Collection Items

  • Book/Printed Material
    Bulgaria In preparation for the peace conference that was expected to follow World War I, in the spring of 1917 the British Foreign Office established a special section responsible for preparing background information for use by British delegates to the conference. Bulgaria is Number 22 in a series of more than 160 studies produced by the section, most of which were published after the conclusion...
    • Contributor: Great Britain. Foreign Office. Historical Section
    • Date: 1920
    • Resource: - 154 pages

  • Book/Printed Material
    Bŭlgarski ti︠e︡ khaĭduti : ti︠e︡khno to nachi︠a︡lo i ti︠e︡khna ta postoīana borba s Turt︠s︡y ti︠e︡, ot padenii︠a︡ Bŭlgariǐ de dni︠e︡shny ti︠e︡ vremena
    Bŭlgarski te︡ khaĭduti
    Georgi Stoikov Rakovski (1821-67) was a famous Bulgarian revolutionary who drew inspiration from the haiduts, the traditional bandits who lived in the mountains of Bulgaria and robbed from the Ottomans. He intended to write a larger history of the haiduts in Bulgaria, but was able to send his publisher only the 39 pages that comprise Book I before he died of tuberculosis at the...
    • Contributor: Rakovski, Georgi Stoĭkov - Early Bulgarian Imprint Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1867

    Resource: View All Pages | PDF

  • Book/Printed Material
    Gabrovsko-to uchilishte i negovy-ti︠e︡ pŭrvi popechiteli. The Gabrovo School was the first secular school in Bulgaria. Founded in 1835, it trained Bulgarian teachers and employed such notable Bulgarian scholars as Neofit Rilski. The Gabrovo School and Its First Trustees is a history of the school's early years, edited by Petko Slaveikov, one of Bulgaria's most renowned 19th-century writers. World Digital Library.
    • Contributor: Early Bulgarian Imprint Collection (Library of Congress) - Slaveĭkov, Petko Rachov
    • Date: 1866

    Resource: View All Pages | PDF

  • Book/Printed Material
    Zavi︠e︡shtanīi︠a︡ za uchebny-ti︠e︡ zavedenīi︠a︡ v Gabrovo.
    Zaveshtanii︠a︡ za uchebny-te zavedenii︠a︡ v Gabrovo
    The Gabrovo School was the first secular school in Bulgaria. Founded in 1835, it trained Bulgarian teachers and employed such notable Bulgarian scholars as Neofit Rilski. This work contains the wills of several men associated with the Gabrovo School, including one of its co-founders, V. E. Aprilov. The wills appear in Bulgarian with the corresponding Greek translation on opposite pages. Printed at the end...
    • Contributor: Early Bulgarian Imprint Collection (Library of Congress) - Slaveĭkov, Petko Rachov
    • Date: 1867

    Resource: View All Pages | PDF

  • Book/Printed Material
    Smi︠e︡tka na dusheprikashtiky-ti︠e︡ V.E. Aprilova podadena N.N. Aprilovu.
    Smi︠e︡tka na dusheprikashtiky-ti︠e︡ V.E. Aprilova za gabrovsko-to uchilishte i dukhovno-to zavi︠e︡shtanīe V.E. Aprilova | Smetka na dusheprikashtiky-te V.E. Aprilova podadena N.N. Aprilovu
    The Gabrovo School was the first secular school in Bulgaria. Founded in 1835, it trained Bulgarian teachers and employed such notable Bulgarian scholars as Neofit Rilski. This volume provides the school's financial statistics and budgets for a number of years, and includes teachers' salaries and expenditures for books, newspapers, and school supplies, as well as income received from donations and other sources of revenue....
    • Contributor: Early Bulgarian Imprint Collection (Library of Congress) - Slaveĭkov, Petko Rachov
    • Date: 1867

    Resource: View All Pages | PDF

  • Book/Printed Material
    Bulgarian Grammar. Notable as the first Bulgarian grammar, this book is also culturally significant because of the role that its author, Neofit Rilski (1793--1881), played in the promotion of secular education in Bulgaria and in the establishment of a modern Bulgarian literary language. Neofit, a priest associated with the Rila Monastery, was a leading figure in the 19th-century Bulgarian National Revival and its concomitant education reform....
    • Contributor: Rilski, Neofit
    • Date: 1835
    • Resource: - 232 pages

  • Book/Printed Material
    Something for the Unlearned. Most famous for being the father of Bulgarian revolutionary Khristo Botev, Botio Petkov (1815--69) was an accomplished educator and writer in his own right. Among his students were the luminaries Ivan Vazov and Nikola Nachov. Born in the town of Karlovo, Petkov himself studied with a famous teacher, Raino Popovich. Petkov wrote for the early Bulgarian newspaper Tsarigradski vestnik (Constantinople Herald), and published several...
    • Contributor: Petkov, Bot'o
    • Date: 1843
    • Resource: - 40 pages

  • Book/Printed Material
    Book of Kings or a Bulgarian History, Which Teaches from Whence Came the Bulgarians, How They Became Rulers, How They Reigned and How Their Kingdom Perished and Fell under the Yoke. This book is the first published edition of Paisii Khilendarski's 1762 Slaveno-Bulgarian History, which is considered the founding document of the Bulgarian National Revival. Paisii's history encouraged the Bulgarians, who had been under Ottoman rule for centuries, to discover their national consciousness and to embrace the Bulgarian language. The work was so influential that it was copied by hand and excerpted many times, without...
    • Contributor: Paisiĭ, Khilendarski, Hieromonk, Born 1722 - Pavlovich, Khristaki
    • Date: 1844
    • Resource: - 92 pages

  • Book/Printed Material
    Bulgarian Dream Interpreter, Printed for the Curiosity of Readers. Published in 1844, Bulgarian Dream Interpreter is an early Bulgarian astrological publication, part of a Balkan tradition of apocryphal and astrological works. It was intended to assist readers in interpreting their dreams by providing an alphabetical list of dreams and interpretations. The work is anonymous, but the publisher was Zaharia Carcalechi, a noted Bucharest journalist and publisher who produced works mainly in Romanian, but...

  • Book/Printed Material
    Bulgarian Phrasebook for Those Who Would Like to Speak Greek. Bulgarian Phrasebook for Those Who Would Like to Speak Greek is an 1845 phrasebook and manual for writing business letters in Greek for use by Bulgarians. It was not the first such business aid published in Bulgarian, but it is significant because of the importance of its author, Konstantin Fotinov (circa 1790--1858), a Bulgarian educator and editor of the first Bulgarian periodical, Liuboslovie (Philology)....
    • Contributor: Fotinov, Konstantin Georgiev
    • Date: 1845
    • Resource: - 64 pages

  • Book/Printed Material
    Bulgarian Arithmetic. Arithmetics were a popular genre of textbooks during the era of the Bulgarian National Revival in the 19th century, when it was widely believed that everyone, especially future businessmen, needed to know basic mathematics. Bulgarian Arithmetic was the fourth such text published in this era, in 1845. The author, Khristodul Kostovich Sichan-Nikolov (1808--89), was a monk, teacher, writer, and publicist, often assisted in his...
    • Contributor: Sichan-Nikolov, Khristodul K.
    • Date: 1845
    • Resource: - 168 pages

  • Book/Printed Material
    Book of Amusements for 1846. Book of Amusements for 1846 was the second in a series that began publication the previous year, in 1845. The anthologist, Konstantin Ognianovich (1798--1858), was a Serb who believed in education for Bulgarians and who contributed to the Bulgarian National Revival by producing poetic works and popular anthologies that encouraged reading and Bulgarian national pride. Part of the tradition of calendar publishing, the volumes...
    • Contributor: Ognianovich, Konstantin
    • Date: 1846
    • Resource: - 224 pages

  • Book/Printed Material
    Brief Interpretation of the Holy Church, and How Many Holy Vessels and Vestments are Kept There, and of the Everyday Services, of the Divine Liturgy, and of the Holy Church Mysteries. Brief Interpretation of the Holy Church, and How Many Holy Vessels and Vestments Are Kept There, and of the Everyday Services, of the Divine Liturgy, and of the Holy Church Mysteries is a Bulgarian translation of a liturgical work originally written in Greek. Shown here is the second edition. In 1837, when the first edition of this work was published, very few Bulgarian books...
    • Contributor: Popovich, Raĭno Sŭbev - Darvarēs, Dēmētrios Nikolaou
    • Date: 1846
    • Resource: - 66 pages

  • Book/Printed Material
    Grammar of the Slavic Language. Ivan N. Momchilov was a noted teacher and textbook writer during the 19th-century era of the Bulgarian National Revival. As a teacher, he recognized the need for a basic primer for his pupils on Church Slavic, and set about writing such a work. His 1847 Grammar of the Slavic Language was Momchilov's first textbook and the first Church Slavic grammar to be published in...
    • Contributor: Momchilov, Ivan Nikolov
    • Date: 1847
    • Resource: - 12 pages

  • Book/Printed Material
    New Testament of Our Lord Jesus Christ. The noted educational reformer, grammarian, and priest Neofit Rilski (1793--1881) was the first to translate the New Testament into modern Bulgarian. Rilski's translation was critical to religious education, as most Bulgarians could not understand the existing translations of the Bible into Church Slavic. Financed by the Protestant British and Foreign Bible Society and sanctioned by the head of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church, Ilarion, Metropolitan...
    • Contributor: Protestant British and Foreign Bible Society - Rilski, Neofit
    • Date: 1850
    • Resource: - 528 pages

  • Book/Printed Material
    Aesop's Fables. Aesop's Fables are a favorite for the instruction of children the world over. The first published Bulgarian translations of the fables were found in Petur Beron's Primer with Various Instructions of 1824, commonly known as the Fish Primer. The first separate publication devoted just to Aesop's tales is this 1852 compilation by Petko Slaveikov (1827--95), a noted poet, publicist, translator, folklorist, and leader in...
    • Contributor: Aesop - Slaveĭkov, Petko Rachev
    • Date: 1852
    • Resource: - 136 pages

  • Book/Printed Material
    Writing Manual. Sava Dobroplodni (1820--94) was a noted educator, dramatist, and literary figure during the era of the National Revival in Bulgaria. In his role as an educator, he wrote many textbooks, including this pismennik (writing manual). Published in 1853, Dobroplodni's guide was one of the earliest Bulgarian manuals of writing, or orthography, as well as the first to provide definitions of such literary terms as...
    • Contributor: Dobroplodni, Sava Il. (Sava Iliev)
    • Date: 1853
    • Resource: - 188 pages

  • Book/Printed Material
    Bulgarian Folk Songs. Naiden Gerov (1823--1900) was a renowned Bulgarian literary figure, whose accomplishments included composing the first poem in modern Bulgarian. His most important work was his Dictionary of the Bulgarian Language, which he worked on for many decades and which was published in five volumes between 1895 and 1904. Gerov's lifelong interest in Bulgarian folklore is reflected in his monumental dictionary, in which he included...
    • Contributor: Gérov, Naïden
    • Date: 1856
    • Resource: - 28 pages

  • Book/Printed Material
    Brief Anthropology, or the Science of Man. Naiden P. Stoianov (1830--76) was the author of several Bulgarian textbooks, but he is better known as one of the leaders of the uprising by the Bulgarians against Ottoman rule in April 1876. Also known as the Koprivshtitsa uprising after one of the towns in which the insurrection was centered, the April uprising was brutally crushed by the Ottomans. Stoianov died in prison after...
    • Contributor: Stoianov, Naĭden P.
    • Date: 1856
    • Resource: - 48 pages

  • Book/Printed Material
    The Forest Traveler. Georgi Rakovski (1821--67) was an important Bulgarian revolutionary and writer who was one of the leaders in the Bulgarian struggle against Ottoman rule. He lived a life of constant intrigue against the Ottomans, which at times included spying, imprisonment, escape from captivity, organizing rebellions, and surviving a sentence of death that was not carried out. Rakovski published several newspapers and wrote many works intended...
    • Contributor: Rakovski, Georgi Stoĭkov
    • Date: 1857
    • Resource: - 296 pages

  • Book/Printed Material
    Humorous Calendar for the New Year. Petko Rachov Slaveikov (1827--95) was one of the most renowned Bulgarian literary figures of the 19th century. He was a poet, publicist, translator, editor, dramatist, and folklorist. He believed fervently in the ideals of the National Revival movement and many of his works reflect his aspirations for the education of the Bulgarian people and for political and religious independence from the Ottoman Turks. Some...
    • Contributor: Slaveĭkov, Petko Rachev
    • Date: 1861
    • Resource: - 104 pages

  • Book/Printed Material
    Bulgarian Folk Songs. Bulgarian Folk Songs is the most important National Revival-era compilation of Bulgarian folk material. Gathered and edited by Dimitrii Miladinov (1810--62) and his brother Konstantin (1830--62), the work contains folk songs, riddles, games, and proverbs from both the western and eastern parts of Bulgaria. The Miladinovs were born in Struga (in present-day Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia) in what was then the Ottoman Empire....
    • Contributor: Miladinov, Dimitŭr Khristov - Miladinov, Konstantin Khristov
    • Date: 1861
    • Resource: - 564 pages

  • Book/Printed Material
    Bulgarian Folk Calendar for Leap Year 1868. Bulgarian Folk Calendar for Leap Year 1868 is one of a number of popular folk calendars produced by En'o Kŭrpachev (1833--1916), a publisher in Constantinople (present-day Istanbul), during the National Revival era in Bulgaria. The first published Bulgarian calendar appeared in 1818. Over 100 of them were published during the National Revival era alone. The wave of popularity for Bulgarian calendars began in the...
    • Contributor: Kŭrpachev, En'o Khristov
    • Date: 1867
    • Resource: - 70 pages

  • Book/Printed Material
    Chasoslovets. This chasoslovets (book of hours or horologion) is the first book printed by the first Bulgarian printer, Iakov (Jacob) Kraikov. It is a collection of prayers, eulogies, saints' lives, and apocrypha that both served as a daily handbook for priests and was valued by lay readers in search of knowledge and enlightenment. Kraikov printed the book in Venice, at the largest Slavic Cyrillic printing-house...
    • Contributor: Kraĭkov, I︠a︡kov, Flourished
    • Date: 1566
    • Resource: - 241 pages

  • Book/Printed Material
    A Brief and Clear Account of the Division, Writing, Naming, and Pronunciation of the Letters, and the Rules for Enunciation, Prosody, and Syllabification, and for the Proper Reading of the Greek Language. Neofit Rilski was born around 1793 in the town of Bansko in southwestern Bulgaria. He became a monk at the Rila Monastery. After studying and teaching at Rila, Neofit joined forces with the founders of the Gabrovo School, Vasil Aprilov and Nikolai Palauzov, and began to teach there using the Lancasterian method, a system of pedagogy developed by the English Quaker Joseph Lancaster (1778--1838)....
    • Contributor: Isailović, Dimitrī - Rilski, Neofit
    • Date: 1835
    • Resource: - 44 pages