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  • Film, Video
    Edison kinetoscopic record of a sneeze, January 7, 1894
    Sneeze | Fred Ott's sneeze | Ott's sneeze | Kinetoscopic record of a sneeze
    "Considered to be the first motion picture given legal status by copyright acceptance. The forty-five frames it contains were sent in for copyright as a still picture. The action consists of a man, Fred Ott, sneezing. Application for copyright was filed by William K. Laurie Dickson, Edison's assistant and supervisor of the new motion picture project. The frames were rephotographed from the still picture...
    • Contributor: Dickson, W. K.-L. (William Kennedy-Laurie) - Heise, William - Thomas A. Edison, Inc - Hendricks (Gordon) Collection (Library of Congress) - Paper Print Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1894
  • Film, Video
    Shooting the chutes "A lively scene on the famous water chutes at Coney Island"--Maguire & Baucus catalogue.
    • Contributor: White, James H. (James Henry) - Heise, William - Thomas A. Edison, Inc - Hendricks (Gordon) Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1896
  • Film, Video
    [Dickson experimental sound film]
    Dickson violin | Dancing men in the Black Maria
    Experimental sound film made for Edison's kinetophone -- a combination of the kinetoscope and phonograph -- but apparently never distributed. This LC copy is silent. Features two men dancing to a violinist. Shows W. K. L. Dickson playing the violin before a large phonograph horn connected with an off-screen reader while two men dance together. Part of Dickson's sound-synchronization experiments.
    • Contributor: Dickson, W. K.-L. (William Kennedy-Laurie) - D'almaine, Charles - Heise, William - Thomas A. Edison, Inc - Dunston (Gatewood) Collection (Library of Congress) - Edison Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1895
  • Film, Video
    Mounted police charge "A troop of mounted police, in full dress uniform, are seen approaching the audience at full gallop; when within but a few yards of the camera they suddenly halt and each horse and rider appears full life size"--Maguire & Baucus catalogue.
    • Contributor: White, James H. (James Henry) - Heise, William - Thomas A. Edison, Inc - Hendricks (Gordon) Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1896
  • Film, Video
    [Dickson greeting]
    Early Edison camera tests
    Experimental film made with the Edison-Dickson-Heise experimental horizontal-feed kinetograph camera and viewer, using 3/4-inch wide film.
    • Contributor: Dickson, W. K.-L. (William Kennedy-Laurie) - Heise, William - Thomas A. Edison, Inc - Edison Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1891
  • Film, Video
    Sandow
    Sandow. | Souvenir strip of the Edison Kinetoscope, Sandow, the modern Hercules | Sandow, the modern Hercules
    10777 U.S. Copyright Office Copyright (under title Souvenir strip of the Edison Kinetoscope): W.K.L. Dickson; 18May1894; 10777. Performer: Eugen Sandow. Camera, William Heise. Duration: 0:40 at 16 fps. According to vaudeville historian Joe Laurie, Jr., Sandow--who was managed by Flo Ziegfeld--was "the greatest of the strong men and who received the most publicity" (Vaudeville, 1972, p. 33). Filmed March 6, 1894, in Edison's Black...
    • Contributor: Dickson, W. K.-L. (William Kennedy-Laurie) - Sandow, Eugen - Heise, William - Thomas A. Edison, Inc - Hendricks (Gordon) Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1894
  • Film, Video
    [Men boxing]
    Early Edison camera tests
    Experimental film made with the Edison-Dickson-Heise experimental horizontal-feed kinetograph camera and viewer, using 3/4-inch wide film.
    • Contributor: Dickson, W. K.-L. (William Kennedy-Laurie) - Heise, William - Thomas A. Edison, Inc - Edison Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1891
  • Film, Video
    Philadelphia Express, Jersey Central Railway "The scene of the overhead crossing of the Pennsylvania and Jersey Central railroads at Elizabeth, N.J. While a Pennsylvania train is passing over the arch, the Philadelphia Express on the Central Railroad comes dashing underneath at full speed, head on to the audience"--Maguire & Baucus catalogue.
    • Contributor: White, James H. (James Henry) - Heise, William - Thomas A. Edison, Inc - Paper Print Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1897
  • Film, Video
    Caicedo (with pole)
    Caicedo. | Caciedo | Caceido
    "King of the slack wire. His daring feats of balancing as he performs his thrilling feats in midair show that he is perfectly at home. 50 feet"--Edison films catalog, no. 94.
    • Contributor: Dickson, W. K.-L. (William Kennedy-Laurie) - Heise, William - Caicedo, Juan A. - Thomas A. Edison, Inc - Hendricks (Gordon) Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1894
  • Film, Video
    Sioux ghost dance
    Ghost dance
    "One of the most peculiar customs of the Sioux Tribe is here shown, the dancers being genuine Sioux Indians, in full war paint and war costumes. 40 feet"--Edison films catalog.
    • Contributor: Dickson, W. K.-L. (William Kennedy-Laurie) - Heise, William - Thomas A. Edison, Inc - Hendricks (Gordon) Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1894
  • Film, Video
    American falls from above, American side
    American falls from top of American shore
    From Maguire & Baucus catalogue: Shows glittering ice background and a group of photographers preparing to take pictures.
    • Contributor: White, James H. (James Henry) - Heise, William - Thomas A. Edison, Inc - Hendricks (Gordon) Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1896
  • Film, Video
    Bowery waltz "Shows James T. Kelly and Dorothy Kent, of Waite's Comedy Company, in the famous Bowery dance. The dancers are dressed in costumes characteristic to the surroundings, and the dance as shown is an exact reproduction. The subject shows many humorous situations, is clear, sharp, and the figures show full life size. Suitable for coloring"--F.Z. Maguire catalogue.
    • Contributor: Heise, William - Kelley, James T. - Kent, Dorothy - Thomas A. Edison, Inc - Paper Print Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1897
  • Film, Video
    Carmencita Copyright: no reg. Performer: Carmencita. Camera, William Heise. Duration: 0:21 at 30 fps. According to Edison film historian C. Musser, Spanish dancer Carmencita was the first woman to appear in front of an Edison motion picture camera. Six months before filming, she had been performing at Koster & Bial's Music Hall in New York City since February 1890. MAVIS 179915; Carmencita. Filmed March 10-16,...
    • Contributor: Dickson, W. K.-L. (William Kennedy-Laurie) - Heise, William - Thomas A. Edison, Inc - Hendricks (Gordon) Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1894
  • Film, Video
    Dancing darkey boy In this outside scene, a small African American boy--dressed in a cap, leggings, and suit with short pants--dances on a table or other flat, raised surface. Surrounding and encouraging him with hand claps is a group of men, dressed in a variety of styles, from shirtsleeves and caps to suits and hats, with one gentleman in a formal suit and top hat. Visible in...
    • Contributor: Heise, William - Thomas A. Edison, Inc - Paper Print Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1897
  • Film, Video
    Giant coal dumper "Erie Railroad Series: The following subjects present novel and interesting views along the line of the Erie, such as do not always come within the observation of the general tourist. We are indebted to the courtesy of the Erie officials, whose kind co-operation in affording us every facility within their power has enabled us to procure these unusual and effective pictures"--Edison films catalog. "Shows...
    • Contributor: White, James H. (James Henry) - Heise, William - Thomas A. Edison, Inc - Paper Print Collection (Library of Congress) - Niver (Kemp) Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1897
  • Film, Video
    Admiral Cigarette
    We all smoke
    In front of a large backdrop with the words "Admiral Cigarette" are four people in costume: Uncle Sam, a clergyman, an Indian, and a businessman. To their left is a very large Admiral Cigarette box, that breaks apart to reveals a girl, attired in a striking costume, smoking a cigarette. She goes to the men and hands each a cigarette. As she moves back...
    • Contributor: Heise, William - Thomas A. Edison, Inc - Paper Print Collection (Library of Congress) - Niver (Kemp) Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1897
  • Film, Video
    Buffalo Fire Department in action "Another of those stirring fire scenes which have proved so popular. There are ten pieces of apparatus in the picture. Every piece fully manned is under full headway, and is shown almost head-on to the beholder. Several of the engines and wagons are drawn by three horses abreast. Fireman appear putting on their coats, etc., while the engines and trucks rush by. Many of...
    • Contributor: White, James H. (James Henry) - Heise, William - Thomas A. Edison, Inc - Paper Print Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1897
  • Film, Video
    Single harness horses "Shows ten horses hitched to fashionable carts driven past the judges and grandstand to show their style, action and high-stepping movements. Among the drivers, Charles F. (Fatty ) Bates, the noted whip, shows up very prominently. The horses are all of very high class, and the action is of the very best. The film is clear, sharp and catchy"--F.Z. Maguire & Co. catalogue, March...
    • Contributor: Heise, William - Thomas A. Edison, Inc - Paper Print Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1897
  • Film, Video
    Leonard-Cushing fight From Edison films catalog: An actual six-round contest between Mike Leonard, commonly called the "Beau Brummel" of pugilism, and Jack Cushing. Full of hard fighting, clever hits, punches, leads, dodges, body blows and some slugging. Sold by rounds. Each round contains 150 feet. Price each round, $22.50.
    • Contributor: Dickson, W. K.-L. (William Kennedy-Laurie) - Leonard, Mike (Michael Wellington) - Cushing, Jack - Heise, William - Thomas A. Edison, Inc - Kinetoscope Exhibition Company - Ernst (Louise) Collection (Library of Congress) - Hendricks (Gordon) Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1894
  • Film, Video
    Cuban ambush "From the upper windows of a ruined mill the Cubans fire at a scouting party of Spaniards, who return the volley. Fine smoke effects. 50 feet"--Edison films catalog.
    • Contributor: White, James H. (James Henry) - Heise, William - Thomas A. Edison, Inc - Paper Print Collection (Library of Congress) - Niver (Kemp) Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1898
  • Film, Video
    Buffalo stockyards
    Buffalo stock yards
    "A long line of horses, mules and ponies are led, driven and ridden into the yards, where they are sold and distributed"--Edison films catalog.
    • Contributor: White, James H. (James Henry) - Heise, William - Thomas A. Edison, Inc - Paper Print Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1897
  • Film, Video
    Luis Martinetti
    Louis Martinetti | Louis Martinelli | Louis Martinetti, contortionist
    "Gymnast and contortionist, performing on flying rings"--Raff & Gammon price list.
    • Contributor: Dickson, W. K.-L. (William Kennedy-Laurie) - Martinetti, Luis - Heise, William - Thomas A. Edison, Inc - Hendricks (Gordon) Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1894
  • Film, Video
    Racing at Sheepshead Bay "The finish and weighing out of a running race with nine starters. Won by famous Clifford, Sloane up. 50 feet"--Edison films catalog.
    • Contributor: White, James H. (James Henry) - Heise, William - Thomas A. Edison, Inc - Paper Print Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1897
  • Film, Video
    Ella Lola, a la Trilby
    Ella Lola, a la Trilby [dance]
    A young, dark-haired woman performs a dance inspired by George du Maurier's character Trilby, in an early modern dance style reminiscent of Isadora Duncan. She dances barefoot without stockings and is dressed in a long, flowing gown bound across the bosom in Grecian style, with inside fringe and a draped cape hooked to her wrist. She also wears what appears to be a garland...
    • Contributor: White, James H. (James Henry) - Lola, Ella - Heise, William - Thomas A. Edison, Inc - Paper Print Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1898
  • Film, Video
    Buffalo dance Three Sioux Indians in full regalia perform a "buffalo dance", while two others use drums to supply a rhythm. The three dancers move around in a circle as they perform the various actions that are part of the dance. All three wear feathers in their headbands and two wear decorative tails.
    • Contributor: Dickson, W. K.-L. (William Kennedy-Laurie) - Heise, William - Last Horse - Parts His Hair - Hair Coat - Pine - Strong Talker - Thomas A. Edison, Inc - Hendricks (Gordon) Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1894