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Book/Printed Material Kilīd-i tajvīd : yādgār-i Imām Sajāvandī Lahūkardī az yak vaṭandārash : barā-yi muʻallimān-i ibtidāʼīyah va mutaʻallimān-i rushdīyah کليد تجويد : يادگار امام سجاوندى لهوکردى از يک وطندارش : براى معلمان ابتدائيه و متعلمان رشديه

About this Item

Title

  • Kilīd-i tajvīd : yādgār-i Imām Sajāvandī Lahūkardī az yak vaṭandārash : barā-yi muʻallimān-i ibtidāʼīyah va mutaʻallimān-i rushdīyah

Other Title

  • کليد تجويد : يادگار امام سجاوندى لهوکردى از يک وطندارش : براى معلمان ابتدائيه و متعلمان رشديه

Summary

  • On recitation and reading of the Qurʼān.
  • This work is an introduction to the rules of pronunciation during the recitation of the Qur'an. It was written for students at the elementary and intermediate levels in Afghanistan. In the preface the author states that in teaching the rules of proper pronunciation, the focus should be on skills that young Persian- or Pushto-speaking students have not been exposed to, e.g., the proper pronunciation of letters in Arabic, mudd (prolongation), awqaf (pause), and other topics. The book begins with a list of makharij (emission points) for the letters. These are listed as 17 locations in the throat, tongue, lips, nose, and mouth. The conventions for sounding the letters are divided into various categories. For the letter nun (n) the following cases are listed: izhar (clarity, i.e., the clear pronunciation of the letter if it is following by "letters of the throat" such as the ʻayin); idgham (merging, i.e., of two consecutive words, when the first word ends in a nun, and the second word is followed by ra', r, or lam, l); iqlab (conversion, i.e., the conversion of the nun to a mim, m, if it is followed by a ba', b); and ikhfa' (concealment, which covers the remaining cases for the letter nun, and is accompanied by a ghunnah, or nasalization). A previous owner has added occasional corrections to the text. The work was published in the year 1300 AH of the solar Islamic calendar, corresponding to 1921 or 1922. This anonymously written work was printed at the Ministry of Education Press in Kabul, under the auspices of Muhammad Sulayman Khan, who served as minister of education under Amanullah Khan (reigned 1919-29). World Digital Library.

Names

  • Sayf al-Raḥmān
  • Afghanistan. Vizārat-i Maʻārif

Created / Published

  • [Kabul] : Maṭbaʻ-i Vizārat-i Maʻārif, 1300 [1921 or 1922]

Headings

  • -  Qurʼan--Recitation
  • -  Afghanistan

Notes

  • -  Also available in digital form.
  • -  In Persian, some in Arabic.

Medium

  • 59 pages ; 19 cm

Call Number/Physical Location

  • BP131.6 .K55 1921

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2005309366

Online Format

  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

The contents of the Library of Congress Persian Language Manuscript Project are in the public domain or have no known copyright restrictions and are free to use and reuse.

Credit Line: Library of Congress, African and Middle East Division, Near East Section Persian Manuscript Collection

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Sayf Al-Raḥmān, and Afghanistan. Vizārat-I MaʻĀrif. Kilīd-i tajvīd: yādgār-i Imām Sajāvandī Lahūkardī az yak vaṭandārash: barā-yi muʻallimān-i ibtidāʼīyah va mutaʻallimān-i rushdīyah. [Kabul: Maṭbaʻ-i Vizārat-i Maʻārif, 1921 or 1922, 1921] Pdf. https://www.loc.gov/item/2005309366/.

APA citation style:

Sayf Al-Raḥmān & Afghanistan. Vizārat-I MaʻĀrif. (1921) Kilīd-i tajvīd: yādgār-i Imām Sajāvandī Lahūkardī az yak vaṭandārash: barā-yi muʻallimān-i ibtidāʼīyah va mutaʻallimān-i rushdīyah. [Kabul: Maṭbaʻ-i Vizārat-i Maʻārif, 1921 or 1922] [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2005309366/.

MLA citation style:

Sayf Al-Raḥmān, and Afghanistan. Vizārat-I MaʻĀrif. Kilīd-i tajvīd: yādgār-i Imām Sajāvandī Lahūkardī az yak vaṭandārash: barā-yi muʻallimān-i ibtidāʼīyah va mutaʻallimān-i rushdīyah. [Kabul: Maṭbaʻ-i Vizārat-i Maʻārif, 1921 or 1922, 1921] Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2005309366/>.