Collection Items

  • Book/Printed Material
    Bulgaria In preparation for the peace conference that was expected to follow World War I, in the spring of 1917 the British Foreign Office established a special section responsible for preparing background information for use by British delegates to the conference. Bulgaria is Number 22 in a series of more than 160 studies produced by the section, most of which were published after the conclusion...
    • Contributor: Great Britain. Foreign Office. Historical Section
    • Date: 1920

    View with Search Result: View 154 Pages
    Resource: View All Pages | Images with Text | PDF

  • Book/Printed Material
    Bulgarian Grammar. Notable as the first Bulgarian grammar, this book is also culturally significant because of the role that its author, Neofit Rilski (1793--1881), played in the promotion of secular education in Bulgaria and in the establishment of a modern Bulgarian literary language. Neofit, a priest associated with the Rila Monastery, was a leading figure in the 19th-century Bulgarian National Revival and its concomitant education reform....
    • Contributor: Rilski, Neofit
    • Date: 1835

    View with Search Result: View 232 Pages
    Resource: View All Pages | PDF

  • Book/Printed Material
    Bulgarian Arithmetic. Arithmetics were a popular genre of textbooks during the era of the Bulgarian National Revival in the 19th century, when it was widely believed that everyone, especially future businessmen, needed to know basic mathematics. Bulgarian Arithmetic was the fourth such text published in this era, in 1845. The author, Khristodul Kostovich Sichan-Nikolov (1808--89), was a monk, teacher, writer, and publicist, often assisted in his...
    • Contributor: Sichan-Nikolov, Khristodul K.
    • Date: 1845

    View with Search Result: View 168 Pages
    Resource: View All Pages | PDF

  • Book/Printed Material
    Bulgarian Folk Songs. Naiden Gerov (1823--1900) was a renowned Bulgarian literary figure, whose accomplishments included composing the first poem in modern Bulgarian. His most important work was his Dictionary of the Bulgarian Language, which he worked on for many decades and which was published in five volumes between 1895 and 1904. Gerov's lifelong interest in Bulgarian folklore is reflected in his monumental dictionary, in which he included...
    • Contributor: Gérov, Naïden
    • Date: 1856

    View with Search Result: View 28 Pages
    Resource: View All Pages | PDF

  • Book/Printed Material
    Bulgarian Folk Songs. Bulgarian Folk Songs is the most important National Revival-era compilation of Bulgarian folk material. Gathered and edited by Dimitrii Miladinov (1810--62) and his brother Konstantin (1830--62), the work contains folk songs, riddles, games, and proverbs from both the western and eastern parts of Bulgaria. The Miladinovs were born in Struga (in present-day Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia) in what was then the Ottoman Empire....
    • Contributor: Miladinov, Dimitŭr Khristov - Miladinov, Konstantin Khristov
    • Date: 1861

    View with Search Result: View 564 Pages
    Resource: View All Pages | PDF

  • Book/Printed Material
    Bulgarian Primer: For Elementary Schools. Tadei Divichian (1810-78) was an Armenian publisher in Constantinople (present-day Istanbul). He was fluent in five languages, including Bulgarian. In 1844 he purchased a modern printing press from the American missionaries in Constantinople and set up his own business, which specialized in printing in a number of different alphabets, including both the Church Slavic and the civil script used by Bulgarians at the time,...
    • Contributor: Aesop
    • Date: 1849

    View with Search Result: View 44 Pages
    Resource: View All Pages | PDF

  • Map
    Wallachia, Serbia, Bulgaria, Romania.
    Walachia, Servia, Bulgaria, Romania
    Gerard Mercator (1512--94) was born in Rupelmonde in Flanders (Belgium). His given name was Gerard de Kremer or Cremer. "Mercator," meaning "merchant," is a Latinized version of his Flemish last name. He studied philosophy and theology at the University of Leuven, and developed an interest in astronomy and mathematics. He produced his first map, of Palestine, in 1537. He went on to create numerous...
    • Contributor: Mercator, Gerhard
    • Date: 1589
  • Book/Printed Material
    Bulgarian Folk Calendar for Leap Year 1868. Bulgarian Folk Calendar for Leap Year 1868 is one of a number of popular folk calendars produced by En'o Kŭrpachev (1833--1916), a publisher in Constantinople (present-day Istanbul), during the National Revival era in Bulgaria. The first published Bulgarian calendar appeared in 1818. Over 100 of them were published during the National Revival era alone. The wave of popularity for Bulgarian calendars began in the...
    • Contributor: Kŭrpachev, En'o Khristov
    • Date: 1867

    View with Search Result: View 70 Pages
    Resource: View All Pages | PDF

  • Book/Printed Material
    Bashkioi Copy of "Slaveno-Bulgarian History". This handwritten copy of Paisiĭ Khilendarski's Istoriia slavianobolgarskaia (Slaveno-Bulgarian history) was made in 1841 by the priest Vasilii Manuilov. In addition to the main text, the manuscript contains accounts of two miracles of the Holy Mother. First published in 1762, Paisiĭ's history encouraged the Bulgarians, who had been under Ottoman rule for centuries, to discover their national consciousness and to embrace the Bulgarian language....
    • Contributor: Paisiĭ, Khilendarski, Hieromonk, Born 1722 - Manuilov, Vasilii, Priest
    • Date: 1841

    View with Search Result: View 90 Pages
    Resource: View All Pages | PDF

  • Book/Printed Material
    Bulgarian Dream Interpreter, Printed for the Curiosity of Readers. Published in 1844, Bulgarian Dream Interpreter is an early Bulgarian astrological publication, part of a Balkan tradition of apocryphal and astrological works. It was intended to assist readers in interpreting their dreams by providing an alphabetical list of dreams and interpretations. The work is anonymous, but the publisher was Zaharia Carcalechi, a noted Bucharest journalist and publisher who produced works mainly in Romanian, but...
    • Date: 1844

    View with Search Result: View 52 Pages
    Resource: View All Pages | PDF

  • Book/Printed Material
    Bulgarian Phrasebook for Those Who Would Like to Speak Greek. Bulgarian Phrasebook for Those Who Would Like to Speak Greek is an 1845 phrasebook and manual for writing business letters in Greek for use by Bulgarians. It was not the first such business aid published in Bulgarian, but it is significant because of the importance of its author, Konstantin Fotinov (circa 1790--1858), a Bulgarian educator and editor of the first Bulgarian periodical, Liuboslovie (Philology)....
    • Contributor: Fotinov, Konstantin Georgiev
    • Date: 1845

    View with Search Result: View 64 Pages
    Resource: View All Pages | PDF

  • Book/Printed Material
    Happy Meeting: Contemporary Forest-Exile Song. Schastliva sreshta (Happy meeting) is a long revolutionary poem, well known for its strong influence on notable Bulgarian revolutionaries and revolutionary writers, such as Georgi Rakovski, Khristo Botev, Liuben Karavelov, and Vasil Levski. The work in fact was dedicated to the brother of Vasil Levski, Khristov Ivanov (Kŭnchev), who died in 1870, the same year as the first publication of this poem. The author,...
    • Contributor: Popov, Velichko Aleksiev
    • Date: 1870

    View with Search Result: View 88 Pages
    Resource: View All Pages | PDF

  • Book/Printed Material
    Book of Amusements for 1846. Book of Amusements for 1846 was the second in a series that began publication the previous year, in 1845. The anthologist, Konstantin Ognianovich (1798--1858), was a Serb who believed in education for Bulgarians and who contributed to the Bulgarian National Revival by producing poetic works and popular anthologies that encouraged reading and Bulgarian national pride. Part of the tradition of calendar publishing, the volumes...
    • Contributor: Ognianovich, Konstantin
    • Date: 1846

    View with Search Result: View 224 Pages
    Resource: View All Pages | PDF

  • Book/Printed Material
    Brief Interpretation of the Holy Church, and How Many Holy Vessels and Vestments are Kept There, and of the Everyday Services, of the Divine Liturgy, and of the Holy Church Mysteries. Brief Interpretation of the Holy Church, and How Many Holy Vessels and Vestments Are Kept There, and of the Everyday Services, of the Divine Liturgy, and of the Holy Church Mysteries is a Bulgarian translation of a liturgical work originally written in Greek. Shown here is the second edition. In 1837, when the first edition of this work was published, very few Bulgarian books...
    • Contributor: Popovich, Raĭno Sŭbev - Darvarēs, Dēmētrios Nikolaou
    • Date: 1846

    View with Search Result: View 66 Pages
    Resource: View All Pages | PDF

  • Book/Printed Material
    Book of Kings or a Bulgarian History, Which Teaches from Whence Came the Bulgarians, How They Became Rulers, How They Reigned and How Their Kingdom Perished and Fell under the Yoke. This book is the first published edition of Paisii Khilendarski's 1762 Slaveno-Bulgarian History, which is considered the founding document of the Bulgarian National Revival. Paisii's history encouraged the Bulgarians, who had been under Ottoman rule for centuries, to discover their national consciousness and to embrace the Bulgarian language. The work was so influential that it was copied by hand and excerpted many times, without...
    • Contributor: Paisiĭ, Khilendarski, Hieromonk, Born 1722 - Pavlovich, Khristaki
    • Date: 1844

    View with Search Result: View 92 Pages
    Resource: View All Pages | PDF

  • Book/Printed Material
    Something for the Unlearned. Most famous for being the father of Bulgarian revolutionary Khristo Botev, Botio Petkov (1815--69) was an accomplished educator and writer in his own right. Among his students were the luminaries Ivan Vazov and Nikola Nachov. Born in the town of Karlovo, Petkov himself studied with a famous teacher, Raino Popovich. Petkov wrote for the early Bulgarian newspaper Tsarigradski vestnik (Constantinople Herald), and published several...
    • Contributor: Petkov, Bot'o
    • Date: 1843

    View with Search Result: View 40 Pages
    Resource: View All Pages | PDF

  • Book/Printed Material
    Brief Anthropology, or the Science of Man. Naiden P. Stoianov (1830--76) was the author of several Bulgarian textbooks, but he is better known as one of the leaders of the uprising by the Bulgarians against Ottoman rule in April 1876. Also known as the Koprivshtitsa uprising after one of the towns in which the insurrection was centered, the April uprising was brutally crushed by the Ottomans. Stoianov died in prison after...
    • Contributor: Stoianov, Naĭden P.
    • Date: 1856

    View with Search Result: View 48 Pages
    Resource: View All Pages | PDF

  • Book/Printed Material
    New Testament of Our Lord Jesus Christ. The noted educational reformer, grammarian, and priest Neofit Rilski (1793--1881) was the first to translate the New Testament into modern Bulgarian. Rilski's translation was critical to religious education, as most Bulgarians could not understand the existing translations of the Bible into Church Slavic. Financed by the Protestant British and Foreign Bible Society and sanctioned by the head of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church, Ilarion, Metropolitan...
    • Contributor: Protestant British and Foreign Bible Society - Rilski, Neofit
    • Date: 1850

    View with Search Result: View 528 Pages
    Resource: View All Pages | PDF

  • Book/Printed Material
    Priest Puncho Miscellany of 1796. This intriguing manuscript was written in the vernacular Bulgarian of the late 18th century and was intended to be printed. The content of the manuscript consists of literary texts compiled from older manuscripts, Russian printed books, apocrypha, a reworked version of the first real Bulgarian chronicle, Paisiĭ Khilendarski's Istoriia slavianobolgarskaia (Slaveno-Bulgarian history), as well as texts of unspecified or unknown origin. The illumination, although...
    • Contributor: Paisiĭ, Khilendarski, Hieromonk, Born 1722 - Puncho, Priest
    • Date: 1796

    View with Search Result: View 803 Pages
    Resource: View All Pages | PDF

  • Book/Printed Material
    Aesop's Fables. Aesop's Fables are a favorite for the instruction of children the world over. The first published Bulgarian translations of the fables were found in Petur Beron's Primer with Various Instructions of 1824, commonly known as the Fish Primer. The first separate publication devoted just to Aesop's tales is this 1852 compilation by Petko Slaveikov (1827--95), a noted poet, publicist, translator, folklorist, and leader in...
    • Contributor: Aesop - Slaveĭkov, Petko Rachev
    • Date: 1852

    View with Search Result: View 136 Pages
    Resource: View All Pages | PDF

  • Book/Printed Material
    Humorous Calendar for the New Year. Petko Rachov Slaveikov (1827--95) was one of the most renowned Bulgarian literary figures of the 19th century. He was a poet, publicist, translator, editor, dramatist, and folklorist. He believed fervently in the ideals of the National Revival movement and many of his works reflect his aspirations for the education of the Bulgarian people and for political and religious independence from the Ottoman Turks. Some...
    • Contributor: Slaveĭkov, Petko Rachev
    • Date: 1861

    View with Search Result: View 104 Pages
    Resource: View All Pages | PDF

  • Book/Printed Material
    The Forest Traveler. Georgi Rakovski (1821--67) was an important Bulgarian revolutionary and writer who was one of the leaders in the Bulgarian struggle against Ottoman rule. He lived a life of constant intrigue against the Ottomans, which at times included spying, imprisonment, escape from captivity, organizing rebellions, and surviving a sentence of death that was not carried out. Rakovski published several newspapers and wrote many works intended...
    • Contributor: Rakovski, Georgi Stoĭkov
    • Date: 1857

    View with Search Result: View 296 Pages
    Resource: View All Pages | PDF

  • Book/Printed Material
    Grammar of the Slavic Language. Ivan N. Momchilov was a noted teacher and textbook writer during the 19th-century era of the Bulgarian National Revival. As a teacher, he recognized the need for a basic primer for his pupils on Church Slavic, and set about writing such a work. His 1847 Grammar of the Slavic Language was Momchilov's first textbook and the first Church Slavic grammar to be published in...
    • Contributor: Momchilov, Ivan Nikolov
    • Date: 1847

    View with Search Result: View 12 Pages
    Resource: View All Pages | PDF

  • Book/Printed Material
    Tales by Aesop, the Fabulist from Phrygia. Tales by Aesop, commonly known as Aesop's Fables, are a favorite for children's instruction the world over, and Bulgaria is no exception. The first published Bulgarian translations of the fables are found in Petŭr Beron's Fish Primer of 1824, but the first separate publication devoted just to Aesop's Fables was an 1852 compilation by Petko Slaveikov. This translation of 1854 by Raino Popovich is...
    • Contributor: Aesop - Popovich, Raĭno Sŭbev
    • Date: 1854

    View with Search Result: View 91 Pages
    Resource: View All Pages | PDF

  • Book/Printed Material
    Arithmetic, or the Study of Numbers. Arranged in Three Parts and Concluding with a Holiday Calendar. Aritmetika is the first arithmetic textbook published in Bulgarian and the first textbook written by Khristaki Pavlovich (1804-48). It was widely used in 19th century Bulgaria. The book covers basic arithmetic, but it also includes instructions on calculating dates of various Orthodox holidays using a device called ruka paskhalna (a palm to calculate the dates of Easter) or ruka mesiachna (a palm to calculate...
    • Contributor: Sichan-Nikolov, Khristodul K. - Pavlovich, Khristaki
    • Date: 1833

    View with Search Result: View 151 Pages
    Resource: View All Pages | PDF