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Manuscript/Mixed Material Kitāb rafʻ al-ḥijāb ʻan wujūh aʻmāl al-ḥisāb : al-mulakhkhaṣah maʻa taqrīb al-maʻānī wa-ḍabṭ al-qawāʻid wa-al-mabānī fī ghayr hādhā al-kitāb /

About this Item

Title

  • Kitāb rafʻ al-ḥijāb ʻan wujūh aʻmāl al-ḥisāb : al-mulakhkhaṣah maʻa taqrīb al-maʻānī wa-ḍabṭ al-qawāʻid wa-al-mabānī fī ghayr hādhā al-kitāb

Other Title

  • /

Summary

  • Ms. is a commentary in two parts on the author's treatise on mathematics (Talkhīṣ aʻmāl al-ḥisāb).
  • The establishment of the Berber-Muslim dynasty of the Almohads in North Africa and Andalusia in the 12th century coincided with the decline in scientific advances in many fields of knowledge, including medicine. This was not the case with mathematics, and the treatise preserved in this manuscript together with other works by the same author stand as clear proof of the liveliness of this field under the rule of the Almohads and of the Marinid dynasty that followed. Abū ʻAbbās Ahmad Ibn al-Bannā was born in the second half of the 13th century in Marrakesh and spent most of his life working as a teacher in the city of Fez. His interests were not limited to mathematics: he produced an introduction to Euclidean geometry and compiled astronomical tables for the calculation of planetary longitudes, together with treatises on logic, linguistics, and rhetoric. Moreover, he was an active member of the Sufi confraternity of the Hazmīrīya. The biographer Ahmād ibn Šātir (died, 1375) went so far as to attribute to al-Bannā the performance of miracles. The present work is an extensive commentary in two parts on another treatise by al-Bannā, the Talhīs 'amal al-hisāb (The abridgement of the operations of calculation). The complexity of that work was recognized by the famous 14th-century historiographer Ibn Haldūn, who described the treatise in his Muqaddima (Introduction) as "very difficult for beginners, because of its rigor and the strict sequence of the demonstrations." In the present commentary, Ibn al-Bannā explains in detail complex mathematical operations, including combinational computation, extended fractions, arithmetic series, and binomial coefficients and provides a philosophical and theological framework for his mathematical discourse. World Digital Library.

Names

  • Ibn al-Bannāʼ, Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad, 1256?-1321?
  • Jabartī, Ḥasan ibn Ibrāhīm, 1698 or 1699-1774?, former owner
  • Manṣūrī, Maḥmūd al-Imām, former owner
  • Mansuri Collection (Library of Congress)

Created / Published

  • [17--?].

Headings

  • -  Ibn al-Bannāʼ, Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad,--1256?-1321?--Talkhīṣ aʻmāl al-ḥisāb
  • -  Arithmetic--Early works to 1900
  • -  Manuscripts, Arabic--Washington (D.C.)
  • -  Mathematics, Arab--Early works to 1800

Notes

  • -  Binding: modern cardboard covered with cloth; leather spine.
  • -  Fol. 1a-54b.
  • -  Library of Congress. Mansuri Collection, 5-721.
  • -  Ms.
  • -  Naskhī script with titles of chapters in Thuluth; 25 lines in written area, 16 x 9 cm.
  • -  Ownership inscription of Ḥasan ibn Ibrāhīm al-Jabartī on title page and his ownership stamp, dated 1154 H [1741]. Other (illegible) ownership stamps on title page and fol. 54b.
  • -  Paper: yellowed cream, with watermarks, in good condition; loose from spine. Red and black ink on title page; text is principally black, with some words in red; occasional diacritical marks; some marginal notes; catchwords on rectos.
  • -  Also available in digital form on the Library of Congress website.
  • -  Also available in digital form.
  • -  In Arabic.
  • -  Purchase of Mahmud al-Mansuri collection, 1945.
  • -  Incipit: بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم قال الشيخ الفقيه العالم العامل ... الحمد لله الحق المبين الذي جعل لنا عقولا بها نعلم وبها نستبين، وجعل الحساب موصلا إلى كميات موجوداته وعجائب مصنوعاته وعلق مبنى كثير من أمور الدين وشرفه بإضافته إليه فقال تعالى: "وكفى بنا حاسبين"، والصلاة على محمد نبيه الأمي الذي بلغ الغاية من كل معنى وليس من الحاسبين ولا من الكاتبين ....

Medium

  • 54 leaves (25 lines), bound : paper ; 21 x 14 cm.

Call Number/Physical Location

  • QA101 .I224 1700z

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2008401034

Online Format

  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Ibn Al-Bannāʼ, Aḥmad Ibn Muḥammad, 1256?-1321?, Ḥasan Ibn Ibrāhīm Jabartī, Maḥmūd Al-Imām Manṣūrī, and Mansuri Collection. Kitāb Rafʻ Al-Ḥijāb ʻan Wujūh Aʻmāl Al-Ḥisāb: Al-Mulakhkhaṣah Maʻa Taqrīb Al-Maʻānī Wa-Ḍabṭ Al-Qawāʻid Wa-Al-Mabānī Fī Ghayr Hādhā Al-Kitāb. [17--?] Manuscript/Mixed Material. https://www.loc.gov/item/2008401034/.

APA citation style:

Ibn Al-Bannāʼ, A. I. M., Jabartī, Ḥ. I. I., Manṣūrī, M. A. & Mansuri Collection. Kitāb Rafʻ Al-Ḥijāb ʻan Wujūh Aʻmāl Al-Ḥisāb: Al-Mulakhkhaṣah Maʻa Taqrīb Al-Maʻānī Wa-Ḍabṭ Al-Qawāʻid Wa-Al-Mabānī Fī Ghayr Hādhā Al-Kitāb. [17--?] [Manuscript/Mixed Material] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2008401034/.

MLA citation style:

Ibn Al-Bannāʼ, Aḥmad Ibn Muḥammad, 1256?-1321?, et al. Kitāb Rafʻ Al-Ḥijāb ʻan Wujūh Aʻmāl Al-Ḥisāb: Al-Mulakhkhaṣah Maʻa Taqrīb Al-Maʻānī Wa-Ḍabṭ Al-Qawāʻid Wa-Al-Mabānī Fī Ghayr Hādhā Al-Kitāb. [17--?] Manuscript/Mixed Material. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2008401034/>.