The Civil Rights History Project: Survey of Collections and Repositories
Repository: Rutgers University. Special Collections and University Archives
Collection Description (Extant): "Riots-1967" is a website hosted at Rutgers University that examines civil disturbances in Newark, New Jersey, and Detroit, Michigan, in 1967. Includes thirteen videotaped interviews with witnesses of the 1967 violence in Newark, including "residents, merchants, militants, police, and national guardsmen." Short bios, images, and clips from interviews available.
The Newark Riot of 1967 began with the arrest of a cab driver named John Smith, who allegedly drove around a double-parked police car at the corner of 7th St. and 15th Avenue. He was subsequently stopped, interrogated, arrested, and transported to the 4th precinct headquarters. During that time he was severely beaten by the arresting officers. As news of the arrest spread, a crowd began to assemble in front of the precinct house, located directly across from a high-rise public housing project. When the police allowed a small group of civil rights leaders to visit the prisoner, they demanded that Mr. Smith be taken to a hospital. Emerging from the building, these civil rights leaders begged the crowd to stay calm, but were shouted down. Rumor spread that John Smith had died in police custody, despite the fact he had been taken out the back entrance and transported to a local hospital. Soon a volley of bricks and bottles was launched at the precinct house and police stormed out to confront the assembly. As the crowd dispersed, they began to break into stores on the nearby commercial thoroughfares. Eventually, violence spread from the predominantly black neighborhoods of Newark's Central Ward to Downtown Newark, and the New Jersey State Police were mobilized. Within 48 hours, National Guard troops entered the city. With the arrival of these troops the level of violence intensified. At the conclusion of six days of rioting 26 people lay dead, an estimated 725 people were injured, and close to 1500 people had been arrested.
Collection URL: http://www.67riots.rutgers.edu/
Digital Status: yes
Interviewees: Samuel Brummer, Mary F. Brown, Tom Carmichael, Phylis Peterman, Harry Bushberg, Joe Cucuzza, Richard Cammarieri, Katheryn Bethea, Eve Fisher, Ed Poteet, Ira Roberson, Gerald Drinkard
Rights (CRHP): Contact the repository which holds the collection for information on rights