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Book/Printed Material [Aviendo entendido la materia que se controvierte sobre si se deben fortificar la boca del Rio de la ensenada del Dariel, y el desembarcadero del Playon en el parage de los Cayos de las Cabeças, para estorvar à los Piratas el poder passar à las Costas del Perù ...] Binder's title: Forma de assegurar los puertos y poblaciones de todas las costas de las Indias / Text of second gathering begins: Aviendo prevenido en el papel antecedente la mejor forma de assegurar los puertos y poblaciones de todas las costas de las Indias / Facturias que dichas naciones tienen en las islas de Barlobento son como se sigue / A viendo entendido la materia que se controvierte / Habiendo entendido la materia que controvierte sobre si se deben fortificar la boca del río de la ensenada del Darién, y el desembarcadero del playón en el paraje de los cayos de las Cabezas, para estorbar a los piratas el poder pasar a las costas del Perú

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Title

  • [Aviendo entendido la materia que se controvierte sobre si se deben fortificar la boca del Rio de la ensenada del Dariel, y el desembarcadero del Playon en el parage de los Cayos de las Cabeças, para estorvar à los Piratas el poder passar à las Costas del Perù ...]

Other Title

  • Binder's title: Forma de assegurar los puertos y poblaciones de todas las costas de las Indias
  • Text of second gathering begins: Aviendo prevenido en el papel antecedente la mejor forma de assegurar los puertos y poblaciones de todas las costas de las Indias
  • Facturias que dichas naciones tienen en las islas de Barlobento son como se sigue
  • A viendo entendido la materia que se controvierte
  • Habiendo entendido la materia que controvierte sobre si se deben fortificar la boca del río de la ensenada del Darién, y el desembarcadero del playón en el paraje de los cayos de las Cabezas, para estorbar a los piratas el poder pasar a las costas del Perú

Summary

  • In the second half of the 17th century, rampant piracy threatened the economic and commercial interests of Spain in the West Indies. Piracy also introduced a complicating factor in the ongoing struggle among Spain, France, and England for preeminence in the Caribbean. This book, published around 1694, offers recommendations, apparently addressed by Governor Sebastien de Roteta of Trinidad to King Charles II, on fortifying Spanish ports in the West Indies against pirate attack. The book is in two parts, with a printed iron cross appearing at the head of the first page of each. Part one deals with the demography of the region and discusses the disruptions to navigation and trade caused by piracy. Part two discusses the history of piracy in the region, said to have begun in 1655 and to have continued for the following roughly "forty years." It notes that the ports of Iamayca del Caymiro (Jamaica) and Tortuga Island were bases for pirate activity. This section also describes economic activities in the network of West Indies islands. The final five pages are devoted to a description of the Barlovento Islands (present-day Netherlands Antilles), with notes on locations, demographics, and crops. World Digital Library.

Created / Published

  • [Madrid : s.n., 1694?]

Headings

  • -  Charles--II,--King of Spain,--1661-1700
  • -  Buccaneers--Early works to 1800
  • -  Naval art and science--West Indies--Early works to 1800
  • -  Pirates--West Indies--Early works to 1800
  • -  Darien (Panama and Colombia)--Early works to 1800
  • -  Spain--Colonies--America--Early works to 1800
  • -  Spain--Colonies--Defenses--Early works to 1800
  • -  Spain--Politics and government--1665-1700
  • -  West Indies--Early works to 1800

Notes

  • -  Could not identify author or title in Palau y Dulcet, any of the Medina chronological lists of imprints, nor in the Guide to Latin American pamphlets from the Yale University Library, selections from 1600-1900.
  • -  Decorative wood-block initial begins text on p. [1] of second gathering.
  • -  LC copy has inscription on first page: 1694, D. Seb[astia]n Roteta. The year 1694 appears twice more in ms., in an inscription on p. [1] of second gathering and at end of text.
  • -  LC copy in modern binding. Has bookplate: Wichita City Library, Driscoll Piracy Collection.
  • -  Printed iron cross at head of text on first page of each of first two gatherings.
  • -  Recommendations, apparently addressed to King Charles II of Spain, on fortifying Spanish ports in the West Indies against pirates. Discusses the geography, demography and navigation of the coastal West Indies as well as piracy and European claims there from 1655 through the following roughly "forty years."
  • -  Signatures: A⁴ 2A-B⁴.
  • -  Title from first line of text.
  • -  Typeface and woodcut initial strongly resemble those in Francisco de Ayeta's Crisol de la verdad, published in Madrid in 1693 or 1694. (Cf. Bibliotheca Americana: Cat. of the John Carter Brown Library, under the year 1693; Palau y Dulcet, 20802; Medina, Biblioteca hispano-americana, 1493-1810, item 6240.) The paper in the two books also appears similar, and the chain lines and watermarks appear to match.
  • -  Also available in digital form on the Library of Congress Web site.

Medium

  • [8], 15, [1] p. ; 21 cm. (4to)

Call Number/Physical Location

  • F2161 .A95 1694

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2004563650

Online Format

  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

The materials in Parallel Histories: Spain, the United States, and the American Frontier are in the public domain and are free to use and reuse.

Credit Line: Library of Congress, Parallel Histories: Spain, the United States, and the American Frontier.

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Aviendo entendido la materia que se controvierte sobre si se deben fortificar la boca del Rio de la ensenada del Dariel, y el desembarcadero del Playon en el parage de los Cayos de las Cabeças, para estorvar à los Piratas el poder passar à las Costas del Perù. [Madrid: s.n., ?, 1694] Pdf. https://www.loc.gov/item/2004563650/.

APA citation style:

(1694) Aviendo entendido la materia que se controvierte sobre si se deben fortificar la boca del Rio de la ensenada del Dariel, y el desembarcadero del Playon en el parage de los Cayos de las Cabeças, para estorvar à los Piratas el poder passar à las Costas del Perù. [Madrid: s.n., ?] [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2004563650/.

MLA citation style:

Aviendo entendido la materia que se controvierte sobre si se deben fortificar la boca del Rio de la ensenada del Dariel, y el desembarcadero del Playon en el parage de los Cayos de las Cabeças, para estorvar à los Piratas el poder passar à las Costas del Perù. [Madrid: s.n., ?, 1694] Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2004563650/>.