Collection Items

  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Lebanon. View of the Mount Lebanon Taken from above the Village of Ehden.
    Lebanon. View of the Mount Lebanon taken from above the village of Ehden
    Presented here is one of 30 views of Syria and Lebanon in Bedford's Photographic Pictures: Syria, taken by the English photographer Francis Bedford (1816--1894) in the spring of 1862, when he accompanied Albert Edward, Prince of Wales and future King Edward VII (1841--1910; reigned 1901--10) on his voyage to the Mediterranean, Egypt, the Holy Land, and Syria. Included in the album are views of...
    • Contributor: Bedford, Francis
    • Date: 1862
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Book/Printed Material
    Ottoman Criminal Code. Qanun al-jaza' al-Humayuni (Ottoman criminal code) is a compilation of criminal law by Salim Baz (1859-1920), a Lebanese judge and member of the state council. The historian Stanford Shaw has written regarding the Ottoman legal system that the "most difficult aspect of the judicial sphere was its lack of unity." Salim Baz set out to correct this deficiency, at least for the Arabic-speaking legal...
    • Contributor: Bāz, Salīm Rustum
    • Date: 1916
    • Resource: - 186 pages

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  • Book/Printed Material
    The Unique Explanation of the Secrets. This manuscript contains a work in Garshuni (Arabic language written in Syriac script) on the sacraments. At the beginning of the manuscript, the work is called The Unique Explanation of the Secrets (i.e., the sacraments), but in the colophon the book is called The Treasure House of the Secrets. The manuscript was copied by Stephen (Isṭifānūs), a monk of the St. Antony Monastery. The...
    • Contributor: Stephan from Bahdidat
    • Date: 1740
    • Resource: - 163 pages

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  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    [Ruins of old mosque, Baalbek] 1 negative : glass, dry plate ; 10 x 12 in.
    • Contributor: American Colony (Jerusalem). Photo Department
    • Date: 1898
  • Book/Printed Material
    Medical Digest. Book I. On the Diseases of the Respiratory System. Fī ʻilal al-jihāz al-tanaffusī (On the diseases of the respiratory system) is a translation from the French into Arabic of Hippolyte de Brun's Traité des Maladies de l'Appareil Respiratoire. Hippolyte de Brun (1855-1931) was professor of medicine at the Université Saint-Joseph, a Catholic university in Beirut founded by the Jesuits in 1875. He was also a physician at the French hospital in Beirut, and...
    • Contributor: Ṣufayr, Khayr Allāh Faraj - De Brun, Hippolyte
    • Date: 1888
    • Resource: - 252 pages

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Nymphs of the Valley. ʻArā'is al-Murūj (Nymphs of the valley) is a collection of short stories by the celebrated Lebanese-American author and artist Gibran Khalil Gibran. Gibran was born in 1883 to a Maronite Catholic family in the village of Bsharri in the north of Lebanon. His family immigrated to the United States in 1895, where he began his formal schooling, studying English and art. He is best...
    • Contributor: Gibran, Kahlil
    • Date: 1922
    • Resource: - 39 pages

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  • Book/Printed Material
    The Science of Theology: Book Three. This manuscript contains an Arabic translation of a theological work in Latin by Jean-Claude (de la Poype) de Vertrieu (1655--1732), Bishop of Poitiers, France. Much of the work is in question and answer format, and the part included here discusses, among a number of topics, questions of law and custom, love, true worship, and doubt. The text was copied in the 19th century by...
    • Contributor: Mina, Jarjura - Arutin, Ya'qub - La Poype De Vertrieu, Jean-Claude De
    • Date: 1834
    • Resource: - 200 pages

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Introduction to the Definition of Logic and its Composition. This 18th-century manuscript in Garshuni (Arabic written in Syriac letters) contains two works and part of another. The manuscript is without foliation, but before what would now be folio 11v, some folios are missing, so that the first work, part of a Christian polemical text, is cut short and a new work begins: Isagoge, or Introduction to Logic (Al-muqaddima fī ta'rīf al-manṭiq wa-ajzā'ihi). A...
    • Contributor: Yuwāṣaf from Baskinta - Stephen from Bahdidat
    • Date: 1737
    • Resource: - 114 pages

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Syriac Grammar. This work is a grammar of Syriac written in Garshuni (Arabic in Syriac letters). The Syriac words and expressions are partially vocalized, and the section titles are in both Arabic and Syriac. In the colophon, the work is called a musawwada (draft) and there are numerous corrections and annotations to the text. It is also stated that the copy was completed on the 18th...

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Commentary to 'Abd Al-Ghanī Al-Nābulusī's Kifāyat al-ghulām. This late 19th-century manuscript, dated AH 1294 (AD 1877), contains a commentary on Kifāyat al-ghulām (The youth's sufficiency), one of the many works of 'Abd al-Ghanī ibn Ismā'īl al-Nābulusī (1641--1731). 'Abd Al-Ghanī was a Syrian mystic, theologian, poet, and traveler, and his writings in both poetry and prose reflect his many interests and activities. He spent seven years studying the writings of the Sufi...
    • Contributor: Nābulusī, ʻabd Al-Ghanī Ibn Ismāʻīl - Abdo Sayyed Muhammad
    • Date: 1877
    • Resource: - 69 pages

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  • Book/Printed Material
    The Book of Natures. Joseph Simon Assemani (1687--1768), known for his catalogs of Oriental manuscripts at the Vatican and his encyclopedic work on Syriac (and Christian Arabic) literature, Bibliotheca Orientalis, is, in the words of the great German Orientalist Georg Graf, "for all time the pride of the Maronite nation." This volume contains, in Garshuni (Arabic language written in Syriac letters), a manuscript of Assemani's philosophical work entitled...
    • Contributor: Yuwāṣaf from Baskinta - Assemani, Giuseppe Simone
    • Date: 1733
    • Resource: - 272 pages

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  • Map
    Map of Lebanon According to Reconnaissance Information Collected by the Topographical Group from the Syria Expedition of 1860-1861.
    Carte du Liban d'après les reconnaissances de la brigade topographique du corps expéditionnaire de Syrie en 1860-1861
    This map of Lebanon showing part of Syria with Damascus was made by French military cartographers in 1862. It is based on information gathered by the topographic unit in the expeditionary corps sent by France to Lebanon in 1860-61. Lebanon was at that time part of the Ottoman Empire and the central region known as Mount Lebanon was mainly populated by Christians and Druzes....
    • Contributor: Schieble, Erhard - Depot of War (France) - Blondel, Antoine-Lucien - Randon, Jacques Louis César Alexandre, Comte
    • Date: 1913
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Beirut. Cafe at the public garden 1 negative : glass, stereograph, dry plate ; 5 x 7 in.
    • Contributor: American Colony (Jerusalem). Photo Department
    • Date: 1900
  • Book/Printed Material
    The Book of the Stairway of Virtues. This manuscript has a number of distinguishing features. The text is in Garshuni (Arabic in Syriac characters), but the catchword (a word given at the bottom of one page matching the first word on the next page to ensure the proper page order is kept) is given in Arabic script. Biblical citations are indicated (sometimes in red) in the margin, written sideways (as in,...
    • Contributor: Bernardus, the Monk
    • Date: 1830
    • Resource: - 100 pages

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Syriac Grammar. This manuscript, which has worm damage and is missing folios at the end, is a grammar of Syriac written in Garshuni (Arabic in Syriac letters). There is a table of contents, after which the text is written in two columns. The red ink has faded somewhat and is not as clear as the black ink. The section titles are given in both Syriac and...

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Explication of the Letter of Ibn Zaydūn. This codex is a copy of a commentary on a letter by Abū al-Walīd Aḥmad Ibn Zaydūn al-Makhzūmī (1003-70), better known as Ibn Zaydūn, a nobleman and poet who was active in Spain at the time of the fall of the Umayyad Caliphate in 1031. Ibn Zaydūn was caught up in the political turmoil of the day and embroiled in many conflicts and rivalries....
    • Contributor: Ibn Wafa, Muhammad
    • Date: 1834
    • Resource: - 157 pages

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  • Book/Printed Material
    The Book of Spiritual Exercises of St. Ignatius Loyola, the Founder of the Jesuit Monastic Order. This manuscript is an Arabic translation of the Spiritual Exercises of Ignatius of Loyola. At the beginning of the manuscript, Ignatius (1491--1556) is expressly described as the founder of "Jesuit monasticism." The text also states that this work was translated from Latin into Arabic in the Phoenician city of Sidon, in the year 1731 by the Jesuit Pierre Fromage (1678--1740). The translation was for...
    • Contributor: Nuhra Salameh from Kfarzebyan - Ignatius, of Loyola, Saint - Pierre, Fromage
    • Date: 1773
    • Resource: - 151 pages

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  • Book/Printed Material
    The True Account of Veterinary Medicine. Kitāb ṣidq al-bayān fī ṭibb al-ḥayawān (The true account of veterinary medicine) is a late 19th century veterinary science manual by Lebanese author Jirjīs Ṭannūs ʻAwn. It is divided into two main parts, of which the first deals with common domesticated animals such as horses, cows, and pigs, and the second with diseases. The fourth section of the second part, "On Common Diseases," comprises...
    • Contributor: ʻawn, Jirjis Ṭannūs, Active 19th Century
    • Date: 1884
    • Resource: - 219 pages

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Mirror of the Souls. The Maronite theologian and philosopher Buṭrus al-Tūlānī (1655--1745) was active as a teacher, preacher, and writer. This manuscript, dated 1822 and with the author's full name given on folio 2r, contains a Garshuni (Arabic language in Syriac script) copy of his Mirror of the Souls (Mir'āt al-Nufūs), a work on contemplative prayer. Other copies of this work are (or were) known to exist elsewhere...
    • Contributor: Nematullah Awad from Hasrun - Al-Tūlānī, Buṭrus
    • Date: 1822
    • Resource: - 144 pages

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Emanations of Musk from Beiruti Verse. Al-Nafh al-Miski fi-al-Shi'r al-Bayruti (Emanations of musk from Beiruti verse) is a collection of verse by the prolific Lebanese poet Shaykh Ibrāhīm al-Aḥdab. The author was first and foremost a traditionalist in his literary as well as his legal career. The poems are of various rhyme schemes and meters and display mastery of classical prosody. They are primarily madh (praise) commemorating the achievements of...
    • Contributor: Aḥdab, Ibrāhīm
    • Date: 1868
    • Resource: - 122 pages

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Grammatical Investigations. This clearly written manuscript, dated 1857, is a work on grammatical questions by Gabriel Germanus, or Jirmānūs, Farḥāt (circa 1670--1732), metropolitan of Aleppo and founder of the Lebanese Maronite Order. Maronite synod documents of the 16th century reflect a poor standard of Arabic and are often interspersed with Syriac words. Metropolitan Farḥāt was a writer of correct and elegant Arabic and a forerunner of...
    • Contributor: Farḥāt, Jirmānūs,733
    • Date: 1857
    • Resource: - 154 pages

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  • Book/Printed Material
    The Marvelous Address: The Revelation of the Beloved (Disciple). This 18th-century manuscript is a copy of a commentary on the Book of Revelation (also known as the Apocalypse of Saint John), a work by the 18th century writer Yūsuf al-Bānī entitled The Marvelous Address: The Revelation of the Beloved (Disciple). The text is Garshuni (Arabic in Syriac script), and very clearly written, but the title is also written in Arabic script at the...
    • Contributor: Achkar, Jirmanus - Al-Bani, Yūsuf, 18th Century
    • Date: 1789
    • Resource: - 568 pages

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Discourse on Universal History. This work is a translation into Arabic of Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet's history of the world, Discours sur l'histoire universelle (Discourse on universal history), in which the author argues for the divine right of kings. Bossuet's book, originally published in 1681, is regarded as a classic statement defining the monarch as the embodiment of the state. Bossuet wrote the book for the benefit of the crown...
    • Contributor: Bossuet, Jacques-Bénigne - Bustānī, ʻabd Allāh - Dibs, Yūsuf Ibn Ilyās - ʻawn, Shākir
    • Date: 1882
    • Resource: - 178 pages

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Lanterns Burning for Students Discerning. This mid-19th century publication is a basic textbook of Arabic grammar and syntax. Originally written by Jirmānūs Farḥāt (circa 1670--1732), it was edited by the famous Lebanese teacher and scholar Buṭrus al-Bustānī. Jirmānūs, Maronite bishop of Aleppo, composed his work at a critical time in the history of the Maronite rite of the Catholic Church as it sought to develop a national identity. With...
    • Contributor: Bustānī, Buṭrus Ibn Būlus,883 - Farḥāt, Jirmānūs,733
    • Date: 1854
    • Resource: - 226 pages

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  • Book/Printed Material
    History of Arab Literature. Jirjī Zaydān was born in Beirut, Lebanon, into a Syrian Orthodox family of modest means. After a mediocre experience at local schools, he moved to Egypt to study at al-Qaṣr al-ʻAynī medical college, but he abandoned medicine in favor of a literary and publishing career. He founded Dar al-Hilal printing and publishing house and in 1892 brought out the weekly al-Hilal magazine, which continues...
    • Contributor: Zaydān, Jirjī
    • Date: 1911
    • Resource: - 345 pages

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