Collection Items

  • Book/Printed Material
    Finland. In preparation for the peace conference that was expected to follow World War I, in the spring of 1917 the British Foreign Office established a special section responsible for preparing background information for use by British delegates to the conference. Finland is Number 47 in a series of more than 160 studies produced by the section, most of which were published after the conclusion...
    • Contributor: Great Britain. Foreign Office. Historical Section
    • Date: 1920

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Finland Presented in Drawings.
    Finland framstäldt i teckningar
    Finland framstäldt i teckningar (Finland presented in drawings) is by Zacharias Topelius (1818-98), a prominent Finnish writer, journalist, and professor of history, who consciously sought to create the cultural image of Finland with his writings. The aim of the book, which includes lithographed illustrations by the most famous Finnish artists of the 19th century, was to create a panorama of the history of Finland...
    • Contributor: Topelius, Zacharias - Knutson, J. (Johan) - Lindeström, Adolf Wilhelm, Born Approximately 1814 - Wright, Magnus Von - Boström, J. - Kruskopf, Pehr Adolf - Westerling, F.J. - Forstén, Berndt Lennart
    • Date: 1845

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  • Periodical
    Finnish Information News.
    Suomalaiset Tieto-Sanomat
    Suomalaiset Tieto-Sanomat (Finnish information news) was the first newspaper published in Finnish. It was published in 1775-76 in Turku, in southwest Finland by Anders, or Antti, Lizelius (1708-95), the rector of the nearby town of Mynämäki. His goal for the newspaper was to provide its readers with information, particularly on animal husbandry, other farming techniques, and prevention of disease. Its coverage included other topics,...
    • Contributor: Lizelius, Antti - Frenckell, Johan Christopher
    • Date: 1775

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  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Velikoe kni︠a︡zhestvo Finli︠a︡ndskoe.
    Великое княжество Финляндское.
    This card is one of a souvenir set of 82 illustrated cards-one for each province of the Russian Empire as it existed in 1856. Each card presents an overview of a particular province's culture, history, economy, and geography. The front of the card depicts such distinguishing features as rivers, mountains, major cities, and chief industries. The back of each card contains a map of...
    • Date: 1856

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  • Map
    Map of the Sea. The Carta marina of the Swedish geographer and historian Olaus Magnus is one of the earliest accurate cartographic depictions of the Scandinavian peninsula. Drafted in Rome in 1539, by one of the more prominent Scandinavian Catholics in higher ecclesiastical service, it contains detail that is lacking in many other early maps of the region. Originally intended for his Historia de gentibus septentrionalibus (A description...
    • Contributor: Magnus, Olaus
    • Date: 1572
  • Book/Printed Material
    The Åland Islands. In preparation for the peace conference that was expected to follow World War I, in the spring of 1917 the British Foreign Office established a special section responsible for preparing background information for use by British delegates to the conference. The Åland Islands is Number 48 in a series of more than 160 studies produced by the section, most of which were published after...
    • Contributor: Great Britain. Foreign Office. Historical Section
    • Date: 1920

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  • Map
    Generalʹnai︠a︡ Karta Velikago Kni︠a︡zhestva Finli︠a︡ndskago Sʺ pokazaniemʺ pochtovykhʺ i bolʹshikhʺ proi︠e︡zzhikhʺ dorogʺ, stant︠s︡iĭ i razstoi︠a︡nii︠a︡ mezhdu onymi verstʺ.
    Генеральная Карта Великаго Княжества Финляндскаго Съ показанiемъ почтовыхъ и большихъ проѣзжихъ дорогъ, станцiй и разстоянiя между оными верстъ.
    This 1825 map of the Grand Duchy of Finland is from a larger work,Geograficheskii atlas Rossiiskoi imperii, tsarstva Pol'skogo i velikogo kniazhestva Finliandskogo (Geographical atlas of the Russian Empire, the Kingdom of Poland, and the Grand Duchy of Finland), containing 60 maps of the Russian Empire. Compiled and engraved by Colonel V.P. Piadyshev, it reflects the detailed mapping carried out by Russian military cartographers...
    • Contributor: Pi︠a︡dyshev, Vasiliĭ Petrovich - Ieremin - Russia. General Staff. Military Topographical Depot
    • Date: 1826
  • Periodical
    Newspapers Published by a Society in Turku.
    Tidningar Utgifne af et Sällskap i Åbo
    Tidningar Utgifne Af et Sällskap i Åbo (Newspapers published by a society in Turku) was the first newspaper published in Finland. It was issued by the Aurora Society, a secret Finnish literary society founded at the Royal Academy of Turku in 1770. Most of Finland was at that time under Swedish rule, and the newspaper was in Swedish. (Åbo is the Swedish name for...
    • Contributor: Frenckell, Johan Christopher
    • Date: 1771

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  • Book/Printed Material
    The Kalewala.
    Kalewala taikka Wanhoja Karjalan Runoja Suomen kansan muinosista ajoista
    Kalewala taikka Wanhoja Karjalan Runoja Suomen kansan muinosista ajoista (The Kalevala or old Karelian poems from the ancient days of the Finnish people), better known as simply the Kalevala, is the national epic of Finland. The work was compiled by Elías Lönnrot, who collected Finnish-Karelian folk poems from the oral tradition to create the so-called "old Kalevala," consisting of 32 poems in about 12,100...
    • Contributor: Lönnrot, Elías
    • Date: 1835
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Uleaborgskai︠a︡ gubernii︠a︡.
    Улеаборгская губерния.
    This card is one of a souvenir set of 82 illustrated cards-one for each province of the Russian Empire as it existed in 1856. Each card presents an overview of a particular province's culture, history, economy, and geography. The front of the card depicts such distinguishing features as rivers, mountains, major cities, and chief industries. The back of each card contains a map of...
    • Date: 1856

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  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Ni︠u︡landskai︠a︡ gubernii︠a︡.
    Нюландская губерния.
    This card is one of a souvenir set of 82 illustrated cards-one for each province of the Russian Empire as it existed in 1856. Each card presents an overview of a particular province's culture, history, economy, and geography. The front of the card depicts such distinguishing features as rivers, mountains, major cities, and chief industries. The back of each card contains a map of...
    • Date: 1856

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  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Tavastguzskai︠a︡ gubernii︠a︡.
    Тавастгузская губерния.
    This card is one of a souvenir set of 82 illustrated cards-one for each province of the Russian Empire as it existed in 1856. Each card presents an overview of a particular province's culture, history, economy, and geography. The front of the card depicts such distinguishing features as rivers, mountains, major cities, and chief industries. The back of each card contains a map of...
    • Date: 1856

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  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Kuopioskai︠a︡ gubernii︠a︡.
    Куопиоская губерния.
    This card is one of a souvenir set of 82 illustrated cards-one for each province of the Russian Empire as it existed in 1856. Each card presents an overview of a particular province's culture, history, economy, and geography. The front of the card depicts such distinguishing features as rivers, mountains, major cities, and chief industries. The back of each card contains a map of...
    • Date: 1856

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  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Vazaskai︠a︡ gubernii︠a︡.
    Вазаская губерния.
    This card is one of a souvenir set of 82 illustrated cards-one for each province of the Russian Empire as it existed in 1856. Each card presents an overview of a particular province's culture, history, economy, and geography. The front of the card depicts such distinguishing features as rivers, mountains, major cities, and chief industries. The back of each card contains a map of...
    • Date: 1856

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  • Map
    General Map of the Swedish Kingdom.
    Generalkarta över svenska riket
    In 1683 Swedish cartographer Carl Gripenhielm (1655--94) was appointed the first director of the Swedish Land Survey. Much of Sweden was at that time sparsely populated and not well surveyed. Gripenhielm undertook an ambitious program of mapping and surveying, extending over several decades. The completion of detailed maps of Sweden's agricultural land, forests, and surrounding seas coincided with the country's economic development and its...
    • Contributor: Gripenhielm, Carl
    • Date: 1688
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Kni︠a︡zhestvo Finli︠a︡ndskoe.
    Княжество Финляндское.
    This early-19th century playing card is from a set of 60 such cards, each devoted to a different province or territory of the Russian Empire, which at the time included the Grand Duchy of Finland, Congress Poland, and Russian America. One side of each card shows the local costume and the provincial coat of arms; the other side contains a map. This card depicts...
    • Contributor: Gribanov, K. M.
    • Date: 1800

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  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    S. Mikhelʹskai︠a︡ gubernii︠a︡.
    С. Михельская губерния.
    This card is one of a souvenir set of 82 illustrated cards-one for each province of the Russian Empire as it existed in 1856. Each card presents an overview of a particular province's culture, history, economy, and geography. The front of the card depicts such distinguishing features as rivers, mountains, major cities, and chief industries. The back of each card contains a map of...
    • Date: 1856

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  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Vyborgskai︠a︡ gubernii︠a︡.
    Выборгская губерния.
    This card is one of a souvenir set of 82 illustrated cards-one for each province of the Russian Empire as it existed in 1856. Each card presents an overview of a particular province's culture, history, economy, and geography. The front of the card depicts such distinguishing features as rivers, mountains, major cities, and chief industries. The back of each card contains a map of...
    • Date: 1856

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  • Map
    Map of Sweden.
    Charta öfwer Swerige
    This map shows the Kingdom of Sweden as it appeared at the end of the 18th century. At the time, the kingdom included present-day Sweden as well as Finland, which, however, was lost to the Russian Empire in 1809. The map is the work of Samuel Gustaf Hermelin (1744-1820), a Swedish industrialist and diplomat who also practiced cartography. Hermelin studied mining at the University...
    • Contributor: Akrel, Fredrik - Hermelin, Samuel Gustaf Benzelstierna
    • Date: 1797
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Abosko - Bʹerneborgskai︠a︡ gubernii︠a︡.
    Абоско - Бьернеборгская губерния.
    This card is one of a souvenir set of 82 illustrated cards-one for each province of the Russian Empire as it existed in 1856. Each card presents an overview of a particular province's culture, history, economy, and geography. The front of the card depicts such distinguishing features as rivers, mountains, major cities, and chief industries. The back of each card contains a map of...
    • Date: 1856

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  • Map
    Geograficheskoĭ atlasʺ Rossiĭskoĭ Imperii, T︠S︡arstva Polʹskago i Velikago kni︠a︡zhestva Finli︠a︡ndskago.
    Географической атласъ Россiйской Имперiи, Царства Польскаго и Великаго княжества Финляндскаго.
    Presented here is the Geograficheskii atlas Rossiiskoi imperii, tsarstva Pol'skogo i velikogo kniazhestva Finliandskogo (Geographical atlas of the Russian Empire, the Kingdom of Poland, and the Grand Duchy of Finland), containing 60 maps of the Russian Empire. Compiled and engraved by Colonel V.P. Piadyshev (1758-1835), it reflects the detailed mapping carried out by Russian military cartographers in the first quarter of the 19th century....
    • Contributor: Iwanoff - Pi︠a︡dyshev, Vasiliĭ Petrovich - Faleleef - Russia. General Staff. Military Topographical Depot - Finaghenof - Ieremin
    • Date: 1827

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  • Map
    Generalʹnai︠a︡ Karta Rossiĭskoĭ Imperii i prisoedinennykhʺ kʺ onoĭ T︠S︡arstva Polʹskago i Velikago Kni︠a︡zhestva Finli︠a︡ndskago. sʺ oznacheniemʺ razstoi︠a︡nii︠a︡ verstʺ po pochtovymʺ dorogamʺ mezhdu gubernskimi gorodami; a v pogranichnykhʺ gubernii︠a︡kh otʺ gubernskago goroda do ...
    Генеральная Карта Россiйской Имперiи и присоединенныхъ къ оной Царства Польскаго и Великаго Княжества Финляндскаго. съ означенiемъ разстоянiя верстъ по почтовымъ дорогамъ между губернскими городами; а в пограничныхъ губернiях отъ губернскаго города до дальнѣйшихъ уѣздныхъ городовъ и до иностранныхъ границъ; съ таблицею круговаго разстоянiя верстъ между знатнѣйшими 73-мя городами.
    This 1827 map of the Russian Empire is from a larger work,Geograficheskii atlas Rossiiskoi imperii, tsarstva Pol'skogo i velikogo kniazhestva Finliandskogo (Geographical atlas of the Russian Empire, the Kingdom of Poland, and the Grand Duchy of Finland), containing 60 maps of the Russian Empire. Compiled and engraved by Colonel V.P. Piadyshev, it reflects the detailed mapping carried out by Russian military cartographers in the...
    • Contributor: Pi︠a︡dyshev, Vasiliĭ Petrovich - Ieremin - Russia. General Staff. Military Topographical Depot
    • Date: 1827
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Gustavus Adolphus, by the Grace of God, King of the Swedes, Goths, and Vandals, the Great Prince of Finland, the Duke of Estonia and Karelia, and Lord of Ingria.
    Gustavus Adolphus D.G. Svecorum, Gothorum, et Vandalorum Rex, Magnus princeps Finlandiæ, DVX Ethoniæ et Careliæ, nec non Ingriæ dominus
    During its age of imperial greatness in the 17th and early 18th centuries, Sweden was an important European power. Sweden's rise in stature coincided largely with the 1611--32 reign of King Gustavus Adolphus. Under his leadership, Sweden increased its military capacity, seized significant territories on the continent of Europe, and championed Lutheranism at a time of great confessional strife. This copper engraving depicts the...
    • Contributor: Kilian, Lucas
    • Date: 1611
  • Map
    Generalʹnai︠a︡ Karta Olonet︠s︡koĭ Gubernii Sʺ pokazaniemʺ pochtovykhʺ i bolʹshikhʺ proi︠e︡zzhikhʺ dorogʺ, stant︠s︡iĭ i razstoi︠a︡nii︠a︡ mezhdu onymi verstʺ.
    Генеральная Карта Олонецкой Губернiи Съ показанiемъ почтовыхъ и большихъ проѣзжихъ дорогъ, станцiй и разстоянiя между оными верстъ.
    This 1823 map of Olonets Provinceis from a larger work,Geograficheskii atlas Rossiiskoi imperii, tsarstva Pol'skogo i velikogo kniazhestva Finliandskogo(Geographical atlas of the Russian Empire, the Kingdom of Poland, and the Grand Duchy of Finland), containing 60 maps of the Russian Empire. Compiled and engraved by Colonel V.P. Piadyshev, it reflects the detailed mapping carried out by Russian military cartographers in the first quarter of...
    • Contributor: Pi︠a︡dyshev, Vasiliĭ Petrovich - Ieremin - Russia. General Staff. Military Topographical Depot
    • Date: 1823
  • Book/Printed Material
    Ėrik Laksman.
    Эрик Лаксман.
    This book is a short biography of Erik Laksman (1737-96), a noted scientist who was active in Siberia in the second half of the 18th century. Laksman was born in Nyslott (present-day Savonlinna), Finland, when it was still a part of the Swedish Empire. He began his higher studies in Finland in the late 1750s and continued in nearby Saint Petersburg, the capital of...
    • Contributor: Grot, I︠a︡. K. (I︠a︡kov Karlovich)
    • Date: 1881

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