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Exhibition Shall Not Be Denied: Women Fight for the Vote

International Film Service Co., Inc. Party Members Picketing the Republican Convention, Chicago, June 1920. Photograph. Left to Right: Abby Scott Baker (1871–1944), Eleanor Taylor Marsh (1895–1968), Sue White (1887–1943), Elsie Hill (1883–1970), and Betty Gram (1893–1969). NWP Records, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress (122.00.00)

“Republican Party Is Now Responsible”

By June 1920, when the Republican and Democratic parties gathered for their presidential nominating conventions, thirty-five states had ratified the Nineteenth Amendment, eight rejected it, and five had yet to vote. When the Republicans failed to add a suffrage plank to their platform, attorney Sue Shelton White (center, holding Tennessee banner) and other NWP activists picketed the Republican convention in Chicago. Their sign accused Republicans of defeating ratification in Delaware and blocking ratification in Vermont and Connecticut.