Map Dai Nihon enkai yochi zenzu 大日本沿海輿地全図 / / Inō daizu / [Inō taizu] / [Japan, Hokkaido to Kyushu]

About this Item


  • Dai Nihon enkai yochi zenzu

Other Title

  • 大日本沿海輿地全図 /
  • Inō daizu
  • [Inō taizu]
  • [Japan, Hokkaido to Kyushu]


  • "This map was created by Tadataka Inō (1745-1818), an amateur astronomer and surveyor who produced maps of extraordinary accuracy and had a great impact on cartography in Japan. Spanning a total of 214 sheets, Inō's large map of Japan shows the coastal outlines of the entire archipelago along with rivers and major roads. To complete the map, Inō and his team took a total of ten surveying trips over the course of more than 16 years. They used the traverse surveying technique rather than triangulation, measuring distances with fixed points based on observation, compass directions, and astronomical observations. Inō initially funded the work himself, but the Tokugawa shogunate later provided support and in the end financed 80 percent of the project. The details in Inō's early maps impressed the authorities, who were increasingly concerned about coastal defenses and the threat of foreign intrusion. Based on a mathematical rather than a political-historical framework, Inō's maps stood in stark contrast to traditional state cartography. However, the shogunate largely kept the maps hidden from the Japanese public, and officials continued to use and update existing kuni ezu (provincial maps) until the collapse of the Tokugawa regime in 1868. German physician Franz von Siebold (1796-1866) managed to carry a copy of Inō's map out of Japan and had it published in Europe, where it made an impact on foreign views of Japan. Only 60 copies of Inō's map are known to exist in Japan. This nearly-complete set of 207 sheets was discovered at the Library of Congress in 2001." World Digital Library.

Contributor Names

  • Inō, Tadataka, 1745-1818, cartographer.

Created / Published

  • [Japan] : [publisher not identified] , [1800-1816?]

Subject Headings

  • -  Cartography--Japan--History--19th century
  • -  Cities and towns--Japan--Maps
  • -  Coasts--Japan--Maps
  • -  Surveying--Japan--History--19th century
  • -  Japan--Maps


  • Maps


  • -  Geographical coverage complete in 214 sheets. Hokkaido & part of N. Japan are covered by scale of 1:43,600.
  • -  Manuscript map in watercolor, black ink, and brush on rice paper.
  • -  Map was drawn based on the survey conducted from 1800 to 1816 as a part of operations of the Edo Bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun), Inō, Tadataka (1745 - 1818), a geographical surveyor in the late Edo period.
  • -  Missing original sheets 12, 34, 35, 107, 133, 157, and 164.
  • -  Reduced facsimiles of sheets 12, 34, 35, 107, 133 added to the collection on Sept. 6, 2007.
  • -  Relief shown pictorially.
  • -  Shows coast lines, major rivers and roads.
  • -  Surveyed map of the whole of Japan.
  • -  Title from OPAC of National Diet Library of Japan and Wikipedia, March 29, 2017; this set map is called "Dai Nihon enkai yochi zenzu" or commonly called "Inō daizu"; presumably it is recreation by Japan Army before 1884.
  • -  Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image.


  • 207 maps : color ; on sheets 86 x 104 cm. or smaller, folded to 40 x 27 cm. or smaller.

Call Number/Physical Location

  • G7960 s43 .I6


  • Library of Congress Geography and Map Division Washington, D.C. 20540-4650 USA dcu

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2001620020

Online Format

  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

The Library of Congress is unaware of any copyright or other restrictions in the World Digital Library Collection. Absent any such restrictions, these materials are free to use and reuse. Researchers are encouraged to review the source information attached to each item. For information on contacting WDL partner organizations, see this archived list of partners

The Library asks that researchers approach the materials in this collection with respect for the culture and sensibilities of the people whose lives, ideas, and creativity are documented here.

Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

More about Copyright and other Restrictions

For additional information and contact information for many of the partner organizations, see this archived capture of the World Digital Library site from 2021.

For guidance about compiling full citations consult Citing Primary Sources.

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Inō, Tadataka, Cartographer. Dai Nihon enkai yochi zenzu. [Japan: publisher not identified to 1816?, 1800] Map.

APA citation style:

Inō, T. (1800) Dai Nihon enkai yochi zenzu. [Japan: publisher not identified to 1816?] [Map] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Inō, Tadataka, Cartographer. Dai Nihon enkai yochi zenzu. [Japan: publisher not identified to 1816?, 1800] Map. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.