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Exhibition Shall Not Be Denied: Women Fight for the Vote

Elizabeth McShane (1891–1976). Affidavit, signed and notarized, November 28, 1917. National Woman’s Party Records, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress (110.00.00)

“He Knew I was Ill Every Night”

On November 16, 1917, Philadelphia school teacher Elizabeth McShane was sentenced for her part in the November 10 pickets. She immediately began a hunger strike and eventually was subjected to forced feedings by Dr. John M. Ladd, the District Jail’s assistant superintendent. In her affidavit, she described suffering from intense pain and vomiting, but the feedings continued, despite another physician's, Dr. James A. Gannon’s, diagnosis of stomach ulcers. Before her release on November 27, McShane developed a gall bladder infection.