Manuscript/Mixed Material Gulshan-i tawḥīd گلشن توحيد /
About this Item
- Gulshan-i tawḥīd
- گلشن توحيد /
- Tauhid (the belief in the unity of God) is a central tenet of Islam that also serves as one of the main inspirations of the Masnavi (The spiritual couplets) of Maulana Jalal al-Din Muhammad Rumi (1207-73). This principle also appears in the title of Ibrahim Shahidi Dadah's book Gulshan-i Tauḥīd (Garden of Unitarianism), a work that was inspired by Rumi's well-loved Masnavi. Shahidi Dadah (died 1550 or 1551) was born in Mughlah (Muğla, present-day Turkey) and was a Sufi of the MaulawI, or Mevlevi, order. In Gulshan-i Tauḥīd, Dadah chose from the 25,000 verses of the Masnavi 600 verses and appended to each of them five of his own verses, inspired by and amplifying the original. He completed this work in 937 AH (1530-31). The work has had at least one modern printing (Istanbul, 1881). The manuscript copy presented here was completed in 1233 AH (1817-18), probably in Afghanistan. Each Rumi original verse appears in red ink, followed by the Shahidi Dadah verses in black. The copyist has signed his name as Mir ʻAzim ibn Mulla Muhammad Rajab Balkhi. The manuscript is written in a nastaʻliq script on a light-cream paper. World Digital Library.
- Versified criticism and interpretation of the classical Mas̲navī of Jalāl al-Dīn Rūmī.
- Shāhidī Dadah Mughlavī, Ibrāhīm ibn Ṣāliḥ, 1470 or 1471-1550 or 1551
- Jalāl al-Dīn Rūmī, Maulana, 1207-1273
Created / Published
- 1233 [1817 or 1818]
- - Manuscripts, Persian--Washington (D.C.)
- - Afghanistan
- - Manuscript.
- - Nastalīq script; 19 lines in written area 22.5 x 12.5 cm.
- - Paper is light cream; black ink with some poems in red ink.
- - Probably written in Afghanistan.
- - Also available in digital form on the Library of Congress Web site.
- - In Persian.
- - Acquired for LC only.
-  pages (19 lines) bound ; 23 cm
Library of Congress Control Number
Additional Metadata Formats
IIIF Presentation Manifest
Rights & Access
The contents of the Library of Congress Persian Language Manuscript Project are in the public domain or have no known copyright restrictions and are free to use and reuse.
Credit Line: Library of Congress, African and Middle East Division, Near East Section Persian Manuscript Collection
Cite This Item
Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.
Chicago citation style:
Shāhidī Dadah Mughlavī, Ibrāhīm Ibn Ṣāliḥ, 1470 Or Or 1551, and Maulana Jalāl Al-Dīn Rūmī. Gulshan-I Tawḥīd. [1817 or 1818, 1817] Manuscript/Mixed Material. https://www.loc.gov/item/2002344098/.
APA citation style:
Shāhidī Dadah Mughlavī, I. I. Ṣ. & Jalāl Al-Dīn Rūmī, M. (1817) Gulshan-I Tawḥīd. [1817 or 1818] [Manuscript/Mixed Material] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2002344098/.
MLA citation style:
Shāhidī Dadah Mughlavī, Ibrāhīm Ibn Ṣāliḥ, 1470 Or Or 1551, and Maulana Jalāl Al-Dīn Rūmī. Gulshan-I Tawḥīd. [1817 or 1818, 1817] Manuscript/Mixed Material. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2002344098/>.