Revolution in the Archives: The Future of Scholarly Publishing
The seventh speaker in this special series, Edward L. Ayers, Dean of the College and Graduate School of Arts and Sciences at the University of Virginia, presented a talk titled "Revolution in the Archives: The Future of Scholarly Publishing." Among the questions Ayers addresses are the effects of digitization on understanding the human record and the impact of the digital revolution on scholarly writing. ...
The Ethics of Mind-Bending Drugs
In May 2005, the Library of Congress, the Dana Foundation, Columbia University, and the National Institute of Mental Health gathered leaders in neuroscience and ethics to discuss the rights and wrongs of using or not using new therapies and enhancements. By defining the most advanced and promising research findings, the conference sought to dispel public confusion about what brain science today can and cannot ...
The Planet's Future: 2015 National Book Festival
Eminent biologist Edward O. Wilson and global economist Jeffrey Sachs discuss human existence and its viability on this planet at the 2015 Library of Congress National Book Festival in Washington, D.C.
Man, Food, and Fire: The Evolution of Barbecue
Award-winning cookbook author and "master griller" Steven Raichlen will lecture at the Library of Congress on the history of barbecue, from the discovery of live-fire cooking nearly 2 million years ago to the invention of the charcoal briquette, gas grills and modern barbecue restaurants.
The Album in the Age of Photography
As photography became an increasingly accessible medium in the 20th century, the popularity of the photographic album exploded, yielding a wonderful range of objects made for varying purposes -- to memorialize, document (officially or unofficially), promote or educate and sometimes simply to channel creative energy. Verna Posever Curtis traces the rise of the album from the turn of the last century to the present ...
Curtis, Verna Posever
Project IRENE: Analyzing Images to Digitize Sound on Historic Audio Recordings
This lecture describes the IRENE technology, how the method enables the reconstruction of sound from the digital images, and the innovations and challenges relevant to scaling this method for working with thousands of cylinders. The Phoebe A. Hearst Museum of Anthropology at the University of California, Berkeley is home to nearly 3,000 20th-century ethnographic field recordings that record Native Californians singing and speaking in ...
The Rise of Printed Visuality: Printers and Page Design, 1467-1482
In an effort to differentiate their books from those produced by scribes and illuminators, several printers devised a bold, ink-rich mechanical style that circumvented the aesthetic standards of the manuscript page. The design choices of Ulrich Han in Rome, Gunther and Johann Zainer in Augsburg and Ulm, Johannes in Verona, Johann Muller (Regiomontanus) in Nuremberg, and Erhard Ratdolt in Venice proved particularly influential in ...
Chronicling America and Building the National Digital Newspaper Program
The National Digital Newspaper Program (NDNP), a partnership between the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) and Library of Congress, is a long-term effort to create and provide permanent access to a searchable database of U.S. newspapers and digitized pages, selected for their historic content and value. The initial version of this rich digital resource is available from the Library of Congress Web site ...
Bibliographic Framework Initiative
The presenters give an update on the status of the Library of Congress initiative to review the current bibliographic framework to accommodate future needs in a better manner. A major focus of the initiative is to determine a transition path for the MARC 21 exchange format in order to reap the benefits of newer technology while preserving a robust data exchange that has supported ...
Of All the Physicians is There a Physician? Irony in the Practice of Medicine
Although practicing medicine is a historic and socially established way of living a good and worthy life, the best physicians at times find themselves asking of their own activity, "What does any of this have to do with medicine?" At such moments, physicians are bewildered and are unsure of how to proceed, even as they long to become the physician they are not yet. ...
Cancer Moonshot Initiative
A panel discussion with representatives of the White House Moonshot Cancer Task Force and other organizations interested in cancer research.
Landscape Renovation: New Plantings for the Madison Building Gardens
The planting beds in the front of the Madison Building were completely redesigned in the Spring of 2006. Senior Landscape Architect of the United States Capitol Matthew Evans presented a lecture describing the design which was a collaborative effort of three institutions. The lecture was presented by the Science, Technology and Business Division. Other speakers included Holly H. Shimizu, executive director of the United ...
NDIIPP Briefing: How Are We "Ensuring the Longevity of Digital Documents?"
David S.H. Rosenthal, chief scientist with the LOCKSS Program at Stanford University, explores sustainable approaches to format obsolescence in digital preservation. He discusses large scale interactions between the evolution of information technology over time and the social, technical, and economic factors that enable digital preservation; changing fundamental understandings of threats and challenges in digital preservation starting from Jeff Rothenberg's 1995 Scientific American article "Ensuring ...
The Case of the Missing Martian Atmosphere
Jared Espley spoke about climate change on Mars and the MAVEN mission. Several types of evidence from past Mars missions leads us to believe that Mars used to be much different from the dry, cold place we find today. Ancient gullies and canyons look as if they were carved by flowing water, minerals that can only be made in standing water have been found, ...
BARD Mobile iOS: An Introduction to the BARD Mobile App
The BARD Mobile app for the iPhone, iPad, and iPod Touch will allow blind users to download and read NLS Braille and talking books directly from the Braille and Audio Reading Download site (BARD). Karen Keninger provides an overview of the app.
Post-Traumatic Stress Awareness Panel
This panel discussion covered Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder with veterans living with the diagnosis and experts who work directly with PTSD-diagnosed veterans. Speakers included Jason Cain, Karen Lynn Fears, Richard Tedeschi, Gala True and David Williams.