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  • Film, Video
    Cake walk
    Coon cake walk | Darkey cake walk | Cakewalk
    Five African Americans--three men and two women--perform a cakewalk, a dance featuring fancy strutting that was named after the prize awarded in the original contests. The dancers wear rather formal attire, with the men in dark suits and black tie and the women in full-length, high-collared dark dresses; one woman carries a small American flag. As they step in place against a light background, ...
    • Contributor: American Mutoscope and Biograph Company - Paper Print Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1903
  • Film, Video
    Latina, contortionist
    Latina, contortionist-act-with-rings
    A woman wearing a light-colored leotard, gathered at the waist, and tights stands against a black background. Although she is filmed in a long shot, her feet are cut off in the frame. She opens with a flourish of her arms and faces the camera. First stretching up with her arms, Latina then bends in half at the waist, steps into a metal ring ...
    • Contributor: Latina - Bitzer, G. W. - American Mutoscope and Biograph Company - Paper Print Collection (Library of Congress) - Niver (Kemp) Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1905
  • Film, Video
    Fougère Opens on a stage with a painted backdrop of what appears to be clouds [K.R. Niver sees the background as rolling waves]. From the left of the frame enters Eugenie Fougère in a strutting type of leg movement, shot in profile but with her face turned toward the camera. She wears a dress with a dark, lace-patterned, low-cut bodice, striped sleeves, and a frilly ...
    • Contributor: Fougère, Eugenie - Armitage, F. S. - American Mutoscope and Biograph Company - Paper Print Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1902
  • Film, Video
    Ameta
    Ameta the lily dance
    Two large squares of white fabric completely cover a woman standing on a stage with a paneled wall as a backdrop. The fabric is supported in front and back of her by some sort of flexible poles along the top edge. The woman bends these rods and peaks out from the resulting hole, with her head and neck visible. She then performs what appears ...
    • Contributor: Ameta - Armitage, F. S. - American Mutoscope and Biograph Company - Paper Print Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1903
  • Film, Video
    Mr. Jack in the dressing room
    Mr. Jack visits the dressing room | Mister Jack in the dressing room
    Opens on a stage set of the interior of a theatrical dressing room. Along a bar that serves as a dressing table sit three costumed young women--perhaps chorus girls or members of a burlesque troope--adjusting their hair and makeup in three mirrors hanging from the wall. Two of the women wear very short outfits that show their stockinged legs; the third woman is dressed ...
    • Contributor: Weed, A. E. - American Mutoscope and Biograph Company - Paper Print Collection (Library of Congress) - Niver (Kemp) Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1904
  • Film, Video
    2 a.m. in the subway
    Two a.m. in the subway
    Opens on a set of a subway platform, with two tracks on either side and stairs leading up to the exit. A policeman stretches and wearily sits on a box or crate, as a uniformed conductor awaits a train. A subway car arrives on the left side of the platform and the conductor opens the door. A well-dressed man with a cigar in his ...
    • Contributor: Bitzer, G. W. - American Mutoscope and Biograph Company - Paper Print Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1905
  • Film, Video
    25th Infantry
    Twenty-fifth Infantry | Twenty-fifth Inf. returning from Mt. Ariat | 25th Infantry returning from Mt. Arayat | Back from battle | Back from the battle | 25th Infantry returning from Mt. Ariat, 1898
    From the Biograph picture catalogue: Gen. Frederick D. Grant and Gen. A.S. Burt [commander of the 25th Infantry Regiment] returning from Mt. Ariat [sic], at the head of the famous 25th Infantry, colored.
    • Contributor: Ackerman, Raymond - American Mutoscope and Biograph Company - Theodore Roosevelt Association Collection (Library of Congress) - Paper Print Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1900
  • Film, Video
    Comedy cake walk
    Comedy cakewalk
    Five African Americans--three men and two women--perform an exaggerated cakewalk in fancy evening clothes. Two of the men wear formal black tie in tuxedos with tails, while the third wears a gray tux of shiny material with an extremely long overcoat and exaggerated cuffs. All have matching top hats and canes. The women wear highly decorated hats and tight-fitting, frilly dresses of only mid-calf ...
    • Contributor: American Mutoscope and Biograph Company - Paper Print Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1903
  • Film, Video
    A nymph of the waves Superimposition of a woman dancing over footage of crashing waves from the rapids of Niagara Falls. The woman wears a frilly, perhaps feather-trimmed, white dress with a low-cut bodice, a matching feathered hat, white stockings, and white ballet slippers. She holds up her skirt through the entire dance, revealing her ankles and lower legs as well as a flash of a garter above the ...
    • Contributor: Bartho, Cathrina - American Mutoscope and Biograph Company - Paper Print Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1900
  • Film, Video
    Kiss me Opens on a stage set of a street with a sidewalk and a high fence completely covered with female burlesque troupe posters. The four posters visible advertise actual contemporary burlesquers Fred Irwin's Majestics, Rose Sydell (of her London Belles), Phil Sheridan's New City Sports (with the tag line "Ain't we three birds"), and the Rentz-Santley Co. One of the center posters--that for Rose Sydell--features ...
    • Contributor: Weed, A. E. - American Mutoscope and Biograph Company - Paper Print Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1904
  • Film, Video
    General Wheeler and Secretary Alger
    Gen. Wheeler and Secretary of War Russell A. Alger at Camp Wikoff | Gen. Wheeler and Sec'y Alger
    From the Biograph picture catalogue: 25 feet. This picture was taken in front of Gen. Wheeler's headquarters at Camp Wikoff during Gen. Alger's tour of inspection of the camp. The two distinguished military men are seen overlooking the immense camp ground, and then turning and walking toward the camera. The negative is very fine photographically, and the portraiture unexcelled.
    • Contributor: Wheeler, Joseph - Alger, R. A. (Russell Alexander) - American Mutoscope and Biograph Company - Paper Print Collection (Library of Congress) - American Mutoscope Company - Niver (Kemp) Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1898
  • Film, Video
    Carriers leaving building, U.S.P.O. [Version 1]
    Carriers leaving building, United States Post Office.
    The opening scene shows the steps of a large public building. Above the steps is a door out of which, coming toward the camera position, are approximately a hundred and fifty mail carriers of the postal service. They are in uniform and are all carrying mail bags. They continue down the steps in formation for the full length of the film.
    • Contributor: Weed, A. E. - American Mutoscope and Biograph Company - Paper Print Collection (Library of Congress) - Niver (Kemp) Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1903
  • Film, Video
    McKinley and party
    President McKinley's inspection of Camp Wikoff
    From the Biograph picture catalogue: 54 feet. This picture has been very popular wherever it has been shown on the Biograph. To begin with, the film is unusually fine photographically, and the picture is taken from a point of view which shows the immense distances of Camp Wikoff with its multitude of tents in the background. The President, with Vice-President Hobart and Secretary of ...
    • Contributor: McKinley, William - Hobart, Garret A. (Garret Augustus) - Alger, R. A. (Russell Alexander) - Wheeler, Joseph - Astor, John Jacob - American Mutoscope and Biograph Company - Paper Print Collection (Library of Congress) - American Mutoscope Company - Niver (Kemp) Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1898
  • Film, Video
    A frontier flirtation
    Frontier flirtation, or how the tenderfoot won out | How the tenderfoot won out
    Opens on a stage with a painted backdrop of a forest or garden. On a park bench center stage sits a well-dressed woman with a dark veil obscuring her face, holding an open parasol overhead and a closed fan in her lap. A mustached cowboy enters, dressed in fringed chaps, boots, Western hat, neck kerchief, and pistol belt. When he spies the woman, he ...
    • Contributor: Bitzer, G. W. - American Mutoscope and Biograph Company - Paper Print Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1903
  • Film, Video
    Theodore Roosevelt
    Theodore Roosevelt leaving the White House | Hon. Theo. Roosevelt, Ass't Sec'y, U.S. Navy leaving White House | Honorable Theodore Roosevelt, Assistant Secretary, United States Navy leaving White House | TR as Assistant Secretary of the Navy leaving the White House, 1897 | Theodore Roosevelt as Assistant Secretary of the Navy leaving the White House, 1897
    TR, in formal dress with hat, walks down the steps of the Treasury Building in Washington, D.C. and turns and walks toward the stationary camera. The south portico of the White House is visible through trees in background.
    • Contributor: Roosevelt, Theodore - American Mutoscope Company - Theodore Roosevelt Association Collection (Library of Congress) - Niver (Kemp) Collection (Library of Congress) - American Mutoscope and Biograph Company
    • Date: 1898
  • Film, Video
    Carriers leaving building, U.S.P.O. [Version 2]
    Carriers leaving building, United States Post Office
    Male letter carriers of the U.S. Post Office are the subject of this series on the Postal Department. The camera was placed to show a large number of uniformed mail carriers as they leave the main post office to deliver letters. They can be seen walking down the steps of the building toward the camera position. Some mount bicycles and ride away, while others ...
    • Contributor: Weed, A. E. - American Mutoscope and Biograph Company - Paper Print Collection (Library of Congress) - Niver (Kemp) Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1903
  • Film, Video
    Foxy Grandpa and Polly in a little hilarity
    Grandpa & Polly in a little hilarity (dance)
    Opens on a stage with a stone fence and a painted backdrop of a forest or garden. Husband and wife team of Hart and DeMar as cartoon characters Foxy Grandpa and Polly enter hand-in-hand from behind the fence. Grandpa has a bald pate with bushy white hair on the sides, a big bulbous nose, and a potbelly, dressed in a light-colored suit with a ...
    • Contributor: Hart, Joseph - Demar, Carrie - Bonine, R. (Robert K.) - American Mutoscope and Biograph Company - Paper Print Collection (Library of Congress) - Brady, William A. - Bunny
    • Date: 1902
  • Film, Video
    Happy Hooligan
    Happy Hooligan interferes
    Opens on a stage set of a house exterior, complete with a door, window, and ivy on the walls. In front of the house, an organ-grinder plays as Happy Hooligan listens and claps along merrily. The Hooligan character is dressed as a tramp in a ragged and torn suit, and sports a bald pate with an incredibly tiny hat perched atop it. A middle-aged ...
    • Contributor: Bitzer, G. W. - American Mutoscope and Biograph Company - Paper Print Collection (Library of Congress) - Niver (Kemp) Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1903
  • Film, Video
    The serenaders Opens on a stage set of a two-story brick building. Two street serenaders in rather shabby clothes stand outside the building, one playing a trombone and the other what appears to be a clarinet. A young woman appears in the upstairs window and looks down smiling on the two suitors. She soon favors and encourages the trombonist by throwing kisses and clutching her chest, ...
    • Contributor: Bitzer, G. W. - American Mutoscope and Biograph Company - Paper Print Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1899
  • Film, Video
    Fights of nations
    Fight of nations
    Part 1: In "Mexico and Spain," a man dressed as a Mexican peasant spies on a happy young woman and her suitor, who wears a fancy Spanish, matador-style outfit. The woman dances for her companion, then the couple embrace and sit on a stone bench, holding hands. The jealous peasant rises from his hiding place to stab his rival, but the woman grabs his ...
    • Contributor: Bitzer, G. W. - American Mutoscope and Biograph Company - Paper Print Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1907
  • Film, Video
    Dance, Franchonetti Sisters
    Dance, Franchenette Sisters
    Three young women with dark, curly hair stand on a stage with a black background and patterned carpet or tile underfoot. They wear tights, ballet shoes, and frilly dresses to the knee with multiple petticoats and ruffled drawers. They begin by raising their right legs up by their heads, and then perform a dance with a variety of kicks and leg movements, their hands ...
    • Contributor: Franchonetti Sisters - American Mutoscope and Biograph Company - Paper Print Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1903
  • Film, Video
    As in a looking glass
    How Tommy got a pull on his grandpa
    Opens on a split stage set of two rooms with a door and wall between them. In the living or dining room on the left of the frame, an elderly, bearded man sits at a table, reading the newspaper. In the bedroom on the right, a boy in a suit with short pants attaches a long string to the end of a dresser drawer, ...
    • Contributor: Armitage, F. S. - American Mutoscope and Biograph Company - Paper Print Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1903
  • Film, Video
    A ballroom tragedy
    Ball room tragedy
    Opens on a set of a sitting room, apparently off a ballroom where dancers occasionally can be glimpsed through a curtained entrance stage right. Near the entrance, a young couple in formal attire talk--perhaps angrily--as another couple exit the dancing. The second man introduces his companion--a striking woman in a risqué white gown with a low-cut bodice and bare shoulders--to the other man and ...
    • Contributor: Bitzer, G. W. - American Mutoscope and Biograph Company - Paper Print Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1905
  • Film, Video
    Roosevelt's Rough Riders
    Roosevelt's Rough Riders at drill | Roosevelt Rough Riders
    "A charge full of cowboy enthusiasm by Troop "I," the famous regiment, at Tampa, before its departure for the front"--Biograph picture catalogue.
    • Contributor: American Mutoscope Company - American Mutoscope and Biograph Company - Paper Print Collection (Library of Congress) - Niver (Kemp) Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1898
  • Film, Video
    Princess Rajah dance
    Princess Rajah, dance with chair
    Princess Rajah performs an "Oriental" or belly dance, and a balancing chair act in her teeth like that often found in folk performances in various cultures from Northern Africa to Greece. Shot outdoors in a street scene at the St. Louis Exposition, the film captures her act in an extreme long shot. She wears a dark, sleeveless dress to mid-calf, with a fringed, low-cut ...
    • Contributor: Princess Rajah - Weed, A. E. - American Mutoscope and Biograph Company - Paper Print Collection (Library of Congress)
    • Date: 1904