Collection Items

  • Book/Printed Material
    Senegal. In preparation for the peace conference that was expected to follow World War I, in the spring of 1917 the British Foreign Office established a special section responsible for preparing background information for use by British delegates to the conference. Senegal is Number 102 in a series of more than 160 studies produced by the section, most of which were published after the conclusion...
    • Contributor: Great Britain. Foreign Office. Historical Section
    • Date: 1920

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Upper Senegal and Niger. In preparation for the peace conference that was expected to follow World War I, in the spring of 1917 the British Foreign Office established a special section responsible for preparing background information for use by British delegates to the conference. Upper Senegal and Niger is Number 107 in a series of more than 160 studies produced by the section, most of which were published...
    • Contributor: Great Britain. Foreign Office. Historical Section
    • Date: 1920

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Message de Monsieur Leopold Sedar Senghor, président de la république au peuple sénégalais. This speech to the people of Senegal by Léopold Sédar Senghor (1906-2001) was delivered the day after his election as the first president of the newly independent republic. Senghor was born in what was then French West Africa. He was sent at a young age to a Catholic mission school, where he embraced French and European culture, but also felt the loss of his...
    • Contributor: Senghor, Léopold Sédar - Senegal. President ( : Senghor)
    • Date: 1960

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Nouveau voyage dans le pays des nègres, suivi d'études sur la colonie du Sénégal, et de documents historiques, géographiques et scientifiques, Anne-Jean-Baptiste Raffenel (1809-58) was a French colonial official, who in 1846 was commissioned by the French navy to undertake a voyage of exploration to the interior of Africa. Raffenel left France in mid-May 1846 and returned in June 1848. Volume one of this two-volume work is an account of Raffenel's fourth-month journey from France to Senegal and his travel throughout the colony, which included...
    • Contributor: France. Ministère De La Marine Et Des Colonies - Raffenel, Anne
    • Date: 1856
  • Map
    Plan du Cap Verd par 14 d. 40 m. N. et 0 d. 0 m. long. "This distinctive French map of Cape Verde and the Island of Gorée, Senegal, probably dates from the first half of the 18th century. The Portuguese were the first European settlers in this region, having arrived around 1450. In the 16th century, French and English pirates and merchants asserted increasing influence in Senegal. In 1633, the French established the Senegal Company, which was based on...
    • Date: 1700
  • Book/Printed Material
    The War. Documents from the Photographic Division of the Army, Fascicle XVIII: The Colonial Army.
    La guerre : Documents de la Section photographique de l'Armée, fascicule XVIII
    In 1916, the Photographic Division of the Army in the French Ministry of War published collections of photographs documenting all aspects of French involvement in World War I. The collections were grouped by theme and published in 20 separate installments, or fascicles. These fascicles in turn were published in two larger volumes. Each fascicle opens with a brief introduction in French. The photographs are...
    • Contributor: France. Ministry of War. Photographic Section of the Army - Ardouin-Dumazet, Victor-Eugène
    • Date: 1916

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Wit and Wisdom from West Africa; Or, A Book of Proverbial Philosophy, Idioms, Enigmas, and Laconisms.
    Wit and wisdom from West Africa : or, A book of proverbial philosophy, idioms, enigmas, and laconisms
    Richard Francis Burton (1821--90) was a British explorer, soldier, spy, and diplomat, best known for his travels in Arabia, India, and Africa. After service in the army of the British East India Company and a brief engagement in the Crimean War, Burton led a Royal Geographical Society expedition to explore Africa's Great Lakes region in search of the source of the Nile. In 1861...
    • Contributor: Burton, Richard Francis, Sir - Murray, Henry A. (Henry Anthony)
    • Date: 1865

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Commercial Agreement (Gold as Currency). Timbuktu (present-day Tombouctou in Mali), founded around 1100 as a commercial center for trade across the Sahara Desert, was also an important seat of Islamic learning from the 14th century onward. The libraries there contain many important manuscripts, in different styles of Arabic scripts, which were written and copied by Timbuktu's scribes and scholars. These works constitute the city's most famous and long-lasting contribution...
    • Date: 1500
  • Book/Printed Material
    French West Africa. In preparation for the peace conference that was expected to follow World War I, in the spring of 1917 the British Foreign Office established a special section responsible for preparing background information for use by British delegates to the conference. French West Africa is Number 100 in a series of more than 160 studies produced by the section, most of which were published after...
    • Contributor: Great Britain. Foreign Office. Historical Section
    • Date: 1920
  • Book/Printed Material
    Mauretania. In preparation for the peace conference that was expected to follow World War I, in the spring of 1917 the British Foreign Office established a special section responsible for preparing background information for use by British delegates to the conference. Mauretania is Number 106 in a series of more than 160 studies produced by the section, most of which were published after the conclusion...
    • Contributor: Great Britain. Foreign Office. Historical Section
    • Date: 1920
  • Book/Printed Material
    Gambia. In preparation for the peace conference that was expected to follow World War I, in the spring of 1917 the British Foreign Office established a special section responsible for preparing background information for use by British delegates to the conference. Gambia is Number 91 in a series of more than 160 studies produced by the section, most of which were published after the conclusion...
    • Contributor: Great Britain. Foreign Office. Historical Section
    • Date: 1920
  • Map
    Grandes routes commerciales du Sahara "This 1889 map of trans-Saharan trading routes by French explorer Edouard Blanc reflects the growing priority that Europeans gave to land-based trade during the late 19th-century imperial "scramble for Africa." In articles about his work, Blanc stressed the importance of identifying "natural" geographic routes that would connect French colonial possessions in west Africa, such as Senegal, to Algeria in north Africa, and link the...
    • Contributor: Société De Géographie (France) - Blanc, E. (Edouard)
    • Date: 1890
  • Book/Printed Material
    Memoir and notice explanatory of a chart of Madagascar and the North-Eastern Archipelago of Mauritius; Robert Townsend Farquhar (1776-1830) entered the service of the British East India Company at a young age, served at various posts in India and the Moluccas (in present-day Indonesia), and in 1810 became governor of Mauritius, which Britain had conquered from France in the Napoleonic Wars. He commissioned a detailed map of Mauritius and neighboring Madagascar, with the objective of promoting British trade in...
    • Contributor: Barbarin - Lislet-Geoffroy, Jean Baptiste - Lislet Geoffroy, Jean-Baptiste - Farquhar, Robert Townsend
    • Date: 1819
  • Book/Printed Material
    Timbuctoo the mysterious, This book is an English translation of Tombouctou la mystérieuse, published in Paris in 1897. The author, Felix Dubois (1862-1945), was a French journalist who in 1895 traveled from Paris to Dakar, Senegal, and from there down the River Niger in what was then called French Sudan. He visited the town of Jenne, which he called the "jewel of the valley of the Niger"...
    • Contributor: White, Diana - Dubois, Félix
    • Date: 1896
  • Book/Printed Material
    La Guinée, This study of the history, geography, population, administrative structures, and economy of French Guinea was published in 1906, in conjunction with the French Colonial Exposition in Marseille. In the years before World War I, France's global empire, second in size only to Britain's, was nearing its peak. The exposition was intended to glorify France's civilizing mission as well as to highlight its profitable trade...
    • Contributor: Rouget, Fernand
    • Date: 1906
  • Book/Printed Material
    Mr. Law, King's Counsel, Controller General of Finances, Inspector General of the Bank and the Company of the Indies.
    Monsieur Law Conseiller du Roy en tous ses Conseils, Controlleur Général des Finances, Inspecteur Général de la Banque et de la Compagnie des Indes
    John Law was a Scottish financier and adventurer who was also an authority on banking and the circulation of money. He convinced the regent of France, Philippe d'Orléans, that he could liquidate the French government's debt by a system of credit based on paper money. In 1716 he launched the Banque générale, which had the authority to issue notes. The following year he founded...
    • Contributor: Hubert, Jean, Active 18th Century - Langlois, Jean
    • Date: 1719
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Authentic Portrait of the Very Famous Mister Quinquenpoix.
    Véritable Portrait du tres fameux Seigneur messire Quinquenpoix
    This caricature portrait of "Messire Quinquenpoix" and the accompanying text satirize John Law, the Scottish-born financier responsible for the issuing of France's first paper money. Law convinced the regent, Philippe d'Orléans, that he could liquidate the French government's debt by a system of credit based on paper money. In 1716 Law established the Banque générale, which had the authority to issue notes. The following...
    • Date: 1721
  • Book/Printed Material
    Will of Zephaniah Kingsley, 1843. Zephaniah Kingsley was a wealthy planter and slave owner in northeast Florida. His heirs included his wife, a freed slave named Anna M. J. Kingsley, and their children. Kingsley was both a defender of slavery and an activist for the legal rights of free blacks. Born in Bristol, England, in 1765, Kingsley moved to Charleston, South Carolina, then a British colony, in 1770. By...
    • Contributor: Kingsley, Zephaniah
    • Date: 1843
  • Book/Printed Material
    A Full and Impartial Account of the Company of Mississippi, Otherwise called the French East-India Company. Projected and Settled by Mister Law.
    A Full and Impartial Account of the Company of Mississipi, otherwise call'd the French East-India Company. Projected and settled by Mr. Law
    John Law was a Scottish financier and adventurer who was also an authority on banking and the circulation of money. He convinced the regent of France, Philippe d'Orléans, that he could liquidate the French government's debt by a system of credit based on paper money. In 1716 he launched the Banque générale, which had the authority to issue notes. The following year he founded...
    • Contributor: Law, John
    • Date: 1720
  • Book/Printed Material
    Portuguese Guinea. In preparation for the peace conference that was expected to follow World War I, in the spring of 1917 the British Foreign Office established a special section responsible for preparing background information for use by British delegates to the conference. Portuguese Guinea is Number 118 in a series of more than 160 studies produced by the section, most of which were published after the...
    • Contributor: Great Britain. Foreign Office. Historical Section
    • Date: 1920
  • Book/Printed Material
    A general collection of the best and most interesting voyages and travels in all parts of the world; many of which are now first translated into English. Digested on a new plan. A General Collection of the Best and Most Interesting Voyages and Travels in All Parts of the World is a 17-volume compilation of travel narratives assembled by the Scottish historian and poet John Pinkerton (1758-1826), first published in Great Britain in 1808-14. A contemporary and acquaintance of the historian Edward Gibbon and the novelist Sir Walter Scott, Pinkerton wrote books on Scottish history and...
    • Contributor: Pinkerton, John - Joseph Meredith Toner Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1808
  • Book/Printed Material

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Plants of northern Gujarat,
    • Contributor: Saxton, Walter Theodore - Sedgwick, L. J.
    • Date: 1918

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  • Book/Printed Material
    The preaching of Islam; a history of the propagation of the Muslim faith, The Preaching of Islam: A History of the Propagation of the Muslim Faith is an important early work by the British Orientalist and historian of Islamic art Sir Thomas Walker Arnold (1864-1930). Arnold was born in Devonport, Devon, England, and graduated from Magdalene College, Cambridge. In 1888 he moved to British India, where he taught philosophy at the Mohammedan Anglo-Oriental College (present-day Aligarh Muslim...
    • Contributor: Arnold, Thomas Walker
    • Date: 1913

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  • Book/Printed Material
    Flora Arabica. Flora Arabica is a botanical catalog of the plants of the Arabia. The work is in six volumes covering the whole of the Arabian Peninsula: the extra-tropical west, the tropical west, the tropical east, and the extra-tropical east including the Persian Gulf region. The catalog is by Father Ethelbert Blatter, and is largely based on the herbaria of the British Museum, which itself contained...
    • Contributor: Blatter, Ethelbert
    • Date: 1919