Collection Items

  • Book/Printed Material
    Arabic Primer of Calligraphy. Muhammad Shafiq (died 1879) was a major Ottoman calligrapher who excelled in instructional calligraphic pieces. This particular work, filled throughout with intricate arabesque floral designs typical of the late Ottoman period, is in a notable Arabic calligraphic style, the naskhi script, which connects the Arabic letters to one another in a harmonious way. Of interest in this particular work is the binding, which reveals...
    • Contributor: Shafiq, Muhammad, 1879
    • Date: 1852

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Prayer Book of Düzdidil. This luxuriously decorated prayer book was commissioned around 1844 for Düzdidil, the third lady in the harem of the Ottoman sultan, Abdülmecid I (reigned, 1839--61). The occasion for the commission was tragic: the 19-year-old woman had fallen victim to the epidemic of tuberculosis then raging in Istanbul. As was fitting for her position, the prayer book is lavishly ornate. It contains 33 surahs of...
    • Contributor: Hasan Râşid, Hâfız - Hüseyin
    • Date: 1845

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  • Book/Printed Material
    The Important Stars Among the Multitude of the Heavens.
    Kashf al-Ghummah fi Nafa al-Ummah
    Timbuktu, founded around 1100 as a commercial center for trade across the Sahara Desert, was also an important seat of Islamic learning from the 14th century onward. The libraries of Timbuktu contain many important manuscripts, in different styles of Arabic scripts, which were written and copied by Timbuktu's scribes and scholars. These works constitute the city's most famous and long-lasting contribution to Islamic and...
    • Contributor: Al-Din Abu Al-Abbas Ahmad Ibn Al-Hajj Al-Amin Al-Tawathi Al-Ghalawi, Nasir
    • Date: 1733

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Qurʼan. This large-format illuminated Timurid copy of the Qurʼan is believed to have been produced in northern India in the 15th century. The manuscript opens with a series of illuminated frontispieces. The main text is written in a large, vocalized polychrome muhaqqaq script. Marginal explanations of the readings of particular words and phrases are in thuluth and naskh scripts, and there is interlinear Persian translation...
    • Date: 1400

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Album. This muraqqa' (album) of calligraphy in an accordion format was compiled in Ottoman Turkey in the 12th century AH (18th century AD). The medium is ink and pigments on paper mounted on thin pasteboard. It consists, in part, of leaves bearing fragmentary passages from the Qurʼan, from chapter 2 (Sūrat al-baqarah), verses 65--68, and chapter 4 (Sūrat al-nisā'), verses 103--6. Also included are the...
    • Contributor: Şeyh Hamdullah,-0
    • Date: 1700

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  • Book/Printed Material
    The Beginner's Guide to Commercial Transactions (The Protection of Individuals in Commercial Transactions). Timbuktu (present-day Tombouctou in Mali), founded around 1100 as a commercial center for trade across the Sahara Desert, was also an important seat of Islamic learning from the 14th century onward. The libraries there contain many important manuscripts, in different styles of Arabic scripts, which were written and copied by Timbuktu's scribes and scholars. These works constitute the city's most famous and long-lasting contribution...
    • Contributor: Fulānī, Aḥmad Ibn Bawḍ Ibn Muḥammad
    • Date: 1800

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  • Book/Printed Material
    The Best of Poetic Companions for the Noblest of Destinations. A Sage Rhyme on Writing the Holy Qurʼan. Presented here is a 12th-century manuscript copy of ʻAqilat atrab al-qaṣaʼid fi asna al-maqasid manzumah ra'iyah fi rasm al-Quran al-Karim (The best of poetic companions for the noblest of destinations: a sage rhyme on writing the Holy Qurʼan). It is a qasidah (poem) on the Quranic sciences, detailing the history, development, and purposes of correctly writing the Qurʼan. The author, poet al-Qasim ibn Firruh...
    • Contributor: Shāṭibī, Al-Qāsim Ibn Fīrruh - 'Abd Al-Rahman Ibn Muhammad Ibn Al-Wazir
    • Date: 1194

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Qurʼan. This manuscript, consisting of 60 paper leaves, is the 20th juz' (section) of one of the greatest Qurʼanic manuscripts known to exist. Originally it consisted of 30 volumes. Other sections of single folios are to be found in various libraries, museums, and collections. This manuscript belongs to a small group of manuscripts that can be assigned (from the similarity of the writing to the...
    • Date: 1000

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  • Book/Printed Material
    13th-Century Qurʼan from Seville.
    13th-Century Qur'an from Seville
    This early 13th-century manuscript is among the very few surviving dated Qurʼans from Islamic Spain. Completed in Seville in 1226 AD (624 AH), it was rescued from destruction during the Reconquista (reconquest) by Muslim refugees who fled Spain for North Africa. In 1535, when the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V (1500--58) conquered Tunis in an expedition against the Barbary pirates, his troops seized the...
    • Date: 1226

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Comment on the Lights of Revelations. This Ottoman manuscript is a ḥāshiyah (gloss) on the commentary on the Qur'an entitled Anwār al-tanzīl, which was composed by 'Abd Allāh al-Bayḍawī, who died in about 685 AH (1286 AD). The gloss was written by Kemalpaşazade (died 940 AH [1533 AD]), and the present copy was transcribed from the author's holograph in 966 AH (1558 AD) by 'Uthmān ibn Manṣūr. The text is...
    • Contributor: Bayḍāwī, ʻabd Allāh Ibn ʻumar, 1286 - Kemalpaşazade - Ibn Manṣūr, ʻuthmān Ibn ʻabd Al-ʻazīz, 1865
    • Date: 1558

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Commercial Agreement (Gold as Currency). Timbuktu (present-day Tombouctou in Mali), founded around 1100 as a commercial center for trade across the Sahara Desert, was also an important seat of Islamic learning from the 14th century onward. The libraries there contain many important manuscripts, in different styles of Arabic scripts, which were written and copied by Timbuktu's scribes and scholars. These works constitute the city's most famous and long-lasting contribution...
    • Date: 1500

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Commercial Agreement (Slave Trade). Timbuktu (present-day Tombouctou in Mali), founded around 1100 as a commercial center for trade across the Sahara Desert, was also an important seat of Islamic learning from the 14th century onward. The libraries there contain many important manuscripts, in different styles of Arabic scripts, which were written and copied by Timbuktu's scribes and scholars. These works constitute the city's most famous and long-lasting contribution...
    • Date: 1500

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Certificate of Emancipation for Female Slave. Timbuktu (present-day Tombouctou in Mali), founded around 1100 as a commercial center for trade across the Sahara Desert, was also an important seat of Islamic learning from the 14th century onward. The libraries there contain many important manuscripts, in different styles of Arabic scripts, which were written and copied by Timbuktu's scribes and scholars. These works constitute the city's most famous and long-lasting contribution...
    • Date: 1726

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  • Book/Printed Material
    The Prosody of Pearls that Limit the Deleterious Effects of the Abhorrent World. Timbuktu (present-day Tombouctou in Mali), founded around 1100 as a commercial center for trade across the Sahara Desert, was also an important seat of Islamic learning from the 14th century onward. The libraries there contain many important manuscripts, in different styles of Arabic scripts, which were written and copied by Timbuktu's scribes and scholars. These works constitute the city's most famous and long-lasting contribution...
    • Contributor: Fulani, Yusuf Ibn Sa'id
    • Date: 1700

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  • Book/Printed Material
    The Authoritative Source for Religious Scholars. Timbuktu (present-day Tombouctou in Mali), founded around 1100 as a commercial center for trade across the Sahara Desert, was also an important seat of Islamic learning from the 14th century onward. The libraries there contain many important manuscripts, in different styles of Arabic scripts, which were written and copied by Timbuktu's scribes and scholars. These works constitute the city's most famous and long-lasting contribution...
    • Contributor: Usuman Dan Fodio
    • Date: 1754

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Qurʼan. Making use of a colored background to write upon was a means rarely used in the East or the West to emphasize the importance of a manuscript. This manuscript, with all its pages gilt, is unique. Simple black writing in the Naskhi style is used on the magnificent background. It is a masterpiece of calligraphy. In the 18th century, when the present cover was...
    • Date: 1000

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Knowledge of the Movement of the Stars and What It Portends in Every Year. Timbuktu, founded around 1100 as a commercial center for trade across the Sahara Desert, was also an important seat of Islamic learning from the 14th century onward. The libraries of Timbuktu contain many important manuscripts, in different styles of Arabic scripts, which were written and copied by Timbuktu's scribes and scholars. These works constitute the city's most famous and long-lasting contribution to Islamic and...
    • Date: 1200

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Book of the Blessed Merits of Crafts and Agriculture. Timbuktu (present-day Tombouctou in Mali), founded around 1100 as a commercial center for trade across the Sahara Desert, was also an important seat of Islamic learning from the 14th century onward. The libraries there contain many important manuscripts, in different styles of Arabic scripts, which were written and copied by Timbuktu's scribes and scholars. These works constitute the city's most famous and long-lasting contribution...
    • Date: 1500

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  • Book/Printed Material
    The Ladder of Ascent in Obtaining the Procurements of the Sudan: Ahmad Baba Answers a Moroccan's Questions about Slavery. Timbuktu (present-day Tombouctou in Mali), founded around 1100 as a commercial center for trade across the Sahara Desert, was also an important seat of Islamic learning from the 14th century onward. The libraries there contain many important manuscripts, in different styles of Arabic scripts, which were written and copied by Timbuktu's scribes and scholars. These works constitute the city's most famous and long-lasting contribution...
    • Contributor: Tumbukti, Ahmad Baba Ibn Ahmad Ibn Umar Ibn Muhammad Aqit
    • Date: 1615

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Explanation of "The Prosodies" of Abi Abdullah Muhammad al-Arabi. Timbuktu (present-day Tombouctou in Mali), founded around 1100 as a commercial center for trade across the Sahara Desert, was also an important seat of Islamic learning from the 14th century onward. The libraries there contain many important manuscripts, in different styles of Arabic scripts, which were written and copied by Timbuktu's scribes and scholars. These works constitute the city's most famous and long-lasting contribution...
    • Contributor: Ziyati, Al-Hasan Ibn Yusuf Ibn Yahya Ibn Mahdi
    • Date: 1768

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  • Book/Printed Material
    The Beautiful Jewels for Edification in the Pillars of the Faith. Timbuktu (present-day Tombouctou in Mali), founded around 1100 as a commercial center for trade across the Sahara Desert, was also an important seat of Islamic learning from the 14th century onward. The libraries there contain many important manuscripts, in different styles of Arabic scripts, which were written and copied by Timbuktu's scribes and scholars. These works constitute the city's most famous and long-lasting contribution...
    • Contributor: Kharṭūmī, Arbab
    • Date: 1500

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  • Book/Printed Material
    The Rewards of the Enlightened for their Defense of the Status of God's Chosen Saints. Timbuktu (present-day Tombouctou in Mali), founded around 1100 as a commercial center for trade across the Sahara Desert, was also an important seat of Islamic learning from the 14th century onward. The libraries there contain many important manuscripts, in different styles of Arabic scripts, which were written and copied by Timbuktu's scribes and scholars. These works constitute the city's most famous and long-lasting contribution...
    • Contributor: Al-Mukhtār Ibn Aḥmad Ibn Abī Bakr Al-Kuntī Al-Kabīr, Sayyid - Sūqī, Muḥammad (Al-Mulaqqab) Bāb Al-Rashīd Ibn Muḥammad Al-Muṣṭafá Ibn Muḥammad Al-Bashīr
    • Date: 1858

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  • Book/Printed Material
    The Goal of Seekers, a Commentary on the Work "The Mother of Proofs". Timbuktu (present-day Tombouctou in Mali), founded around 1100 as a commercial center for trade across the Sahara Desert, was also an important seat of Islamic learning from the 14th century onward. The libraries there contain many important manuscripts, in different styles of Arabic scripts, which were written and copied by Timbuktu's scribes and scholars. These works constitute the city's most famous and long-lasting contribution...
    • Contributor: Miṣrī, Muḥammad Ibn Muḥammad Ibn Muḥammad - Alfā Simb, Aḥmad Ibn
    • Date: 1712

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Explanations of Problems in Arithmetic with Examples. Timbuktu, founded around 1100 as a commercial center for trade across the Sahara Desert, was also an important seat of Islamic learning from the 14th century onward. The libraries of Timbuktu contain many important manuscripts, in different styles of Arabic scripts, which were written and copied by Timbuktu's scribes and scholars. These works constitute the city's most famous and long-lasting contribution to Islamic and...
    • Date: 1700

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  • Book/Printed Material
    The Spears of the Party of the Merciful against the Throats of the Party of the Reviled. Timbuktu (present-day Tombouctou in Mali), founded around 1100 as a commercial center for trade across the Sahara Desert, was also an important seat of Islamic learning from the 14th century onward. The libraries there contain many important manuscripts, in different styles of Arabic scripts, which were written and copied by Timbuktu's scribes and scholars. These works constitute the city's most famous and long-lasting contribution...
    • Contributor: Tāl, ʻumar Ibn Saʻīd
    • Date: 1858

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