Photo, Print, DrawingThe Taking of Constantine, Algeria, 1837. This unsigned 1837 watercolor depicts French and native forces advancing across cliffs and through a breach in the wall of the fortified city of Constantine in Algeria. France was attempting to secure control of Algeria but was opposed by local tribes under Abd el Kader (circa 1807--83), the emir of Mascara. In October 1837 the French besieged and conquered the city, a victory that...
- Contributor: Gaspard, Jean-Louis
- Date: 1837
Book/Printed MaterialArabische Pflanzennamen aus Aegypten, Algerien und Jemen, Arabische Pflanzennamen aus Aegypten, Algerien und Jemen (Arabic plant names from Egypt, Algeria, and Yemen) is a book on botanical names of plants native to these three countries. It is comprised almost entirely of lists of plant names, alphabetically ordered in Latin and Latinized Arabic, but sometimes also in Arabic. The book is organized into six sections: (1) Arabische Pflanzennamen aus der Flora von...
- Contributor: Schweinfurth, Georg August
- Date: 1912
MapThe Fortified City of Oran with its Port on the Barbary Coast.
Oran munita urbs et comodus porta in ora maritimae Barbariae et proprie in regno Telensin, quam Hispani iam Ao 1509 tenuerunt et postquam Ao 1708 a Mauris occupata fuit, Hispani Ao 1732 sibi eam denuo vindicarunt This two-part map and view of the town of Oran, in the northwest of present-day Algeria, was created in 1750 by Matthaeus Seutter (1678-1756). Seutter was apprenticed to the Nuremberg mapmaker Johan Baptist Homann (1663-1724) at the end of the 17th century. He returned to his home in Augsburg, where in 1707 he established his own publishing company and produced globes, maps and atlases....
- Contributor: Seutter, Matthaeus
- Date: 1750
Book/Printed MaterialThe Compendium of Graces and Fountain of Charms. This 17th-century manuscript contains the text of Majmoo'a al-Latā'if wa-Yanbu' al-Zarā'if (The compendium of graces and fountain of charms), a collection of esoteric and mystic prayers. The work is divided into many chapters, unnumbered and typically only a few pages long, with rubrications indicating the beginning of each chapter. The work discusses the spiritual expediency of praying in a certain manner; on a certain...
- Contributor: Būnī, Aḥmad Ibn ʻalī, 1225
- Date: 1651
MapView of Algiers, Seat of Power of the Saracens, in the Numidian Province of Africa and Situated on the Edge of the Balearic Current in the Mediterranean Sea, across from Spain, under ...
Algerii Saracenorum vrbis fortissimæ, in Numidia Africæ Prouincia structæ, iuxta Balearicos fluctus Mæditerranei æquoris Hispaniam contra, Othomanorum Principum jmperio redactæ, imago Shown here is one of the earliest printed maps of the city of Algiers. The map was created in 1575 by Georg Braun (1540 or 1541-1622) and Franz Hogenberg (circa 1535-90) and appeared in their Civitates orbis terrarum (The cities of the world), which was published in Cologne, Germany in six volumes between 1572 and 1616. The Civitates was an extraordinary cartographic achievement that...
- Contributor: Braun, Georg - Hogenberg, Franz
- Date: 1575
Book/Printed MaterialThe Qurʼan. This manuscript is a fragment of the Qurʼan, consisting of chapters 19 (Sūrat Maryam) through 23 (Sūrat al-mu'minūn). It was produced in the Maghreb and dates from the 12th century AH (18th century AD). The text is written in a large Maghrebī script, with vocalization in red, green, and yellow ink on Italian paper. The codex opens with an illuminated chapter heading for chapter...
- Date: 1700
Book/Printed MaterialThirty-two Years with Islam (1832-1864).
Trente-deux ans a travers l'Islam (1832-1864) Trente-deux ans a travers l'Islam (1832-1864) (Thirty-two years with Islam [1832-1864]) is a memoir by French soldier and diplomat Léon Roches (1809-1901), covering his career in North Africa and other parts of the Middle East, including a brief sojourn in Mecca. It is based on his diary and on correspondence that he reviewed following his retirement from government service. Beginning with his first arrival...
- Contributor: Roches, Léon
- Date: 1884
Book/Printed MaterialThe War. Documents from the Photographic Division of the Army, Fascicle XVIII: The Colonial Army.
La guerre : Documents de la Section photographique de l'Armée, fascicule XVIII In 1916, the Photographic Division of the Army in the French Ministry of War published collections of photographs documenting all aspects of French involvement in World War I. The collections were grouped by theme and published in 20 separate installments, or fascicles. These fascicles in turn were published in two larger volumes. Each fascicle opens with a brief introduction in French. The photographs are...
- Contributor: France. Ministry of War. Photographic Section of the Army - Ardouin-Dumazet, Victor-Eugène
- Date: 1916
Book/Printed MaterialTo the Desert and Back; or, Travels in Spain, the Barbary States, Italy, etc., in 1875--6.
To the desert and back, or, Travels in Spain, the Barbary States, Italy, etc., in 1875-6 To the Desert and Back is an account by Zouch Horace Turton, a Victorian-era traveler who in 1875--76 embarked on a journey that took him from London to France, Spain, the Barbary States (the coastal regions of present-day Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya), Sicily, Italy, France, and back to London. The journey lasted 283 days. Combining sea and rail travel, Turton made brief stops...
- Contributor: Turton, Zouch H.
- Date: 1876
Book/Printed MaterialThe Breath of Perfume. Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Maqqari (circa 1578--1632) was an Arab historian who wrote one of the oldest histories of Muslim Spain. He was born in Tlemcen, in present-day Algeria, and at times lived and worked in Morocco and in Egypt. His most important work, Nafḥ aṭ-ṭīb (The breath of perfume), consists of two parts. The first is a compilation from many authors on Andalusia and...
- Contributor: Maqqarī, Aḥmad Ibn Muḥammad, 1631
- Date: 1855
Book/Printed MaterialCity of God.
De civitate dei Saint Augustine of Hippo (354--430) is generally considered one of the greatest Christian thinkers of all time. He was born in Thagaste (present-day Souq Ahras, Algeria) in Roman-ruled Africa, the son of a pagan father and a Christian mother (Saint Monica). After studying in Carthage and teaching rhetoric in his native city, he moved to Rome in 383 and to Milan in 384. Under...
- Contributor: Jenson, Nicolas - Augustine, Saint, Bishop of Hippo, 354
- Date: 1475
Book/Printed MaterialLes chevaux du Sahara et les mours du desert ... Les chevaux du Sahara et les mœurs du désert (Horses of the Sahara and the ways of the desert) is a study of the horses of North Africa accompanied by ethnographic commentary based on the author's residence in Algeria as well as on the reflections of 'Abd al-Qadir al-Jaza'iri, Amir of Mascara (1808-83). The book is by General Eugène Daumas (1803-71), a French soldier...
- Contributor: Daumas, E. (Eugène) - Daumas, [Melchior Joseph Eugene]
- Date: 1862
MapLands of the Emperor of the Turks or the Ottoman Sultan in Asia, Africa, and Europe.
Estats de l'empire du Grand Seigneur des Turqs ou Sultan des Ottomans en Asie, en Afrique, et en Europe This map shows the Ottoman Empire as it was conceived in Europe in the last quarter of the 17th century. It is a reprint, dated 1679, of an earlier edition possibly included in a series of world atlases published by Nicolas Sanson (1600-1667) in the middle of the century. The map shows geological features, such as rivers, deserts, and mountain ranges. Cities and towns...
- Contributor: Sanson, Nicolas
- Date: 1679
Book/Printed MaterialLe code du Hobous ou Ouakf, selon la législation musulmane The author of this work on hubus, or hobous, the North African equivalent of the Arabic waqf (endowment), Ernest Mercier (1840-1907), was for some years the mayor of Constantine, a city in northeast Algeria, then a French colony. Mercier also wrote several other works on North African subjects. The book, which is in French, first defines the Muslim obligation of charitable and pious endowment,...
- Contributor: Mercier, Ernest
- Date: 1899
Book/Printed MaterialCinq années de voyage en Orient, 1846-1851, Israel Joseph Benjamin (1818-64) was a Jewish lumber trader from Falticeni, Moldavia (present-day Romania), who at the age of 25 set out to find the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel. Fashioning himself "The Second Benjamin" after the 12th-century Jewish traveler from Spain, Benjamin of Tudela, he spent five years visiting Jewish communities in what are today Israel, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Armenia, Afghanistan,...
- Contributor: Benjamin, I. J. (Israel Joseph) - Benjamin, Israel Joseph
- Date: 1856
Book/Printed MaterialChroniques de la Mauritanie sénégalaise. Ismaël Hamet was an interpreter and official in the service of the French army in the colony of French West Africa. His 1911 Chroniques de la Mauritanie sénégalaise (Chronicles of Senegalese Mauritania) is one of the few scholarly books about the region of the Western Sahara, and Mauritania in particular, to be published in the West before the mid-20th century. The first part of...
- Contributor: Al-Wālid Ibn Al-Muṣṭafa, Al-Dīmānī - Ismāʻīl Hāmid - Muhammad Ibn Saʻīd, Al-Yiddālī
- Date: 1911
Book/Printed MaterialEight years in Asia and Africa from 1846 to 1855. Israel Joseph Benjamin (1818-64) was a Jewish lumber trader from Falticeni, Moldavia (present-day Romania), who at the age of 25 set out to find the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel. Fashioning himself "The Second Benjamin" after the 12th-century Jewish traveler from Spain, Benjamin of Tudela, he spent five years visiting Jewish communities in what are today Israel, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Armenia, Afghanistan,...
- Contributor: Benjamin, I. J. (Israel Joseph) - Benjamin, I[Srael] J[Oseph]
- Date: 1859
Manuscript/Mixed MaterialKitāb azhār al-afkār fī jawāhir aḥjār
كتاب أزهار الافكار في جواهر الاحجار / | Kitāb al-jawāhir lil-Tifāshī Azhār al-Afkār fī Jawāhir al-Ahjār (The blossoms of thoughts regarding precious stones) is considered the most detailed and complete treatise of the Middle Ages on stones and their properties. Lapidaries, or treatises devoted entirely to the discussion of precious stones and their features, can be traced to ancient Greece. Pliny, in his Naturalis Historia (Natural history), mentions at least 20 authors as sources of...
- Contributor: Muḥammad ʻabduh - Nīshī, Maḥmūd Ibn Ḥasan - Jawharī, Muḥammad Abū Hādī - Tīfāshī, Aḥmad Ibn Yūsuf
- Date: 16??
Book/Printed MaterialThe Supreme Method and the Pure Source on the Rules of Notarization. Aḥmad ibn Yaḥyá al-Wansharīsī (1430 or 1431--1508) was a jurist and scholar of the Maliki school of Islamic jurisprudence. He was born in Jabal Wansharīs, but his family moved when he was a child to nearby Tilimcen in present-day western Algeria, where he studied and later taught Maliki law. His relationship with Tilimcen ruler Sultan Muhammad IV of the Banu Abd al-Wad dynasty soured...
- Contributor: Wansharīsī, Aḥmad Ibn Yaḥyá,1
- Date: 1816
Book/Printed MaterialMasʻe Yisrael. Israel Joseph Benjamin (1818-64) was a Jewish lumber trader from Falticeni, Moldavia (present-day Romania), who at the age of 25 set out to find the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel. Fashioning himself "The Second Benjamin" after the 12th-century Jewish traveler from Spain, Benjamin of Tudela, he spent five years visiting Jewish communities in what are today Israel, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Armenia, Afghanistan,...
- Contributor: Benjamin, Israel Joseph - Benjamin, I. J. (Israel Joseph) - Gordon, David
- Date: 1859
Book/Printed MaterialQurʼan. This outstanding manuscript contains the last part of a precious Qurʼan originally comprising 12 volumes, which, according to the colophon in the last part of the Qurʼan, was produced for the Moroccan Marinide ruler Abu Ya'qub Yusuf Ibn Ya'qub (reigned 1286--1307). The manuscript contains surat (chapters) 1-3, 14, and 62-114 and, respectively, the first and last five hizb (small sections, or sixtieths) of the...
- Contributor: Ibn Ya'qūb, Abū Ya'qūb Yūsuf, Reigned
- Date: 1306
PeriodicalThe Chechia : A Screamingly Funny Journal by the First Zouave Regiment.
Chéchia : journal boyautant du 1er Zouaves relié avec tout le front par fils barbelés La Chéchia is the trench journal published by the First Zouave Regiment of the French army during World War I. Trench journals were produced by and for soldiers and were known for their black humor, portrayal of life on the front lines, poems, drawings, and other features. The Zouaves were an elite military unit first formed in Algeria in 1830, and the journal took...
- Contributor: Fiori, Henri - Clozier, René - Cabanne, Henri - Graffin, Marcel - Popinot, Léon Louis - Frippier, Raoul
- Date: 1915
Book/Printed MaterialAcht jahre in Asien und Afrika. Von 1846 bis 1855. Israel Joseph Benjamin (1818-64) was a Jewish lumber trader from Falticeni, Moldavia (present-day Romania), who at the age of 25 set out to find the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel. Fashioning himself "The Second Benjamin" after the 12th-century Jewish traveler from Spain, Benjamin of Tudela, he spent five years visiting Jewish communities in what are today Israel, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Armenia, Afghanistan,...
- Contributor: Benjamin, I. J. (Israel Joseph) - Benjamin, I[Srael] J[Oseph]
- Date: 1858
Book/Printed MaterialL'Islam et les races. Pierre Jean Daniel André was a French military officer who studied Oriental languages in Paris before serving with the French Colonial Infantry in a number of parts of the French Empire, including Algeria and Morocco, and at posts along the African and Arabian coasts of the Indian Ocean. In 1919-20 André was governor of the sanjak (administrative district) of Djebel-i-Bereket in Cilicia, a region...
- Contributor: André, Pierre Jean Daniel
- Date: 1922