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Exhibition Drawing Justice: The Art of Courtroom Illustration

Marilyn Church. Archibald Cox at Bakke Hearing before the Supreme Court, October 12, 1977. Porous point pen, graphite, and opaque white on paper. Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress (009.00.00)
LC-DIG-ppmsca-31194 © Marilyn Church

Qualifying Affirmative Action

Allan Bakke, after being denied admission to the University of California Medical School at Davis in 1973 and 1974, sued the Regents (Regents of the University of California v. Bakke, 438 U.S. 265, (1978)). He argued that they had violated the Fourteenth Amendment's equal protection clause and the Civil Rights Act of 1964 by reserving spaces for minority applicants who would not have otherwise been accepted. When his case went before the Supreme Court, the justices decided that the University of California had to admit Bakke, but affirmed that universities had the right to use affirmative action to diversify their student bodies. Bakke graduated from medical school and became an anesthesiologist.