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Exhibition Shall Not Be Denied: Women Fight for the Vote

Alice Stone Blackwell (1857–1950) to Alice Paul (1885–1977), January 23, 1913. Letter. NWP Records, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress (057.00.00)
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NAWSA president Anna Howard Shaw (1847–1919) to Alice Paul, February 28, 1913. Telegram. NWP Records, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress (061.00.00)
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Parade Planning Exposes Racial Divides

Almost immediately, plans for the March 3, 1913, parade became embroiled in controversy when questions arose as to whether African American women would be permitted to participate at risk of losing southern white women’s involvement. Alice Stone Blackwell expressed relief that Alice Paul had not excluded African Americans but shared her hopes for a low turnout “in view of the wicked and irrational color prejudice so prevalent” in segregated Washington. Anna Howard Shaw telegrammed Paul ordering her to stop discouraging black participation.

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