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Film, Video White Wings on review

About this Item


  • White Wings on review


  • "A fine picture of the celebrated "White Wings" or street- cleaning department of one district of Greater New York, showing over 350 men in line, and over 100 carts that are used to carry the refuse away to the dumping wharf, marching through the streets of New York. Length 225 feet"--Edison films catalog.


  • Smith, James Blair, camera.
  • Thomas A. Edison, Inc.

Created / Published

  • United States : Thomas A. Edison, Inc., 1903.


  • -  Street cleaners--New York (State)--New York
  • -  New York (N.Y.).--Department of Street Cleaning


  • Actualities (Motion pictures)
  • Filmed parades
  • Silent films
  • Short films
  • Nonfiction films


  • -  H32033 U.S. Copyright Office
  • -  Copyright: Thomas A. Edison; 20May1903; H32033.
  • -  Camera, James Blair Smith.
  • -  Duration: 3:53 at 15 fps.
  • -  Photographed April 29, 1903. Location: New York, N.Y.
  • -  In 1895, under the reform administration of Mayor William L. Strong, New York City's Department of Street Cleaning was headed by Colonel George Waring. It was he who garbed his workers in the white duck suits (earning them the name "White Wings") seen in the film. He is also recognized as a brilliant sanitary engineer who marshalled the two thousand man force to clean four hundred and fifty miles of streets each day. According to Jacob Riis, "his broom saved more lives in the crowded tenements than a squad of doctors." By 1903, the date of the filming, a new city administration was in power and Waring had been replaced.
  • -  Paper print shelf number (LC 2239) was changed when the paper prints were re-housed.
  • -  Additional holdings for this title may be available. Contact reference librarian.
  • -  Sources used: Niver, K. Early motion pictures, p. 363; American Film Institute catalog, film beginnings, 1893-1910, p. 1183; Edison films catalog, no. 185, October, 1903, p. 9.
  • -  Early motion pictures : the Paper Print Collection in the Library of Congress / by Kemp R. Niver. Library of Congress. 1985.
  • -  Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as digital files.
  • -  35 mm dupe neg pic renumbered: FPE 5373 to FZA 2744.


  • viewing print 1 film reel of 1 (94 ft.) : si., b&w ; 16 mm.
  • viewing print 1 film reel of 1 (ca. 225 ft.) : si., b&w ; 35 mm.
  • dupe neg pic 1 film reel of 1 (94 ft.) : si., b&w ; 16 mm.
  • dupe neg pic 1 film reel of 1 (ca. 225 ft.) : si., b&w ; 35 mm.
  • master pos pic 1 film reel of 1 (ca. 95 ft.) : si., b&w ; 16 mm.
  • paper pos 1 roll of 1 (225 ft.) : b&w ; 35 mm.
  • paper pos (copy 2) 1 roll of 1 (ca. 225 ft.) : b&w ; 35 mm.

Call Number/Physical Location

  • FLA 5253 (viewing print)
  • FEB 9442 (viewing print)
  • FRA 2197(dupe neg pic)
  • FZA 2744 (dupe neg pic)
  • FRB 1074 (master pos pic)
  • Box 0279A (paper pos)
  • Box 5452C (paper pos, copy 2)

Source Collection

  • Paper Print Collection (Library of Congress)
  • Niver (Kemp) Collection (Library of Congress)


  • Library of Congress Motion Picture, Broadcasting and Recorded Sound Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA dcu

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 00694399

Online Format

  • image
  • video

Additional Metadata Formats

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Credit Line: Library of Congress, Motion Picture, Broadcasting, and Recorded Sound Division.

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Smith, James Blair, Camera, and Inc Thomas A. Edison. White Wings on review. United States: Thomas A. Edison, Inc, 1903. Video.

APA citation style:

Smith, J. B. & Thomas A. Edison, I. (1903) White Wings on review. United States: Thomas A. Edison, Inc. [Video] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Smith, James Blair, Camera, and Inc Thomas A. Edison. White Wings on review. United States: Thomas A. Edison, Inc, 1903. Video. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.