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American Folklife Center Annual Report for 2004

Peggy A. Bulger, Director

Arrearage Reduction and Processing

Significant progress was made in the area of arrearage reduction during the past year, as is illustrated below. The pace of this work at AFC has been accelerated as a result of the hiring of two new staff members: cataloger Margaret Kruesi, and processing technician Sarah Bradley Leighton. Gains in arrearage reduction with regard to Veterans History Project collections have also been realized. (See separate report from VHP.)

1. Completed Processing FY04:

American Dialect Society Collection AFC 1984/011: The collection's sound recordings (about 870 two sided audiodiscs, plus one reel to reel tape) are being digitized. Over 800 recordings have passed the quality-review process; this represents about half of all digitized sound files to be made.

James Madison Carpenter Collection AFC 1972/001: A team of scholars, based at the University of Sheffield and working in coordination with AFC staff, has produced an online, searchable catalog for the Carpenter Collection. At LC, work on digitizing selected manuscript materials, photographic materials and sound recordings is now completed. METSMaker, a LC inter-divisional database, houses the metadata regarding the collection's digitized materials.

Coal River Folklife Project AFC 1999/008: Previously unidentified material has been identified and added to the collection. Slides from the New River Gorge Collection were put back into the original collection. A total of 7,457 color slides have been reviewed and entered into a container-level inventory as part of the collection guide, and inventories of slides, sound recordings, and videocassettes have been completed.

Sidney Robertson Cowell WPA California Folk Music Project Collection AFC 1940/001: The first draft of the collection guide has been written.

Eleanor Dickinson Collection AFC 1970/001: Processing of the manuscript and photographic materials has been finished, and the moving images (181 items) have been digitized.

David Dunaway/Pete Seeger Interviews Collection AFC 2001/019: Processing of the collection has been completed and the collection guide is being reviewed.

Sam Eskin Collection 1999/004: Processing of the collection has been completed and the collection guide is being reviewed.

Robin Hiteshew/Irish-American Print Materials Collection AFC 1998/013: All sound recordings in this collection have been duplicated and the originals have been housed.

International Storytelling Foundation Collection AFC 2001/008: The entire collection of has been processed. Surveying, rehousing, database construction, and assignment of digital ID numbers for "Save Our Sounds" are under way. Moving-image data entry has been completed and a 36 page processing plan has been drafted.

International Storytelling Collection AFC 2001/008: The survey and rehousing phases of the project are complete. Arrangement and description of graphic images, moving images, and artifacts are complete. Currently, staff are arranging and describing manuscripts and sound recordings. Digitization of sound recordings, as part of the "Save Our Sounds" program, is underway.

The Irish Folklore Commission Wax-Cylinder Collection AFC 2004/002: The IFC loaned four wax cylinders, recorded in the early 20th century, to the AFC as a test to discover the quality of the sound recordings. The transfer work has been accomplished.

Nora Yeh Kemeny Collection AFC 2000/018: All the materials have been organized and 300 books are ready for transfer to the Asian Division.

George Korson Collection AFC 2003/011: Books, serials, and published audio recordings have been surveyed and selectively deaccessioned, with more published materials yet to be surveyed. Items to be treated or rehoused by Conservation have been identified.

Lands' End All American Quilt Collection AFC 1997/011: The collection guide is being reviewed.

Leadbelly/Lomax Collection (tentative title): Scanning for preservation has been done and the prrocessing of other relevant Leadbelly materials is being worked out. A collection guide is being drafted.

Eloise Hubbard Linscott Collection AFC 1942/002: Digitization of selected manuscript, photographic, and audio materials has been completed. The collection guide is being finalized.

Literatura de Cordel Brazilian Chapbook Collection AFC 1970/002: The collection has been surveyed and a processing plan has been developed and approved. Housing has been arranged for 10 original woodblock print posters, and the collection database has been redesigned.

Local Legacies AFC 2000/001: The original 138 linear feet of materials, not including oversize materials or artifacts, has been consolidated into 43 linear feet. Such reduction of space is made possible by grouping like formats together (manuscripts, sound recordings, visual images) after each item is assigned a number. Selected items are being digitized so they can be added to the "Community" portion of the "Courage, Patriotism, Community" online resource.

Alan Lomax Collection AFC 2004/004: The entire collection has been unpacked and stored. Two-thirds of the collection has been rehoused.

Julie McCullough/Folklore Society of Greater Washington Collection AFC 2002/003: Processing of the collection has been completed and the collection guide is being reviewed.

Pete and Toshi Seeger Film Collection AFC 2003/027: Forty-nine composite prints in the collection have been rehoused.

September 11, 2001, Documentary Project AFC 2001/015: Databases have been created to capture information about the manuscript materials, sound recordings, graphic materials, and moving images. An arrangement and numbering system has been developed. All manuscript materials have been rehoused. Almost all reference copies of sound recordings have been made.
The collection guide is undergoing final editing.

Jean Thomas Scrapbooks AFC 1954/001: The Conservation staff has resumed treatment of these scrapbooks.

Working in Paterson Project Collection AFC 1995/028: Audio tapes in the collection have been grouped into originals, preservation, duplicate copies, and an inventory has been compiled for each group. The collection guide has been updated to reflect the added materials, and it is currently under review.

Aaron Ziegelman Foundation (Luboml) Collection AFC 2003/002: All materials have been removed from transfer boxes, arranged, and surveyed for preservation needs. Video logs have been made for three documentary videos in the collection.

Doris Duke / Zuni Storytelling Collection AFC 1996/073: Data for 222 tapes have been entered into METSMaker to prepare for "Save Our Sounds" processing. Digitization has been completed.

Key Acquisitions

The Alan Lomax Collection was acquired as a result of a cooperative agreement between the AFC and the Association for Cultural Equity, with the generosity of an anonymous donor. The collection comprises the unparalleled ethnographic documentation collected by the legendary folklorist over a period of sixty years, including more than 5,000 hours of sound recordings, 400,000 feet of motion picture film, 2,450 videotapes, 2,000 scholarly books and journals, hundreds of photographic prints and negatives, and over 120 linear feet of manuscript material, comprising correspondence, fieldnotes, research files, programs scripts, indexes, and book and article manuscripts. This enormous collection documents music, dance, narrative, games and other forms of traditional expression from throughout the United States and from many other countries.

Violette Maloney Halpert, of St. John's, Newfoundland, has donated a collection of field audio recordings, photographs, fieldnotes and other documentary materials created by her late husband, folklorist Herbert Halpert. The collection comprises materials representing Halpert's research work from the 1940s and 1950s, which documented folk music and other aspects of traditional culture in Alaska, Indiana, Kentucky, New Jersey, and New York. Other Halpert collections in the Archive of Folk Culture include over 400 discs from his Southern States fieldwork and nearly 50 discs he collected in New York City. These collections from 1939 were among Halpert's earliest work during a distinguished career in folklore that spanned the next six decades.

Ethnomusicologist Martha Forsyth, of West Newton, Massachusetts, has donated a collection of over 275 original field recordings of traditional songs and instrumental music of Bulgaria, which she recorded between 1978 and 2004, along with associated indexes and lists.

Folklorist Don Yoder, professor emeritus at the University of Pennsylvania, has donated a collection of his field recordings that document aspects of Pennsylvania Dutch culture, particularly folk belief, sermons and religious music, folksong, and harvest festivals. The collection comprises 79 reel-to-reel tape recordings, and was created by Yoder over the course of more than thirty years.

Pete and Toshi Seeger, of Beacon, New York, have donated their film collection to the American Folklife Center. Officially donated in June 2003, the collection is now at the Library of Congress. Beginning in the mid-1950s, the Seegers began to document on film the music, dance, games, and occupational lore of many places they visited around the world. The Pete and Toshi Seeger Film Collection includes film shot from 1957 to 1964, including footage such important musicians as Big Bill Broonzy (1957), Odetta (1957), and Bob Gibson (1957), and Elizabeth Cotten (1960). There is footage from the National Folk Festival (1957) and a Texas prison (1965). The majority of the footage, however, derives from the Seeger family's ten-month performing tour, 1963 and 1964, which included stops in Japan, Indonesia, India, East and West Africa, Israel, the USSR, and Ireland.

Reference, Research, and Outreach, Including Publications

Field School for Cultural Documentation. On March 19, David Taylor and Kristi Bell, a folklorist at Brigham Young University, briefed staff of Utah senators Orrin Hatch and Robert Bennett and representative Chris Cannon on the AFC's upcoming summer field documentation training school, held in Provo. From July 11 through July 31, the AFC conducted the field school there, in conjunction with Brigham Young University. Course participants documented family-run orchards of Utah Valley. This was the seventh field school that AFC has sponsored since 1994. AFC staff members David Taylor, Michael Taft and Ilana Harlow were among the course's faculty members.

Montana Heritage Project. In October, Guha Shankar traveled to Montana to meet with staff of the Montana Heritage Project (MHP) and to visit area schools to learn how teachers incorporate the principles of place-based education into their classroom teaching. The project has now entered its tenth year. March 28-31, Peggy Bulger traveled to Helena, Montana, for the Montana Heritage Project Student Conference. The Librarian of Congress, Dr. James H. Billington, also attended the conference and delivered an address. On September 7-8, Bulger traveled to Billings, Montana, for a meeting of the executive board of the Montana Heritage Project.

Arizona Heritage Project.
In October, Guha Shankar met with Arizona Heritage Project (AHP) staff, based at the offices of the funding agency, the Salt River Project (SRP), and also met the five teachers and their students who have undertaken heritage projects this year. The partnership between AFC and SRP has been extended for a second year. February 27-28, Shankar traveled to Phoenix, where he attended the mid-year review of the research programs produced by the partner schools associated with the Arizona Heritage Project. He discussed plans with Salt River Project staff regarding their summer teacher-training workshops for heritage program participants. He also met with Lisa Falk, education specialist at the Arizona State Museum, Tucson, to discuss the museum's proposed teacher-training workshops to be produced in collaboration with the AFC in summer 2004. On June 4, Peggy Bulger gave the keynote address at the Arizona Heritage Project Student Conference and Graduation, in Phoenix, and Guha Shankar also participated in the events. From June 1-14, Guha Shankar along with Paddy Bowman (CARTS), Michael Umphrey (Montana Heritage Project), and Jim Griffith (Arizona) joined Lisa Falk at the Arizona State Museum, Tucson, to conduct teacher training workshops for a group of fourteen local high school educators as part of the first annual Sense of Place Summer Teaching Institute. Shankar conducted workshops on AFC's involvement in Heritage Education initiatives, demonstrated aspects of the Library's web-based educational resources, participated in discussions on fieldwork ethics and research design, provided hands-on training in field recording and interviewing methods as well as in fashioning multi-media presentations. From June 27-July 1, Maggie Kruesi and Guha Shankar gave presentations at the Arizona Heritage Project Summer Institute held at the Arizona Historical Society in Tempe, Arizona. They met with teachers and students who are the 2004-2005 recipients of Arizona Heritage Project grants, to discuss their individual projects.

Discussions with National Library of Egypt. January 22 to February 1, Peggy Bulger was a member of a delegation of Library of Congress officials that traveled to Cairo, Egypt, in order to meet with their counterparts at the National Library of Egypt and discuss programs, activities and possible collaborations with the National Library of Egypt. She conferred with the library's director about the creation of a folklife center at the National Library.

Utah Heritage Project. February 23-26, Guha Shankar traveled to Utah to meet with faculty and staff at Brigham Young University, AFC's latest partner in heritage place-based education projects. The Utah Heritage Project is scheduled to begin in the fall of 2004, following the AFC's field school for cultural documentation, which is also being co-sponored by BYU. While at BYU, Shankar delivered lectures on the AFC's mission and its programs in heritage education.

Ethnographic Thesaurus Project. Working in partnership with AFC, the American Folklore Society has received a grant of $484,000 from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation to complete the development of an ethnographic thesaurus. In recognition of the fact that there is no standard for describing traditional culture in an agreed-upon vocabulary, the project will create an online, searchable ethnographic thesaurus that will act as an authoritative list of terms for those working in folklore and ethnomusicology, as well as in the related fields of anthropology, literature, and music, and also for the general community of researchers. A four-person project staff was hired and work is now in progress.

Family Genetic History Project. AFC, along with three partner organizations, has received a $400,000 grant from the Health and Human Services Administration of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The project aims to increase awareness and understanding of ways family history may influence personal health, and will use an oral history approach to gather health-related narratives. It is expected that the narratives will shed light on potential risk factors that may generally be overlooked in standard medical histories. AFC's partners are the American Society of Human Genetics, the Genetic Alliance, and the Institute for Cultural Partnerships.

StoryCorps Project. On October 23, Peggy Bulger and James Hardin traveled to New York City for the opening of the first StoryCorps oral history project interview booth, in Grand Central Terminal. Bulger was among the people who spoke at the ceremony, which included StoryCorps founder David Isay, Studs Terkel, and several representatives from the government of the City of New York.

WIPO/UNESCO. AFC continues to be involved with international discussions concerning intellectual property, folklore, traditional knowledge and genetic resources. Peggy Bulger serves on the U.S. delegation to the World Intellectual Property Organization, and, along with Michael Taft and David Taylor, participates in meetings of U.S. government officials concerning cultural policy matters relative to UNESCO and other international bodies. On March 13-18, Bulger was a member of the U.S. delegation at a meeting of the WIPO Committee on Genetic Resources, Traditional Knowledge, and Folklore, in Geneva. On March 25, AFC co-sponsored, with the National Endowment for the Arts, a conference on issues pertaining to folklife as they have arisen at UNESCO, the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), and the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS).

Jane O'Brien Fund Established. On July 15, Dr. Daniel Botkin's gift of $10,000, to establish the Jane O'Brien Fund, was formally accepted by the Librarian of Congress. The fund, named for Botkin's late wife, will support AFC's mission to "preserve and present American Folklife" in its myriad forms.

Library of Congress Comes to Your Home Town Project. From November 13 to 17, David Taylor took part in the "Library of Congress Comes to Your Home Town" project by presenting workshops on oral history interviewing techniques in Columbus, Cleveland, and Cambridge, Ohio. He was part of a small group of Library staff, including the Librarian, Dr. James H. Billington, who discussed various Library of Congress projects and programs during visits to these three Ohio cities. AFC staff member Andrew Wallace produced a special "Homegrown" concert, featuring Tony Ellis and the Musicians of Braeburn, at the Pritchard Laughlin Civic Center in Cambridge, Ohio.

Potential Project at Zuni Pueblo. Peggy Bulger, Guha Shankar and Zuni Pueblo (New Mexico) council member Arden Kucate have discussed possible educational programs built around the digital files of AFC's Doris Duke Zuni Storytelling Collection. The digitization initiative, which benefitted from a grant from the Rex Foundation in 2003, was recently completed and has yielded over 400 hours of materials featuring respected Zuni elders (all now deceased) who recorded various accounts of culture and history on Zuni Pueblo in the late 1960s. Shankar also completed the initial inventory of the first batch of collection materials that ethnolinguist Curtis Cook is donating to the AFC. Cook's tape recordings and transcriptions, in Zuni, of oral narratives he documented in Zuni Pueblo in the mid-1960s, and English translations of the same materials will complement the Doris Duke Zuni Storytelling Collection. Mr. Cook is preparing additional collection materials, particularly photographs and other manuscripts, for future submission.

Video Conferences. On July 6, Cathy Kerst, along with Judy Graves of the LC Digital Reference Team, participated in a video conference, entitled AGathering Community Stories," for graduate students in education at Southern Illinois University at Carbondale as part of the "Adventure of the American Mind" program. On August 3, Kerst and Graves held a video conference on "Gathering Community Stories" for teachers in the public schools in Alamogordo, New Mexico, as part of an education conference organized by the local school district.

Planning for Museum of the City of Boston. David Taylor participated in a planning meeting in Boston to discuss the development of a new "Museum of the City of Boston" and associated research and programming, including the documentation of the "Big Dig" construction project from a cultural perspective. The meeting was convened by the Boston Museum Project and attended by a small group of invited planners, oral historians, folklorists, and representatives of the National Park Service.

Assistance to Educators in New Mexico. From January 25-30, David Taylor was in New Mexico, with a group of other subject specialists from the Library, in order to share information on Library of Congress resources with public school teachers and other educators. He met with teachers at numerous schools in the vicinity of Albuquerque and Sante Fe, the senior staff of the institute of American Indian Art (Sante Fe), and the principal and librarian at the Santa Clara Pueblo primary school. The trip was sponsored by the Institute for Education and the Arts, a Washington-based non-profit that has launched a special initiative in New Mexico.

Assistance to the National Folk Festival. Peggy Bulger served as presenter at the National Folk Festival in Bangor, Maine, from August 27-29.

American Folklife Center: An Illustrated Guide. The Library has published a handsome 84-page publication about the American Folklife Center and its collections titled American Folklife Center: An Illustrated Guide. The principal author is James B. Hardin.

MARC Records. Maggie Kruesi created and updated MARC records in the Library of Congress online catalog, for all AFC finding aids currently available on the Center's website (49 finding aids).


On October 24, Peggy Bulger, Michael Taft, and David Taylor attended a conference "Material Ireland/Virtual Ireland: The American Conference for Irish Studies," Mid Atlantic Region, at the University of Maryland, in College Park. Taft and Séamus Ó'Catháin, University College, Dublin, provided the keynote "From Wax to Bytes: Imprinting, Recovering, and Preserving Early Field Recordings from the Irish Folklore Commission." Peggy Bulger participated in the closing plenary panel, "Virtual Ireland: Next Steps."

On November 25, Peggy Bulger represented the American Folklife Center at an intergovernmental meeting to discuss folklife programs at federal agencies and possible collaborations.

On December 5-7, Peggy Bulger attended a meeting of the National Assembly of State Arts Agencies in Charleston, South Carolina, where she spoke about the work of the AFC.

The winter, spring and summer (Vol. 26, 2004) issues of Folklife Center News were published. They include articles about such things as the acquisition of the Lomax, Korson, Halpert, Seeger, and Yoder collections; AFC's involvement with the StoryCorps oral history project; the Ethnographic Thesaurus project; the Family Genetic History Project; the release of new online presentations; and the activities of the Veterans History Project.

Michael Taft's article "The Save Our Sounds Project" is included in the publication Sound Savings: Preserving Audio Collections. Proceedings from the Symposium, July 24-26, 2003. Washington: D.C.: Association of Research Libraries, 2004.

La Tradición Popular y la Investigación de Campo: Una introducción a las técnicas de investigación was published. It is a Spanish version of Folklife and Fieldwork, translated by Pampa Rótolo.

David Taylor's essay, "Documenting Local Culture: An Introductory Field School," co-written with Inta Carpenter and Philip Stafford, was published in volume 22 (2004) of NAPA Bulletin, a publication of the National Association for the Practice of Anthropology.

On June 24, Judith Gray gave a presentation on AFC reference resources to participants in the Library's current Reference Collections course.

On July 21, Ilana Harlow delivered a lecture as part of the Omnibus series in the Special Collections Division of Brigham Young University's library.

Todd Harvey, serving as the program assistant to Catholic University Library and Information Science courses held at the Library of Congress, coordinated an informational open house at the Library, on July 22, that introduced students and other Library staff to the program.

On July 13, Michael Taft delivered the William A. Wilson Folklore Archives Founder's Lecture at the Brigham Young University, in Provo, Utah. The title of his lecture was "Household Folklife: Documenting and Preserving Family Traditions."

On July 18-19, Michael Taft gave lecture, describing the history and activities of the American Folklife Center and the Archive of Folk Culture, to the Alabama Folklife Association, Alabama Community Scholars Institute, Livingston, Alabama.

On September 10, Peggy Bulger was a guest speaker at a celebration of the 20th anniversary of the Vermont Folklife Center.

On September 15, Cathy Kerst made a presentation to graduate students and their professors who are participants in the Bucerius Seminar in American Archives and American History sponsored through a partnership of The German Historical Institute in Washington, the Department of History of the University of Chicago, and the John F. Kennedy Institute for North
American Studies of the Free University of Berlin.

On September 20, Guha Shankar delivered a presentation to approximately thirty international museum, library, and education professionals taking part in the Multi-Regional International Project in Cultural Heritage Preservation, sponsored by the U.S. Department of State.

On September 20, Nora Yeh gave a presentation at the Morikami Museum, in Delray Beach, Florida, about the Archive of Folk Culture and the American Folklife Center. She also discussed the acquisition of Japanese and Japanese American materials, collecting methodologies, and fundraising issues with the museum's director.

Development/Updates of Web Pages, Symposia, Talks, Workshops, Exhibits

New Online Materials. Online presentations made available include: "Folk-Songs of America: the Robert Winslow Gordon Collection, 1922-1932"; "Voices from the Days of Slavery: Former Slaves Tell Their Stories"; "A Teacher's Guide to Folklife Resources"; "Annual Reports of the American Folklife Center"; the finding aid "A Preliminary Listing of Banjo Performers on Field Recordings in the Archive of Folk Song"; the finding aid "The Anne and Frank Warner Collection"; the finding aid "Hawaii Collections in the Archive of Folk Culture"; and the finding aid "New York Collections in the Archive of Folk Culture."

Website Improvement. AFC staff met weekly with Library of Congress staff involved in website management and design in order to advance the redesign of AFC's homepage. The revised version of the Reading Room page with improved navigation features and new search capabilities was uploaded in April, and a complete redesign is well underway and should be completed early in FY05.

Exhibition on Irish Music. On October 22, Peggy Bulger, Ilana Harlow, Michael Taft, and David Taylor visited the Irish Embassy to meet with Séamus Ó'Catháin and Owen Feeney and discuss a collaboration between University College, Dublin, and the AFC to preserve the Irish Folklore Commission cylinders. On March 4-5, Peggy Bulger, Ilana Harlow, and David Taylor participated in an advisory board meeting for the AFC's planned exhibit on Irish music and other traditions. Seven advisors attended the meeting, including representatives from the Republic of Ireland, Northern Ireland, and the United States. Also participating were staff from the Library's Interpretive Programs Office. The meeting was cosponsored by the Irish Embassy, the Northern Ireland Bureau, and the Irish American Cultural Institute. On March 4, Bulger, Harlow, and Taylor attended a reception celebrating Irish art and culture at the Embassy of Ireland. From August 19-23, Ilana Harlow, along with Kim Curry of the Library's Interpretative Programs Office, attended the Milwaukee Irish Fest as guests of founder Ed Ward who is one of the advisors for AFC exhibition. They also visited the Ward archives of Irish music.

Contributions to "With an Even Hand" Exhibition. Todd Harvey, AFC reference specialist, provided curatorial assistance to the Library's exhibition "With an Even Hand: Brown v. Board at Fifty." Peggy Bulger introduced Juan Williams, who delivered a lecture and signed copies of his book as part of the opening celebration for the exhibit, which opened May 13, 2004, and continues through November 13, 2004. The exhibition features several items from AFC collections.

International and Domestic Professional Visitors. Many individuals and groups visit the American Folklife Center to hear presentations and consult with staff about such things as the funding and management of cultural agencies, cultural documentation and preservation, archives management, digital technology, and related topics. Visitors from libraries and cultural organizations outside the United States included: on October 10, a curator of the Oral History Centre, National Library of New Zealand; on October 14, a representative of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO); on October 20, a delegation of Dutch businessmen and businesswomen, sponsored by the Atlantic & Pacific Exchange Program; on October 27, representatives of the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland; on November 7, a cultural attaché at the Embassy of France; on November 6, a group of twenty-five Russian museum directors and cultural administrators; on November 18, a group of ten participants in a multi-regional International Writing Program, sponsored by the U.S. Department of State; on November 19, a group of ten archivists, librarians, and museum curators from Ecuador; on November 20, a dean of international studies and two directors of international study centers from Vietnam; on February 17, a Dutch film crew making a documentary on Alan Lomax; on February 23, the director of the National Library of Brazil; on February 27, six librarians and cultural specialists from Belarus; on February 24, a Japanese film crew making a documentary of StoryCorps and the WPA; on March 8, a representative of the State Media Archive of Denmark; on March 23, four cultural specialists from Kazakhstan; on April 1, a delegation from Ukraine as part of an international-visitor project called "The Impact of Cultural and Historic Preservation on Tourism"; on April 16, a World Cultural Leaders group from Russia; on May 24, a musicologist from the Vicente Emilio Sojo Music Studies Institute, Caracas, Venezuela; on June 30, representatives of the British Broadcasting Corporation's Radio 4 series, "Losing the Past"; on July 6, a representative from UNESCO; on July 8, the chairman of the Committee on Culture and Development of Kyrgyz Language, Kyrgyzstan; on July 30, visitors from the World Bank, and the Commonwealth Historic Resource Management Ltd., and the Shanghai Municipal Finance Bureau; on August 25, two cultural specialists from Palestine; On September 22, a folklorist from India; and On September 29, the head of the Archaeology Department, Art Research Institute, Tashkent, Uzbekistan.

Visitors from libraries and other cultural institutions and organizations within the United States included: on October 17, representatives of the Mandan-Hidatsa tribes from North Dakota; on December 11, a professor of library and information science from Catholic University; on January 7, a representative of the Normandy American Battle Monument; on February 5, seven participants in the National Archives Institute; on February 18, the head of the California Community Foundation; on February 20, a librarian from the Philips Collection, in Washington, D.C.; on March 9, a researcher from the Maryland National Parks Commission; on March 15, a cultural specialist from Puerto Rico; on April 30, a professor of nursing from Johns Hopkins University, and five of her students; on May 6, teachers and students from AFC's partner program, the Montana Heritage Project; on May 19, a group of educators from Iowa; on June 7, fourteen Morris K. Udall Foundation Native American Congressional Interns; on June 2, the director of WordSoundAction, a community-building arts forum and arts policy organization in Maryland; On July 7, Cathy Kerst gave a tour of the AFC and a presentation on AFC folklife and education projects for public school teachers from Clovis, New Mexico; and on September 24, members of the Oneida Hymn Singers group from Wisconsin.


Significant Challenges Faced By the Division

Planning Move to Permanent Quarters. AFC staff worked throughout the year with other Library staff and contractors to plan the move of AFC offices to permanent space in early FY05. Included in the new office space will be high-end and specialized work stations which will allow staff to more efficiently manage in-house audiovisual and digital projects. This move to permanent space with well-designed public and staff areas will allow AFC staff to work more efficiently and, thus, carry out its mission more effectively and better serve its various constituencies.

Enriching Scholarship

Henry Reed Fund. The first grant from the Henry Reed Fund, in the amount of $500, was awarded to Elizabeth LaPrelle of Rural Retreat, Virginia. LaPrelle, who is a singer of Appalachian ballads, will use the grant to enhance her understanding of ballads and other traditional music from the Applachian region. The Henry Reed Fund was established to benefit the activities of folk artists, especially activities that drawn on or strengthen the collections of the Archive of Folk Culture.

Gerald E. and Corrine Parsons Fund for Ethnography. Andrea Frierson-Toney, of Washington, D.C., was awarded a $600 grant from the Parsons Fund to allow her to do research on Gee's Bend, Alabama, material in the Center's Robert Sonkin Collection. The Parsons Fund supports research on ethnographic materials in the Archive of Folk Culture and other research collections within the Library of Congress.

Internships. AFC had five summer interns during 2004, and they accomplished a variety of work concerning the collections in the Archive of Folk Culture. The interns were: Elisa Babel, a senior at Merrimack College; Tori Kellough, an MA candidate at Texas Woman's University; Caitlin Miller, a junior at Colby College; Anthony Potoczniak, a Ph.D. candidate at Rice University; and Sarah Reeder, a senior at The College of William & Mary.

Junior Fellows. Two Library of Congress Junior Fellows worked at the Archive of Folk Culture during 2004: Rita Colavincenzo, a recent graduate of University College Dublin; and Stephanie Schmitz, a recent graduate of the University of Maryland. Colavincenzo helped process the International Storytelling Collection, and Schmitz worked on the Aaron Ziegelman Collection and others.

Public Programs

October 4: The third annual National Book Festival was held on the National Mall, and, once again, the AFC produced a program of storytelling and music. This year's program featured Bobby McMillon, Gayle Ross, Frankie Manning, Ed Gero, Emery Battis, Tinh Mahoney, Carmen Deedy, Paul Zarzyski, Norman Kennedy, and Djimo Kouyate and family.

October 8: Wylie and the Wild West, featuring Wylie "Gus" Gustafson, from Dusty, Washington, and his four-piece band, presented a concert of "fine western music." The group was introduced and interviewed by Washington State folklorist Jens Lund.

October 14: Nancy G. Heller delivered a lecture on flamenco dance, which was enhanced by demonstrations by Nancy K. Sedgwick, Lourdes P. Elias, Jaime Coronado, Marija Temo, and Manolo Leiva.

October 21: journalist and author Scott Alarik presented a lecture on the topic "Folk Music in the 21st Century: the Road from Here," based on his new book Deep Community: Adventures in the Modern Folk Underground.

October 23: Balkan singer Tatiana Sarbinska performed traditional songs of Bulgaria.

November 12: Chuna McIntyre and the Nunamta Yup'ik Eskimo Dancers presented songs, stories and dances from southwestern Alaska.

November 13: Folksinger Odetta performed in the Coolidge Auditorium, accompanied by pianist, Seth Farber. The concert celebrated the seventy-fifth anniversary of AFC's Archive of Folk Culture.

November 20: the Indian musical ensemble Ganga, featuring Hitabrata Roy and his family, performed in the Madison Hall, singing and playing music from the East Indian state of Bengal.

November 21: Michael Chyet, folklorist and cataloger in Middle Eastern Languages at the Library of Congress, gave a lecture entitled "Telling the Tale of the Innocent Slandered Maiden."

December 3: AFC held an open-house celebration of the seventy-fifth anniversary of the creation Archive of Folk Culture. Formal remarks were presented by AFC director Peggy Bulger and staff members Michael Taft, Judith Gray, Todd Harvey, Ann Hoog, and Jennifer Cutting.

December 11: the Colombian musical ensemble Sensación Vallenata con Gustavo Nieto, from Wheaton, Maryland, presented a concert, which was part of the Library's "Capital Roots" series.

January 22: Yang Xianrang, artist and professor emeritus of the Beijing Central Academy of Fine Arts, gave a lecture titled "Chinese Folk Art Today." Presented in Chinese, the lecture was in celebration of the Chinese New Year, and was part of AFC's Benjamin Botkin Folklife Lecture Series.

February 25: AFC staff members John Barton and Myron Briggs gave a talk on the Center's new online presentation "Voices from the Days of Slavery." Barton described technical aspects of the site and Briggs read excerpts from the audio recordings of interviews with former slaves.

March 10: Marcel Bénéteau, University of Windsor, presented a lecture on French folksongs.

March 23: AFC folklife specialist Ilana Harlow presented a slide-illustrated lecture on the topic "Giving a Voice to Sorrow: Creative Responses to Death."

March 25: A reception was held to celebrate the acquisition of the Alan Lomax Collection. Formal remarks were offered by Peggy Bulger, James H. Billington, Mickey Hart, Anna Lomax Wood, and Bess Lomax Hawes. In addition, a song was sung by Jean Ritchie, who had been recorded by Alan Lomax in the 1930s. Following the reception, Dr. Billington hosted a dinner for members of the AFC board, members of the Lomax family, and other invited guests.

April 1: An evening concert, titled "Masters of Mexican Music" was held in Coolidge Auditorium, 7:30 p.m. This performance by a national touring show, produced by the National Council for the Traditional Arts, drew a standing-room-only crowd that included many members of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus and a large contingent from the Embassy of Mexico.

April 15: A performance by guitarists Norman and Nancy Blake opened the Center's "Homegrown" concert series. Folklorist Teresa Hollingsworth, of the Southern Arts Federation, introduced the Blakes.

April 27: Bart Plantagena presented a lecture titled "Yodel-Ay-Ee-Oooo: The Secret History of Yodeling around the World," which was based on his recent book on the subject, and yodelers Randy Erwin and Cathy Fink demonstrated yodeling techniques. The program was part of the Benjamin Botkin Folklife Lecture Series.

May 18: Don Roy Trio and Florence Martin presented a concert of Franco-American fiddle music and songs from Maine, as part of the "Homegrown" concert series.

May 25: Nora Yeh, AFC folklife specialist, presented a lecture titled "Eight Sounds of Chinese Musical Instruments," which was part of the Benjamin Botkin Folklife Lecture Series.

June 15: The Paschall Brothers, an a cappella singing group that performs gospel music in the Tidewater Virginia tradition, presented a concert which was part of the "Homegrown" concert series. Jon Lohman, Director of the Folklife Program of the Virginia Foundation for the Humanities, introduced the program. After the concert, the Foundation sponsored a luncheon for the performers and guests from the National Endowment for the Arts, Folk and Traditional Arts Program.

June 16: Dr. Natalie Kononenko, Professor of Slavic Languages, Literatures, and Folklore at the University of Virginia, presented an illustrated lecture, "Ivan Kupalo: Ritual in Post-Soviet Ukraine," as part of the Benjamin Botkin Folklife Lecture Series; it was co-sponsored by the Library's John W. Kluge Center.

July 14: The Oinkari Basque Dancers, from Boise, Idaho, gave a performance which was part of the "Homegrown" series. United States Senators Larry Craig and Michael Crapo, from Idaho, were introduced by Associate Librarian Deanna Marcum and offered remarks before the performance. Idaho state folklorist Maria-Carmen Gambliel introduced the group.

July 16: Maria-Carmen Gambliel, Director of the Folk and Traditional Arts Program, Idaho Commission on the Arts, delivered an illustrated lecture, "Basque Culture in the Western United States," as part of the Benjamin Botkin Folklife Lecture Series.

August 18: The Phong Nguyen Ensemble, from Ohio, presented a concert of Vietnamese music, as part of the "Homegrown" series.

August 31: AFC staff member Maggie Kruesi presented an illustrated lecture,

"From Patent Medicines to Patents for Indigenous KnowledgeBMaterial and Spiritual Economies," as part of the Center's Benjamin Botkin Lecture Series.

September 20: Folklorist Angus Kress Gillespie, of Rutgers University, presented a lecture titled "The Lore of America's Coal Miners: A Fresh Look at the George Korson Collection, as part of the Benjamin Botkin Folklife Lecture series.

September 28: Anjani Ambegaokarn gave a performance of North Indian Kathak music and dance as part of the Center's "Homegrown" concert series.

September 29: The National Endowment for the Arts National Heritage Fellows Dinner, in the Library's Great Hall, was co-sponsored by AFC, NEA, and National Council for the Traditional Arts.

Key Personnel Changes

Margaret Kruesi was appointed Cataloger on February 2.

Gene Berry was appointed Assistant to the Director, effective April 4, 2004.

James B. Hardin, the Center's long-time writer/editor, retired on April 30, 2004.

Sarah Bradley Leighton began a permanent appointment as Processing Technician on June 7, 2004.

Diane Kresh was appointed director of the Veterans History Project, in July 2004. She succeeds interim director, Bev Lindsey.

Anneliesa Clump Behrend was hired as Public Affairs Specialist for the Veterans History Project in August 2004.

Monica Mohindra became the Veterans History Projects new coordinator for oral history workshops in August 2004.


Reference Transactions

For the dates:
October 1, 2004 through September 30, 2005

In-person Reference 2066 2189
In-person Direction 1259 1592
Phone Reference 1751 1898
Phone Direction 1092 1467
Letter/Fax Reference 132 187
Letter/Fax Direction 54 87
Email Reference 1747 1831
Email Direction 367 663
Total Reference 5745 6169
Total Direction 2772 3809

Other Statistics

  Number Attendees
Classes 0 0
Tours 26 152
Briefings 25 127
Items (containers) served to readers 1577 n/a
Publications given out 8174 n/a
Translations provided to patrons 0 n/a

Acquisitions Statistics

American Folklife Center

Audio Materials: 5,470

Manuscripts: 347,866

Maps: 60

Moving Images: 5,268

Music (sheet):

Pamphlets: 44

Photographs: 6,435

Posters: 16

Other Print Materials (ephemera): 1,853

Machine Readable Materials: 7

Veterans History Project

These collections are technically part of the American Folklife Center, but generally counted separately.

Audio Materials: 4,427

Manuscripts: 11,807

Moving Images: 3,132

Photographs: 15,235

Machine Readable Materials (discs and CDs containing documents): 257

Veterans History Project Reference

Since reference service for this collection is handled by two separate staffs (folklife reading room and VHP) some of these numbers are reflected in the general reference statistics above. The numbers below reflect questions handled exclusively by the VHP staff, not the AFC reference staff.
Total Reference: 50
Total Directionals: 15


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