Film, Video Edison kinetoscopic record of a sneeze, January 7, 1894 Sneeze / Fred Ott's sneeze / Ott's sneeze / Kinetoscopic record of a sneeze

About this Item

Title
Edison kinetoscopic record of a sneeze, January 7, 1894
Other Title
Sneeze
Fred Ott's sneeze
Ott's sneeze
Kinetoscopic record of a sneeze
Summary
"Considered to be the first motion picture given legal status by copyright acceptance. The forty-five frames it contains were sent in for copyright as a still picture. The action consists of a man, Fred Ott, sneezing. Application for copyright was filed by William K. Laurie Dickson, Edison's assistant and supervisor of the new motion picture project. The frames were rephotographed from the still picture and turned back into a motion picture"--Early motion pictures.
Contributor Names
Dickson, W. K.-L. (William Kennedy-Laurie), 1860-1935, production.
Heise, William, camera.
Thomas A. Edison, Inc.
Hendricks (Gordon) Collection (Library of Congress)
Paper Print Collection (Library of Congress)
Created / Published
United States : Edison Manufacturing Co., 1894.
Subject Headings
-  Ott, Frederic P
-  Sneezing
Genre
Actualities (Motion pictures)
Silent films
Short films
Nonfiction films
Notes
-  2887 44732 U.S. Copyright Office
-  Appearing: Fred Ott.
-  Camera, William Heise.
-  Duration: 0:05 at 16 fps.
-  There appear to be two copyright registrations associated with this title. Edison kinetoscopic record of a sneeze, (c) W. K. L. Dickson; 9Jan1894; 2887 is the registration that has been associated with the motion picture. Edison kinetoscopic records. (c) W. K. L. Dickson; 6Oct1893; 44732 is the registration that has been associated with the photographic print. According to Kemp Niver's Early motion pictures, the film was created from the photographic print. Despite research into original copyright records, it is unclear why there are two different titles for the same work, or why two registrations were issued. On the LC ILS record for the photographic print (lccn 95505651), the copyright registration number is 44732Y. The letter Y was used for 1893 copyright registrations. In some paperwork, the other registration number appears as 2887Z, the letter Z indicating that the year of registration was 1894.
-  Paper print shelf number (LC 0026A) appears on cards in Paper Print Collection card file, but does not appear in paper print re-housing logs. Niver's Early motion pictures states that this title was deposited as photograph. Cannot confirm, as item is not on shelf in M/B/RS. May be housed in the Prints and Photographs Division.
-  Additional holdings for this title may be available. Contact reference librarian.
-  Filmed January 7, 1894, in Edison's Black Maria studio in West Orange, New Jersey.
-  Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as digital files.
-  Sources used: Niver, K. Early motion pictures, p. 86-87; Copyright catalog, motion pictures, 1894-1912; Musser, C. Edison motion pictures 1890-1900, p. 87.
-  Early motion pictures : the Paper Print Collection in the Library of Congress / by Kemp R. Niver. Library of Congress. 1985.
-  35 mm viewing print renumbered: FEC 8091 to FYA 0970.
Medium
viewing print 1 film reel of 1 (ca. 45 frames) : si., b&w ; 16 mm.
viewing print (copy 2) 1 film reel of 1 (ca. 45 frames) : si., b&w ; 16 mm.
viewing print 1 film reel of 1 (ca. 4 ft.) : si., b&w ; 35 mm.
dupe neg pic 1 film reel of 1 (ca. 45 frames) : si., b&w ; 16 mm.
Call Number/Physical Location
FLA 4688 (viewing print)
FLA 6049 (viewing print, copy 2)
FYA 0970 (viewing print)
FRA 0255 (dupe neg pic)
Repository
Library of Congress Motion Picture, Broadcasting and Recorded Sound Division Washington, D. C. 20540 USA dcu
Digital Id
http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.mbrsmi/edmp.0026A
Library of Congress Control Number
00694192
Online Format
image
video
OCLC Number
98799084
Description
"Considered to be the first motion picture given legal status by copyright acceptance. The forty-five frames it contains were sent in for copyright as a still picture. The action consists of a man, Fred Ott, sneezing. Application for copyright was filed by William K. Laurie Dickson, Edison's assistant and supervisor of the new motion picture project. The frames were rephotographed from the still picture and turned back into a motion picture"--Early motion pictures.
LCCN Permalink
https://lccn.loc.gov/00694192
Additional Metadata Formats
MARCXML Record
MODS Record
Dublin Core Record

Rights & Access

The Library of Congress is not aware of any U.S. copyright or other restrictions in the vast majority of motion pictures in these collections. Absent any such restrictions, these materials are free to use and reuse.

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Credit Line: Library of Congress, Motion Picture, Broadcasting, and Recorded Sound Division.

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Heise, William, Camera, Inc Thomas A. Edison, Hendricks, and Paper Print Collection. Edison kinetoscopic record of a sneeze, January 7. United States: Edison Manufacturing Co, 1894. Video. https://www.loc.gov/item/00694192/.

APA citation style:

Heise, W., Thomas A. Edison, I., Hendricks & Paper Print Collection. (1894) Edison kinetoscopic record of a sneeze, January 7. United States: Edison Manufacturing Co. [Video] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/00694192/.

MLA citation style:

Heise, William, Camera, et al. Edison kinetoscopic record of a sneeze, January 7. United States: Edison Manufacturing Co, 1894. Video. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/00694192/>.