barra da Bahia athé a do Gãmam...
    This six-leaved, hand-drawn atlas shows the coastal area of Brazil's Pernambuco and Bahia states as they appeared in the early 1630s. The maps include details of the city of Recife and All Saints' Bay, as well as details of the coastline. The area was first settled by the Portuguese in 1534, and Pernambuco was one of Portugal's only profitable Brazilian colonies during the early...
    • Contributor: Tinoco, Pedro Nunes, 1641
    • Date: 1631
    • Resource: - 6 pages

  • Map
    Map of the City of Rio de Janeiro: Situated at Latitude 22 Degrees 54' and Longitude 334 Degrees 53' from the Meridian of the Island of Ferro.
    Plano da Cidade do Rio de Janeiro: situado na Latitude de 22°54', e de Longitude de 334°53' contados do Meridiano da ilha do Ferro
    This pen-and-ink watercolor map shows the city of Rio de Janeiro and the surrounding coastline around 1770, shortly after it became the colonial capital city of Portuguese Brazil. The map is the work of Manoel Vieira Leão (1727-1803), an assistant to the governor of the city.
    • Contributor: Lion, Manuel Vieira
    • Date: 1770
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Map
    Map of the Region of the Iténez or Guaporé River and Its Tributaries.
    Plano da região do Rio Itenes ou Guaporé e seus afluentes
    This pen-and-ink watercolor map shows the Iténez-Guaporé River Basin. The map shows the location of the fortress of Nossa Senhora da Conceição dos Portugueses and the deployment of Spanish troops under command of Alonso Berdugo and Aymerich Tete. This river, now known in Brazil as the Guaporé, forms the border between the Brazilian provinces of Rondônia and Mato Grosso, before flowing north into Bolivia,...
    • Contributor: Crespo, Miguel Blanco
    • Date: 1767
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Map
    Hydrographic Map of the Famous Rio de Janeiro Bay Where the São Sebastião City is Situated.
    Planta hydrografica da famoza Bahia do Rio de Janeiro dentro da qual em a sua margem se acha situada a cidade de S. Sebastião
    This map of the bay of Rio de Janeiro shows the city of São Sebastião, the bay entrance, the island, and the rivers entering the bay. During the colonial period, the city of São Sebastião was an agricultural center and its port was a major shipping point for gold from Minas Gerais. The map is the work of Luis dos Santos Vilhena (1744-1814), who...
    • Contributor: Vilhena, Luís of Santos
    • Date: 1775
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Map
    Map of the Fortress of Cobras Island.
    Planta da Fortaleza da Ilha das Cobras
    This map shows the fort on the Island of Cobras, located in the harbor off the coast of Rio de Janeiro. The island was considered an important line of defense for the city of Rio de Janeiro and the approach to the colonial capital. The first fort was erected on the island in the 1620s, when Portugal's Brazilian holdings were under threat from the...
  • Map
    This early map of Brazil is by Jacopo Gastaldi (circa 1500-circa 1565), a Piedmontese cartographer who worked in Venice and rose to the position of cosmographer of the Venetian Republic. Gastaldi produced maps and illustrations for parts of Delle Navigationi et Viaggi (Travels and voyages), a compilation of travel writings by the Venetian diplomat and geographer Giovanni Battista Ramusio (1485-1557). Ramusio's work contained more...
    • Contributor: Ramusio, Giovanni Battista - Gastaldi, Giacomo
    • Date: 1565
    • Resource: - 1 page