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    Kitāb al-qawl al-jāmiʻ fī al-ṭalāq.
    كتاب القول الجامع في الطلاق.
    Al-Qawl al-jāmiʻ fī al-ṭalāq (The exhaustive opinion on unorthodox and successive divorces) is a counter-treatise on ṭalaq (divorce) in Islamic jurisprudence by Egyptian jurist Muhammad Bakhit al-Mutiʻi (1856-1935), a scholar who taught at al-Azhar in Cairo. It is a response to an unnamed "writer of the treatise on divorce in Islam published in al-Muayyid newspaper, issue 3664, on Saturday, 16 Safar, 1320 [May 24,...
    • Contributor: Muṭīʻī, Muḥammad Bakhīt.
    • Date: 1903
  • Book/Printed Material
    Al-Bukhāri's Abridged Collection of Authentic Hadith. This work is the earliest Arabic manuscript in the National Library of Bulgaria. Incomplete and fragmentary, it is a 1017 copy of Volume 3 of Sahīh al-Bukhārī (Al-Bukhārī's authentic hadiths). Muhammad ibn Ismā'īl al-Bukhārī (810--70) was born in Bukhara, in present-day Uzbekistan, and died in Khartank, near Samarkand. He is considered by Sunni Muslims to be the most authoritative collector of hadiths-reports of statements...
    • Contributor: Bukhārī, Muḥammad Ibn Ismāʻīl, 810-870
    • Date: 1017
  • Book/Printed Material
    The Incoherence of Philosophers. Abu-Hamid Al-Ghazali (also known by the Latinized version of his name, Algazel, 1058--1111 AD, 450--505 AH) was born into a modest family in Tus, Khorasan, in present-day Iran. He went on to become one of the most prominent Sunni religious scholars of all time. His main fields were jurisprudence, philosophy, theology, and mysticism. Tahafut al-falasifa (The incoherence of the philosophers) is one of his...
    • Contributor: Ghazzālī
    • Date: 1884
  • Book/Printed Material
    Students' Guide. Zakarīyā ibn Muḥammad al-Anṣārī, a Shafi'i jurist, teacher, and Sufi, was born in Egypt and studied at al-Azhar, the Sunni Islamic center of learning in Cairo. Throughout his long career (he lived about 100 years), al-Anṣārī held many positions as judge and Sufi authority. He is recognized as a major figure in medieval Sunni jurisprudence. He studied under the greatest teachers of the age...
    • Contributor: Anṣārī, Zakarīyā Ibn Muḥammad, Around - Nawawī
    • Date: 1868
  • Manuscript/Mixed Material
    Kitâb-i tezkiret ül-evliyâ.
    Menakib-i evliyâ-yi Şeyh-i Attâr
    Biographies of Muslim saints and sufis. This 16th century manuscript in Ottoman Turkish is a translation from the original Persian. The author is the famous mystic Farid al-Din al-'Attar, best known for his Mantiq al-tayr (Conference of the birds), a mystical allegory written in verse. Shown here is Attar's only known prose work. Widely admired for its hagiological content and literary style, it contains...
    • Contributor: ʻaṭṭār, Farīd Al-Dīn - Harawī, Muḥammad
  • Book/Printed Material
    The Fourth Volume of al-Bukhari's Collection of Authentic Hadiths. Muhammad ibn Isma'il al-Bukhari (810--70) was born in Bukhara, present-day Uzbekistan, and died in Khartank, near Samarkand, also in present-day Uzbekistan. He is considered by Sunni Muslims to be the most authoritative collector of hadiths-reports of statements or deeds attributed to the Prophet Muhammad. Al-Bukhari's collection, commonly known as Sahīh al-Bukhārī (Authentic hadiths compiled by al-Bukhari), was completed in 846. It was the first...
    • Contributor: Bukhārī, Muḥammad Ibn Ismāʻīl, 810-870
    • Date: 1174
  • Manuscript/Mixed Material
    al-Sifr al-thālith min al-Jāmiʻ al-ṣaḥīḥ al-mukhtaṣar min umūr Rasūl Allāh sallá Allāh ʻalayhi wa-sallama wa-sannafahu wa-aqāmahu tālīf al-Imām Abī ʻAbd Allāh Muḥammad ibn Ismāʻīl al-Bukhārī, raḥimahu Allah tatlūhu fī al-sifr al-rābʻ tafsīr ...
    السفر الثالث من الجامع الصحيح المختصر من امور رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم وسبفه واقامه تاليف الامام ابي عبد الله محمد بن اسماعيل البخاري رحمه الله تتلوه في السفر الرابع تفسير القرءان. | Kitāb badʾ al-khalq
    Muhammad ibn Isma'il al-Bukhari (810-70) was born in Bukhara, in present-day Uzbekistan, and died in Khartank, near Samarkand. He is considered by Sunni Muslims to be the most authoritative collector of hadiths--reports of statements or deeds attributed to the Prophet Muhammad. This work, completed in 846, is al-Bukhari's best-known collection. It was the first work of its kind exclusively dedicated to hadiths, and is...
    • Contributor: Bukhārī, Muḥammad Ibn Ismāʻīl
  • Book/Printed Material
    The Beginning for the Studious and the End for the Selective. Muhammad ibn Ahmed ibn Rushd (also known by the Latinized version of his name, Averroes, 1126--98 AD; 520--95AH) was a Muslim polymath and the preeminent philosopher of Arab Spain. He was born in Cordoba to a well-respected family that was known for its public service. Although best known in the West for his commentaries on Aristotelian philosophy, Ibn Rushd wrote works on a wide...
    • Contributor: Averröes
    • Date: 1800
  • Book/Printed Material
    The Mahomedan law of inheritance according to the school of Shafii,
    Shafii law of inheritance
    The Mahomedan Law of Inheritance According to the School of Shafii is a treatise on the laws of inheritance according to the Shafiʻi School of Sunni Islamic jurisprudence. The author, Charles Herbert Withers Payne, was advocate and solicitor of the Supreme Court of the Straits Settlements (present-day Malaysia and Singapore). The book, he wrote, was meant to "clear some of the complexity with which...
    • Contributor: Payne, C. H. Withers (Charles Herbert Withers)
    • Date: 1932
  • Manuscript/Mixed Material
    Kitāb Kanz al-daqāʻiq : ʻalá madhhab al-Imam al-Aʻẓam Abī Ḥanīfah al-Nuʻmān ibn Thābit raḍiya Allah ʻanh, bi-rasm Mawlānā al-Sulṭān al-Malik al-Ẓahirī Saʻīd Muḥammad Jaqmaq, aʻazza Allah anṣārah.
    Ancien droit islamique
    Kanz al-daqāʼiq (The treasure of exactitudes) is a summary of Islamic legal prescriptions according to the Hanifite school of sharia law. It covers many aspects of ritual and of personal life, such as purity during menstruation, as well as obligations and procedures pertaining to marriage, divorce, inheritance and other aspects of gender relations. The work also covers commercial transactions, contracts, and manumission of slaves....
    • Contributor: Jaqmaq - Ẓāhirī, Tamr Ibn ʻabd Allāh Al-Jamālī Al-Malikī - Ṣafā, Jirjis - Nasafī, ʻabd Allāh Ibn Aḥmad
  • Book/Printed Material
    The Most Truthful Method of Distinguishing the Ibadites from the Kharijites and The Gift from Heaven on the Judgment of Shedding Blood. Sālim ibn Ḥammūd ibn Shāmis al-Siyābī (1908-93) was an Omani scholar, poet, historian, and judge. He was born in Ghāla, in the state of Bawshār in eastern Oman. A self-taught scholar, al-Siyābī memorized the Qur'an at age seven and went on to study Arabic language classics, including Ibn Malik's Alfiyah, a 1,000-line poem about Arabic grammar rules. Al-Siyābī was also a prolific writer, and...
    • Contributor: Zakwānī, Yūsuf Ibn Sāʻid - Sayābī, Sālim Ibn Ḥammūd
    • Date: 1966
  • Book/Printed Material
    Sharḥ alfāẓ al-wāqifīn wa-al-qismah ʻalá al-mustaḥiqqīn. Yahya ibn Muhammad al-Ḥattab al-Ruʻayni (circa 1496-circa 1587) was a mathematician, astronomer, and Maliki jurist. He was born in Mecca into a learned family of Maghrebi descent; his father Muhammad was likewise a mathematician and astronomer. A formidable author in his own right, Yahya is probably best known for his Irshād al-sā'lik al-muḥtāj ilá bayān afʻāl al-muʻtamir wa al-hāj (A guide to the rituals...
    • Contributor: Ruyʻaynī, Yaḥyá Ibn Muḥammad
    • Date: 1923
  • Book/Printed Material
    Kitāb al-Aḥkām al-sulṭānīyah. Al-aḥkām al-sulṭānīyah (Rules for governing), by Abu al-Hasan al-Mawardi (died 1058), is known as the earliest comprehensive work on governing the Islamic state. It combines theoretical reflections on the nature of the state and the qualifications of the caliph and his officials with practical guidance on the application of legal principles for judges. The influence of Al-aḥkām al-sulṭānīyah has varied over the years. In...
    • Contributor: Māwardī, ʻalī Ibn Muḥammad
    • Date: 1881
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Emperor Aurangzeb at the Siege of Golconda, 1687. This gouache painting was created by an unknown Indian artist sometime in the mid-to-late 18th century, but it depicts an earlier event: the siege of the city of Golconde in south-central India by the last great Mughal emperor, Aurangzeb (reigned 1658--1707). Golconde was famous for its fort, palaces, factories, and ingenious water-supply system, as well as the legendary wealth from the city's diamond mine....
    • Date: 1750
  • Map
    Approximate Distribution of the Rites or Schools of Law and Religious Sects of Islam in Arabia.
    Arabia distribuzione approssimativa dei riti o scuole giuridiche e delle sette religiose Musulmane
    This map illustrates the varieties of religious affiliation in the Muslim populations of the Middle East. It shows the locations of adherents to the four schools of Sunni jurisprudence and the distribution of Shia populations. Where it is impossible to portray this diversity visually, the sheet provides a few paragraphs of further explanation, such as on the Senussi order in Medina, the Maliki school...
    • Contributor: Nollini, Carlo Alfonso - Dardano, A. (Achille)
    • Date: 1918
  • Book/Printed Material
    The Luminous Treasure with Acceptable Answers to Matters of Faith. Aḥmad ibn ʻAbd al-Laṭīf ibn Aḥmad al-Bashbīshī (1631--85) was an Islamic jurist of the Shāfiʻī school of jurisprudence. He was born and died in the village of Bashbīsh in the region of Al-Mahalla in the Nile delta of Egypt. He studied Islamic jurisprudence in Cairo and taught at the Cairo-based Al-Azhar Mosque, long considered the foremost institution in the Islamic world for the study...
    • Contributor: Bashbīshī, Aḥmad Ibn ʻabd Al-Laṭīf Ibn Aḥmad
    • Date: 1600
  • Book/Printed Material
    Revealing the Secrets of Enlightenment. Kashf al-asrār li-tanwīr al-afkār (Revealing the secrets of enlightenment) is a handbook for inductees into the Yashruti branch of the Shadhiliyah Sufi order. The secrets referred to in the title have to do with the meaning of prayer and other spiritual matters rather than with hidden rituals. The author, Muṣṭafá ibn Muḥyī al-Dīn Naja (1853-1932), was born in Beirut and spent most of his...
    • Contributor: Najā, Muṣṭafá Ibn Muḥyī Al-Dīn
    • Date: 1891
  • Book/Printed Material
    Ornament gornykh tadzhikov Darvaza. Ornament gornykh tadzhikov Darvaza (Ornaments of the mountain Tajiks in Darvaz) is a work by a Russian traveler and scholar on the material culture of the region of Darvaz, also known as mountainous Bukhara (in present-day Tajikistan). The work focuses on two sets of objects, embroidery and stockings. The book begins with an overview of the area and its population. Northern Darvaz is located...
    • Contributor: Bobrinskoĭ, Alekseĭ Alekseevich
    • Date: 1900
  • Book/Printed Material
    The Healing Gifts: Commentary on a Poem Explaining the Terminology of the Hanbali Mathhab. Al-minah al-shaafiyah bi sharh nazm al-mufradat al-waafiyah (The healing gifts: commentary on a poem explaining the terminology of the Hanbali mathhab) is an exposition on the mathhab (school of religious and juridical doctrine) of Imam Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad Ibn Ḥanbal (780--855). The title refers to the gifts that cure the thirst for knowledge, and the commentary expounds on the 1,000-line poem by Shams ad-Din...
    • Contributor: Buhūtī, Manṣūr Ibn Yūnus, 1641
    • Date: 1901
  • Book/Printed Material
    Brief Explanation of the "Safeguards of Transmission" of Guidance to the True Path. Mukhtaṣar al-Wiqāya fi Masa'il al-Hidaya (Brief explanation of the "Safeguards of transmission" [of hadith] of guidance to the true path) by Ubayd Allāh ibn Masūd ibn Mahmud ibn Ahmad al-Mahbūbī (also known as Sadr al-Šhari'a; died 1346) is an abridgement of Wiqayat al-Riwayah (Safeguards of transmission), by Sadr al-Šhari'a's grandfather, Mahmud ibn Sadr al-Shari'ah al-Awwal, Ubayd Allah al-Mahbūbī (died 1274). Al-Mahbūbī was an eminent...
    • Contributor: Ubayd Allāh Ibn Masūd Ibn Mahmud Ibn Ahmad Al-Mahbūbī, 1346 - Mahmud Ibn Sadr Al-Shari'ah Al-Awwal, Ubayd Allah Al-Mahbūbī, 1274
    • Date: 1911
  • Book/Printed Material
    The Revival of Religious Sciences, Volumes 1 and 2. Abu-Hamid Al-Ghazali (also known by the Latinized version of his name, Algazel, 1058--1111 AD, 450--505 AH) was born to a modest family in Tus, Khorasan, in present-day Iran. He went on to become one of the most prominent Sunni religious scholars of all time. His main fields of scholarship were jurisprudence, philosophy, theology, and mysticism. Iḥyāʾ ʻulūm al-dīn (The revival of religious sciences) is...
    • Contributor: Ghazzālī - Suhrawardī, ʻumar Ibn Muḥammad - Al-Hafiz Al-Iraqi, Abdulraheem Ibn Al-Hussein - Al-Aydarous, Abdulqadir Ibn Sheikh
    • Date: 1900
  • Book/Printed Material
    Mohammedan history. In preparation for the peace conference that was expected to follow World War I, in the spring of 1917 the British Foreign Office established a special section responsible for preparing background information for use by British delegates to the conference. Mohammedan History is Number 57 in a series of more than 160 studies produced by the section, most of which were published in 1920,...
    • Contributor: Great Britain. Foreign Office. Historical Section
    • Date: 1920
  • Book/Printed Material
    Explanation of "The Reward of the Omnipotent". This volume includes a commentary on Fatḥ al-Qadīr (The reward of the omnipotent) by Muḥammad ibn 'Abd al-Waḥid ibn al-Humām (circa 1388--1459) and several other works. Ibn al-Humām was a well-known scholar of the Hanafi Madhab (one of the four Sunni schools of fiqh, or religious jurisprudence) from Alexandria, Egypt. He was an imam and expert in the principles of fiqh and of hadith...
    • Contributor: Marghīnānī, ʻalī Ibn Abī Bakr, 1196 - Akmal Al-Dīn Al-Bābartī, Muḥammad Ibn Maḥmūd,1 - Ibn Al-Humām, Muḥammad Ibn ʻabd Al-Wāḥid,0 - Qāḍī Zādah, Aḥmad, 15801
    • Date: 1875
  • Book/Printed Material
    Commentary on "The Intersections of the Seas", Volume 2. Majma` al-Anhur fī Sharh Multaqā al-Abḥur (Commentary on "The intersections of the seas") is a commentary by 'Abd al-Rahman ibn Muhammad Shaikh-Zādeh (died 1667) on Multaqā al-Abḥur (The intersections of the seas) by Muhammad bin Ibrahim al-Halabi al-Hanafi (died 1549), an important Islamic jurist who was born in Syria and studied and worked in Cairo and Istanbul. The work deals with issues of jurisprudence...
    • Contributor: Shaikh-Zādeh, 'abd Al-Raḥman Ibn Muḥammad, 1667
    • Date: 1901