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Question How did the grapefruit get its name? It doesn't look like a grape.
It is believed that the name refers to the manner in which grapefruit grows in clusters on a tree.
Grapefruit. SNAP-Ed Connection, U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Most botanists agree that the grapefruit is a cross between a
pummelo and a External link sweet orange . Grapefruit, like all citrus fruit, is a Hesperidum, or a large modified berry with a thick rind. External link
Recently harvested grapefruit. Photo by Keith Weller. Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture.
If you see grapefruit growing on a tree, you will notice that they grow in clusters. It is suggested that these clusters resemble the shape of large yellow grapes and so the fruit was called a grapefruit. Another explanation is that the premature grapefruit looks similar in shape to unripe green grapes.
Inspecting grapefruit on conveyor at a grapefruit juice canning plant, Weslaco, Texas. Russell Lee, 1939. Prints & Photographs Division, Library of Congress.
Published: 11/19/2019. Author: Science Reference Section, Library of Congress
Facts about Citrus Fruits and Juices: Grapefruit
(Cooperative Extension Service, University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (UF/IFAS) - This PDF document gives a description of grapefruit and its varieties, tips, storage, health benefits, along with suggestions for incorporating grapefruit juice into a healthy diet. A brief summary addressing grapefruit juice/drug interactions is included. (PDF, 712 KB)
(Electronic Data Information Source (EDIS) at the University of Florida) - EDIS provides information on the history, distribution, description, and cultivars of grapefruit.
(USDA SNAP-Ed Connection) - Recipes and suggested resources for learning and teaching about grapefruit.
Grapefruit Juice and Some Drugs Don't Mix
(U.S. Food & Drug Administration)
Johns, Leslie, and Violet Stevenson. "Grapefruit."
London, Angus and Robertson Publishers, 1979. p. 148-150.
The complete book of fruit.
Magness, J.R. "How fruit came to America."
National geographic magazine, v. 100, Sept. 1951: 327-377. (Discussion of grapefruit is on p. 354-355)
Morton, Julia Frances.
Grapefruit. In Fruits of warm climates. Miami, FL, J. F. Morton, c1987. p. 152-158. http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/morton/grapefruit.html
Sinclair, Walton B. Berkeley, University of California, Division of Agricultural Sciences, 1972. 660 p.
The grapefruit: its composition, physiology, and products.
Tolkowsky, Samuel. London, J. Bale, Sons & Curnow, 1938. 371 p.
Hesperides; a history of the culture and use of citrus fruits. Search Terms