Collection Items

  • Book/Printed Material
    Italian Somaliland. In preparation for the peace conference that was expected to follow World War I, in the spring of 1917 the British Foreign Office established a special section responsible for preparing background information for use by British delegates to the conference. Italian Somaliland is Number 128 in a series of more than 160 studies produced by the section, most of which were published after the...
    • Contributor: Great Britain. Foreign Office. Historical Section
    • Date: 1920

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Italian Libya. In preparation for the peace conference that was expected to follow World War I, in the spring of 1917 the British Foreign Office established a special section responsible for preparing background information for use by British delegates to the conference. Italian Libya is Number 127 in a series of more than 160 studies produced by the section, most of which were published after the...
    • Contributor: Great Britain. Foreign Office. Historical Section
    • Date: 1920

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  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    ...Subscribe! Italian Credit.
    ... Sottoscrivete!
    The poster shown here created by Achille Luciano Mauzan (1883-1952) for the war loan campaign of the bank Credito Italiano (Italian Credit) is the most iconic propaganda image produced in Italy during World War I, analogous to Alfred Leete's image of Lord Kitchener, pointing at the viewer with the caption "Your Country Needs You," or to James Montgomery Flagg's image of Uncle Sam exclaiming...
    • Contributor: Mauzan, Achille
    • Date: 1917
  • Book/Printed Material
    Arabic-Italian Dictionary.
    Repertorio Arabo-Italiano
    This mid-18th century volume, entitled Repertorio Arabo--Italiano in Italian, forms a kind of lexical vade mecum (a book for ready reference) for Arabic and Italian. Its principal components are an Arabic--Italian dictionary (Arabic on the right, Italian on the left) and a classified word list. The dictionary is the largest portion of the book, arranged according to the Arabic alphabet. The word list in...
    • Date: 1758

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  • Book/Printed Material
    The Italian Poems of the Master Francesco Petrarcha.
    Le cose volgari
    Francesco Petrarca (also known as Petrarch, 1304--74) was an Italian poet and scholar, often called the Father of the Renaissance. The greatest scholar of his era, Petrarch advocated the basic continuity between Christianity and the classical culture of Greece and Rome. While he wrote mainly in Latin and personally discovered many long-lost Latin manuscripts, he is best known for his Italian lyric poetry, much...
    • Contributor: Petrarca, Francesco - Bembo, Pietro - Manuzio, Aldo,0
    • Date: 1501

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  • Book/Printed Material
    The Italian Poems of the Master Francesco Petrarcha.
    Le cose volgari
    The Venetian printer and scholar Aldo Manuzio (1449 or 1450-1515) was the first printer to produce so-called libri portatiles (portable books), editions of texts without scholarly commentary in octavo, a format that until that time was used only for prayer books. Manuzio published this edition of the poems of Francesco Petrarca (also known as Petrarch, 1304--74) in July 1501, thus producing an outstanding example...
    • Contributor: Petrarca, Francesco - Bembo, Pietro - Manuzio, Aldo,0
    • Date: 1501

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  • Book/Printed Material
    The Italian Poems of the Master Francesco Petrarcha.
    Le cose volgari
    The Venetian printer and scholar Aldo Manuzio (1449 or 1450-1515) was the first printer to produce so-called libri portatiles (portable books), editions of texts without scholarly commentary in octavo, a format that until that time was used only for prayer books. Manuzio published this edition of the poems of Francesco Petrarca (also known as Petrarch, 1304--74) in July 1501, thus producing an outstanding example...
    • Contributor: Petrarca, Francesco - Bembo, Pietro - Manuzio, Aldo,0
    • Date: 1501

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Fabrica, or Dictionary of Vernacular Arabic and Italian Language.
    Fabrica overo dittionario della lingua volgare arabica, et italiana
    Dominicus Germanus de Silesia (1588--1670) was a German priest and missionary. Born in Schurgast (present-day Skorogoszcz, Poland), he entered the Franciscan order in 1624 and devoted himself to learning Arabic, Persian, and Turkish. In 1630 he went to Palestine as a pastor, where he continued with his language studies. In 1635 he returned to Rome where he joined the Sacra Congregatio de Propaganda de...
    • Contributor: Dominicus Germanus, De Silesia - Catholic Church. Congregatio De Propaganda Fide
    • Date: 1636

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Idylls.
    Idilli
    Known as the "exercise book of the Idylls," this autograph manuscript of the great Italian poet Giacomo Leopardi (1798--1837) is preserved at the National Library of Naples. It consists of a booklet with lined pages, on which the author's handwriting stands out sharp and clear. The booklet constitutes the basic draft of Leopardi's Idilli (Idylls), composed between 1819 and 1821. Included are La ricordanza...
    • Contributor: Leopardi, Giacomo
    • Date: 1819

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Trentino and Alto Adige. In preparation for the peace conference that was expected to follow World War I, in the spring of 1917 the British Foreign Office established a special section responsible for preparing background information for use by British delegates to the conference. Trentino and Alto Adige is Number 33 in a series of more than 160 studies produced by the section, most of which were published...
    • Contributor: Great Britain. Foreign Office. Historical Section
    • Date: 1920

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Eritrea. In preparation for the peace conference that was expected to follow World War I, in the spring of 1917 the British Foreign Office established a special section responsible for preparing background information for use by British delegates to the conference. Eritrea is Number 126 in a series of more than 160 studies produced by the section, most of which were published after the conclusion...
    • Contributor: Great Britain. Foreign Office. Historical Section
    • Date: 1920

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Dittionario giorgiano e italiano
    Lekʻsi iberigo-pʻrankxi
    Published in Rome in 1629, this Georgian-Italian dictionary was the first book printed in Georgian using moveable type. The dictionary was compiled by an Italian, Stefano Paolini, with the assistance of Niceforo Irbachi Giorgiano, the Georgian ambassador in Rome. It contains 3084 words, printed in three columns: Georgian words in the left column; Italian transliterations (with accents marked) in the middle column; and an...
    • Contributor: Niceforo Irbachi - Catholic Church. Congregatio De Propaganda Fide - Paolini, Stefano
    • Date: 1629

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  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Italian Front in France. Positioning a Machine Gun for an Ambush.
    Fronte italiano in Francia. Appostamento di una mitragliatrice
    Following Italy's entry into World War I on the side of the Allies (Great Britain, France, and Russia) in the spring of 1915, Italian forces were engaged primarily on the Italian Front, a 650-kilometer stretch of mainly mountainous terrain along the border with Austria-Hungary. Italian forces also were deployed in Albania. In 1918, the final year of the war, the Italian government dispatched the...
    • Date: 1915
  • Book/Printed Material
    The Rubrics of the First Book of Lactantius Firmianus's On the Divine Institutes Against the Pagans Begin ....
    Lactantii Firmiani de diuinis institutionibus aduersus gentes rubrice pmi libri incipiunt
    This very rare work by Lucius Caecilius Firmianus Lactantius is one of the first books printed in Italy and the first dated Italian imprint. It was produced by the German typographers Conrad Sweynheym and Arnold Pannartz, who established a printing press in 1465 at the Benedictine abbey of Subiaco, near Rome. According to the colophon, the book was completed "In the year of Our...
    • Contributor: Lactantius, Lucius Caecilius Firmianus, 240?-320
    • Date: 1465

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Account of the Composition of the Human Body.
    Historia de la composicion del cuerpo humano
    Juan Valverde was a Spanish medical anatomist who was born in Amusco, in the present-day province of Palencia, around 1525. He left for Italy around 1542, and later practiced medicine and taught in Rome. He was the great Spanish follower of the new anatomy established by Andreas Vesalius in 1543 with his work De humani corporis fabrica (On the fabric of the human body)....
    • Contributor: Becerra, Gaspar - Valverde De Amusco, Juan, 1525 1588 - Beatrizet, Nicolas, 1507 - Vesalius, Andreas
    • Date: 1556

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Brief Principles of the Arabic Language.
    Breves arabicae linguae institutiones
    Philippo Guadagnoli (1596--1656) was a Franciscan priest and Italian orientalist. A native of Magliano in the province of Tuscany, he joined the Franciscan order in 1612 and devoted himself to studying Arabic and other languages of the Middle East. He served as professor of Arabic and Aramaic at Università "La Sapienza" in Rome. His writings include an Arabic translation of the Bible (said to...
    • Contributor: Catholic Church. Congregatio De Propaganda Fide - Guadagnoli, Filippo
    • Date: 1642

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  • Book/Printed Material
    City of God.
    De civitate dei
    Saint Augustine of Hippo (354--430) is generally considered one of the greatest Christian thinkers of all time. He was born in Thagaste (present-day Souq Ahras, Algeria) in Roman-ruled Africa, the son of a pagan father and a Christian mother (Saint Monica). After studying in Carthage and teaching rhetoric in his native city, he moved to Rome in 383 and to Milan in 384. Under...
    • Contributor: Jenson, Nicolas - Augustine, Saint, Bishop of Hippo, 354
    • Date: 1475

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  • Book/Printed Material
    La colonia Eritrea dalle sue origini fino al Io. marzo 1899 ... Italy, which achieved its national unity in 1859-60, was a relative latecomer to the scramble among the European powers for colonies in Africa. Italian ambitions initially settled upon a region along the Red Sea coast once occupied by the Ottoman Turks and subsequently claimed by both Egypt and Ethiopia. Between 1869 and 1880 the Rubattino Navigation Company purchased tracts of land along the Red...
    • Contributor: Melli, B.
    • Date: 1899

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Locarno Treaties: Treaty between Germany, Belgium, France, Great Britain and Italy.
    Traités de Locarno: Traité entre l'Allemagne, la Belgique, la France, la Grande-Bretagne, et l'Italie, fait à Locarno, le 16 octobre 1925
    The document presented here is the archival copy of the treaty concluded by the governments of Germany, Belgium, France, Great Britain, and Italy in the city of Locarno, Switzerland, on October 16, 1925. The final page contains the diplomatic seals and the signatures of the representatives of the five signatory powers, who included Foreign Minister Gustav Stresemann of Germany, Foreign Minister Aristide Briand of...
    • Contributor: Belgium - Italy - Great Britain - Germany - France
    • Date: 1925

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Cosmography.
    Cosmographia
    The Greek astronomer, mathematician, and geographer Claudius Ptolemaeus (circa 100--circa 178), known as Ptolemy, was a theoretician of geocentrism who collected his geographical works in the Geōgraphikḕ Hyphḗgēsis (Introduction to geography) in eight books. This work, which was considered the summation of all the geographical knowledge of the Greco-Roman world, was largely neglected in the West during the Middle Ages. It came back into...
    • Contributor: Nicolaus Germanus, Active 15th Century - Ptolemy, 2nd Century - Jacobus, Angelus De Scarperia, Approximately 1360-Approximately 1410
    • Date: 1460

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Commentary of Hugo of Sienna on the First [Book] of the Canon of Avicenna Together with His Questions.
    Expositio Ugonis Senensis super primo Canonis Auicenne cum questionibus eiusdem
    Ugo Benzi (also known as Hugo of Siena) was born in Siena about 1370. Educated in the liberal arts, he later developed an interest in medicine and undertook formal studies at the University of Bologna. He became a renowned physician, scholar, and teacher of medicine at several universities in Italy. He prepared commentaries on the medical classics of the time, works by the Greek...
    • Contributor: Cittadini, Antonio, 1518 - Avicenna, 980 - Gherardo, Da Cremona,4 - Benzi, Ugo
    • Date: 1498

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  • Book/Printed Material
    The Divine Comedy.
    La divina commedia
    This celebrated manuscript of the Commedia of Dante Alighieri (1265--1321) containing the complete text of the Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso was copied in the hand of Giovanni Boccaccio (1313--75) and is one of the most splendid manuscripts in the collection of the Biblioteca Riccardiana. Boccaccio illustrated the manuscript with five pen drawings in the lower margin of a series of leaves in the Inferno....
    • Contributor: Boccaccio, Giovanni - Dante Alighieri
    • Date: 1313

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Etruscan Bologna: a study.
    • Contributor: Burton, Richard Francis
    • Date: 1876

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  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Their Majesties the King and Queen in the Park at Racconigi.
    I.I. M.M. il Re e la Regina nel parco di Racconigi
    This World War I-era postcard shows King Victor Emmanuel III (1869-1947) and his wife, Elena of Montenegro (1873--1952), at the Castle of Racconigi, one of the official residences of the House of Savoy. Famous for its landscape gardens, the castle is located in Cuneo Province, in the Piedmont region of Italy. Under the Italian constitution in effect at the time, the king technically had...
    • Date: 1901
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    23rd Umberto Regiment.
    23o Cavalleggeri Umberto I
    This World War I postcard from Italy portrays a mounted soldier of the 23rd "Umberto" Cavalry Regiment of the Italian army. The card displays the insignia of the six squadrons in the regiment, identified with the cities of Saluzzo, Monferrato, Lucca, Caserta, Piacenza, and Padua. The 23rd was one of four regiments in the First Cavalry Brigade of the First Cavalry Division; the Second...
    • Contributor: Salomone, Luigi, Active 19th-20th Century - Scarpelli, Tancredi
    • Date: 1915