Collection Items

  • Book/Printed Material
    Two years in the French West Indies Lafcadio Hearn (1850-1904) was an international writer best known for his books about Japan. Born on the Greek island of Lefkáda, the son of an Irish father and a Greek mother, he was raised in England, Ireland, and France and immigrated to the United States at age 19. He lived first in Cincinnati, where he landed a job as a journalist, and then moved...
    • Contributor: Hearn, Lafcadio
    • Date: 1890
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Stand Pipe for West Philadelphia Water Works.
    Stand pipe. For West Philada. Water Works.
    This lithograph from circa 1853 shows the proposed design for a standpipe with an ornate spiral staircase, topped by a statue of George Washington. The standpipe was to be erected at Thirty-Fifth and Sycamore streets as part of the Twenty-Fourth Ward Water Works (i.e., West Philadelphia Water Works). On the ground, individuals are shown gazing up at the structure from its base. Other men...
    • Contributor: Rease, William H. - Schell, Francis H.
    • Date: 1853
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Map
    The West-India pilot. Containing piloting directions for Port Royal Harbour in Jamaica, in and out through the kays ... The whole illustrated with a number of copper plates, finished by the best ... "Captain Joseph Smith Speer was an English mariner who spent many years in Central America and the Caribbean. He created detailed maps and guides based on his personal experiences. In 1766, he published The West-India Pilot, containing 13 maps and detailed navigational instructions for passage between Caribbean ports. An expanded edition with 26 maps appeared in 1771. Speer's instructions to mariners were practical and...
    • Contributor: Speer, Joseph Smith
    • Date: 1766

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  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    British Artillerymen Pulling a Gun.
    British artillerymen pulling a gun
    This unfinished ink sketch by Benjamin West (1738-1820) shows British artillerymen from the Napoleonic Wars straining at a rope to drag a canon. The tenth child of a Pennsylvania innkeeper, West became one of the foremost artists of his day, despite having had very little formal education. In 1763, he moved to London, where he became a co-founder of the Royal Academy of Arts....
    • Contributor: West, Benjamin
    • Date: 1800
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Book/Printed Material
    Wit and Wisdom from West Africa; Or, A Book of Proverbial Philosophy, Idioms, Enigmas, and Laconisms.
    Wit and wisdom from West Africa : or, A book of proverbial philosophy, idioms, enigmas, and laconisms
    Richard Francis Burton (1821--90) was a British explorer, soldier, spy, and diplomat, best known for his travels in Arabia, India, and Africa. After service in the army of the British East India Company and a brief engagement in the Crimean War, Burton led a Royal Geographical Society expedition to explore Africa's Great Lakes region in search of the source of the Nile. In 1861...
    • Contributor: Burton, Richard Francis, Sir - Murray, Henry A. (Henry Anthony)
    • Date: 1865
    • Resource: - 248 pages
  • Book/Printed Material
    A general collection of the best and most interesting voyages and travels in all parts of the world; many of which are now first translated into English. Digested on a new plan. A General Collection of the Best and Most Interesting Voyages and Travels in All Parts of the World is a 17-volume compilation of travel narratives assembled by the Scottish historian and poet John Pinkerton (1758-1826), first published in Great Britain in 1808-14. A contemporary and acquaintance of the historian Edward Gibbon and the novelist Sir Walter Scott, Pinkerton wrote books on Scottish history and...
    • Contributor: Pinkerton, John - Joseph Meredith Toner Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1808
  • Map
    Carte de la Barbarie, le la Nigritie et del la Guinée
    Carte de la Barbarie, de la Nigritie et del la Guinée
    "Jan Barend Elwe was a publisher and seller of maps who was active in Amsterdam in the period between 1777 and 1815. He is best known for his pocket atlases of the Netherlands (1786) and of Germany (1791). Many of Elwe's publications were reprints of earlier maps by well-known European cartographers. He reissued several maps by the great French mapmaker Guillaume de l'Isle, including...
    • Contributor: L'isle, Guillaume De - Elwe, Jan Barend
    • Date: 1792
  • Book/Printed Material
    Two trips to gorilla land and the cataracts of the Congo. Includes bibliographical references.
    • Contributor: Burton, Richard Francis
    • Date: 1876
  • Book/Printed Material
    The Beginning for the Studious and the End for the Selective. Muhammad ibn Ahmed ibn Rushd (also known by the Latinized version of his name, Averroes, 1126--98 AD; 520--95AH) was a Muslim polymath and the preeminent philosopher of Arab Spain. He was born in Cordoba to a well-respected family that was known for its public service. Although best known in the West for his commentaries on Aristotelian philosophy, Ibn Rushd wrote works on a wide...
  • Book/Printed Material
    Rosary and Service Dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary and Other Devotions Combined in Honor of the Most Holy Trinity and in Worship of the Most Venerable Queen of the Heavens.
    Rosarium et Officium Beatae Mariae Virginis aliaeque Variae Devotiones Combinatae in Honorem Ssmae Trinitatis Augustissimaque Regina Caelo in Cultum
    Rosarium et Officium Beatae Mariae Virginis (Rosary and service dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary), a Latin devotional book published in Vilnius, Lithuania, in 1678--79, is regarded as one of the rarest and most important Belarusian publications of the 17th century. The book was created by Oleksandr Tarasevych (circa 1640--1727), an outstanding master of book design, engraving, portraiture, and heraldic and panegyric printing, whose...
    • Contributor: Tarasevych, Oleksandr
    • Date: 1678
    • Resource: - 602 pages
  • Book/Printed Material
    Gambia. In preparation for the peace conference that was expected to follow World War I, in the spring of 1917 the British Foreign Office established a special section responsible for preparing background information for use by British delegates to the conference. Gambia is Number 91 in a series of more than 160 studies produced by the section, most of which were published after the conclusion...
    • Contributor: Great Britain. Foreign Office. Historical Section
    • Date: 1920
    • Resource: - 52 pages
  • Book/Printed Material
    Treatment of natives in the German colonies. In preparation for the peace conference that was expected to follow World War I, in the spring of 1917 the British Foreign Office established a special section responsible for preparing background information for use by British delegates to the conference. Treatment of Natives in the German Colonies is Number 114 in a series of more than 160 studies produced by the section, most of...
    • Contributor: Great Britain. Foreign Office. Historical Section
    • Date: 1920
    • Resource: - 66 pages
  • Book/Printed Material
    Three Books on the Soul.
    Libri tres de anima
    Muhammad ibn Ahmed ibn Rushd (also known by the Latinized version of his name, Averroes, 1126--98) was a Muslim jurist, physician, and philosopher from Cordoba, Spain, best known in the West for reintroducing Aristotle to Europe and in the East for his medical works. He studied theology, law, and medicine, and wrote important works in all of these fields. He served as the religious...
    • Contributor: Averröes - Ibn Zuhr, ʻabd Al-Malik Ibn Abī Al-ʻalāʾ, 1162 - Zimara, Marco Antonio
    • Date: 1521
    • Resource: - 377 pages
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Colonel Benjamin Franklin Kelley. Benjamin Franklin Kelley (1807--91) was a Union general in the American Civil War. Born in New Hampton, New Hampshire, he worked for a time as a freight agent for the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad. Upon the outbreak of the war, he raised the First West Virginia Volunteer Infantry and was commissioned colonel. He was badly wounded at Philippi, West Virginia, and promoted to brigadier...
    • Contributor: Anthony, Edward - Brady, Mathew B.
    • Date: 1861
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Map
    Salmon Canneries of the Pacific Northwest. "In the late 19th century, salmon canneries became a major industry along the Pacific coastline of the United States and Canada. American fishing interests in the Pacific Northwest pressed for the Alaska Purchase in 1867 and strongly shaped regional politics up until the turn of the 20th century. Imperial Russia had imposed limits on Americans fishing in Alaskan waters. After Russia sold Alaska to...
    • Contributor: D. O. Haynes & Co.
    • Date: 1901
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Photograph of President Abraham Lincoln. Abraham Lincoln (1809-65) was the 16th president of the United States. He was born on a farm in Kentucky and moved with his family to Indiana at age eight. At age 21, he moved to Illinois, where he held various jobs and began to study law. He had less than one year of formal education, but became a skilled writer by reading the King...
    • Contributor: Brady, Mathew B.
    • Date: 1861
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Book/Printed Material
    Message de Monsieur Leopold Sedar Senghor, président de la république au peuple sénégalais This speech to the people of Senegal by Léopold Sédar Senghor (1906-2001) was delivered the day after his election as the first president of the newly independent republic. Senghor was born in what was then French West Africa. He was sent at a young age to a Catholic mission school, where he embraced French and European culture, but also felt the loss of his...
    • Contributor: Senghor, Léopold Sédar - Senegal. President ( : Senghor)
    • Date: 1960
    • Resource: - 12 pages
  • Book/Printed Material
    Nastoi︠a︡shchee i budushchee pravoslavii︠a︡ v Amerike.
    Настоящее и будущее православия в Америке.
    Nastoiashchee i budyshchee pravoslaviia v Amerike (The present and future of Orthodoxy in America) presents the text of a lecture delivered in Saint Petersburg in 1897 by the Russian theologian Aleksandr Pavlovich Lopukhin (1852-1904). The topic of the lecture is the state of Orthodoxy in America, a subject with which Lopukhin had first-hand experience. He had served as a priest attached to the Russian...
    • Contributor: Lopukhin, Aleksandr Pavlovich
    • Date: 1897
  • Book/Printed Material
    Nymphs of the Valley. ʻArā'is al-Murūj (Nymphs of the valley) is a collection of short stories by the celebrated Lebanese-American author and artist Gibran Khalil Gibran. Gibran was born in 1883 to a Maronite Catholic family in the village of Bsharri in the north of Lebanon. His family immigrated to the United States in 1895, where he began his formal schooling, studying English and art. He is best...
    • Contributor: Gibran, Kahlil
    • Date: 1922
    • Resource: - 39 pages
  • Book/Printed Material
    Introduction to Astronomy, Containing the Eight Divided Books of Abu Ma'shar Abalachus.
    Introductorium in astronomiam Albumasaris Abalachi octo continens libros partiales
    Ja'far ibn Muḥammad al-Balkhī (787--886), known as Abū Ma'shar, lived in Baghdad in the 9th century. Originally an Islamic scholar of the hadith (the prophetic traditions of Muhammad) and a contemporary of the famous philosopher al-Kindī, Abū Ma'shar developed an interest in astrology at the relatively late age of 47. He became the most important and prolific writer on astrology in the Middle Ages....
    • Contributor: Hermann of Carinthia, Flourished 1143 - Abū Ma'shar, 787-886
    • Date: 1506
    • Resource: - 69 pages
  • Book/Printed Material
    Theoretical and Practical Book by Al-Zahrawi.
    Liber theoricae nec non practicae Alsaharavii
    Abu al-Qasim Khalaf Ibn Abbas al-Zahrawi (936--1013), known in the West as Albucasis, was born in the city of Zahra, near Cordoba, Spain. Regarded as one of the greatest of the Arab physicians, he excelled in the fields of internal medicine, surgery, and ophthalmology. His best known work is his encyclopedia of medicine, Al-tasreef liman ajiza an al-taaleef (The method of medicine), generally referred...
    • Contributor: Ricius, Paulus, Flourished - Abū Al-Qāsim Khalaf Ibn ʻabbās Al-Zahrāwī, 1013 - Gherardo, Da Cremona,4
    • Date: 1519
    • Resource: - 171 pages
  • Book/Printed Material
    Secret of Success. Samuel Smiles was a Scottish author and physician. He dropped out of school at 14 years of age but returned to finish the study of medicine at the University of Edinburgh. His most famous work, Self-Help, which Ya'qub Sarrūf here translates into Arabic, made him a best-selling author and celebrity. Sarrūf was one of the earliest graduates of the American University in Beirut. He...
    • Contributor: Ṣarrūf, Yaʻqūb - Smiles, Samuel
    • Date: 1886
    • Resource: - 171 pages
  • Manuscript/Mixed Material
    Man Han Xi xiang ji : si juan.
    滿漢西廂記 : 四卷. | Chao ben Man Han Xi xian ji | Man Han he bi Xi xiang ji
    This is a manuscript edition of the popular play Xi xiang ji (Romance of the west chamber) by Wang Shifu (circa 1250-1307), a Yuan dynasty playwright about whom little is known. Fourteen plays are attributed to him, of which only three are extant. Perhaps the best known and most popular is this work, which was written in the poetic drama form called za ju...
    • Contributor: Wang, Shifu - Chinese Rare Book Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1765
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Brigadier General John Pope. John Pope (1822-92) was a Union general in the American Civil War. Born in Louisville, Kentucky, he graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1842 and served in the Mexican War of 1846-48 and in the Army engineering corps in connection with the development of the American West. When the Civil War broke out, he initially commanded troops in the...
    • Contributor: Anthony, Edward - Brady, Mathew B.
    • Date: 1861
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Major General William Rosecrans. William Rosecrans (1819-98) was a general on the Union side in the American Civil War. Born in Kingston, Ohio, he graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1842. After serving in the Engineer Corps and as assistant professor at West Point, he left the army in 1854 to take up a career in architecture and civil engineering. Upon the outbreak...
    • Contributor: Anthony, Edward - Brady, Mathew B.
    • Date: 1861
    • Resource: - 1 page