Book/Printed MaterialSyria and Palestine. In preparation for the peace conference that was expected to follow World War I, in the spring of 1917 the British Foreign Office established a special section responsible for preparing background information for use by British delegates to the conference. Syria and Palestine is Number 60 in a series of more than 160 studies produced by the section, most of which were published in...
- Contributor: Great Britain. Foreign Office. Historical Section
- Date: 1920
Photo, Print, DrawingBedford's Photographic Pictures. Syria.
Bedford's Photographic Pictures Bedford's Photographic Pictures: Syria is an album of 30 views of Syria and Lebanon taken by the English photographer Francis Bedford (1816--1894) in the spring of 1862, when he accompanied Albert Edward, Prince of Wales and future King Edward VII (1841--1910; reigned 1901--10) on his voyage to the Mediterranean, Egypt, the Holy Land, and Syria. Included in the album are views of Damascus and...
- Contributor: Gurney, Hudson - Bedford, Francis
- Date: 1863
MapThe Euphrates Valley : Syria, Kurdistan, &c. "This early 20th-century British map depicts the Euphrates Valley, a region that includes parts of present-day Iraq, Iran, Turkey, and Syria. Also shown is the northern part of the Arabian Peninsula. The map indicates railroads, both existing and projected, and the route of submarine telegraph cables. The vilayets (administrative provinces) of the Ottoman Empire in Syria, Mesopotamia, Palestine and southern Anatolia are marked by...
- Contributor: Edward Stanford Ltd
- Date: 1900
Book/Printed MaterialReport of the Commission Entrusted by the Council with the Study of the Frontier between Syria and Iraq.
Frontier between Syria and Iraq "After World War I, the victorious Allied and Associated Powers agreed to place various territories that had been detached from the defeated German and Ottoman empires under League of Nations mandates. Palestine, Iraq, and Transjordan were assigned to Britain, Syria and Lebanon to France. The Franco-British Convention of December 23, 1920 established the border between Syria and Iraq in general terms, but called for...
- Contributor: League of Nations. Commission Entrusted With the Study of the Frontier Between Syria and Iraq
- Date: 1932
Book/Printed MaterialThe inner life of Syria, Palestine, and the Holy Land.
- Contributor: Burton, Isabel
- Date: 1875
Book/Printed MaterialA Syrian Voyage in Central and South America. Father Henri Lammens was born into a Catholic family in Ghent, Belgium, in 1862. At the age of 15 he joined the Jesuits and later settled permanently in Lebanon. He mastered Latin and Greek and taught Arabic in Beirut. His first work was an Arabic dictionary, Farā'id al-lugha (The pearls of language), dating from 1889. He also served as editor for the Jesuit newspaper...
- Contributor: Lammens, Henri - Shartouni, Rashid
- Date: 1894
MapMiddle East Countries : Syria, Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan, Jordan, Saudi-Arabia "This map of the Middle East, originally published in August 1950 and revised in February 1955, was issued by the Aeronautical Chart and Information Center, Air Photographic and Charting Service, Military Air Transportation Service (MATS), of the United States Air Force. In addition to Syria, Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan, Jordan, and Saudi Arabia, it shows the eastern parts of Egypt and the Anglo-Egyptian Condominium of...
- Contributor: Aeronautical Chart and Information Center (U.S.)
- Date: 1955
Photo, Print, DrawingDobycha syr'i︠a︡ dli︠a︡ promyslov.
Добыча сырья для промыслов. The commemorative album "Soviet Narym: Opening of the West-Siberian North by Labor Settlers, 1930-36" contains statistical, narrative, cartographic, and illustrated materials relating to the people who were forcibly settled in the Narym region by the Soviet authorities in the 1930s. The album, compiled in 1936 by the secret police of West Siberia as the result of a government investigation, sought to document for Moscow...
- Date: 1930
Book/Printed MaterialPicturesque Palestine, Arabia and Syria; the country, the people and the landscape,
- Contributor: Gröber, Karl
- Date: 1925
Book/Printed MaterialBook of Theology. Shem'un al-Turani was born in 1670 near Tur Abdin in present-day Turkey. He studied in Tur Abdin and became a monk at the age of twenty. He was appointed maphrian-historically the prelate second to the patriarch in the hierarchy of the Syriac Orthodox Church-in 1710 and took the name Basileios. Maphrian Basileios Shem'un was martyred in 1740. He wrote in verse and prose, and...
- Contributor: Basileios, Shemun, Maphrian - Aslan, Athanasius
- Date: 1720
Book/Printed MaterialUnexplored Syria. Visits to the Libanus, the Tulúl el Safá, the Anti-Libanus, the northern Libanus, and the 'Aláh.
- Contributor: Burton, Richard Francis - Drake, Charles F. Tyrwhitt (Charles Frederick Tyrwhitt)
- Date: 1872
Book/Printed MaterialBiographic sketch of Mohammed Ali, pacha of Egypt, Syria, and Arabia. Biographic Sketch of Mohammad Ali (1769-1849), composed by an unknown author, was published in Washington in 1837. Muḥammad ʻAlī was pasha and wali (governor) of Egypt within the Ottoman Empire from 1805 until his death. The book begins by comparing him to Napoleon, noting that they shared the same birth year and the same "insatiate ambition." The author describes Muḥammad ʻAlī's military service under...
- Contributor: Ya Pamphlet Collection (Library of Congress)
- Date: 1837
Book/Printed MaterialSynaxarion. This 18th-century manuscript, dated 1733 in the colophon, is called an Al-Sinkisār (Synaxarion), meaning a collection of brief biographies of the saints, mostly used in the Orthodox Church. The account of the life of a saint is read as a lesson when that saint's day is celebrated in church. Each day of the year is marked in this synaxarion with red ink, and then...
- Date: 1733
Book/Printed MaterialThe First Part of "Conquest of Syria," with the Marginal Commentary of "The Eye-pleasing Treasure on Egypt's Rulers and Sultans". Muhammad ibn ʻUmar al-Waqidi (747 or 748--823) was one of the earliest historians of Islam. He was born in Medina, in present-day Saudi Arabia, and later moved to Baghdad, where he was appointed a judge by Abbasid caliphs Harun al-Rashid and his son al-Ma'mun. Al-Waqidi is best known for his histories of early Muslim conquests, and for his detailed and well-organized accounts. The two-volume...
- Contributor: Sharqāwī, ʻabd Allāh Ibn Ḥijāzī,813 - Wāqidī, Muḥammad Ibn ʻumar, 747 or 748-823
- Date: 1912
Book/Printed MaterialThe Book of Adornment in the Rhetorical Arts. Kitāb al-tarṣīʻ fī ʻilm al-maʻānī wa-al-bayān wa-al-badīʻ (The book of adornment in the rhetorical arts) is primer on Arabic rhetoric. The author, 'Abd al-Qādir ibn Muḥammad Salīm al-Kīlānīlal-Iskandarānī, states he will be "brief, useful, and simple." In this he is largely successful. Kitab al-tarsi' was printed at the government press in Damascus in 1922, presumably for use in schools, although there is no evidence...
- Contributor: Iskandarānī, ʻabd Al-Qādir Ibn Muḥammad Salīm Al-Kīlānī, 1943
- Date: 1922
Book/Printed MaterialGospel Lectionary. This very clearly written Syriac manuscript is a 16th-century Purāš qeryānē d-ṭeṭrā ewangelyon (Gospel lectionary-a book containing the portions of scripture, the lessons, to be read at divine service on particular days). The pages are divided into two columns with 22 lines of text in each. The ink, black for letters and red for titles and diacritical points, has faded very little, so that...
- Date: 1588
MapMap of Lebanon According to Reconnaissance Information Collected by the Topographical Group from the Syria Expedition of 1860-1861.
Carte du Liban d'après les reconnaissances de la brigade topographique du corps expéditionnaire de Syrie en 1860-1861 This map of Lebanon showing part of Syria with Damascus was made by French military cartographers in 1862. It is based on information gathered by the topographic unit in the expeditionary corps sent by France to Lebanon in 1860-61. Lebanon was at that time part of the Ottoman Empire and the central region known as Mount Lebanon was mainly populated by Christians and Druzes....
- Contributor: Schieble, Erhard - Depot of War (France) - Blondel, Antoine-Lucien - Randon, Jacques Louis César Alexandre, Comte
- Date: 1913
Book/Printed MaterialEuchologion. This late-17th-century volume in Arabic is a Euchologion, the prayer book and book of ritual for the Byzantine Rite. The text includes Arabic and Greek prayers side by side, along with extra notes and instructions in Arabic. Not surprisingly, there are a number of Greek loanwords in the text, for example: qundāq, from the Greek kontakion, referring to the liturgical book itself; aghrubnīya, from...
- Date: 1682
Book/Printed MaterialAn Arabic Christian Hymnal in Praise of the Saints, Translated from the Byzantine Greek Language. The manuscript presented here contains hymns praising the saints. It is divided into the 12 months of the year, with the name of each month written in clear bold black script. Each month is divided into days, which are also denoted in bold black script. Each day then has several hymns, which are indicated in red. Holy days, such as Palm Sunday and Easter,...
- Contributor: Arcadius - Gabriel - Simeon Stylites, Saint, Died 459
- Date: 1778
Book/Printed MaterialThe Diwan. Al-Waleed ibn Ubaidillah Al-Buhturi (821--97 AD; 206--48 AH) was a leading Arab poet who was born in Manbij, in present-day Syria, and lived in the early Abbasid dynasty. He was a companion of the Abbasid caliph, Al-Mutawakil, whom Al-Buhturi saw murdered before his eyes in 861. The violent incident weighed heavily on the poet's psyche, sending him into self-exile and a period of seclusion....
- Contributor: Buḥturī, Al-Walīd Ibn ʻubayd, Circa 821-897 or 8
- Date: 1900
Book/Printed MaterialBook of the Dove. Gregory Bar 'Ebraya (also seen as Bar Hebraeus, 1226--86) was a Syriac Orthodox bishop and major author in the later Syriac tradition. He wrote prolifically, mostly in Syriac but also in Arabic, on philosophy, theology, spirituality, and history. His works also included commentaries on scripture, devotions, moral treatises, logic, the sciences, poetry, and humorous stories. This manuscript, dated 1360, is an important early witness...
- Contributor: Bar Hebraeus
- Date: 1360
Book/Printed MaterialThe Weapon of Religion and the Shield of Certainty. Shem'un al-Turani was born in 1670 near Tur Abdin in present-day Turkey. He studied in Tur Abdin and became a monk at the age of twenty. He was appointed maphrian-historically the prelate second to the patriarch in the hierarchy of the Syriac Orthodox Church-in 1710 and took the name Basileios. Maphrian Basileios Shem'un was martyred in 1740. Kitāb silāḥ al-dīn wa-turs al-yaqīn (The weapon...
- Contributor: Basileios, Shemun, Maphrian - Zakarya
- Date: 1724
Book/Printed MaterialFive Doctrinal Works. This 17th-century manuscript is a collection of five doctrinal works translated into Arabic from Greek. Three of the works are by John of Damascus (died circa 750): On the Orthodox Faith, Dialectics, and Against the Heretics. John of Damascus was often read in both Greek and Arabic (he himself was bilingual, although he wrote only in Greek). The other two texts are by the...
- Contributor: Paul, of Antioch, 12th-13th Century - Antonios, of the Monastery of Saint Simeon of the Black Mountain, Late 10th Century - John, of Damascus, Saint, 670-756
- Date: 1600
Book/Printed MaterialLives of the Saints. This Garshuni (Arabic written in Syriac letters) manuscript of Qisas al-qiddīsīn (Lives of the saints) dates from 1692--93 and was written by a scribe named Murad bin 'Abd Al-Masih. It is a collection of biographical accounts of the saints' lives and homilies. The authors of these various biographies are, for the most part, anonymous. The text is mostly in two columns, but there are...
- Contributor: Murad Bin 'Abd Al-Masih
- Date: 1692
Book/Printed MaterialPandect. This text is an Arabic translation of a Christian work originally written in Greek in the 11th century, known as the Pandect (or Pandektes) of Nikon of the Black Mountain. The Greek title of the book means The Universal (Book). The Arabic title, Al-Ḥāwī, has almost the same meaning: The Comprehensive Book. The text is divided into 63 sections and offers an exposition of...
- Contributor: Nicon, of the Monastery of Saint Simeon of the Black Mountain, 11th Century
- Date: 1600