Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society
Following a wave of pogroms—violent anti-Jewish riots—that took place in the Russian Empire in 1881, a group of Jewish Americans in Manhattan organized the Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society (HIAS) to help Jewish refugees from Russia manage their arrival and adjustment to America. Its first efforts were providing immigrants with meals, transportation, jobs, and information. In the twentieth century, it grew to include worldwide resettlement efforts for Jewish people attempting to escape from Europe, Iran, and the Soviet Union. In the twenty-first century, HIAS has expanded to supply aid and relief to refugees of all religions, nationalities and ethnicities.