Collection Items

  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Poster from the First Postwar General Election. The first general election in Japan after World War II was held on April 10, 1946, in Showa 21 (Showa years number the regnal years of Emperor Hirohito, starting in 1926). This was also the first election to be carried out after the electoral law reforms of December 17, 1945 (Showa 20), which granted all men and women aged 20 years and above the...
    • Contributor: Japan. Monbushō - Ikuta, Hanayo
    • Date: 1946
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Poster for the Recruitment of Emigrants. This poster was made by the Japanese Settlement Company of South America, which was mainly financed by a giant textiles group in Japan. This company was established in 1928 to promote emigration from Japan to the Amazon River basin, in Para Province in Brazil. Japanese emigration to Brazil began in 1908, and reached its peak in 1926--35. Following the abolition of slavery in Brazil...
    • Contributor: Japanese Settlement Company of South America
    • Date: 1908
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Help Us Win!.
    Aiutateci a vincere!
    The most iconic propaganda image produced in Italy during World War I was the poster created by Achille Luciano Mauzan (1883-1952) for the war-loan campaign of bank Credito Italiano (Italian Credit). Like the British artist Alfred Leete's image of Lord Kitchener, pointing at the viewer with the caption "Your Country Needs You," or the American artist James Montgomery Flagg's image of Uncle Sam exclaiming...
    • Contributor: Barchi, Anselmo, 1853
    • Date: 1917
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Pay a Visit and Willingly Make Your Own Contribution!.
    Venite a visitare e volentieri darete il vostro obolo!
    In all of the combatant countries, World War I resulted in hunger and deprivation for the civilian population. In all countries, agricultural production fell as peasants and farmers were forced to leave their fields and head to the front and as horses and mules were requisitioned for military use. Imports of fertilizers used in domestic food production and of commodities, such as wheat, were...
    • Contributor: Ballerio, Osvaldo
    • Date: 1917
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    The German Peace.
    La pace tedesca
    During the final year of World War I, authorities in Italy and in other combatant countries were deeply alarmed by the Bolshevik Revolution and Russia's withdrawal from the war. They worried that defeatism would spread among their own war-weary populations, leading to a slackening of the war effort. The authorities responded both with repressive measures aimed at countering "Red" subversion and with propaganda urging...
    • Contributor: Canevari, Silvio
    • Date: 1918
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Get Out! The Indies Must be Liberated.
    D'r uit! Indië moet bevrijd
    This 1945 recruiting poster by the Dutch artist Nico Broekman shows a Japanese soldier being booted from the island of Bali, and the caption, "Get Out! The Indies Must Be Liberated." During World War II, Japan occupied the Dutch East Indies in early 1942. After the surrender, a large number of Dutch submarines and some aircraft escaped to Australia and continued to fight as...
    • Contributor: Brouwer, Cor De - Broekman, Nico
    • Date: 1945
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Great Festivals and Fairs in Valencia in 1913.
    Grandes fiestas y ferias en Valencia 1913
    Honorio Romero Orozco (1867--1920) was a Valencian artist who specialized in portraits and landscapes (mainly rural scenes). He also painted scenes with ships and produced posters such as this one, announcing the most important festival of the city: the Gran Feria de Valencia (Great Valencia Fair). The fair was inaugurated by the Valencian City Hall on July 21, 1871. It was an initiative by...
    • Contributor: Romero Orozco, Honorio
    • Date: 1913
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    One Must Work, the Rifle Is Right Here. This propaganda poster from the Russian Civil War of 1919--21 is by Vladimir Lebedev, a prolific Russian painter, book illustrator, and poster and set designer. Lebedev's compositions are distinguished by simple blocks of color and figures broken down into geometric shapes. This poster depicts a worker holding a saw with a rifle nearby, thus conveying, with minimal line and color, the image of a...
    • Contributor: Rosta - Lebedev, Vladimir Vasilʹevich
    • Date: 1920
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    All of Our Savings to the Homeland.
    Tutto il nostro risparmio alla patria
    Italy emerged from World War I with a weakened economy characterized by mass unemployment, food shortages, strikes, and government debt. These economic conditions, along with disappointment that Italy had not gained more territory in Europe or colonies in Africa from its sacrifices during the war, led to the rise of fascism under Benito Mussolini, who seized power in 1922. This poster of 1920 urges...
    • Contributor: Codognato, P., Active 19th and 20th Century
    • Date: 1920
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    ...Subscribe! Italian Credit.
    ... Sottoscrivete!
    The poster shown here created by Achille Luciano Mauzan (1883-1952) for the war loan campaign of the bank Credito Italiano (Italian Credit) is the most iconic propaganda image produced in Italy during World War I, analogous to Alfred Leete's image of Lord Kitchener, pointing at the viewer with the caption "Your Country Needs You," or to James Montgomery Flagg's image of Uncle Sam exclaiming...
    • Contributor: Mauzan, Achille
    • Date: 1917
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Metropolis. Metropolis, by director Fritz Lang (1890--1976), is generally regarded as a masterpiece of German Expressionist filmmaking and a forerunner of modern science-fiction movies. The film was shot in 1925--26 at the Babelsberg (Berlin) studios of the leading German film company, Universum Film AG (Ufa), and premiered in Berlin in January 1927. This 1926 art-deco poster by German graphic artist and painter Heinz Schulz-Neudamm (1899--1969)...
    • Contributor: Schulz-Neudamm, Heinz
    • Date: 1926
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Give to the Nation: Subscription to the National Loan is Open until 1 March 1916.
    Date alla patria : fino al 1. Marzo 1916 è aperta la sottoscrizione al Prestito Nazionale
    Italy, which entered World War I on May 23, 1915, by declaring war on Austria-Hungary, financed its war effort primarily through domestic and international loans, along with some increases in taxation. Between December 1914 and the beginning of 1916 the Italian government issued three national loans to support the war effort. The war was not popular in Italy, and these loans were not greeted...
    • Contributor: Finozzi, Ugo
    • Date: 1916
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Give Your Money for Victory: Victory Means Peace.
    Date denaro per la vittoria: la vittoria è la pace
    This 1917 poster advertises war bonds sold by the Banca Italiana di Sconto (Italian Discount Bank). It depicts a large artillery piece submerged in a field of gold coins. As in many Italian posters made during World War I, the gun points toward the mountains in the distance, a reference to the long stretch of mainly mountainous terrain along the border with Austria-Hungary, where...
    • Contributor: Russo, Giuseppe - Banca Italiana DI Sconto
    • Date: 1917
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Cutting Iron. This propaganda poster from the Russian Civil War of 1919--21 is by Vladimir Lebedev, a prolific Russian painter, book illustrator, and poster and set designer. Lebedev's compositions are distinguished by simple blocks of color and figures broken down into geometric shapes. The image here depicts a worker manually cutting a sheet of iron. With minimal lines, details, and colors the artist creates a distinct...
    • Contributor: Rosta - Lebedev, Vladimir Vasilʹevich
    • Date: 1920
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    The Union of Worker and Peasant. This propaganda poster from the Russian Civil War of 1919--21 is by Vladimir Lebedev, a prolific Russian painter, book illustrator, and poster and set designer. Lebedev's compositions are distinguished by simple blocks of color and figures broken down into geometric shapes. The image here promotes the brotherhood of peasants and workers and may have addressed a topical issue at a time when workers lost...
    • Contributor: Rosta - Lebedev, Vladimir Vasilʹevich
    • Date: 1921
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Peter the Tramp.
    Borgmästarens flickor - Luffar-Petter
    Luffar-Petter (Peter the tramp), a silent film made in Sweden in 1922, was the first film in which the Swedish-born actress Greta Garbo (1905--90) appeared. Still known by her original name of Greta Lovisa Gustafsson, Garbo was at the time a simple, unknown actress still learning her craft. This short comedy was the starting point from which Garbo was launched on a path to...
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    We Can Do It! Rosie the Riveter.
    We Can Do It!
    This poster, produced by Westinghouse during World War II for the War Production Co-Ordinating Committee, was part of the national campaign in the United States to enlist women in the workforce. In the face of acute wartime labor shortages, women were needed in the defense industries, the civilian service, and even the armed forces. Publicity campaigns were aimed at encouraging those women who had...
    • Contributor: War Production Co-Ordinating Committee, United States
    • Date: 1942
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    They Talk About Peace but Hide the Dagger!.
    Parlano di pace e nascondono il pugnale! : Vi conosciamo ipocriti ladroni d' Austria e di Germania! ... La pace vera ... verrà dalla nostra vittoria!
    This war poster, produced in Verona, northern Italy, in 1918, was aimed at countering the defeatism and war weariness that had taken hold in the Italian population late in World War I. It portrays a sinister-looking enemy soldier who hides a knife behind his back while holding a sign with the words "rumors of peace." The caption below proclaims: "We know you Austrian and...
    • Contributor: Borilli
    • Date: 1918
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    ...And Now to You, Subscribe!.
    ...Ed ora a voi, sottoscrivete!
    This Italian war bond poster, issued in Milan in 1918, portrays an Italian soldier with crutches, crippled by the loss of his left leg, appealing to the viewer to subscribe to the loan. The image of the soldier calls to mind Enrico Toti, an important figure in Italian wartime and postwar propaganda. Born in Rome in 1882, Toti lost his left leg at the...
    • Contributor: Bonzagni, Aroldo
    • Date: 1918
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Olympic Games, Stockholm, 1912.
    Olympiska spelen Stockholm 1912
    The Stockholm Olympiad of 1912 marked the transition of the modern Olympic Games from what had been a modest-sized athletic competition into a global media event. The preparation and build-up for the games, the venues built especially for them, and media exposure all began to overshadow the fabric of the athletic competitions themselves. This media event emphasized both global and national dimensions and was...
    • Contributor: Hjortzberg, Olle
    • Date: 1912
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Valencian Regional Exhibition, 1909.
    Exposición Regional Valenciana 1909
    This color poster by Vicente Climent Pastor (1872-1923) was awarded the first prize in the competition for a poster to promote the regional exhibition of 1909. The very successful Valencian Regional Exhibition was a commercial and industrial fair held to enhance Valencia's prestige following the model initiated by London, Barcelona, and Paris in 1851, 1888, and 1889 respectively. It was organized by the Commercial...
    • Contributor: Pastor, Vicente Climent
    • Date: 1909
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Trieste. This movie poster is by the Italian artist Tito Corbella (born in Pontremoli in 1885, died in Rome in 1966), who is best known as a designer of postcards of glamorous women. He also produced illustrations and film posters, such as the one presented here. The poster portrays a woman wearing a red dress adorned with white lilies; she is kneeling, her arms upstretched,...
    • Contributor: Corbella, Tito
    • Date: 1915
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    A Sausage Maker Came to Lodz. We Said to Him: "Welcome, Sir!...". This World War I propaganda poster, by Kazimir Malevich in collaboration with Vladimir Mayakovsky, depicts a Russian peasant and the German Army he is portrayed as having defeated. The oversized peasant on the left panel is greeting the German emperor, who moves towards him with his army of cheerful soldiers, confident of victory. On the right side, the peasant walks away after having crushed...
    • Contributor: Mayakovsky, Vladimir - Malevich, Kazimir Severinovich
    • Date: 1914
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    What Crackle, What Thunder. This World War I propaganda poster by Kazimir Malevich refers to a battle near Lomza (present-day Poland), where despite initial success, the Russians suffered heavy losses. A heroic Russian peasant figure slashing German soldiers with his scythe dominates the view. His traditional dress and lapti (woven bark shoes) seem to epitomize Russia's strength and invincibility. German soldiers are running away or lie dead. Under...
    • Contributor: Malevich, Kazimir Severinovich
    • Date: 1914
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Dominion Agricultural and Industrial Exhibition under the Patronage of His Excellency, the Governor General of Canada Will Take Place in the City of Montreal.
    Grande Exposition agricole et industrielle de la Puissance sous le patronage de Son Excellence le gouverneur-général du Canada aura lieu en la cité de Montréal
    This impressive poster of the Grande Exposition agricole et industrielle de la Puissance (Dominion Agricultural and Industrial Exhibition), held in Montreal in 1884, is more than two meters high. Dominated by the picture of the Montreal Crystal Palace, this monumental wood engraving was typical of the "mammoth posters" that were used in both Canada and the United States. The poster evokes the exceptional scale...
    • Contributor: Gazette Printing Company
    • Date: 1884
    • Resource: - 1 page