Collection Items

  • Book/Printed Material
    Turkmenistan i turkmeny. Turkmenistan i turkmeny (Turkmenistan and the Turkmens) is a book on Turkmenistan published in 1926, early in the Soviet period. Part one, in four chapters, is devoted to Central Turkestan and also explains the broader geographic context of Turkmenistan. The chapters cover the history of Turkestan and its importance as the link between Persia and China; the 17 main ethnic groups in Turkmenistan (including...
    • Contributor: Tumanovich, O.
    • Date: 1926

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  • Map
    Map of the Khanates of Bukhara, Khiva, and Khokand and Part of Russian Turkistan. The Emirate of Bukhara and the khanates of Khiva and Kokand were independent states that came under Russian imperial control in the 1860s and 1870s. Russian Turkestan was a governor-generalship of the Russian Empire established in 1867, two years after the start of the Russian conquest of the region of Central Asia known as Turkestan. This map of these territories, comprising parts of present-day...
    • Contributor: Schuyler, Eugene
    • Date: 1875
  • Book/Printed Material
    Atlas of Asiatic Russia. This comprehensive atlas of the Asian part of the Russian Empire, published in 1914 by the Resettlement Department of the Land Regulation and Agriculture Administration, provides detailed information about the historical, geographical, and economic characteristics of Russia east of the Ural Mountains. The atlas was created at a time when this territory had received a new impetus to development from the agrarian reforms instituted,...
    • Contributor: Resettlement Department of the Land Regulation and Agriculture Administration
    • Date: 1914

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  • Map
    Sketch Map of the Country between the Hari Rud and Murghab River. The Tejend Oasis and Roads to Merv. The year 1883 falls between two critical events in the Russian conquest of Central Asia: The sack of Geok Tepe (present-day Gökdepe) in 1881, and the conquest of Merv (present-day Mary) in 1884. This 1883 map depicts roads, rivers, and topographic information relating to the region adjacent to the Tejend (or Tejen) oasis as well as the Merv oasis, some 130 kilometers to the...
    • Contributor: Aminof, Baron - Royal Geographical Society (Great Britain) - Weller, Edward, 1884 - O'Donovan, Edmund
    • Date: 1883
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    [Turkmenia. Poselok Farab. Zh/d stantsiia] 1 negative (3 frames) : glass, b&w, three-color separation ; 24 x 9 cm. | Photo shows station on the Chardzhou-Bukhara railroad. Signs on the station building read "FARAB." Farab, a settlement of the urban type, is the center of the Farab region of Chardzhou Province, Turkmenistan, on the right bank of the Amu daria, 8 km. from Chardzhou.
    • Contributor: Prokudin-Gorskiĭ, Sergeĭ Mikhaĭlovich
    • Date: 1905
  • Map
    The Heri-Rud and Murghab Rivers and Intermediate Territory from Merv to Herat. The city of Herat and the adjoining region of Badghis were part of the territory to which the Qajar dynasty of Persia was forced to relinquish its claims following the Anglo--Persian War of 1856--57. Under the terms of 1857 Treaty of Paris, the Persians were compelled to withdraw from Herat, leaving the city under Afghan control. Britain's interest in Herat was linked to the...
    • Contributor: Afghan Boundary Commission - Weller, Edward, 1884 - Sharbau, Henry - Royal Geographical Society (Great Britain) - Russia. General Staff. Military Topography Directorate
    • Date: 1885
  • Book/Printed Material
    Milestones of the Divine Revelation. Al-Ḥusayn ibn Masʻūd al-Baghawī (circa 1044-circa 1117), nicknamed muḥyī al-sunnah (Reviver of the Prophet's traditions), was a Shāfiʻi scholar and Qurʼan exegete. He was born, and possibly died, in Bagh or Baghshor, an old town that was located in Khorasan between the ancient cities of Herat (in present-day Afghanistan) and Merv (near present-day Mary, Turkmenistan). Preserved in this manuscript copy is the second and...
    • Contributor: Baghawī, Al-Ḥusayn Ibn Masʻūd, 1117
    • Date: 1699

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Introduction to the Science of Cosmography. Al-tabṣira fī ʻilm al-hayʻa (Introduction to the science of cosmography) is a treatise attributed to Shams al-Din al-Khiraqi (also seen as al-Kharaqi), a mathematician, geographer, and leading Seljuk-era astronomer who died in 1138 or 1139. He was born in Khiraq (or Kharaq) near Merv, in present-day Turkmenistan. He probably was a court astronomer for Sultan Sanjar, who ruled the Seljuk Empire in 1118--57, and...
    • Contributor: Al-Khiraqi, Shams Al-Din, Died Approximately 1138
    • Date: 1050

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  • Map
    Afghanistan and Its Neighboring Countries.
    Afghanistan und seine Nachbarländer
    This map of Afghanistan and its neighbors was printed in multiple editions by the publishing house of Carl Flemming in Glogau, Germany (present-day Głogów, Poland). The areas covered by the map were the site of an intense rivalry between Great Britain and Imperial Russia during the course of the 19th and early 20th centuries. The borders of Afghanistan changed repeatedly during the latter part...
    • Contributor: Carl Flemming (Firm) - Handtke, F. (Friedrich)
    • Date: 1914
  • Map
    Iran. Eastern Half Including Afghanistan, Baluchistan, and the Uzbek Khanate on the Oxus.
    Iran. Östliche halfte enthaltend Afghanistan, Balutschistan, und die Özbeghischen Khanate am Oxus
    This 1878 map depicts Afghanistan as well as a narrow band of eastern Persia and adjoining regions. The cartographer, Heinrich Kiepert (1818-99), was a German geographer, who published several atlases of the ancient world during his career. The title, Iran. Östliche halfte enthaltend Afghanistan, Balutschistan, und die Özbeghischen Khanate am Oxus (Iran. Eastern Half Including Afghanistan, Baluchistan, and the Uzbek Khanate on the Oxus),...
    • Contributor: Kiepert, Heinrich - Burchard, Gebrueder - Greve, W.
    • Date: 1878
  • Map
    Map of the Khanate of Khiva and the Lower Reaches of the Amu Darya River. The permanent military presence of imperial Russia in the Aral Sea region dates to 1847, when the Russians founded Fort Aralsk near the mouth of the Syr Darya (Jaxartes) River on the northern shore of the sea. At the time Russia was locked with Great Britain in the intense rivalry for influence in Central Asia and Afghanistan that became known as the Great Game....
    • Contributor: Russia. General Staff. Military Topography Directorate
    • Date: 1873
  • Map
    Military Map of Afghanistan Compiled from the Latest Russian and British Official Surveys with Reference to the Anglo-Russian Dispute. This map shows the borders of Afghanistan in 1885. It reflects the fact that the city of Herat and its environs were ceded by the Qajar dynasty of Persia to Afghanistan under the Treaty of Paris in 1857. The precise delimitation of the Afghanistan-Persian frontier was an ongoing process, however, one that was not completed until 1935. As a result of these changes, the...
    • Contributor: Rodenbough, Theophilus F. (Theophilus Francis) - Wilson, William Jerome
    • Date: 1885
  • Map
    Turkestan. Asia in Ten Folios. Folio II.
    Turkestan. Asie en dix feuilles. Feuille II
    This 1909 map covers Turkestan, or the domains of Russia in Central Asia, along with adjoining regions in Persia, Afghanistan, British India, and China. Russia had acquired its vast holdings in Central Asia, including the protectorates of Khiva and Bukhara, in the second half of the previous century. The map shows Bokhara as the state capital of Turkestan and Tashkent, present-day capital of Uzbekistan,...
    • Contributor: Schrader, Franz - Vivien De Saint-Martin, Louis - Dumas-Vorzet, P. - Aïtoff, David - Delaune, E. - Bagge, Gustave, 1915 - Dufrénoy (Firm)
    • Date: 1909
  • Book/Printed Material
    Tabulation of Drugs. The full name of the author of Taqwīm al-adwiyah (Tabulation of drugs) is given in a work by Ismaʻil Basha al-Babani (died 1920), Īḍāḥ al-maknūn (Clarification of the hidden), as Fakhr al-Din Muhammad ibn ʻAli ibn Abu al-Nasr al-Nisaburi, "and subsequently" as al-Asfara'ini. Almost nothing is known of Fakhr al-Din's life, although he is thought to have flourished in the 14th century. The attributions...
    • Contributor: Nisābūrī, Fakhr Al-Dīn Muḥammad Ibn ʻalī Ibn Abū Al-Naṣr, Flourished 14th Century
    • Date: 1653

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Asiatic Russia, Volumes 1 and 2. This work, commissioned by the Resettlement Department of the Land Regulation and Agriculture Administration in Saint Petersburg, contains some of the best research of the early 20th century on what in the Russian Empire was commonly referred to as Asiatic Russia. Volume I covers the gradual resettlement of Russian peoples beyond the Ural Mountains, to Siberia, the steppe areas, Turkestan, and the Far East,...
    • Contributor: Prakhov - Glynka, G.V. - Thorzhevsky, I.I.
    • Date: 1914
  • Map
    Wyld's Military Staff Map of Central Asia and Afghanistan. This impressively detailed map of Central Asia, dated 1879, was published during the Second Anglo-Afghan War (1878--80) by the British mapmaker James Wyld the younger (1812--87). The map shows the vast domains acquired by the Russian Empire in Central Asia (present-day Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan) in the late 19th century, as well as Afghanistan, eastern Persia, and parts of Baluchistan (present-day Pakistan), India,...
    • Contributor: Wyld, James
    • Date: 1879
  • Map
    Persia, or the Safavid Kingdom.
    Persia sive Sophorum Regnum
    This decorative and detailed map of Persia is by Willem Janszoon Blaeu (1571-1638), a Dutch cartographer, globe maker, and publisher. Blaeu trained with the Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe and began producing maps and charts in the early years of the 17th century. In 1633 he became the official cartographer for the Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie (VOC--Dutch East India Company). Blaeu is best known for his...
    • Contributor: Blaeu, Willem Janszoon
    • Date: 1635
  • Map
    Map of Southern Turkestan. The name Turkestan means "Land of the Turks" in Persian. Turkestan has never corresponded to a national entity but has been used in the Persianate world and elsewhere to signify the domain of Turkic peoples in Central Asia. During the second half of the 19th century these lands were the setting for the intense political rivalry between Great Britain and Imperial Russia known as...
    • Contributor: United States. Department of State - Carnegie Institution of Washington
    • Date: 1905
  • Map
    Colton's Persia, Arabia, Et cetera.
    Colton's Persia, Arabia, &c.
    This map showing the Arabian Peninsula, Persia (present-day Iran), Afghanistan, Baluchistan (present-day Iran and Pakistan), and adjacent territories was copyrighted in 1855 by J.H. Colton & Company of New York. Coloring is used to indicate borders and certain provinces or settled areas. The map shows cities, mountains, and roads, and includes some notes on topographical features. The old Qatari city of al-Zabarah is shown....
    • Contributor: J.H. Colton & Company - Colton, G. Woolworth (George Woolworth)
    • Date: 1865

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  • Map
    Colton's Persia, Arabia, Et cetera.
    Persia, Arabia &c.
    This map showing the Arabian Peninsula, Persia (present-day Iran), Afghanistan, and Baluchistan (present-day Iran and Pakistan) was published in 1855 by the G.W. and C.B. Colton and Company of New York. Coloring is used to indicate borders and certain provinces or settled areas. The map shows cities, mountains, and roads, and includes some notes on topographical features. The old Qatari city of Al Zabara...
    • Contributor: J.H. Colton & Company - Colton, G. Woolworth (George Woolworth)
    • Date: 1855

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  • Map
    Western Asia.
    Asie occidentale
    This map of western Asia dating from 1809 is by Pierre M. Lapie (1779-1850). It covers the region between Novgorod and Arkhangelsk, Russia in the northwest and the mouth of the Indus River in the southeast. The southern coast of the Arabian (Persian) Gulf appears as an almost smooth gentle curve, broken only by the mouth of large river called Aftan (present-day Wadi al-Sahba,...
    • Contributor: Lapie, M. (Pierre) - Diot, Mrs - Chamouin, Jean Baptiste Marie, 1768 - Prudhomme, Active 18th Century-19th Century - Malte-Brun, Conrad - Giraldon-Bovinet, Flourished
    • Date: 1809
  • Map
    New Persia, Armenia, Anatolia and Arabia.
    Nova Persiæ, Armeniæ, Natoliæ, et Arabiæ
    This highly decorative map of the Middle East is by the Dutch engraver, publisher, and map seller Frederick de Wit (1629 or 1630-1706). It was published in Amsterdam in about 1666. The map covers the regions from present-day Turkey and Egypt to Afghanistan and the Arabian Peninsula, the Red Sea, the Nile River, Cyprus, Asia Minor, the Gulf of Aden, Armenia, the Caspian Sea,...
    • Contributor: Wit, Frederik De - Sanson, Nicolas
    • Date: 1666
  • Book/Printed Material
    Four months in Persia and a visit to Trans-Caspia, Four Months in Persia and a Visit to Trans-Caspia is a compilation of articles that originally appeared in various newspapers and journals in India and the United Kingdom. The author, Cuthbert Edward Biddulph, was an official in the Indian Civil Service who specialized in Central Asian and Afghan affairs. The articles are based on travels that Biddulph undertook in 1890 and 1891. The first...
    • Contributor: Biddulph, Cuthbert Edward - Biddulph, C. E. (Cuthbert Edward)
    • Date: 1892
  • Book/Printed Material
    A journey in Khorassan and Central Asia. A Journey in Khorassan and Central Asia is a short, privately printed account by the author, Robert J. Kennedy, of a journey that he and his wife, Bertha Kennedy, took through northeastern Persia (present-day Iran) and parts of Russian Central Asia in March-April 1890. At the time Kennedy was the chargé d'affaires at the British legation in Tehran. The journey is described in three...
    • Contributor: Kennedy, Robert J. - Kennedy, Bertha J.
    • Date: 1890
  • Book/Printed Material
    The Merv Oasis; travels and adventures east of the Caspian during the years 1879-80-81, including five months' residence among the Tekkés of Merv, Edmund O'Donovan (1844-83) was a British war correspondent who covered conflicts and uprisings in France, Spain, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Central Asia. Born in Dublin, he wrote for the Irish Times and other Dublin papers and later for the British paper, the Daily News. In 1879 he traveled to Merv (in present-day Turkmenistan), where he was arrested by the Turcomans, or Turkmen, on suspicion...
    • Contributor: O'Donovan, Edmond
    • Date: 1883