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Exhibition Art in Action: Herblock and Fellow Artists Respond to Their Times

Alexander Calder (1898–1976). Mankind Must Put an End to War or War Will Put an End to Mankind, 1975. Lithograph. Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress. © 2018 Calder Foundation, New York / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York (025.00.00)

Sane Nuclear Policy

Alexander Calder’s Cold War-era artwork uses President John F. Kennedy’s words to raise support for the National Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy (SANE)—an organization founded in 1957. The quote comes from Kennedy’s September 1961 speech to the United Nations General Assembly that included disarmament program proposals. Calder, known for his sculptural mobiles, created artworks related to such political causes as anti-war protests, refugee aid organizations, and presidential candidates. He served as SANE’s Chairman of Artists in 1965.