Collection Items

  • Book/Printed Material
    Canadian Indian.
    Indien du Canada
    This hand-colored drawing portrays a Canadian Indian, most likely a Nipissing, who was part of a settled community on the Île aux Tourtes near Montreal. An explanatory manuscript on a separate folio states: "these natives, who are good warriors, used to live by a Canadian lake named after them, and were attracted to the colony in 1704 in order to make it their home....
    • Date: 1732
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Nipissing Indian in Canada, 1717.
    Sauväge Nepisingue en Canada 1717
    This hand-colored print dating from 1717 shows a Nipissing warrior, armed with bow and arrows, wearing moccasins, clothed in a tunic and cape obtained from the Europeans, and covered in tattoos. The French in Canada, priests in particular, found native tattoos repellent for religious reasons having to do with the sanctity of the human body. The Nipissing are an Algonquin people, first encountered by...
    • Date: 1717
  • Audio Recording
    A Wandering Canadian.
    Un Canadien errant
    Engraved on a wax cylinder around 1905, this rendition by Joseph Saucier (1869-1941) and an accompanying orchestra is one of the oldest known recordings of Un Canadien errant (A wandering Canadian), a folk song written in 1842 by Antoine Gérin-Lajoie and sung to the tune of J'ai fait une maîtresse (I have found a mistress). With the Lower Canada Rebellion of 1837-38 as its...
    • Contributor: Saucier, Joseph - Gérin-Lajoie, Antoine
    • Date: 1905
  • Map
    Vue de Quebec, capitale du Canada. "This illustrated map, from the Rochambeau Collection of the Library of Congress, presents a striking panorama of the City of Quebec during its last years as the capital of New France, the French colony of Canada. Drawn in 1755 by Royal Geographer Georges-Louis Le Rouge, the map identifies ten key sites throughout the city. Located on the St. Lawrence River, Quebec was an administrative,...
    • Contributor: Le Rouge, Georges-Louis
    • Date: 1755
  • Book/Printed Material
    Freshwater Fish of Canada.
    Les poissons d'eau douce du Canada
    André-Napoléon Montpetit (1840--98) was an author, a journalist, and the father of economist and professor Édouard Montpetit. An avid angling enthusiast, Montpetit showed exceptional talent for observing fish, their behaviors, and their habitats. This work, which is specific to Quebec, illustrates the author's rich empirical knowledge as well as his familiarity with the works about fish of European and North American naturalists. Elegantly written,...
    • Contributor: Montpetit, A.-N. (André-Napoléon)
    • Date: 1897

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  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Quebec and Lake Saint-John Railway: French Canadian Homestead, Saint-Prime.
    French Canadian Homestead (St. Prime)
    This image is part of a collection of 91 photographs taken between 1887 and 1890 by the Livernois Photography Studio of Quebec City. The photographs depict the development and economic expansion of the Saguenay Fjord and Lake Saint-John region of the province of Quebec at the end of the 19th century. Much of this growth was associated with the building of the new railroad...
    • Contributor: Livernois Photography Studio - Livernois, Jules-Ernest
    • Date: 1887
  • Map
    Partie occidentale de la Nouvelle France ou du Canada "This detailed map of the Great Lakes region of western "New France" by Jacques Nicolas Bellin was published by the Heirs of Homan in 1755, shortly before the outbreak of the Seven Years' War, the conflict that resulted in the transfer of New France to British hands. Bellin was just one representative of a greater movement by French royal and military cartographers in the...
    • Contributor: Homann Erben (Firm) - Bellin, Jacques Nicolas
    • Date: 1755
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Samuel de Champlain. Governor-General of Canada (New France).
    Samuel de Champlain. Gouverneur Général du Canada (N.elle France)
    There are no surviving portraits of Samuel de Champlain made during his lifetime. This lithograph is a counterfeit produced in circa 1854. It is based on the portrait of a contemporary of Champlain's, Michel Particelli d'Emery (superintendent of finances under King Louis XIII), which was engraved by Balthasar Montcornet in Paris in 1654. At the bottom of the portrait, the forger signed the name...
    • Contributor: Moncornet, Balthasar - Morin, P.-L. (Pierre-Louis) - Villain, François Le, Active
    • Date: 1854
  • Map
    Map of the Canada--Kansas City--Gulf Road.
    Map of the Canada-Kansas City-Gulf Road: Showing Every City, Town, Village and Hamlet Throughout its Entire Length
    The National Highways Association (NHA) was established in 1911 to promote the development of an improved national road network in the United States. Under the slogan "Good roads for everyone!" the NHA advocated the building and permanent maintenance by the federal government of a system of 50,000 miles of highways. This map, issued by the NHA in 1915, shows the Canada--Kansas City--Gulf Road, proposed...
    • Contributor: Mulford, John C. - National Highways Association - Canada-Kansas City-Gulf Road Association - Hooton, M.
    • Date: 1915
  • Book/Printed Material
    Original Account of the Voyage of Jacques Cartier to Canada in 1534.
    Relation originale du voyage de Jacques Cartier au Canada en 1534
    In the 16th century, exploration and settlement of the New World was not a high priority of the French monarchy, which was primarily concerned about rivalry on the European continent with the powerful Habsburg Empire. Moreover, France was weakened by the Wars of Religion (1562-98). The first official voyage of exploration sponsored by France was undertaken in 1524 by an experienced Italian navigator, Giovanni...
    • Contributor: Ramé, Alfred - Cartier, Jacques - Michelant, Henri
    • Date: 1867

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Immigration Handbook for Scandinavian Settlers in Canada, with Comprehensive Descriptions of Manitoba, the Northwest Territories and British Columbia.
    Officiell handbok innehållande underrättelser angående Canada med särskild hänsyn till provinsen Manitoba och nord vestra territorierna samt Brittiska Columbien såsom fält för skandinaviska nybyggare
    This immigration handbook was published by the Canadian Department of Interior in 1889 for the express purpose of recruiting settlers from Sweden. It includes an introduction to Canada and Canadian society, an immigration procedures handbook, and a topographical description of Manitoba, the Northwest Territories, and British Columbia. Special attention is paid to already-existing Scandinavian settlements.
    • Date: 1899

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  • Map
    Map of Fort Pontchartrain in Canada, on the Strait of Lake Erie.
    Plan du Fort Pontchartrain en Canada situé sur le bord du détroit Erié
    Fort Pontchartrain, located at the straits of Lake Erie and Lake Saint-Clair in what is today the city of Detroit, Michigan, was established in 1701 by Antoine Laumet de Lamothe Cadillac, a French military officer. It was named in honor of France's navy minister, the Comte de Pontchartrain. Lamothe Cadillac was something of a visionary megalomaniac who hoped to make the post "the Paris...
    • Date: 1732
  • Map
    Partie orientale du Canada, traduitte de l'anglois de la carte de Jefferys publiée a Londres en May 1755. "Partie orientale du Canada (Eastern part of Canada) is a hand-colored manuscript map by cartographer, author, and illustrator Georges-Louis Le Rouge (born 1712), royal geographer to King Louis XV. It was based upon an English map made by Thomas Jefferys (circa 1719-71), who was geographer to King George III and engraved and published many maps and atlases in the mid-18th century, particularly of North...
    • Contributor: Jefferys, Thomas - Le Rouge, Georges-Louis
    • Date: 1755
  • Book/Printed Material
    History of the Métis Nation in Western Canada.
    Histoire de la nation métisse dans l'Ouest canadien
    Histoire de la nation métisse dans l'Ouest canadien (History of the Métis nation in western Canada) presents the history of a people, born out of a unique cultural mix and a fierce fight for survival. Canada's Métis people developed as the mixed-race descendants of Native American women and European colonists who traveled to Canada from France, and later from Britain, to explore and to...
    • Contributor: Société Historique Métisse - Trémaudan, Auguste Henri De
    • Date: 1935

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  • Map
    Chart showing the locality where seals were taken adjacent to the Commander Islands in 1892 by eight Canadian sealing vessels. "This map shows sites around the Commander Islands, within Russian maritime borders, where seals were taken by Canadian ships in 1892. A major diplomatic controversy over sealing in the Bering Sea arose in the late 19th century, particularly over the actions of Canadian sealers who conducted pelagic hunting (far out to sea) for seals that harmed female seals, and thus threatened the overall population...
    • Date: 1892
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    The Changing of the Guard Ceremony, Parliament Hill, Ottawa.
    The Changing of the Guard Ceremony. Parliament Hill, Ottawa
    This photograph shows soldiers in ceremonial dress executing the changing of the guard ceremony at Parliament Hill in Ottawa, the capital of Canada. The photograph is from the collection of the Columbus Memorial Library of the Organization of American States (OAS), which includes 45,000 photographs illustrative of life and culture in the Americas. Many of the photographs were taken by prominent photographers on OAS...
    • Date: 1984
  • Book/Printed Material
    Labrador and Anticosti. Travel Journal, History, Topography, Canadian and Acadian Fishermen, Montagnais Indians.
    Labrador et Anticosti. Journal de voyage, histoire, topographie, pêcheurs canadiens et acadiens, indiens montagnais
    Labrador et Anticosti. Journal de voyage, histoire, topographie, pêcheurs canadiens et acadiens, indiens montagnais (Labrador and Anticosti. Travel journal, history, topography, Canadian and Acadian Fishermen, Montagnais Indians) is the account, illustrated by many photographs, of a two-month journey in the region known today as Côte-Nord, undertaken by churchman and naturalist Victor-Alphonse Huard (1853--1929) in 1895. This vast area is located in Quebec, a few...
    • Contributor: Huard, V.-A. (Victor-Alphonse) - Comeau, Napoleon A. (Napoleon Alexander)
    • Date: 1897

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  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Dominion Agricultural and Industrial Exhibition under the Patronage of His Excellency, the Governor General of Canada Will Take Place in the City of Montreal.
    Grande Exposition agricole et industrielle de la Puissance sous le patronage de Son Excellence le gouverneur-général du Canada aura lieu en la cité de Montréal
    This impressive poster of the Grande Exposition agricole et industrielle de la Puissance (Dominion Agricultural and Industrial Exhibition), held in Montreal in 1884, is more than two meters high. Dominated by the picture of the Montreal Crystal Palace, this monumental wood engraving was typical of the "mammoth posters" that were used in both Canada and the United States. The poster evokes the exceptional scale...
    • Contributor: Gazette Printing Company
    • Date: 1884
  • Book/Printed Material
    The Long Journey to the Land of the Hurons, Located in America, near the Mer douce to the Far Borders of New France, Called Canada.
    Le grand voyage dv pays des Hvrons, situé en l'Amerique vers la Mer douce, és derniers confins de la nouuelle France, dite Canada
    Gabriel Sagard (circa 1590-circa 1640) was a Recollet brother who in 1623-24 lived among the Hurons, France's main Indian allies at the time. Accompanied by Father Nicolas Viel, Sagard left his monastery in Paris in March 1623 and arrived in Quebec some three months later. In August Sagard, Viel, and one other Recollet missionary, Father Joseph Le Caron, set out for the Huron country...
    • Contributor: Sagard, Gabriel, 1590 1636
    • Date: 1632

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  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Quebec and Lake Saint-John Railway: Three Trout. This image is part of a collection of 91 photographs taken between 1887 and 1890 by the Livernois Photography Studio of Quebec City. The photographs depict the development and economic expansion of the Saguenay Fjord and Lake Saint-John region of the province of Quebec at the end of the 19th century. Much of this growth was associated with the building of the new railroad...
    • Contributor: Livernois Photography Studio - Livernois, Jules-Ernest
    • Date: 1887
  • Map
    The Alaska Line. "This map, published in 1934 for the tourist market with colorful images and motifs, shows various shipping routes of the Alaska Line, which had a near-monopoly at that time on maritime transportation in the region. It also shows key interconnecting routes such as the Alaska Railroad, White Pass and Yukon Railroad, and Richardson Highway. The Alaska Steamship Company, known informally as the Alaska Line,...
    • Contributor: Alaska Steamship Co.
    • Date: 1934
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Back View of the Church of Saint-Eustache and Dispersion of the Insurgents. This engraving depicts a scene from the rebellions of 1837-38 in Canada, which were sparked by dissatisfaction with the political status quo. Discontent raged in particular over British dominance of the affairs of what were then still two separate colonies, Lower Canada (the southern portion of the present-day province of Quebec) and Upper Canada (the southern portion of the present-day province of Ontario). In...
    • Contributor: Starr, E.-G. - Beauclerk, Charles, Lord - Hartnell, Nathaniel, Active
    • Date: 1840
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    A Fortified Pass. Colonel Wetherall Advancing to the Capture of Saint-Charles. This engraving depicts a scene from the rebellions of 1837-38 in Canada, which were sparked by dissatisfaction with the political status quo. Discontent raged in particular over British dominance of the affairs of what were then still two separate colonies, Lower Canada (the southern portion of the present-day province of Quebec) and Upper Canada (the southern portion of the present-day province of Ontario). In...
    • Contributor: Starr, E.-G. - Beauclerk, Charles, Lord - Hartnell, Nathaniel, Active
    • Date: 1840
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Attack on Saint-Charles. This engraving depicts a scene from the rebellions of 1837-38 in Canada, which were sparked by dissatisfaction with the political status quo. Discontent raged in particular over British dominance of the affairs of what were then still two separate colonies, Lower Canada (the southern portion of the present-day province of Quebec) and Upper Canada (the southern portion of the present-day province of Ontario). In...
    • Contributor: Starr, E.-G. - Beauclerk, Charles, Lord - Hartnell, Nathaniel, Active
    • Date: 1840
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    A Proclamation. Whereas by Information upon Oath it Appears that, Louis Joseph Papineau, of the City of Montreal, Esquire, is Charged with the Crime of High Treason. A passionate advocate of the rights of French Canadians and a critic of British imperial rule, Louis Joseph Papineau (1786-1871) was a member of the House of Assembly representing Lower Canada (present-day Quebec Province) from 1808 to 1838. He was elected speaker of the Assembly and served from 1815 to 1837. As leader of the Canadian Party he went to London in 1823 to...
    • Contributor: Gosford, Archibald Acheson, Earl of
    • Date: 1837