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Exhibition Shall Not Be Denied: Women Fight for the Vote

Carrie Chapman Catt (receiving flowers) surrounded (left to right) by Mrs. John Blair, Governor Al Smith, Senator William M. Calder, Mary Garrett Hay, Mrs. Arthur Livermore, Harriet Taylor Upton, and Marjorie Shuler. Carrie Chapman Catt Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress (126.00.00)

A Hero’s Homecoming in New York

An exultant Carrie Chapman Catt arrived in New York on August 27, greeted by Governor Al Smith, Senator William M. Calder, and prominent New York suffragists with a victory bouquet. After leaving Tennessee, Catt had stopped in Washington to thank personally President Woodrow Wilson, who ensured that Secretary of State Bainbridge Colby signed the Nineteenth Amendment into law on August 26, 1920. Colby’s receipt of Tennessee’s ratification certificate had been delayed by antisuffragists’ legal attempts to overturn the vote.