Collection Items

  • Book/Printed Material
    Spain. In preparation for the peace conference that was expected to follow World War I, in the spring of 1917 the British Foreign Office established a special section responsible for preparing background information for use by British delegates to the conference. Spain is Number 34 in a series of more than 160 studies produced by the section, most of which were published after the conclusion...
    • Contributor: Great Britain. Foreign Office. Historical Section
    • Date: 1920
    • Resource: - 64 pages

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Spanish Morocco. In preparation for the peace conference that was expected to follow World War I, in the spring of 1917 the British Foreign Office established a special section responsible for preparing background information for use by British delegates to the conference. Spanish Morocco is Number 122 in a series of more than 160 studies produced by the section, most of which were published after the...
    • Contributor: Great Britain. Foreign Office. Historical Section
    • Date: 1920
    • Resource: - 58 pages

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Spanish Sahara. In preparation for the peace conference that was expected to follow World War I, in the spring of 1917 the British Foreign Office established a special section responsible for preparing background information for use by British delegates to the conference. Spanish Sahara is Number 124 in a series of more than 160 studies produced by the section, most of which were published after the...
    • Contributor: Great Britain. Foreign Office. Historical Section
    • Date: 1920
    • Resource: - 50 pages

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Spanish Guinea. In preparation for the peace conference that was expected to follow World War I, in the spring of 1917 the British Foreign Office established a special section responsible for preparing background information for use by British delegates to the conference. Spanish Guinea is Number 125 in a series of more than 160 studies produced by the section, most of which were published after the...
    • Contributor: Great Britain. Foreign Office. Historical Section
    • Date: 1920
    • Resource: - 74 pages

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  • Map
    [La Coruña. El Ferrol, Spain] "This English manuscript double chart, in pen and water colors, on vellum, shows the harbors of La Coruña and El Ferrol in Spain. The date, localities depicted, and provenance of the charts indicate that they were prepared for use in the Drake-Norris expedition of 1589. After the Spanish Armada was defeated in 1588 by the English fleet and failed in its attempt to invade...
    • Contributor: Hans and Hanni Kraus Sir Francis Drake Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1589
  • Map
    A Modern Map of Spain.
    Nova Hispaniae Descriptio
    Nova Hispaniae Descriptio (A modern map of Spain) is the first map bordered by cartouches, one of the most attractive developments of 17th century Dutch cartography. Cartouches were used to supplement the geographical information provided by a map as well as to add aesthetic appeal. In this map, which is based on a plate made by Gerard Mercator (1512--94), the cartographic image is surrounded...
    • Contributor: Mercator, Gerhard - Hondius, Jodocus
    • Date: 1610
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Book/Printed Material
    Spanish Land Grant Papers of John B. Gaudry. The Spanish Land Grants were claims filed to prove ownership of land after the transfer, in 1821, of the territory of Florida to the United States. Starting in 1790, Spain offered land grants to encourage settlement in the sparsely populated and vulnerable Florida colony. When the United States assumed control of the territory, it agreed to honor any valid land grants. Residents had to...
    • Contributor: Gaudry, John B.
    • Date: 1807
    • Resource: - 53 pages

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Bombings in Spain. Draft Reply of the League of Nations. On March 31, 1938, Miguel Santalo, president of the Labour Council of the Spanish Republic, sent a petition to the director of the International Labour Organisation requesting that the League of Nations condemn Italy for its bombardment, on March 16--18, 1938, of the city of Barcelona, which resulted in the death of more than 1,000 civilians. The Italian action was undertaken in support of...
    • Contributor: League of Nations. Secretariat. Political Section
    • Date: 1938
    • Resource: - 2 pages

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Popol Vuh: Transcription in Quiché Mayan and Translation into Spanish. The Popol Vuh, which has been translated as Book of the Council, Book of the Community, Book of the People, and The Sacred Book, is the creation account of the K'iche' or Quiché Mayan people of present-day Guatemala. Popol is also defined as "woven mat," and vuh or vuj as "book." The text weaves together Mayan stories concerning cosmologies, origins, traditions, and spiritual histories...
    • Contributor: Ximénez, Francisco
    • Date: 1700
    • Resource: - 134 pages

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  • Book/Printed Material
    The Spanish Painted by Themselves.
    Los españoles pintados por sí mismos
    Los españoles pintados por sí mismos (The Spanish painted by themselves), produced in 1843-44 by the best writers of the day, resembles the French publication Les français peint par eux-mêmes (The French painted by themselves) of 1840-42. Ignacio Boix was a central figure in Madrid's publishing world in the mid-19th century, and this work was one of the most important publications from his press....
    • Contributor: Boix, Ignacio - Alenza Y Nieto, Leonardo - Ortega, Calixto, Flourished - Lameyer, F. (Francisco)
    • Date: 1843
  • Map
    Map of Spain and Portugal, Corrected and Augmented from the Map Published by D. Tomas Lopez.
    Mapa de España y Portugal, corregido y aumentado do mapa publicado por D. Tomas Lopez
    Tomás López (1730-1802) was a Spanish cartographer who was sent by the Spanish government to Paris for a number of years to learn cartography and engraving from the great French mapmaker Jean Baptiste Bourguignon d'Anville (1697-1782). In 1804, López published his Atlas Geográfico de España (Geographical atlas of Spain), the first atlas of Spain produced by a Spaniard. López's children republished this work in...
    • Contributor: López of Vargas Machuca, Tomás
    • Date: 1810
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Book/Printed Material
    History of the Revolution in New Spain.
    Historia de la Revolución de Nueva España
    Fray Servando Teresa de Mier was born in Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico in 1763. He entered the Dominican order at age 16, studied philosophy and theology, and obtained a doctorate at age 27. Sentenced to exile in Spain after a sermon deemed provocative, Mier was imprisoned and escaped several times. He worked with Simón Rodríguez, a future mentor to Simón Bolívar, in France where...
    • Contributor: Mier Noriega Y Guerra, José Servando Teresa De
    • Date: 1813
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Children's Love for Fruit. Very Finest Oranges Packed by Muñoz-Arnau-Avinent, Castellón (Spain).
    Children's Love for Fruit. Very Finest Oranges Packed by Muñoz-Arnau-Avinent Castellón (Spain)
    In the middle of the 19th century, Valencian merchants began to export oranges to the main markets in Europe. Consumption spread to many countries, which triggered an increase in production in the Valencian Autonomous Community. This popularity led to the proliferation of various brands by which farmers and merchants sought to draw attention to their products. Wonderful labels and distinctive posters were the key...
    • Contributor: Muñoz-Arnau-Avinent
    • Date: 1900
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Map
    New Map Showing the Spanish and Portuguese Explorations with Observations of the Most Ingenious Geographers of Spain and Portugal.
    Nova Portugalliae tabula, juxta recuntiores hispaniae et portugalliae / Nouvelle carte du Portugal dresse hurles d[...]res remarques des plus habiles geographes Dispagne et de Portugal
    This map, showing the southwestern part of the Iberian Peninsula, was published in Amsterdam by François Halma (1653-1722), a Dutch bookseller and publisher who started a business in Utrecht, later moved to Amsterdam, and finally settled in Leeuwarden. In addition to publishing maps, Halma produced one of the earliest Dutch-French dictionaries.
    • Contributor: Halma, François
    • Date: 1700
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Book/Printed Material
    The Royal Bible. Missal. Accounts of the King of Spain, 1568--1578. The Officina Plantiniana, also known as the Plantin Press or Plantijnse Drukkerij, was established in Antwerp in 1555 by Christopher Plantin (1520--89), the greatest typographer and printer-publisher of his day. The Officina grew to become the largest printing and publishing house in Europe and helped to make Antwerp, along with Venice and Paris, one of the most important centers of printing in the West....
    • Contributor: Plantijnse Drukkerij
    • Date: 1568
    • Resource: - 26 pages

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  • Map
    Valentia Edetanorum, Plebs of Cid.
    Valentia edetanorum, vulgo del Cid
    This important early map, on four sheets, of the city of Valencia is by Tomas Vicente Tosca (1651--1723), a local priest, scholar, mathematician, cartographer, and theologian, who was a founder of the Novatores group, a scientific society established with the aim of challenging and renewing prevailing ideas and practices. Father Tosca's most important book was Compendio Matemático (Mathematical compendium), a nine-volume work composed in...
    • Contributor: Fortea, José - Tosca, Tomás Vicente
    • Date: 1705
    • Resource: - 4 pages

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Constitution of the Spanish Monarchy, Enacted in Cádiz on March 19, 1812.
    Constitucion política de la Monarquia Española, Promulgada en Cádiz á 19 de Marzo de 1812
    On March 19, 1812, during the Spanish War of Independence (1808-14), the Cortes of Cádiz promulgated the Constitution of the Spanish Monarchy, affectionately known as "La Pepa" for having been enacted on Saint Joseph's day. The constitution had ten titles and 384 articles and was of a markedly liberal character. It was the first constitution in Spain that established national sovereignty and the division...
    • Contributor: Spain. General Courts - Santiago, Jose María De, Flourished
    • Date: 1822
    • Resource: - 163 pages

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  • Map
    Map of the United States of America : with the contiguous British and Spanish possessions "This 1816 map by John Melish (1771-1822) is the first to show the United States as a continental state, stretching from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific. Melish was a Scot who traveled extensively in the United States in 1806-7. In 1809 he returned to America and settled permanently in Philadelphia, where he advertised himself as "Geographer and Publisher" and set up the first...
    • Contributor: Melish, John - Tanner, Henry Schenck - Vallance, J. (John)
    • Date: 1816
  • Book/Printed Material
    To the Desert and Back; or, Travels in Spain, the Barbary States, Italy, etc., in 1875--6.
    To the desert and back, or, Travels in Spain, the Barbary States, Italy, etc., in 1875-6
    To the Desert and Back is an account by Zouch Horace Turton, a Victorian-era traveler who in 1875--76 embarked on a journey that took him from London to France, Spain, the Barbary States (the coastal regions of present-day Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya), Sicily, Italy, France, and back to London. The journey lasted 283 days. Combining sea and rail travel, Turton made brief stops...
    • Contributor: Turton, Zouch H.
    • Date: 1876
    • Resource: - 153 pages

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Four Books on the Nature and Virtues of Plants and Animals for Medicinal Purposes in New Spain.
    Quatro libros de la naturaleza y virtudes de las plantas y animales que estan receuidos en el uso de la medicina en la Nueva España
    Francisco Hernández de Toledo (1514--87) was a court physician, who in 1570 was ordered by King Philip II of Spain to embark on a scientific mission to New Spain (as Mexico was then called) to study the medicinal plants of the New World. For seven years Hernández traveled throughout the country, collecting specimens and gathering information on how plants were used by indigenous physicians....
    • Contributor: Ximénez, Francisco - Garrido, Diego, Flourished - Hernández, Francisco
    • Date: 1615
    • Resource: - 407 pages

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Account of the Composition of the Human Body.
    Historia de la composicion del cuerpo humano
    Juan Valverde was a Spanish medical anatomist who was born in Amusco, in the present-day province of Palencia, around 1525. He left for Italy around 1542, and later practiced medicine and taught in Rome. He was the great Spanish follower of the new anatomy established by Andreas Vesalius in 1543 with his work De humani corporis fabrica (On the fabric of the human body)....
    • Contributor: Becerra, Gaspar - Valverde De Amusco, Juan, 1525 1588 - Beatrizet, Nicolas, 1507 - Vesalius, Andreas
    • Date: 1556
    • Resource: - 365 pages

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Codicil of Queen Isabel the Catholic, Executed at Medina del Campo, on November 23, 1504.
    Codicilo de la Reina Isabel la Católica, otorgado en Medina del Campo, el 23 de noviembre de 1504
    On November 23, 1504, three days before her death, Queen Isabella of Spain signed, in Medina del Campo, a codicil before the same notary, Gaspar de Gricio, and five of the seven witnesses who had been present on October 12 for the signing of her last will and testament. In the testament, the queen addressed the fundamental aspects of government by the Catholic monarchs....
    • Contributor: Isabella I, Queen of Spain
    • Date: 1504
    • Resource: - 6 pages

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  • Book/Printed Material
    An Examination of the Talents Required for the Sciences.
    Examen de ingenios para las sciencias
    Examen de ingenios para las sciencias (An examination of the talents required for the sciences), first printed in 1575, is the only known work by Juan Huarte de San Juan, who was born in Navarre, Spain, in around 1529. The work seeks to clarify various questions regarding human knowledge and the capacities and abilities found in some persons but not in others, and such...
    • Contributor: Montoya, Juan Bautista De, Flourished - Huarte De San Juan, Juan 1529
    • Date: 1594
    • Resource: - 862 pages

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  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Representation of Hispalis, Generally Known as Seville, World-Famous City and Renowned in Spain.
    Hispalis vulgo Siviliae urbis toto orbe celeberrimae hispaniæque primariæ effigies
    This panoramic view of Seville in 1619 is from the collection of cityscapes and broadsheets that once belonged to the Swedish statesman Count Magnus Gabriel De la Gardie (1622-86). At the bottom of the engraving is a description of the city, printed in 16 columns, in French. The print shows Seville from the right bank of the Guadalquivir River, with the Triana Bridge on...
  • Book/Printed Material
    Bombings in Spain. Petition Forwarded to the League of Nations by the International Labour Organisation, from the President of the Labour Council, Miguel Santalo. The Spanish Civil War of 1936--39 involved a prolonged revolt of forces led by Nationalist general Francisco Franco against the Spanish Republican government, which ultimately was won by the Nationalists. Under the leadership of dictator Benito Mussolini, Italy supported the Nationalists with supplies of weapons and direct military involvement. On March 16--18, 1938, Italian forces carried out an aerial bombardment of Republican-held Barcelona in...
    • Contributor: Santaló Parvorell, Miguel
    • Date: 1938
    • Resource: - 1 page