Collection Items

  • Map
    Colombia and Venezuela. "Chicago-based Rand McNally became a major publisher of atlases, maps, globes, and travel guides in the United States in the second half of the 19th century. This map of Colombia and Venezuela is from the 1898 edition of Rand, McNally & Cos. Indexed Atlas of the World, Containing Large Scale Maps of Every Country and Civil Division upon the Face of the Globe, together...
    • Contributor: Rand McNally and Company
    • Date: 1898
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Market, Caracas, Venezuela 1 negative : glass ; 8 x 10 in.
    • Contributor: Detroit Publishing Co.
    • Date: 1900
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Country store, Venezuela 1 negative : glass ; 8 x 10 in.
    • Contributor: Detroit Publishing Co.
    • Date: 1900
  • Map
    Venezuela, cum parte Auftrali Novae Andalausiae. "Henricus Hondius (1597-1651) was the son of Jodocus Hondius (1563-1612), a Flemish cartographer and engraver who settled in Amsterdam in about 1593 and established a business that produced globes and the first large maps of the world. In 1604, Hondius acquired the plates for Mercator's world atlas and in 1606 published a new edition of this famous work. Following Hondius' death in 1612, Henricus...
    • Contributor: Hondius, Hendrik
    • Date: 1630
  • Map
    Venezuela with the Southern Part of New Andalusia.
    Venezuela cum parte Australi Novae Andalusiae
    This 17th-century map of Venezuela and a part of New Andalusia, provinces of the Spanish Empire located in present-day Venezuela, is a copy of an earlier map published in Amsterdam by Henricus Hondius (1597--1651). Hondius was the son of Jodocus Hondius (1563--1612), a Flemish cartographer and engraver who settled in Amsterdam in about 1593 and established a business that produced globes and the first...
    • Contributor: Hondius, Hendrik
    • Date: 1612
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Map
    [Map of northeastern coast of Venezuela including Trinidad and Tobago Islands]. "This clear and precise 18th-century manuscript map of the northeast coast of Venezuela and Trinidad and Tobago includes coastlines, coastal features, navigational hazards, soundings, settlements, streams and rivers (including the Orinoco River), and an ornate wind rose. The extensive note in the lower right hand corner of the map provides information about means of accessing timber in Venezuela. At the time the map was...
    • Date: 1700
  • Map
    Orinoco, nuebamente obserbado en bajante, afin de espresar sus raudales, yslas y bajos, rios y caños que vezibe : año 1732. "This early-18th century map of the valley of the Orinoco River contains extensive information about the Indian nations bordering the river, Christian missions and other settlements, the extensive array of streams that flow into the Orinoco, and navigational hazards and islands. The map includes a keyed index and a detailed historical note on the exploration of the river from 1682 to 1732. The note...
    • Date: 1732
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Fiesta Dance Chichamaya in Zulia.
    Fiesta baile Chichamaya, Zulia
    This photograph shows indigenous people in the state of Zulia, Venezuela, performing a traditional dance. The northwestern part of Zulia is inhabited by the Guajiro Indians, the largest indigenous group in Venezuela. The photograph is from the collection of the Columbus Memorial Library of the Organization of American States (OAS), which includes 45,000 photographs illustrative of life and culture in the Americas. Many of...
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    The Curiepe Drum Dance.
    El Tambor de Curiepe Dance
    This photograph from Venezuela shows men and women dancing in the town of Curiepe. Founded in the early 1700s by liberated slaves, Curiepe is known for its annual San Juan Festival and its famous drums. The photograph is from the collection of the Columbus Memorial Library of the Organization of American States (OAS), which includes 45,000 photographs illustrative of life and culture in the...
  • Map
    Guiana and Caribana.
    Guiana, verdeelt in Guiana en Caribana
    This map of part of the northern coast of South America is a Dutch version of a map originally produced around 1650 by Nicolas Sanson (1600--1667), royal geographer to Kings Louis XIII and XIV, and commonly known as the father of French cartography. Numerous editions copied from Sanson were printed in the early 18th century. The map covers the region from the island of...
    • Contributor: Sanson, Nicolas
    • Date: 1700
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    The Tamunangue Folk Dance.
    El Tamunangue folk dance
    This photograph from Venezuela shows a group of men and women dancing the tamunangue, a folk dance that is performed as part of the festival of San Antonio de Padua, held on June 13 every year, in the state of Lara. The word tamunangue is derived from the name of the drum used to give the dance its characteristic beat, known as the tamunango....
  • Book/Printed Material
    Vocabulary of the Language Used by the Indians in These Missions.
    Vocabulario de la lengua que usan los indios de estas misiones
    This manuscript, by an unknown author probably writing at one or several Catholic missions in the 18th century, was found at the College for the Propagation of the Faith in Popayán, New Granada (the Spanish viceroyalty that comprised all or parts of present-day Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, and Venezuela). It consists of 103 pages, most of which are taken up by a glossary of words...

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  • Book/Printed Material
    The Art and Vocabulary of the Achagua Language.
    Arte y bocabulario de la lengua achagua
    Arte y bocabulario de la lengua achagua: Doctrina christiana, confessionario de uno y otro sexo e instrucción de cathecumenos (The art and vocabulary of the Achagua language: Christian doctrine, the confession of both sexes, and instruction in the catechism) attests to the linguistic effort undertaken by the Jesuit missionaries in the borderlands of present-day Colombia and Venezuela. As its long title explains, this small...
    • Contributor: Neira, Alonso De - Rivero, Juan
    • Date: 1762
    • Resource: - 259 pages

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  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Suspension Bridge over the Zulia River, Province of Santander.
    Puente colgante de bejucos sobre el Zulia
    This watercolor by Carmelo Fernández (1809-87) shows a suspension bridge over the Zulia River in the province of Santander (present-day Norte de Santander), in northeastern Colombia. Several people are about to cross over the bridge, which is made of vines. The Zulia River forms a small part of the international border between Colombia and Venezuela. Fernández was born in San José de Guama, Venezuela,...
    • Contributor: Colombia. Comisión Corográfica - Fernández, Carmelo
    • Date: 1850
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Devil Dancer. This photograph from Venezuela shows a masquerading dancer wearing a large grotesque mask with two huge horns tied together with tasseled rope and representing the devil. The Diablos Danzantes del Yare (Dancing Devils of Yare) is a religious festival celebrated in San Francisco de Yare in the state of Miranda on the feast of Corpus Christi. The photograph is from the collection of the...
  • Map
    Map of the Whole of Guiana or the Savage Coast, and the Spanish West Indies at the Northern End of South America.
    Kart van geheel Guajana of de Wilden-Kust
    This 18th-century Dutch map, produced in Amsterdam by the publisher Isaak Tirion (circa 1705--circa 1769), shows the northern coast of South American and its offshore islands, including Curaçao, Bonaire, and neighboring islands; Trinidad and Tobago; and Grenada. Guiana is divided, from west to east, into Spanish, Dutch, and French sections, corresponding roughly to a part of present-day Venezuela and present-day Guyana, Suriname, and French...
    • Contributor: Tirion, Isaak, 1705 1769
    • Date: 1720
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Confluence of the River Grande and River Chico, Province of Antioquia.
    Confluencia del Río Grande y Río Chico: Provincia de Antioquia
    This watercolor by Henry Price (1819--63) depicts a landscape showing the confluence of the River Grande and River Chico, in the area of Santa Rosa de Osos in the province of Antioquia (present-day Department of Antioquia), Colombia. Located in the central northwestern part of the country, Antioquia is a region of mountains and valleys that lies partly in the Andes mountain range. Price was...
    • Contributor: Colombia. Comisión Corográfica - Price, Henry
    • Date: 1852
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    The Passageways of Ocaña, Province of Ocaña.
    Callejones de Ocaña
    This watercolor by Carmelo Fernández (1809-87) depicts a scene in the Province of Ocaña (present-day Norte de Santander Department) in northeastern Colombia. Three men and their mules are gingerly making their way through a steep rocky gorge. Fernández was born in San José de Guama, Venezuela, into a well-connected family (he was the nephew of José Antonio Páez, a hero of Venezuelan independence and...
    • Contributor: Colombia. Comisión Corográfica - Fernández, Carmelo
    • Date: 1850
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    White Women, Province of Ocaña.
    Mujeres blancas
    This watercolor by Carmelo Fernández (1809-87) is a scene from Ocaña Province (present-day Norte de Santandar Department) in northeastern Colombia. The caption at the bottom of the painting identifies the subject as "White Women," and two women, possibly a mother (in black) and her daughter (in white) are shown. The third woman, in the background, of Afro-Colombian descent, might be their servant. Fernández was...
    • Contributor: Colombia. Comisión Corográfica - Fernández, Carmelo
    • Date: 1850
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    African and Mestizo Inhabitants, Province of Santander.
    Santander. Tipo africano i mestizo
    This watercolor by Carmelo Fernández (1809-87) is a study of three people from different ethnic backgrounds living in the Province of Santander (mostly in present-day Norte de Santander Department) in northeastern Colombia. The image also shows the lush vegetation of this llano region. Fernández was born in San José de Guama, Venezuela, into a well-connected family (he was the nephew of José Antonio Páez,...
    • Contributor: Colombia. Comisión Corográfica - Fernández, Carmelo
    • Date: 1850
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Notables of the Capital, Province of Socorro.
    Socorro. Notables de la capital
    This watercolor by Carmelo Fernández (1809-87) shows four people of mostly European ancestry, the elite class in Socorro in the early 1850s. The city was then the capital of a province of the same name and is now a city and municipality in Santander Department, in the northeast of present-day Colombia. Fernández was born in San José de Guama, Venezuela, into a well-connected family...
    • Contributor: Colombia. Comisión Corográfica - Fernández, Carmelo
    • Date: 1850
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Notables of the Capital, Province of Vélez.
    Vélez. Notables de la capital
    This watercolor by Carmelo Fernández (1809-87) shows notable citizens in the town of Vélez, at that time the capital of a province of the same name. Located in the south of present-day Santander Department, northeast Colombia, the town was founded in 1539, about 40 years after the beginning of Spanish colonial rule. Fernández was born in San José de Guama, Venezuela, into a well-connected...
    • Contributor: Colombia. Comisión Corográfica - Fernández, Carmelo
    • Date: 1850
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    Furatena Strait on the Minero River, Province of Vélez.
    Vélez. Estrecho de Furatena en el río Minero
    This watercolor by Carmelo Fernández (1809-87) depicts Fura and Tena, two imposing peaks that rise sharply from the Minero River near the valley of the Río Magdalena in what was then the Province of Vélez. The scene is in present-day Boyacá Department, Colombia. The legend of Fura and Tena is the creation myth of the Muzos Indians, who have inhabited this emerald-rich territory for...
    • Contributor: Colombia. Comisión Corográfica - Fernández, Carmelo
    • Date: 1850
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    White and Mestizo Inhabitants, Tundama Province.
    Tipo blanco é indio mestizo: Provincia de Tundama
    This watercolor by Carmelo Fernández (1809-87) shows three individuals representing different ethnic and racial groups living in Tundama Province (present-day Boyacá Department), northeast Colombia. As indicated on the caption, shown are a man of European extraction and two mestizos (people of mixed Indian and European ancestry). Fernández was born in San José de Guama, Venezuela, into a well-connected family (he was the nephew of...
    • Contributor: Colombia. Comisión Corográfica - Fernández, Carmelo
    • Date: 1851
    • Resource: - 1 page
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    White and Mestizo Inhabitants, Tunja Province.
    Tipo blanco e indio mestizo: Provincia de Tunja
    This watercolor by Carmelo Fernández (1809-87) shows three inhabitants of Tunja Province (present-day Boyacá Department), northeast Colombia. The caption identifies the individuals as white, or of European ancestry, and Indian mestizo, meaning of mixed European and Indian ancestry. The men carry tools and are engaged in some kind of physical labor. Fernández was born in San José de Guama, Venezuela, into a well-connected family...
    • Contributor: Colombia. Comisión Corográfica - Fernández, Carmelo
    • Date: 1851
    • Resource: - 1 page