Collection Items

  • Book/Printed Material
    Spanish Morocco. In preparation for the peace conference that was expected to follow World War I, in the spring of 1917 the British Foreign Office established a special section responsible for preparing background information for use by British delegates to the conference. Spanish Morocco is Number 122 in a series of more than 160 studies produced by the section, most of which were published after the...
    • Contributor: Great Britain. Foreign Office. Historical Section
    • Date: 1920
    • Resource: - 58 pages

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  • Book/Printed Material
    French Morocco. In preparation for the peace conference that was expected to follow World War I, in the spring of 1917 the British Foreign Office established a special section responsible for preparing background information for use by British delegates to the conference. French Morocco is Number 101 in a series of more than 160 studies produced by the section, most of which were published after the...
    • Contributor: Great Britain. Foreign Office. Historical Section
    • Date: 1920
    • Resource: - 114 pages

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  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Moroccan State Trumpeters, 1864. This original gouache painting of 1864 is by the celebrated British artist, Sir John Gilbert (1817--97). It originally was thought to depict Moroccan state trumpeters, but many of Gilbert's paintings are indistinct in terms of time and place and their exact subjects difficult to determine. Gilbert never traveled beyond Europe, but like many Victorian painters he was attracted to exoticism and to tales from...
    • Contributor: Gilbert, John, Sir
    • Date: 1864
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Travel views of Morocco 1 negative : nitrate ; 4 x 5 in. or smaller.
    • Contributor: Genthe, Arnold
    • Date: 1904
  • Map
    Fez and the Kingdom of Morocco.
    Fessæ et Marocchi regna
    In 1604, a decade after the death of Gerhard Mercator (1512-94), one of the great cartographers of all time, the globe maker, engraver, and publisher Jodocus Hondius (1563-1612) bought the plates to Mercator's atlas from his grandsons. Hondius then worked with his brother-in-law, the engraver Pieter van der Keere, to add about 40 new maps to Mercator's atlas to create what became known as...
    • Contributor: Mercator, Gerhard - Hondius, Jodocus
    • Date: 1606
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Bab el Okla. This photograph by the Tetouan-Asmir Association shows Bab el Okla, one the historical seven gates of Tetoaun, Morocco. Bab el Okla is more recent than the other city gates, and is among the busiest. It consists of the main gate and a secondary entrance on the side. The fountain just inside the gate stands out for its typical Tetouani tiles and 18th-century inscriptions of...
    • Contributor: Benaboud, Mhammad
    • Date: 2004
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Minaret of Jamaa el Kebir (the Great Mosque) of Tetouan. This photograph by the Junta de Andalucia shows the Great Mosque of Tetouan, Morocco, the largest mosque in the medina of Tetouan and one of the city's most beautiful historical monuments. The Great Mosque was built in the early 19th century, near the city's old Jewish quarter, which was moved to its present location at the other end of the medina. An entire 19th-century...
    • Contributor: Moron, Juan
    • Date: 2001
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Panoramic View of Tetouan. This panoramic photograph of Tetouan, Morocco, by the Tetouan-Asmir Association shows the five century-old medina, the early 20th century Spanish colonial city (or Ensanche) on the edge of Mount Dersa, as well as newly urbanized areas that stretch ten kilometers eastwards towards some of the most beautiful beaches on the Mediterranean. The medina's whitewashed walls, which have earned the city the title of "the...
    • Contributor: Moron, Juan
    • Date: 2001
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Torres House. This photograph by the Junta de Andalucia shows a house of the prestigious Torres family in the medina of Tetouan, Morocco. One of the medina's most impressive private houses, the house was built during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and is an example of Tetouan's Andalusian architecture at its peak. Its features include a courtyard, a wall fountain supplied by water from...
    • Contributor: Moron, Juan
    • Date: 2001
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    B. D. Stewart, Morocco Leather Manufactory. Southeast Corner of Willow Street and Old York Road, Philadelphia. This advertising print from 1847 shows the multi-storied manufactory of Benedict D. Stewart, located at Willow Street and Old York Road (i.e., 435-437 York Avenue) in Philadelphia. Signs bearing street names, the name of the proprietor, and the name of the business ("Morocco Leather Manufactory") adorn the building. Windows on the lower level have shutters, while the upper two floors of windows have slats....
  • Book/Printed Material
    The Ladder of Ascent in Obtaining the Procurements of the Sudan: Ahmad Baba Answers a Moroccan's Questions about Slavery. Timbuktu (present-day Tombouctou in Mali), founded around 1100 as a commercial center for trade across the Sahara Desert, was also an important seat of Islamic learning from the 14th century onward. The libraries there contain many important manuscripts, in different styles of Arabic scripts, which were written and copied by Timbuktu's scribes and scholars. These works constitute the city's most famous and long-lasting contribution...
    • Contributor: Tumbukti, Ahmad Baba Ibn Ahmad Ibn Umar Ibn Muhammad Aqit
    • Date: 1615
    • Resource: - 16 pages

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  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Souk el Hout Square (Fish Square). This photograph by the Tetouan-Asmir Association shows Souk el Hout Square (Fish Square), one of the most charming public squares in the medina of Tetouan, Morocco. Mountaineers from the surrounding tribes come to the square to present their colorful, hand-woven woolen objects for sale. This square was built just outside the city wall. Ali Al-Mandari, the city's founder, built the wall with its brick...
    • Contributor: Benaboud, Mhammad
    • Date: 2004
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Book/Printed Material
    Qurʼan. This outstanding manuscript contains the last part of a precious Qurʼan originally comprising 12 volumes, which, according to the colophon in the last part of the Qurʼan, was produced for the Moroccan Marinide ruler Abu Ya'qub Yusuf Ibn Ya'qub (reigned 1286--1307). The manuscript contains surat (chapters) 1-3, 14, and 62-114 and, respectively, the first and last five hizb (small sections, or sixtieths) of the...
    • Contributor: Ibn Ya'qūb, Abū Ya'qūb Yūsuf, Reigned
    • Date: 1306
    • Resource: - 255 pages

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  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    McNeely & Company, Manufacturers of Morocco, Buckskin & Chamois, White Leather, Bark Tanned, Sheep, Calf & Deer Skins, Parchment, Vellum, Et cetera. 64 North 4th Street below Arch Street near the Merchants ...
    McNeely & Co. manufacturers of morocco, buckskin & chamois, white leather, bark tanned, sheep, calf & deer skins, parchment, vellum &c. 64 Nth 4th. St. below Arch St. near the Merchants Hotel, Philadelphia. Manufactory 4th & Franklin Aven
    William H. Rease, born in Pennsylvania circa 1818, was the most prolific lithographer of advertising prints in Philadelphia during the 1840s and 1850s. This advertisement shows the large McNeeley factory complex of several industrial buildings, sheds, and fenced yard near a busy street and sidewalk. Workers attend to a maze of drying lines on which hang leather pieces. Delivery carts traverse the yard and...
    • Contributor: Rease, William H.
    • Date: 1860
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Book/Printed Material
    The Philosophy of ibn Tufail and His Treatise the Self-Taught Philosopher. Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Tufail (also known by a Latinized version of his name, Abubacer Aben Tofail, 1105--85 AD) was an Andalusian Muslim polymath who was born near Granada, Spain, and died in Morocco. Apart from fragments of poetry, Hayy ibn Yaqzan (Alive, son of awake), also called Philosophus Autodidactus (The self-taught philosopher), is his only surviving work. Considered the first philosophical novel, it...
    • Contributor: Maḥmūd, ʻabd Al-Ḥalīm - Ibn Ṭufayl, Muḥammad Ibn ʻabd Al-Malik
    • Date: 1900
    • Resource: - 133 pages

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  • Book/Printed Material
    The Qurʼan. This manuscript is a fragment of the Qurʼan, consisting of chapters 19 (Sūrat Maryam) through 23 (Sūrat al-mu'minūn). It was produced in the Maghreb and dates from the 12th century AH (18th century AD). The text is written in a large Maghrebī script, with vocalization in red, green, and yellow ink on Italian paper. The codex opens with an illuminated chapter heading for chapter...

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Thirty-two Years with Islam (1832-1864).
    Trente-deux ans a travers l'Islam (1832-1864)
    Trente-deux ans a travers l'Islam (1832-1864) (Thirty-two years with Islam [1832-1864]) is a memoir by French soldier and diplomat Léon Roches (1809-1901), covering his career in North Africa and other parts of the Middle East, including a brief sojourn in Mecca. It is based on his diary and on correspondence that he reviewed following his retirement from government service. Beginning with his first arrival...
    • Contributor: Roches, Léon
    • Date: 1884
  • Book/Printed Material
    The War. Documents from the Photographic Division of the Army, Fascicle XVIII: The Colonial Army.
    La guerre : Documents de la Section photographique de l'Armée, fascicule XVIII
    In 1916, the Photographic Division of the Army in the French Ministry of War published collections of photographs documenting all aspects of French involvement in World War I. The collections were grouped by theme and published in 20 separate installments, or fascicles. These fascicles in turn were published in two larger volumes. Each fascicle opens with a brief introduction in French. The photographs are...
    • Contributor: France. Ministry of War. Photographic Section of the Army - Ardouin-Dumazet, Victor-Eugène
    • Date: 1916
    • Resource: - 31 pages

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  • Book/Printed Material
    To the Desert and Back; or, Travels in Spain, the Barbary States, Italy, etc., in 1875--6.
    To the desert and back, or, Travels in Spain, the Barbary States, Italy, etc., in 1875-6
    To the Desert and Back is an account by Zouch Horace Turton, a Victorian-era traveler who in 1875--76 embarked on a journey that took him from London to France, Spain, the Barbary States (the coastal regions of present-day Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya), Sicily, Italy, France, and back to London. The journey lasted 283 days. Combining sea and rail travel, Turton made brief stops...
    • Contributor: Turton, Zouch H.
    • Date: 1876
    • Resource: - 153 pages

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Ibn Battuta's Rihla. Abu Abdullah Muhammad Ibn Battuta, better known simply as Ibn Battuta (1304--circa 1377 AD) was a Berber Muslim scholar and traveler, who was born in Tangier, Morocco. He is considered one of the greatest travelers of all time, and is well known for the account of his travels and excursions. The full title of the book of his journeys is Tuhfat al-anzar fi gharaaib...
  • Map
    Atlas with Portolan Charts of the Old World and New World, 1580.
    Portulano
    This atlas of portolan charts of the old and the new worlds consists of 16 double leaves made from fine white parchment, bound in costly red morocco leather (made from fine goatskin) with gold ornaments in oriental style. The important Portuguese mariner, cartographer, and painter Fernão Vaz Dourado is thought to have made the atlas in 1580, near the end of his life. It...
    • Contributor: Dourado, Fernando Vaz, 16th Century
    • Date: 1580
    • Resource: - 65 pages
  • Book/Printed Material
    Spanish Sahara. In preparation for the peace conference that was expected to follow World War I, in the spring of 1917 the British Foreign Office established a special section responsible for preparing background information for use by British delegates to the conference. Spanish Sahara is Number 124 in a series of more than 160 studies produced by the section, most of which were published after the...
    • Contributor: Great Britain. Foreign Office. Historical Section
    • Date: 1920
    • Resource: - 50 pages
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    A Physician Wearing a Seventeenth Century Plague Preventive Costume. This watercolor painting depicts the costume worn by physicians attending plague patients in the 17th century. The costume was described by Jean Jacques Manget (1652-1742) in his Traité de la peste (Treatise on the plague), published in Geneva in 1721. The costume's gown was made of morocco leather, underneath which was worn a skirt, breeches, and boots, all of leather and fitting into one...
  • Book/Printed Material
    Riḥlat sayyid al-ṭarīqah Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Nasir al-Darʻi (1647-1717) was a Moroccan scholar, traveler, and book collector. His Riḥlah (Travel account) describes his pilgrimage to Mecca and the many stops he made along the way. In a straightforward narrative style, he details his route from Morocco along the Mediterranean coast to and from Hijaz. He describes the places he visited and the scholars he encountered. His...
    • Contributor: Ibn Nāṣir Al-Darʻī, Aḥmad Ibn Muḥammad
    • Date: 1902
    • Resource: - 464 pages
  • Book/Printed Material
    Explanation of the Commentary of Ibn Zakur. Timbuktu (present-day Tombouctou in Mali), founded around 1100 as a commercial center for trade across the Sahara Desert, was also an important seat of Islamic learning from the 14th century onward. The libraries there contain many important manuscripts, in different styles of Arabic scripts, which were written and copied by Timbuktu's scribes and scholars. These works constitute the city's most famous and long-lasting contribution...
    • Contributor: Fulani, Ibrahim
    • Date: 1806
    • Resource: - 44 pages